FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Battle of Buena Vista
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Buena Vista

Battle of Buena Vista during the Mexican-American War, painting by Carl Nebel.
Conflict: Mexican-American War
Date: February 22-23, 1847
Place: Buena Vista, Coahuila
Outcome: U.S. victory
Combatants
Mexico United States
Commanders
Antonio López de Santa Anna Zachary Taylor
John E. Wool
Strength
20,000 4,500
Casualties
1,500 746
Talyor's Northern Campaign
MonterreyBuena Vista

The Battle of Buena Vista was a land battle of the Mexican-American War fought on 23 February 1847 in Buena Vista, Coahuila, seven miles (12 km) south of Saltillo, in northern Mexico. The numerically disadvantaged invading U.S. army, using heavy artillery, successfully repulsed the Mexican attack on their position. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Battlebuenavista. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... Jump to: navigation, search February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Jump to: navigation, search Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ... Jump to: navigation, search Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850), also known as Old Rough and Ready, was the twelfth President of the United States, serving from 1849 to 1850. ... Jump to: navigation, search John Ellis Wool (February 20, 1784 - November 10, 1869) was an officer in the United States Army during three consecutive U.S. wars: the War of 1812, the Mexican War and the Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... The Battle of Monterrey (September 21–September 23, 1846) was an engagement in the Mexican-American War in which General Pedro de Ampudia and the Mexican Army of the North managed to fight US troops to a standstill at the important fortress town of Monterrey. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ...

Contents


Background

After the battle of Monterrey (Sept 21-23, 1846) most of Major General Zachary Taylor's Army of Occupation was sent to the gulf coast and were to become the bulk of Winfield Scott's expedition against Mexico City. Taylor felt that his soon-to-be political rival, James K. Polk was attempting to deprive him of any further military success which would aid in his campaign for the presidency. Taylor decided to ignore orders to stay in Monterrey and march deeper into Mexico and seized Saltillo. Taylor also diverted the Center Division, under John E. Wool from its expedition in Chihuahua to join him in Saltillo. With Wool's division, the U.S. force totaled about 4,500 soldiers, most of them volunteer units fighting for the first time. The Battle of Monterrey (September 21–September 23, 1846) was an engagement in the Mexican-American War in which General Pedro de Ampudia and the Mexican Army of the North managed to fight US troops to a standstill at the important fortress town of Monterrey. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Jump to: navigation, search Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850), also known as Old Rough and Ready, was the twelfth President of the United States, serving from 1849 to 1850. ... Jump to: navigation, search Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States lieutenant general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level... Jump to: navigation, search James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was the eleventh President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849. ... The word Presidency is often used to describe the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the Mexican city; for other uses, see Monterrey (disambiguation). ... Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ... John Ellis Wool (February 20, 1784 - November 10, 1869) was one of the four general officers of the United States Army in 1861, and was the one who saw the most Civil War service. ... The state of Chihuahua is the largest of the 31 states of Mexico and is located in the northwestern part of the country. ...


In the summer of 1846, Antonio López de Santa Anna returned from exile and quickly seized power. When Monterrey had fallen, Santa Anna raised an army in Mexico City numbering 25,000. When a letter from General Scott to Taylor telling of the transfer of the bulk of Taylor's army to the Gulf, fell into Mexican hands, Santa Anna quickly marched north to try and knock Taylor out of Mexico while U.S. forces were being withdrawn. 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a 19th century Mexican general and dictator. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the Mexican city; for other uses, see Monterrey (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level...


The Battle

Taylor learned that Santa Anna was marching north and so he moved about seven miles (12 km) south of Saltillo to Agua Nueva. Taylor sent out Major Ben McCulloch, of the Texas Rangers, to scout out the Mexican Army. McCulloch found Santa Anna 60 miles to the south. Returning to Agua Nueva, McCulloch reported what he learned to Taylor on February 21. Taylor withdrew to a mountain pass at Buena Vista half way between Agua Nueva and Saltillo. General Wool was charged with laying out the defenses. Later that day Santa Anna arrived at Agua Nueva with 20,000 men, his force diminished due to desertion and exhaustion during the long trek from Mexico City. Santa Anna perceived the U.S. withdrawal to Buena Vista as a retreat and demanded a surrender. Taylor's aide, William Bliss eloquently replied that the U.S forces declined the surrender. Taylor, worried about the safety of his supplies, rode to Saltillo that night to ensure the protection of his rear. Benjamin McCulloch was a soldier in the Texas Revolution, Texas Ranger, U.S. marshal, and brigadier general in the army of the Confederate States during the American Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search Statue of a Texas Ranger in front of the Texas State Capitol in Austin, by artist Pompeo Coppini. ... Jump to: navigation, search February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Buena Vista, which means pleasant view in Spanish, may refer to a number of things. ... John Ellis Wool (February 20, 1784 - November 10, 1869) was one of the four general officers of the United States Army in 1861, and was the one who saw the most Civil War service. ... William Wallace Smith Bliss (17 August 1815 – 4 August 1853) was a United States army officer. ...


On the morning of February 23rd General Pedro de Ampudia attacked the U.S. left flank guarded by the 2nd Indiana from Joseph Lane's Indiana Brigade. The volunteers were supported by a battery of artillery but were steadily driven back along with a second line of Illinois volunteers. Wool sent a messenger to General Lane to hold the line at all costs. The Illinois volunteers managed to conduct a fighting withdrawal under the pressure of the Mexican attack. At this crucial moment General Taylor returned to the field and made his presence known to his men; he was escorted by the Mississippi Rifles under Col. Jefferson Davis. The Mississippians hit the flank of Ampudia's attacking column and Davis was wounded in the foot. Meanwhile Wool rallied the broken regiments using the walls of the hacienda at Buena Vista as a defensive position supported by a battery under Thomas W. Sherman and two regiments of dragoons. The 3rd Indiana was brought to the support of Davis and the two regiments formed an inverted V. The Mexicans attacked this new line. The Hoosiers and Mississippians held their fire so long that the confused attackers paused briefly and were then hit by a wave of gunfire. About 2,000 Mexicans were now pinned down. A young Mexican lieutenant attempted to trick the U.S. into a cease fire by saying that Santa Anna wished to meet with the U.S. commander. Taylor and Wool saw through the ploy but it did buy the trapped Mexicans enough time to escape. February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Pedro de Ampudia (1803-1868) was born in Cuba and served Mexico as an army officer for most of his life. ... Joseph Lane (1801-1881) was an American general during the Mexican War. ... Jump to: navigation, search Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician. ... Buena Vista, which means pleasant view in Spanish, may refer to a number of things. ... A light dragoon from the American Revolution A dragoon is a soldier trained to fight on foot, but transport himself on horseback. ...


Santa Anna renewed an attack on the main U.S. position led by General Francisco Pérez with artillery support. An artillery battery under Braxton Bragg unlimbered with orders to maintain his position at all costs. Taylor rode over to Captain Bragg and after a brief conversation in which Bragg replied he was using single shot, Taylor ordered "double-shot your guns and give them hell, Bragg". Later this order, although misquoted as "give them a little more grape Captain Bragg", would be used as a campaign slogan which carried Taylor into the White House. The Pérez's attack was repulsed as heavy rain fell over the field. During the night Santa Anna withdrew to Agua Nueva. Braxton Bragg Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ...


Results

The Battle of Buena Vista was the last major battle in northern Mexico. This was Taylor's greatest battle of the war and also his last, as he returned to the U.S. to pursue his political career. His success at Buena Vista and his legendary command to Capt. Bragg, helped him win election as President of the United States in 1848. Santa Anna, suffering great losses withdrew to the south. He would next be forced to defend Mexico City against an army under Winfield Scott. Jump to: navigation, search The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States lieutenant general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ...


See Also

The following are known Battles of the Mexican-American War. ... The Battle of Monterrey (September 21–September 23, 1846) was an engagement in the Mexican-American War in which General Pedro de Ampudia and the Mexican Army of the North managed to fight US troops to a standstill at the important fortress town of Monterrey. ...

Sources

  • Bauer, K. Jack, "The Mexican War, 1846-1848"
  • Nevin, David; editor, "The Mexican War" (1978)
  • Americas Library
  • American casualties list

  Results from FactBites:
 
Today in History: February 23 (635 words)
General Taylor on Horseback at the Battle of Buena Vista, February 23, 1847, lithograph by N. Currier, 1847.
The Battle of Buena Vista was fought near Monterrey in northern Mexico.
Taylor's victories at the Battle of Buena Vista, and the earlier Battle of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, won him national fame which contributed greatly to his election as president in 1848.
Battle of Buena Vista - Picture - MSN Encarta (68 words)
A brilliant strategist, American general Zachary Taylor repeatedly led his troops to victory during the Mexican War (1846-1848).
In his most notable victory, the Battle of Buena Vista in 1847, his forces were outnumbered three to one.
His success on the battlefield contributed to his popularity, and he was elected president of the United States in the following year.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m