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Encyclopedia > Battle of Buçaco

The Battle of Buçaco was fought by General Lord Wellington on September 27, 1810, to secure his retreat to the Lines of Torres Vedras. Having occupied the far side of a ridge on the heights of Buçaco with 25,000 British and the same number of Portuguese, he was attacked five times successively by 65,000 French under Marshal Masséna. The actual assaults were delivered by the corps of Marshal Ney and General Reynier, but after much fierce fighting they failed to dislodge the British and were driven off with a loss to them of 4,500 killed or wounded. Wellesley then withdrew his army into previously fortified lines at Torres Vedras by October 10. Masséna, finding them too strong to attack, withdrew into wider quarters. Deprived of food for his men and harried by British hit-and-run tactics, he lost a further 25,000 men captured or dead from starvation or sickness before he retreated into Spain early in 1811. Wellington had now freed Portugal from French occupation except for Almeida, near the frontier. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769–14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, widely considered one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Lines of Torres Vedras were a line of forts in Portugal built in secrecy between November 1809 and September 1810 by Portuguese workers, under the supervision of Army Engineers. ... The word Britain is used to refer to the United Kingdom (UK) the island of Great Britain, which consists of the countries of England, Scotland, and Wales sometimes the Roman province called Britain or Britannia The word British generally means belonging to or associated with Britain in one of the... The Republic of Portugal (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, the westernmost country in continental Europe. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... André Masséna, Marshal of France André Masséna ( May 6, 1758 - April 4, 1817), Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling, was a French soldier in the armies of Napoleon and a Marshal of France. ... Michel Ney (January 10, 1769 - December 7, 1815) called Le Rougeaud (the ruddy) and le Brave des Braves (the bravest of the brave) was a marshal of the French army who had fought in the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Almeida is a region in Portugal, with an area of 520 km2 and 8 423 inhabitants (2001), subdivided into 29 freguesias. ...


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