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Encyclopedia > Battle of Baekgang
Battle of Baekgang
Date: 663
Location: Lower reaches of Donjin river, Korea
Result: Silla-Tang victory
Combatants
Silla and Tang Dynasty China Baekje and Japan
Commanders
Unknown Boksin, Buyeo Pung, Abe no Hirafu
Strength
130,000 warriors; at least 170 ships 29,000 warriors; at least 170 ships
Casualties
Unknown 400 ships; Unknown number of warriors lost
Battle of Baekgang
Hangul: 백강 전투
Hanja: 白江戰鬪
Revised Romanization: Baekgang jeontu
McCune-Reischauer: Paekkang chŏnt'u

The Battle of Baekgang, also known as Battle of Baekgang-gu or by the Japanese name Battle of Hakusukinoe (白村江の戦い Hakusukinoe no Tatakai), was a battle between Baekje, and its ally, Japan, against the allied forces of Silla and the Tang Dynasty of China. The battle took place in the lower reaches of the Dongjin River in Jeollabuk-do in Korea. The Silla-Tang forces won the battle, and it was a major turning point in Korean-Japanese relations; after this battle, Japan lost much significant cultural contact with the Korean Peninsula. Prior to that, by 663, many people of Baekje had immigrated to Japan, bringing technologies and culture with them. // Events Byzantine emperor Constans II invades south Italy (Part of) the city wall of Benevento is reconstructed The movement to restore Baekje is defeated by Silla and Tang Battle of Hakusukinoe An annonymous monk reaches the summit of mount Fuji Environmental change A brief outbreak of plague hits Britain Births... Korea (Korean: (ì¡°ì„  or 한국, see below) is a civilization and geographical area situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, bordering China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast, with Japan situated to the southeast across the Korea Strait. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Baekje was a kingdom that existed in southwestern Korea from 18 BCE to 660 CE. Together with Goguryeo and Silla, Baekje is known as one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Boksin (?_663) was a military leader of the Korean kingdom of Baekje. ... Buyeo Pung was one of the sons of King Uija of Baekje. ... Abe no Hirafu (阿部比羅夫) was a governor of Koshi. ... Hangul also refers to a word processing application widely used in Korea. ... It has been suggested that Sino-Korean be merged into this article or section. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean (Korean: 국어의 로마자 표기법; 國語의 로마字 表記法) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Baekje was a kingdom that existed in southwestern Korea from 18 BCE to 660 CE. Together with Goguryeo and Silla, Baekje is known as one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Jeollabuk-do (North Jeolla) is a province in the southwest of South Korea. ... // Events Byzantine emperor Constans II invades south Italy (Part of) the city wall of Benevento is reconstructed The movement to restore Baekje is defeated by Silla and Tang Battle of Hakusukinoe An annonymous monk reaches the summit of mount Fuji Environmental change A brief outbreak of plague hits Britain Births... Baekje was a kingdom that existed in southwestern Korea from 18 BCE to 660 CE. Together with Goguryeo and Silla, Baekje is known as one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ...

Contents


Background

During the 6th and 7th centuries, Korea was divided into three kingdoms, called Baekje, Silla and Goguryeo. In China, the Sui Dynasty, founded in 581, had a territorial ambition in the Korean peninsula, attempting three major invasions of Goguryeo in vain. After replacing Sui in 618, the Tang Dynasty repeatedly intervened in the affairs in Korea. To benefit from this new situation, Silla allied with Tang and defeated Goguryeo and Baekje. Baekje was a kingdom that existed in southwestern Korea from 18 BCE to 660 CE. Together with Goguryeo and Silla, Baekje is known as one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Goguryeo (traditional dates 37 BCE – 668) was a kingdom in northern Korea and a large part of Manchuria. ... The Sui Dynasty (Chinese: 隋朝; Hanyu Pinyin: 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Events The Sui Dynasty replaces the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the last of the Northern Dynasties in China. ... The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ... Goguryeo (traditional dates 37 BCE – 668) was a kingdom in northern Korea and a large part of Manchuria. ... Events End of the Sui Dynasty and beginning of the Tang Dynasty in China. ...


At the battle of Hwangsanbeol in 660, the Baekje Army was defeated by Silla-Tang joint forces and lost over 40 counties. Its subjects, including General Boksin, attempted to take back the 40 lost counties and tried to instate Prince Buyeo Pung (who remained in Japan) as the new king. They also requested Japanese aid. Prince Naka no Ōe, later to become Emperor Tenji, agreed and dispatched an army contingent led by Abe no Hirafu (阿倍比羅夫) to Korea. Events Childeric II proclaimed king of Austrasia. ... Boksin (?_663) was a military leader of the Korean kingdom of Baekje. ... Buyeo Pung was one of the sons of King Uija of Baekje. ... ... Abe no Hirafu (阿部比羅夫) was a governor of Koshi. ...


The Silla-Tang joint forces consisted of 130,000 men. General Boksin proclaimed Prince Buyeo Pung as the new king of Baekje, and Prince Buyeo Pung became King Pungjang. His forces harrased a contingent of Tang forces in Ung-jin County. King Pungjang arrived in Baekje before his Japanese aid.


Around August, 10,000 soldiers and 170 ships, led by Abe no Hirafu (廬原君臣), arrived. They had departed in May 661. Additional Japanese reinforcement, including 27,000 soldiers led by Kamitsukeno no Kimi Wakako (上毛野君稚子) and 10,000 soldiers led by Iohara no Kimi (廬原君), arrived at Baekje in 662. Events The regent Grimuald usurps the kingship of the Lombards, driving Perctarit into exile and killing Godepert Births Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, Japanese poet (approximate date) Deaths Maximus the Confessor, Byzantine theologian Godepert, king of the Lombards Categories: 662 ...


The battle

In 663, Baekje revival forces and a Japanese navy convened in southern Baekje to confront the Silla forces. However, the Tang dynasty also sent 7000 soldiers and 170 ships. After five naval confrontations that took place in August 663 at Baekgang, considered the lower reaches of Tongjin river, the Silla-Tang forces emerged victorious. According to the Nihonshoki, 400 Japanese ships were lost in the battles. The Japanese army retreated to Japan with refugees of Baekje in September. Nihonshoki (Japanese: 日本書紀), sometimes translated as Chronicles of Japan, is the second oldest book of classical Japanese history. ...


See Also

There was archieve dating back very early about the ancient navy of China. ...

External links/references

  • [1]
  • Beakgang Battle
  • The end of the Battle of Hakusukinoe
  • Baekgang Battle

 
 

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