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Encyclopedia > Battle of Arsuf
Battle of Arsuf
Conflict Third Crusade
Date September 7, 1191
Place Arsuf
Result Crusader victory
Combatants
Crusaders Ayyubids
Commanders
Richard I of England Saladin
Strength
22,000 light infantry

15,000 heavy infantry About 8,000 cavalry The Third Crusade began in 1189 as an attempt to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Arsuf (also known as Arsur or Apollonia) was a Crusader city and fortress located in what is now Israel, about 15 kilometres north of Tel Aviv. ... This article is about the medieval Crusades . ... The Ayyubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Egypt, Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Saladin, king of Egypt from a 15th century illuminated manuscript; the globus in his left hand is a European symbol of kingly power. ...

30,000 light infantry

15,000 heavy infantry About 5,000 cavalry

Casualties
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Arsuf was a battle of the Third Crusade in which Richard I of England defeated Saladin at Arsuf. The Third Crusade began in 1189 as an attempt to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Saladin, king of Egypt from a 15th century illuminated manuscript; the globus in his left hand is a European symbol of kingly power. ... Arsuf (also known as Arsur or Apollonia) was a Crusader city and fortress located in what is now Israel, about 15 kilometres north of Tel Aviv. ...


After capturing Acre in 1191, Richard fought many minor battles with Saladin, whose main objective was to prevent Jerusalem from being recaptured. Knowing he would need to control the port of Jaffa before making an attempt on Jerusalem, Richard began to march down the coast from Acre in August of 1191. The Old City of Akko in the 19th or early 20th century, looking south-west from atop the Land Wall Promenade, the open space now a parking lot. ... Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ... Jaffa, Israel is a historic port city on the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Saladin came upon Richard's army just north of Jaffa at Arsuf on September 7. The Templars defended the vanguard while the Hospitallers defended the rear. Saladin tried to lure the Crusaders out with a light cavalry charge; Richard delayed as long as possible while his English crossbowmen held back Saladin's charge, although the Muslim archers were able to inflict heavy damage on the Hospitallers' horses. The Hospitallers could no longer resist a counterattack. They charged into Saladin's right flank, with Richard following them, and the Templars charging the left flank. Saladin was forced to retreat, the legend of his invincibility having been destroyed. The Crusaders could also take pride in their first victory since the Battle of Hattin in 1187. September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... An army unit consisting of mounted soldiers is commonly known as cavalry. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... A crossbow is a type of weapon that fires projectiles called crossbow bolts or quarrels. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The Battle of Hattin in 1187 was a major setback in the fortunes of the Crusader movement, enabling the Muslims to regain control of Jerusalem from the Christians. ... Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ...


On September 10, Richard took Jaffa and would begin to prepare for an assault on Jerusalem. Although Richard successfully defended Jaffa when Saladin attacked him there in 1192, he could not recapture Jerusalem. September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ...


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