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Encyclopedia > Battle of Ancrum Moor
Battle of Ancrum Moor

Conflict: Anglo-Scottish Wars
Date: February 12, 1545
Location: 4 miles northwest of Jedburgh, Scotland
Outcome: Scottish Victory
Combatants
English Scots
Commanders
Earl of Arran

Earl of Angus February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... Location within the British Isles Jedburgh (Jedart or Jethart in Scots) is a royal burgh in the Scottish Borders, lying on the Jed Water, a tributary of the River Teviot. ... Travel guide to Scotland from Wikitravel Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... Travel guide to Scotland from Wikitravel Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in... James Hamilton - 2nd Earl of Arran (c1516 - 1575) Scottish Nobleman 2nd son on James, 1st Earl of Arran. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

Sir Ralph Evers

Sir George Layton George Layton (born March 2, 1943 at Bradford, Yorkshire, England) is a British actor who studied acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts. ...

Strength
approx 2500 3000 mercenary Reiters

1500 English Border Reivers
700 turncoat Scots Reiters (German: Reiter, or horserider) were a type of cavalry, which appeared in mercenary armies of Western Europe in the 16th century along with the cuirassiers and dragoons instead of heavy cavalry. ... Border Reivers were raiders along the Anglo-Scottish border (Border country), for nearly three hundred years from the late 13th century to the end of the 16th century, although their heyday was perhaps in the last hundred years of their existence. ...

Casualties
unknown 800 killed

1000 prisoners

The Battle of Ancrum Moor was fought during an Anglo-Scottish war towards the end of the reign of Henry VIII of England. The Scottish victory put a temporary end to English depredations in the Scottish borders and lowlands. Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ...

Contents


Background to the War

As his reign drew to a close, King Henry VI sought to secure the alliance of Scotland and the marriage of the infant Mary, Queen of Scots to his son Edward. He had the support of some Scots nobles who had been taken prisoner at the Battle of Solway Moss, but in December 1543 the Scottish Parliament, after much internal dissension, decided to reject Henry's overtures and ally instead with France. Mary was sent to France to marry the Dauphin Francis. Travel guide to Scotland from Wikitravel Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in... Mary, Queen of Scots is the name of: Mary I of Scotland, the former queen of France and Scotland executed by her cousin Elizabeth I of England Mary, Queen of Scots (movie), a 1971 film about that queen starring Vanessa Redgrave Mary, Queen of Scots (1969 book), a 1969 book... Edward Tudor redirects here; for another (though unlikely) Edward Tudor, see a putative younger son of Henry VII of England, thus this Edwards uncle if existed Edward VI (12 October 1537–6 July 1553) was King of England and King of Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. ... When Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church, he asked James V of Scotland, his nephew, to do the same. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ...


Henry's reaction was to launch a ruthless war against Scotland. He ordered the Earl of Hertford, his Warden of the Marches, to devastate Edinburgh, Leith and many other towns. Hertford dutifully laid waste to much of southern Scotland in two expeditions in 1544. The Most Noble Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. ... Edinburghs location in Scotland Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ... Former Royal Yacht Britannia is permanently moored at Leith harbour. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ...


Campaign

The following year, an army under Sir Ralph Evers continued to campaign in the borders. Their activities forced an unlikely alliance of two self-seeking Scottish nobles, the Earl of Arran and the Earl of Angus (whose estates had been razed by Hertford). Joined by borderers under Scott of Buccleugh, they moved to confront the English army near Jedburgh. James Hamilton - 2nd Earl of Arran (c1516 - 1575) Scottish Nobleman 2nd son on James, 1st Earl of Arran. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Location within the British Isles Jedburgh (Jedart or Jethart in Scots) is a royal burgh in the Scottish Borders, lying on the Jed Water, a tributary of the River Teviot. ...


The Battle

The "English" Army consisted of 3000 German and Spanish mercenaries, 1500 English borderers under Sir George Layton and 700 Scottish borderers. As they settled into an encampment under Gersit Law, a small Scottish force made a feint attack and then retreated southwest towards Palace Hill. Much of the English force followed in pursuit. As they reached the top of Palace Hill, they were attacked by the whole Scottish force which had been hidden on the far side of the hill. George Layton (born March 2, 1943 at Bradford, Yorkshire, England) is a British actor who studied acting at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts. ...


The Scots had the advantage of surprise, and of the setting sun which was behind them and dazzling the English, and of the westerly wind which blew gunpowder smoke from arquebuses and pistols towards the English.


The English, who were in some disarray, were forced back by the initial Scottish attack. They tried to rally on the slope of Palace Hill, but the Scottish borderers with them now chose to revert to their former allegiance. The English army now broke, and was forced to scatter through a hostile countryside.


Results

The English lost 800 men killed (including Evers and Lawton) and 1000 taken prisoner. This temporarily stopped their harrying of Scotland.


The war came to an end shortly afterwards on the death of Henry VIII.


Sources

Famous Scottish battles, Philip Warner, Leo Cooper, ISBN 0850524873


External Links

  • borderreivers.co.uk
  • The Scotsman

 
 

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