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Encyclopedia > Battery Park City

Battery Park City is a 90 acre (0.4 km²) planned community at the southwestern tip of Manhattan in New York City. The land upon which it stands was created from the Hudson River using 1.2 million cubic yards (917,000 cubic meters) of dirt and rocks excavated during the construction of the World Trade Center and certain other construction projects. The neighborhood, which is the site of the World Financial Center along with numerous housing, commercial and retail buildings, is named for adjacent Battery Park. A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ... Manhattan is an island bordering the lower Hudson River. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... View of the Hudson in the 1880s showing Jersey City The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings leased by Larry Silverstein from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ... The World Financial Center is a complex of buildings across West Street from the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan, New York City This complex is home to offices of major corporations including Merrill Lynch, American Express, Lehman Brothers, among others. ... The promenade of Battery Park City is an extension of Battery Park. ...


Battery Park City is owned and managed by the Battery Park City Authority, a public-benefit corporation created by New York State. Excess revenue from the area is contributed to other housing efforts, typically low-income projects in the Bronx and Harlem. The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... This article is about the Harlem neighborhood in New York City. ...


Geography

Battery Park City is bounded on the east by West Street, which insulates the area from the Financial District of downtown Manhattan. To the west, north and south, the area is surrounded by the tidal estuary of the Hudson River. A view up Broad Street in the Financial District in Manhattan The Financial District is the neighborhood in New York City on the southernmost section of the island of Manhattan which comprises the offices and headquarters of many of the citys major financial institutions, including the New York Stock...


The development consists of roughly five major sections. Traveling North to South, the first neighborhood, the "North Residential Neighborhood," consists of high-rise residential buildings, a large hotel and a mall (currently occupied by a movie theater, restaurants and a discount store for leather goods and accessories). Former parkland in the area is being converted into high-rise buildings.


Immediately to the South lies the World Financial Center, a complex of several commercial buildings occupied by tenants including American Express, Dow Jones & Company, Merrill Lynch and Deloitte & Touche. The World Financial Center's ground floor and portions of the second floor are occupied by a a mall; its center point is a steel-and-glass atrium known as the Winter Garden. Outside of the Winter Garden lies a sizeable yacht harbor on the Hudson known as North Cove. The World Financial Center is a complex of buildings across West Street from the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan, New York City This complex is home to offices of major corporations including Merrill Lynch, American Express, Lehman Brothers, among others. ... American Express (NYSE: AXP) is a diversified global financial services company headquartered in the United States. ... Dow Jones & Company (NYSE: DJ), based in the United States, is a publishing and financial information firm. ... Merrill Lynch & Co. ... Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu is one of the Big Four auditors. ... Winter Garden may refer to: Winter Garden, Florida Winter Garden Theatre Winter Garden, a book by Beryl Bainbridge This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A yacht A yacht was originally defined as a light, fast sailing vessel used to convey important persons. ...


South of the World Financial Center lies the majority of Battery Park City's residential areas, in three sections: "Gateway Plaza", a high-rise building complex; the "Rector Place Residential Neighborhood" and the "Battery Place Residential Neighborhood", mostly low-rise buiding complexes. These neighborhoods contain most of the area's residential buildings, along with park space and various types of supporting businesses (supermarkets, restaurants, movie theatres.) Construction of residential buildings began north of the World Financial Center in the late 1990s. Exterior appearance of typical supermarket (Albertsons) Supermarket produce section A supermarket is a store that sells a wide variety of goods including food and alcohol (where permitted), medicine, clothes, and other household products that are consumed regularly. ... Toms Diner, a restaurant in New York familiarized by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to be consumed on the premises. ... A typical megaplex (AMC Rolling Hills 20 in Rolling Hills Estates, California). ...


History

By the late 1950s, the once prosperous port area of downtown Manhattan was occupied by a number of dilapidated shipping piers, casualties of the rise of air transport. The initial proposal to reclaim this area through landfill was offered in the early 1960s by private firms and supported by the Mayor. This plan became complicated when Governor Nelson Rockefeller announced his desire to redevelop a part of the area as a separate project. The various groups reached a compromise, and in 1966 the governor unveiled the proposal for what would become Battery Park City. The creation of architect Wallace K. Harrison, the proposal called for a 'comprehensive community' consisting of housing, social infrastructure and light industry. In 1968, the New York State Legislature created the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) to oversee development. Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was a Governor of New York and the 41st Vice President of the United States of America from December 19, 1974 to January 20, 1977. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... Wallace K. Harrison is a mid-twentieth-century architect. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The New York Legislature is the U.S. state of New Yorks legislative branch, seated at the states capital, Albany. ...


For the next several years, the BPCA made slow progress. In 1969, it unveiled a master plan for the area, and in 1972 issued $200 million in bonds to fund construction efforts. By 1976 the landfill was completed; in many cases, the pre-existing piers were simply buried. 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Construction efforts ground to a halt for nearly two years beginning in 1977, as a result of city-wide financial hardships. In 1979, the title to the landfill was transferred from the city to the BPCA, which financially restructured itself and created a new, more limited master plan. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...


Construction began on the first residential building in 1980, followed in 1981 with the start of construction on the World Financial Center, which saw its first tenants in 1985. Throughout the 1980s, the BPCA oversaw a great deal of construction, including the entire Rector Place neighborhood and the river Esplanade. In the early 1990s, Battery Park City became the new home of the Stuyvesant High School. By the turn of the century, Battery Park City was mostly completed, with the exception of some ongoing construction on West Street. 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stuyvesant High School, nicknamed Stuy, is one of New York Citys specialized math- and science-based public high schools. ...


Current residential neighborhoods of Battery Park City are divided into a north and south section, separated by the World Financial Center Complex. The southern section, extending down from the Winter Garden, is the more densly populated region, containing Gateway Plaza, and Rector Place apartment buildings. The northern section, although still under very large construction, consists entirely of large, 20-45 story buildings which are all various shades of orange brick.


The 2001 World Trade Center Attack had a major impact on Battery Park City. More than two thirds of the area's residents fled after the adjacent Trade Center towers collapsed. Gateway Plaza, the largest of the residential buildings, was punctured by airplane parts, and the Winter Garden was severely damaged. Environmental concerns regarding dust from the Trade Center have also been a continuing source of worry. Since the attacks, much of the damage has been repaired; reduced rents and government subsidies have gone a long way to restoring residential occupancy. The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings leased by Larry Silverstein from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Battery Park City: Master Plan and Esplanade (394 words)
Battery Park City is built on what was once 92 acres of landfill and is now some of the most scenic and engaging open space in New York City, establishing an urban fabric of mixed uses that brought new life to lower Manhattan, sustaining it through difficult and turbulent times.
The Battery Park City Parks Conservancy, a non-profit organization that maintains the green spaces, demonstrated its commitment following the events of September 11, 2001, when its 70-member staff and workforce arrived in force to begin the restoration of the gardens, most of which were covered with up to a foot of dust and ash.
Battery Park City is a success because the Battery Park City Authority is a visionary owner dedicated to sustaining the energy of the master plan and being a patron of a well-designed public space.
Battery Park City, Manhattan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1016 words)
Battery Park City is a 90 acre (0.4 km²) planned community at the southwestern tip of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
Battery Park City is owned and managed by the Battery Park City Authority, a public-benefit corporation created by New York State.
Battery Park City is bounded on the east by West Street, which insulates the area from the Financial District of downtown Manhattan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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