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Encyclopedia > Batna

Batna (also Bâtnah) is the main city of Batna Province, Algeria. It is located at 35.57° North, 6.17° East. With a population of 285.800 (2004 estimate) it is the fifth largest city of Algeria, and the principal city of the Chaoui area. Batna is a is a wilaya of Algeria. ... Chaoui people are a Berber ethnic group, they live mainly in the Aures. ...


First solid fondations military camp of the city were erected by French garnison in 1844 with strategic mission to create permanentely guarded access point the main Sahara road. Batna geographical situation offers a natural break through Atlas mountains passage which, Romans didn't last to detected in their early invasion phase, the antic city of Timgad built around the 1st century after J.-C. is the living exemple of the importance that Romans gave to the commerce control on the region. Timgad (called Thamugas by the Romans, located at 35°27′ N 6°38′ E) was a Roman colonial town in North Africa founded by the Emperor Trajan around 100 CE. The ruins are noteworthy for being one of the best extant examples of the grid plan as used in Roman...


The ruins of Lambaesis are located nearby. Roman Remains at Lambessa (19th cent. ...


Bibliography

  • "Colonialism and After : An Algerian Jewish Community" by Elizabeth Friedman (Greenwood Books, 1988).[[1]]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Batna (192 words)
City in northeastern Algeria with 270,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), along the Wadi Tilatou north of the Aurès Massif and south of the Batna Mountains.
It is the capital of Batna province with 1.1 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 12,192 km².
Batna's centre is still the same as the one planned by the French, and is dominated by rectangular streets and some tree-lined avenues.
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