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Encyclopedia > Batman Returns
Batman Returns
Directed by Tim Burton
Produced by Tim Burton
Denise Di Novi
Written by Characters:
Bill Finger (Uncredited)
Bob Kane
Story:
Sam Hamm
Daniel Waters
Screenplay:
Daniel Waters
Wesley Strick (Uncredited)
Starring Michael Keaton
Danny DeVito
Michelle Pfeiffer
Christopher Walken
Music by Danny Elfman
Cinematography Stefan Czapsky
Editing by Chris Lebenzon
Bob Badami
Distributed by Warner Brothers
Release date(s) Flag of the United States June 19, 1992
Flag of the United Kingdom July 10, 1992
Running time 126 min.
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $80,000,000[1]
Gross revenue $282,800,000
Preceded by Batman
Followed by Batman Forever
Official website
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

Batman Returns is a 1992 superhero thriller based on the Batman character created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane. Tim Burton directed the film, which stars Michael Keaton as Batman, as well as Danny DeVito, Michelle Pfeiffer and Christopher Walken. The film is a sequel to Batman which has Burton and Keaton reprising their respective duties. The film also showcases a darker and obscene texture than it's previous film after Burton was given more creative control by Warner Brothers. Batman Returns is a video game for various platforms based on the movie of the same name. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x755, 46 KB) Summary warner bros www. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Denise Di Novi is an American film producer. ... William Bill Finger (February 8, 1914–January 18, 1974) was an American writer best known as the uncredited co-creator, with Bob Kane, of the DC Comics character Batman, as well as the co-architect of the series development. ... Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998) was an American comic book artist and writer credited as the creator of the DC Comics superhero Batman. ... Sam Hamm is an American screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton Batman films. ... Daniel Waters is an American screenwriter. ... Wesley Strick is an American screenwriter. ... Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... Michelle Marie Pfeiffer (born April 29, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning, BAFTA-winning American actress. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Daniel Robert Elfman (born May 29, 1953 in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician who led the rock band Oingo Boingo as singer / songwriter from 1976 until its breakup in 1995, and has composed film scores extensively since 1985s Pee-wees Big Adventure. ... Christopher John Lebenzon (29 October 1953, Redwood City, California) is an Academy Award-nominated American film editor. ... Warner Bros. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The year 1992 in film involved many significant films. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... Batman is a 1989 Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. ... Batman Forever is a 1995 superhero film. ... The year 1992 in film involved many significant films. ... DVD front cover for The Adventures of Captain Marvel film serial. ... The thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... William Bill Finger (February 8, 1914–January 18, 1974) was an American writer best known as the uncredited co-creator, with Bob Kane, of the DC Comics character Batman, as well as the co-architect of the series development. ... Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998) was an American comic book artist and writer credited as the creator of the DC Comics superhero Batman. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... Michelle Marie Pfeiffer (born April 29, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning, BAFTA-winning American actress. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Batman is a 1989 Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. ... Warner Bros. ...


Burton originally felt not to return for a second installment due to his mixed emotions from the original film. However, after being impressed with a script by Daniel Waters, he thought otherwise. The film was entirely shot at Warner Brothers studio in Burbank. Batman Returns received mixed reactions from critics, and a somewhat commercial success. Although the film did successful with its box office run, it most mostly due to controversies with younger children that spawned a controversy. This is the common reason as to why Burton didn't return for third film, and why the studio opted to hire Joel Schumacher to helm Batman Forever towards a younger audience. Daniel Waters is an American screenwriter. ... Warner Bros. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York, New York, USA) is an American film director, writer, and producer. ... Batman Forever is a 1995 superhero film. ...

Contents

Plot

The story begins 33 years ago, at Christmas in Gotham City. The wealthy Cobblepots, having just given birth to a deformed child, drop him in the sewers, abandoning him. Eventually the child comes to rest at the feet of a group of emperor penguins from the zoo. Thirty-three years later, it is Christmas time again in Gotham, as the ambitious but ruthless business tycoon Max Shreck gives a speech at a treelighting ceremony. The speech is then disrupted by a criminal group of clowns known as the "Red Triangle Circus Gang." They fire guns and terrorize people, but Batman is summoned and is able to restore order. Shreck is kidnapped amidst the chaos and is brought to their leader, a short, deformed man known as "The Penguin." Penguin blackmails Shreck with incriminating evidence of his more dubious activities, and as such, Shreck agrees to help Penguin to run for Mayor of Gotham in return. For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fictional place. ... Binomial name Gray, 1844 The Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species. ... Christopher Walken as Max Shreck in 1992s Batman Returns. ... The Penguin, from Batman #287, May 1977. ...


Shreck arranges for the Penguin to "rescue" the mayor's infant child from his own gang members. The plan works, and Penguin becomes a hero to all except a suspicious Bruce Wayne. After finding out his original birthname of Oswald Cobblepot, he eventually wins the approval of citizens of Gotham and intends to run for Mayor. Schreck attempts to murder his timid secretary Selina Kyle when she discovers a corrupt secret behind his "power plant." She survives the murder attempt after Shreck pushes her out of a skyscraper, and coming back to life due to a rejuvenation of cats surrounding her. Kyle makes a homemade black vinyl costume and pursues her vigilante life as "Catwoman." She bombs Shreck's department store and meets Batman. She then forms a romantic relationship with Bruce Wayne, and allies herself with Penguin to get back at her previous incident with Batman. Cover of Catwoman #2, February 2002. ...


When the subsequent plan is put into action, Batman is framed for kidnapping and murder and finds himself trapped in the Batmobile under Penguin's control, barely surviving. Catwoman and Penguin's alliance falls apart when she rebuffs a sexual advance from him, and Penguin opts to kill Catwoman himself. His campaign to recall the current mayor is quickly destroyed when Bruce Wayne plays selected comments he stated while controlling the Batmobile, comments insulting the people of Gotham. The people of Gotham get angry, forcing Penguin to defend himself with his gun umbrella. The police chase after him, but Penguin flees into the sewers, and reveals his secret plan: to kidnap and kill the firstborn sons of Gotham's most prominent families. Bruce meets Selina at a dance party hosted by Shreck, where she reveals to him her intentions to kill Shreck. The two subsequently discover the other's secret identity, but before they can leave to discuss this development, Penguin storms the hall and tries to take Max's son Chip, with Max persuading Penguin to take him instead, and Bruce and Selina depart. Batman, attacks Penguin's Red Triangle Circus goons, and puts a stop to the kidnappings. Penguin then dispatches an army of rocket-armed Penguins to dispatch and bomb Gotham. Batman manages to jam the birds' control signals and turn them around so that they attack the base instead. Fearing that something is amiss, Penguin resents back to Gotham where he encounters Batman. In response Penguin is killed.


Batman then discovers Catwoman intends to kill Shreck at Penguin's base. Shreck tries to bribe Batman, though Batman simply ignores him. Batman tries to talk Catwoman out of vengeance, promising they could live happily together, but she refuses to listen. During the argument, Shreck draws a gun he took from a Red Triangle clown and attempts to kill both of them. Batman is shot at, but the bullet missed while Catwoman is hit four times as she approaches Shreck. This leaves her with only two lives left. Shreck tries to shoot Catwoman a fifth time, but the revolver runs out of bullets. Catwoman then sacrifices her next-to-last life by inserting a live taser into her mouth and pressing her lips to Shreck's, while grabbing onto an electrical generator. A huge explosion follows, though as the smoke clears away, Batman tries to find Selina in the debris. The corpse of Shreck is found, but Penguin emerges from the slimy water and tires to kill Batman once again and falls to his death. The film ends as the Batsignal lights up, showing Catwoman starring towards it. Bribery is the practice of offering a professional money or other favours in order to circumvent ethics in a variety of professions. ... This article is about the video game. ... Summary An electroshock gun or stun gun, is a weapon used for subduing a person by administering an electric shock. ... The Gotham City Police Department with the Bat-Signal. ...


Cast

  • Michael Keaton as Bruce Wayne / Batman: Continuing his quest as Gotham City's sole-protector, in his wake he meets Selina Kyle, and clashes with newly anti-heroine Catwoman. His situation becomes complicated due to the arrival of a mysterious "Penguin-like Man" spotted throughout Gotham. Keaton wasn't signed for a second installment and only returned after a serious hike in his salary.[1]
  • Danny DeVito as Oswald Cobblepot / The Penguin: Abandoned at birth by due to his hideous appearance by his aristocratic parents, he spends his life living in the sewers of Gotham City. He eventually rises and thickens a plot to take over Gotham as its new Mayor. Although not already being cast in the role, writer Daniel Waters was told many times that DeVito was set to take the role, and wrote the character with DeVito in mind with no other actor under consideration.[2] Burton only had one meeting with the actor before signing on.[1]
  • Michelle Pfeiffer as Selina Kyle / Catwoman: Former quiet and shy secretary for Max Schreck, she transforms into Catwoman after an incident with her boss. In the wake, she serves as an adversary for both Batman and Bruce Wayne. According to producer Denise Di Novi, every single actress in Hollywood between the ages of 25 and 42 desperately wanted the role.[3] Among them included Raquel Welch, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Lena Olin, Ellen Barkin, Cher, Bridget Fonda and Susan Sarandon.[4] Annette Benning was originally cast in the role after Burton was impressed with her performance in The Grifters. She would eventually drop out during pre-production upon finding out she was pregnant.[1] Burton felt that Pfeiffer "was the one and only other obvious choice for the role." However, Sean Young, who had been cast as Vicki Vale eventually played by Kim Basinger in the original Batman until she became injured in a horse riding accident, believed the role should have gone to her. She would visit Warner Brothers offices and studio lots dressed up in a homemade costume demanding an audition. She then visited The Joan Rivers Show dressed in the outfit stating that the situation was unfair. Burton then called her costume an "outfit more appropriate for a female wrestling movie."[5] Young quoted, "I didn't even get to talk to anyone. Hollywood is just a bunch of weenies." Pfeiffer joined the film, but toke a percentage of the box office gross and a signing fee of $3 million ($2 million more than Bening's original salary),[1] and even going as far as to learn kick-boxing lessons.[6]
  • Christopher Walken as Max Shreck: A powerful business mogul who serves as the boss of Selina Kyle and unusual ally to the Penguin. The character is a reference to the actor of the same name, who is most notably known for portraying Count Orlok in Nosferatu. Casting director Marion Dougherty first suggested Walken, though Burton stated "I'm afraid of him." Burton felt that would be perfect and as such, was cast in the role. Waters stated the character was originally suppose to be "the golden child" of the Cobblepot whereas The Penguin would be the deformed outside. When Wesley Strick took over, the idea was then deleted.[7]
  • Michael Gough as Alfred Pennyworth: Bruce Wayne's faithful butler.
  • Pat Hingle as Commissioner James Gordon: The police commissioner of Gotham City.
  • Michael Murphy as The Mayor: The Mayor of Gotham City, who is being interrupted by the election of Oswald Cobblepot.
  • Vincent Schiavelli as The Organ Grinder: One of Penguin's many strange assistants.
  • Anna Katarina as The Poodle Lady: One of Penguin's many strange assistants.
  • Andrew Bryniarski as Charles "Chip" Shreck: The son of Max Schreck.

Sam Hamm originally had Harvey Dent becoming Two-Face in his drafts of the script. Waters claimed he "flirted with it," although it was only to be a very small subplot. Dent was deleted as Burton didn't want the film to have connections with the previous Batman film.[2] The role was to have been played by Billy Dee Williams who portrayed the character in Batman. Williams stated he accepted the role with the knowledge and expectation that Dent would eventually become Two-Face. He admitted to have had a clause put into his contract reserving the role for him in any sequels, which Warner Brothers had to buy out so they could cast Tommy Lee Jones in the same role for Batman Forever. [8] Burton briefly spoke of the situation as well, thinking of the idea to be interesting of using Williams as Two-Face for a possible third Batman installment before giving the directing reins to Joel Schumacher.[9] Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... The Penguin (Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot), is a DC Comics supervillain and is an enemy of Batman. ... Daniel Waters is an American screenwriter. ... Michelle Marie Pfeiffer (born April 29, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning, BAFTA-winning American actress. ... This article is about the supervillainess. ... Denise Di Novi is an American film producer. ... Jo Raquel Tejada (born September 5, 1940), best known by her stage name Raquel Welch, is an American actress who reached fame during the 1960s. ... Jennifer Jason Leigh (born February 5, 1962) is an American actress who has appeared in numerous films. ... Lena Maria Jonna Olin (born March 22, 1955 in Stockholm, Sweden) is an internationally acclaimed Academy Award-nominated Swedish actress. ... Ellen Rona Barkin (born April 16, 1954) is an Emmy Award-winning and Golden Globe Award-nominated American actress. ... This article is about Cher, the entertainer. ... Bridget Jane Fonda (born January 27, 1964) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-award nominated American actress. ... Susan Sarandon (born October 4, 1946) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... Annette Bening (born May 29, 1958 in Topeka, Kansas, USA) is an American actress. ... The Grifters is a 1990 neo-noir film directed by Stephen Frears. ... Mary Sean Young (born in Louisville, Kentucky on November 20, 1959) is an American actress. ... Vicki Vale is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe, a reporter who was the most prominent and longest lasting love interest of Bruce Wayne and his alter-ego, Batman. ... Kimila Ann Basinger (born December 8, 1953) is an Academy Award-winning American film actress and former fashion model. ... Batman is a 1989 Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. ... Warner Bros. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ... Christopher Walken as Max Shreck in 1992s Batman Returns. ... Maximilian Max Schreck (September 6, 1879 – February 19, 1936) was a German actor. ... Graf Orlok (ger. ... This article is about the 1922 silent film. ... Wesley Strick is an American screenwriter. ... Michael Gough (born November 23, 1914) is an English character actor who has appeared in over 100 films. ... Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... Pat Hingle (born July 19, 1924) is an American actor. ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ... For other people of the same name, see Michael Murphy Michael Murphy (born May 5, 1938) is an American character actor. ... Vincent Schiavelli and his then wife Allyce Beasley (September 20, 1987) Photo by Alan Light Vincent Andrew Schiavelli (November 10, 1948 – December 26, 2005) was an American character actor noted for his work in film and television. ... Anna Katarina is an actress. ... Andrew Bryniarski (born February 13, 1969) is an American actor and a former bodybuilder. ... Sam Hamm is an American screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton Batman films. ... Two-Face, from Batman #234, August 1971. ... Billy Dee Williams (born April 6, 1937) is an American actor who for a period in the 1970s rivaled Sidney Poitier as the most popular black actor in American film. ... For the musician, see Tommy Lee. ... Batman Forever is a 1995 superhero film. ... Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York, New York, USA) is an American film director, writer, and producer. ...


The studio desperately wanted Robin to appear in the film. He was originally suppose to appear in the original film, though Burton and Hamm convinced Warner Brothers otherwise. Waters found writing the character very hard as he quoted, "Tim and I personally hate him, he's just the most worthless character in the world, especially with Tim's conception of Batman as the loner of loners." Waters had visioned Robin as the leader of a street gang (though before he was written as an African American), to which he forms a "hard-edged" relationship with Batman.[2] Robin is a fictional character, a superhero in the DC Comics universe. ...


Waters and Burton argued that there were too many characters in the script and then visioned another version of the character. He was then written as an intelligent African-American working in a autoshop garage. He was to supposedly fix the Batmobile after Penguin wrecks it. Waters quoted that he costume was to be "an old-fashioned garage mechanic uniform and it just has an 'R' on it." There was also to be a seen where he drives the Batmobile in the seem manner he does in Batman Forever, which Waters feels, "they [the writers of Batman Forever] ripped me off! They didn't even give me free popcorn for that!"[2] Marlon Wayans was cast in the role, after the filmmakers were impressed with his screen test, and was even paid with a contract of two films. He was, of course, initially cast in the role for Batman Forever, however Wayans quoted, "They decided they wanted somebody white."[10] This is Pfeiffer and Walken's first movie. The other being Hairpray from 2007. The Batmobile is the fictional personal automobile of comic book superhero Batman. ... Batman Forever is a 1995 superhero film. ... Marlon Wayans (born July 23, 1972) is an American actor, producer, comedian, writer, and director of movies, beginning with his role as a pedestrian in Im Gonna Git You Sucka in 1988. ... Look up Caucasian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Production

"I think I probably got a little carried away. We tried to give The Penguin a foundation and a psychological profile. I liked the fact that some people couldn't decide whether or not Catwoman was bad. She never was bad. When they were bad on the TV series they were never really bad. That's the thinkg, I never saw any of them as bad, and I never believe it when they say people are bad."
Tim Burton on the villains of Batman Returns[5]

Although a sequel was an obvious move, Tim Burton had not been signed up in advance and after the release of Batman, Burton publicly described a second installment as "a most dumbfounded idea." On the first film, Burton quoted, "There's parts I liked, but it was a little boring at times. Oftentimes with sequels, they're like the same movie except everything gets jacked up a little. I didn't feel I could do that; I wanted to treat this like it was another Batman movie altogether." Sam Hamm of the first film was hired to write the script, though after a disappointing first draft that had The Penguin and Catwoman going after hidden treasure, Burton brought in Daniel Waters.[1] Burton was impressed with his work on Heathers, and originally brought him in for writing a sequel to Beetlejuice. However, a year later, Burton Burton felt for him to be perfect for Hamm's replacement.[2] It was at this time that Warner Brothers decided to give him excessive creative control.[1] The Penguin, from Batman #287, May 1977. ... This article is about the supervillainess. ... This article is about the 1960s television series. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Batman is a 1989 Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character of the same name. ... Sam Hamm is an American screenwriter, perhaps best known for writing the screenplays for the Tim Burton Batman films. ... The Penguin, from Batman #287, May 1977. ... This article is about the supervillainess. ... Daniel Waters is an American screenwriter. ... This article is about the film Heathers. ... This article is about the film. ...


Burton was excited with Waters' new pitch that had an evil mogul (Max Schreck) backing a bid for the Mayor's office by The Penguin.[1] Waters claimed that Hamm wrote a "old-fashioned, almost like a Hardy Boys action adventure." On Hamm's original characterization of Catwoman Waters stated that he "went back to the comic book and the way comic books in general treat women, like a fetishy sexual fantasy." Waters felt that he needed to see the film through her Point of View. He felt that Catwoman should "start off just at the lowest point in society," thus Waters went with a secretary.[2] The episodes Hizzoner The Penguin/Dizzoner The Penguin of the Batman had a showcased the idea of The Penguin running for mayor. Wesley Strick would eventually rewrite the shooting script unaccredited.[1] The Hardy Boys is a popular series of detective/adventure books for boys chronicling the fictional adventures of teenage brothers Frank and Joe Hardy. ... This article is about the supervillainess. ... This article is about the 1960s television series. ... Wesley Strick is an American screenwriter. ...


Strick stated he was solely brought in for to come up with a solution with "Penguin's lack of a master plan." Strick says he was presented with "the usual boring ideas to do with warming the city, or freezing the city (which ended up in Batman & Robin)." Strick pitched an alternative approach, inspired by the Moses parallels of Walter's prologue, in which the infant Oswald Cobblepot is bundled in a basket and thrown in the river where he floats helplessly until he's saved (and subsequently raised) by Gotham's sewer denizens. He came up with Penguin's "master plan" is to kill the firstborn sons of Gotham City. Both the studio and Burton were impressed with the idea, though Strick claims the toy manufacturers were worried.[11] For the 1949 serial Batman and Robin, see Batman and Robin (serial). ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ...


In early 1991, two of Hollywood's largest sound-stages, Stage 16 at Warner Brothers and Stage 12 at Universal Pictures, were prepared for the production for the sets of Batman Returns. Eight other buildings were used on the Warner Brothers lot, and concluded at least 50% of the studio's outlets were occupied by the filming of Batman Returns. Stage 16 was used primarily for "Gotham Plaza," which was based on New York's Rockefeller Centre. Stage 16 was covered with foam and polyester fabric stuffing to stimulate snowdrifts. Universal's Stage 12 housed the Penguin's underground lair, an enormous tank filled with half-a-million gallons of water and a simulated ice floe island.[1] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center Rockefeller Center is a complex of 19 commercial buildings between 48th and 51st street in New York. ...


Anton Furst's sets from the original film were waiting for a future sequel, but Burton opted for a different design. Burton quoted, "They could have brought somebody else in for the sequel, and had the same sets, and shot in London, but I couldn't do that because I'd have lost interest. I wanted to treat it like it was another movie altogether, there's no point in doing the exact same thing again." The sets were kept frozen to simulate the winter time period of the film and for the pleasure of the Penguins at stage 16. DeVito spent two hours a day in makeup.[1] Anton Furst is a distinguished production designer who won an Oscar for designing the Batmobile and the noirish nightmare version of Gotham City in Tim Burtons Batman (1989). ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... Modern genera Aptenodytes Eudyptes Eudyptula Megadyptes Pygoscelis Spheniscus For prehistoric genera, see Systematics Some penguins are curious. ...


Filming was to remain very secretive. Picture ID cards were issued to everyone on set, with an ominous code name, "Dictel" (short, insists Burton, for "Dictatorial") being stamped on sensitive documents. Art department personnel were advised to keep their office curtains closed at all times; no visitors were allowed near the sets, with even Kevin Costner being refused; and everyone involved was required to sign a document guaranteeing that they wouldn't specifically hold interviews with news sources. However, about midway through filming, a few test shots of De Vito in costume found their way into a US entertainment magazine. Warner Brothers hired a group of private investigators to track down the source, though the ploy ultimately failed.[1] Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American film actor, director and producer. ... A private investigator, or PI, is a person who undertakes investigations. ...


Reaction

Batman Returns opened in America on July 19, 1992 and shattered its predecessor's record for the most successful three-day opening in history with receipts of $47.7 million, and would eventually gross $268 million worldwide. Even though the film was considered by many to be "too dark," Burton to this day thinks otherwise, and as such likes Returns better than the original. All in all, the film was a box office success and was the third highest grossing film of the year. In addition to criticisms of the film's tone and demeanor, some found Burton's interpretation of the central characters problematic, arguing that The Penguin's physical deformity and homicidal tendencies, Catwoman's degenerative mental state, and Batman's brooding melancholy, as well as his tendency to kill criminals, simply added to the somber and unsettling nature of the film. For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Penguin, from Batman #287, May 1977. ... This article is about the supervillainess. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Melancholia (Greek μελαγχολια) was described as a distinct disease as early as the fifth and fourth centuries BC in the Hippocratic writings. ...


Others found the film to be overly dark and sadistic, citing it as inappropriate for children. McDonald's marketing tie-ins, including special cups and Happy Meal toys, were protested by parents' groups because they thought that Danny DeVito's Penguin portrayal would give children nightmares, or thinking that the portrayal of the Catwoman was too sexually explicit. However, the filmmakers intended that the film was not suitable for children (Batman and the Rest of DC comics were never intended for children as of the late 60s). [12] Look up sadism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Happy Meal logo, English Happy Meal logo, Japanese. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ...


Returns is the second highest rated Batman film to date with a freshness rating of 80% on Rotten Tomatoes, which is considered "fresh". This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Batman Returns was nominated for two Academy Awards being Best Effects/Visual Effects and Best Makeup. It lost out to Death Becomes Her for Best Effects/Visual Effects, and to Dracula for Best Makeup. Danny DeVito was nominated for a Razzie Award as Worst Supporting Actor for his scary portrayal. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Death Becomes Her is a 1992 black comedy fantasy film directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Goldie Hawn, Meryl Streep and Bruce Willis. ... Bram Stokers Dracula is a 1992 horror romance film produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, based on the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker. ... The Golden Raspberries or Razzies were created by John Wilson in 1980, intended to complement the Academy Awards by dishonoring the worst acting, screenwriting, songwriting, directing, and films that the film industry had to offer. ...


Batman Returns also saw itself being nominated for three awards at the MTV Movie Awards. Michael Keaton and Michelle Pfeiffer were both nominated for Best Kiss, Danny DeVito was nominated for Best Villain, and Pfeiffer was again nominated as Most Desirable Female. The MTV Movie Awards is a film awards show presented annually on MTV (Music Television). ... Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... Michelle Marie Pfeiffer (born April 29, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning, BAFTA-winning American actress. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ...


Home video

Batman Returns was released on VHS and Laserdisc in October 1992. The film was first released to DVD five years later in 1997, shortly after the format debuted; it was a bare-bones, single disc release featuring the ability to watch the film either in widescreen or in fullscreen but not featuring any bonus materials. Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


To coincide with the release of Batman Begins on DVD in 2005, Warner Brothers decided to give all four of the original Batman films new DVD treatments and special edition versions of all four films were created. The special edition DVDs feature newly restored audio and video, a re-mastered Dolby Digital audio track, a new DTS audio track and a second disc filled with bonus materials. Each title is available both individually and as part of Batman: The Motion Picture Anthology. The Region 2 DVD is missing the director's audio commentary although it is listed on the box as a special feature, and is also censored. Although it restores the nunchaku sequence which was cut from the original Region 2 release, the scene in which Catwoman places aerosol cans in the microwave remains cut. For the video game based on the film, see Batman Begins (video game). ... On a DVD (or laserdisc), an audio commentary is a bonus track consisting of a lecture or comments by one or more speakers, who talk about the movie as it progresses. ... For Nintendos Wii Remote Nunchuk attachment, see Nunchuk. ...


The DVD also suffers from a very noticeable audio glitch. Although, in the Scandinavian Region 2 DVD, the directors commentary is included, as is the scene with the aerosol cans. The audio glitch is also missing. The British Region 2 DVD now also has the director's commentary and has lost the audio glitch.


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Jeffrey Ressner. "Three Go Mad In Gotham", Empire, August 1992. Retrieved on 2007-11-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Judy Sloane. "Daniel Waters on writing", Film Review Special #12, August 1995. Retrieved on 2007-11-29. 
  3. ^ (2005). Shadows Of The Bat: The Cinematic Saga Of The Dark Knight-The Dark Side Of The Night (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  4. ^ "Big-Game Hunting", Entertainment Weekly, 1991-08-09. Retrieved on 2007-11-30. 
  5. ^ a b Mark Salisbury;Tim Burton (2000). Burton on Burton. Faber and Faber, p.103-4. ISBN 0-57120-507-0. 
  6. ^ "Flashes", Entertainment Weekly, 1992-06-12. Retrieved on 2007-09-14. 
  7. ^ (2005). Batman Returns Villains Profile: Max Schreck (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  8. ^ (2005). Batman (1989) Heroes Profile: Harvey Dent (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  9. ^ (2005). Batman (1989) Audio Commentary by Director Tim Burton (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  10. ^ Nathan Rabin. "Wayans World", The A.V. Club, 1998-02-25. Retrieved on 2007-12-01. 
  11. ^ David Hughes (March 2004). Tales From Development Hell: Hollywood Film-Making the Hard Way. Titan Books, p.196. ISBN 1-84023-691-4. 
  12. ^ "Hawking Batman Returns", Entertainment Weekly, 1992-07-10. Retrieved on 2007-09-15. 

Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Warner Bros. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Faber and Faber, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the UK, notable in particular for publishing a great deal of poetry and for its former editor T. S. Eliot. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Warner Bros. ... Two-Face, from Batman #234, August 1971. ... Warner Bros. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and gothic atmosphere of his films. ... Warner Bros. ... The A.V. Club is an entertainment newspaper and website published by The Onion. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... Titan Books is a UK publisher of graphic novels. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Batman Returns - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3504 words)
Batman attempts to rescue the Princess but is attacked by Catwoman, who seizes the Ice Princess and deposits her on the edge of the building's roof.
Batman is then accosted by Catwoman, who comments that she still has seven lives left after his knocking her from the roof.
The initially negative reaction to Batman Returns, however, prompted Warner Brothers to re-think their approach to the franchise, and the series was handed to director Joel Schumacher, who adopted a much more lighthearted and camp approach to the characters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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