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Encyclopedia > Batasuna
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Herri Batasuna's logo
Herri Batasuna's logo

Batasuna (Unity) is a Basque political party based mainly in Spain but with a French presence, which has traditionally acted as the political branch of the Basque illegal terrorist group ETA. It is part of the Basque National Liberation Movement which includes social organizations, trade unions, youth (Jarrai and Gazteriak, now merged in Haika and Segi), and women's groups (Egizan). It has been banned in Spain since 2003, ostensibly for failing to condemn the atrocities of ETA and for alleged ties between its members and the violent group, but is not illegal in France. It is included in the European Union list of terrorist persons and organisations[1]. In spite of its banning, Batasuna has organized or supported numerous rallies, public actions and several workplace strikes. Batasuna voters have been encouraged to vote for other abertzale parties since the banning. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Batasuna. ... Image File history File links Batasuna. ... The Basques are an indigenous people who inhabit parts of Spain and France. ... Politics of Spain takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the President of the Government is the head of government and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... // French politics under the Fifth Republic After Charles de Gaulle had the constitution of the French Fifth Republic adopted in 1958, France was ruled by successive right-wing administrations until 1981. ... ETA symbol or ETA (Basque for Basque Homeland and Freedom; IPA pronunciation: [) is a paramilitary Basque nationalist organization listed as a terrorist organization both by the European Union and the United States in their watchlists on the matter. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ... Abertzale in the Basque language means roughly, patriot, and is used to mean Basque nationalist. It comes from the fusion of aberri(a) (fatherland, a neologism created by Sabino Arana) with the suffix -(t)zale (someone who loves, is a friend of, has affection towards, or dedicates him- or herself...

Basque Country (autonomous community)

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Basque Country (autonomous community)
Capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Official languages Basque and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 14th  7 234 km²  1,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 7th  2 124 846  4,9%  293,73/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Basque  Basque  vasco/a euskal herritar, euskaldun GDP GDP/Cápita 30. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Basque_Country. ...



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Autonomous communities of Spain. ... The Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country is the legal document organizing the political system of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Basque: Euzkadi) which includes the provinces of Alava, Vizcaya and Guipuzcoa. ... Politics of Spain takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the President of the Government is the head of government and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The President of the Basque Country is referred to as Lehendakari (literally, firstlier) in Basque, or Eusko Jaurlaritzako Lehendakari (President of the Basque Government); the Spanish title is Presidente del Gobierno Vasco. ... Juan José Ibarretxe Juan José Ibarretxe Markuartu (born May 15, 1957) is a Basque politician. ... The Basque Parliament (Basque: Eusko Legebiltzarra – Castillian Spanish: Parlamento Vasco) is the legislative body of the Basque Country autonomous community of Spain and the elected assembly to which the Basque Government is responsible. ... Won by a Mr Martin J Hollerwatch of 34 Clackton Road, Cumberbatch-On-Sea (El Partido Malvado - The Evil Party) through a sliding majority poll of fifty to something. ... Results for the 1979 Spanish general election Reference El País official webpage (spanish) Congreso de españa official webpage (spanish) ... PSOE and PSC presented two different candidatures: PSOE in Spain and PSC (Catalan Social Party) only in Catalunya. ... References El País official webpage (spanish) http://www. ... External links Official results Categories: Elections in Spain ... External links Official results Categories: | ... External links Official results Categories: Elections in Spain ... Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 12, 2000. ... Map of Spains electoral circumscriptions, and the parties leading in each circumscription in the election for the Congress of Deputies Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 14, 2004. ... The Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country is the legal document organizing the political system of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country (Basque: Euzkadi) which includes the provinces of Alava, Vizcaya and Guipuzcoa. ... On 20 February 2005 a consultative referendum was held in Spain to ask whether the country should ratify the proposed Constitution of the European Union. ... Aralar is a Basque nationalist political group in Spain. ... The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ... Communist Movement of Euskadi (in Basque: Euskadi Mugimendu Komunista, in Spanish: Movimiento Comunista de Euskadi) was originally the branch of the Communist Movement (MC) in Basque Country, Spain. ... The Communist Party of the Basque Homelands (Spanish: Partido Comunista de las Tierras Vascas, Euskera: Euskal Herrialdeetako Alderdi Komunista, acronym: EHAK-PCTV) is a communist nationalist party in the Basque Country, that had limited electoral activities prior to 2005, but rose to national prominence when its leadership adopted the program... Communist Party of Euskadi - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Eusko Alkartasuna, Basque and Spanish regional political party, translated as Basque Solidarity and abbreviated as EA, is a party which describes itself as a Basque national, democratic, popular, progressive and non-denominational party. ... The Socialist Party of the Basque Country - Euskadiko Ezkerra or PSE (PSOE) (Basque: Euskadiko Alderdi Sozialista - Euskadiko Ezkerra, or PSE-EE; Spanish: Partido Socialista de Euskadi - Euskadiko Ezkerra) is the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) associate political party in the Basque Country. ... Zutik symbol Zutik is a political party in Basque Country, Spain. ... Basque Nationalist Republican Party (in Spanish: Partido Republicano Nacionalista Vasco) was a political party in Euskadi, Spain. ... Democracia Cristiana Vasca in Spanish (DCV); in Basque, Euskal Kristau Demokrazia, EKD (Basque Christian Democracy) was a Basque Country Christian-democratic party active during the Spanish transition to democracy - legalized in 1977. ... Euskadiko Ezkerra (Basque Country Left, in Basque) or EE was a Spanish Basque socialist political organisation. ... Euskal Ezkerra (Basque Left) was a political party in Euskadi, Spain. ... Euskal Iraultzarako Alderdia (Party for the Basque Revolution) or EIA was a Basque Country/Spanish political party between 1977 and 1982. ... Herri Alderdi Sozialista Iraultzailea (Peoples Socialist Revolutionary Party) best known for its acronym HASI, that in Basque language means to begin, was a non-legal Basque political party, considered commonly to be the political branch of ETA. It always ran as part of the coalition of the Basque National... The Herritarren Zerrenda is a Basque political party in Spain and France. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...

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History and outline

The party was founded in April 1978 as Herri Batasuna (Unity of the People), a coalition of leftist nationalist political groups following the Basque region's rejection of the new Spanish constitution. Its constituent parties had been called together by senior Basque nationalist Telesforo de Monzón in a 1977 meeting called "the table of Alsasua." Herri Batasuna's founding convention was held in Lekeitio, home of Santiago Brouard who was then the leader of HASI (Herriko Alderdi Sozialista Iraultzailea or Revolutionary Socialist People's Party). The party won 170,000 votes (a 13% showing in the Basque Country) in its first general election in March 1979. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Spanish Constitution of 1978 is the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Lekeitio is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Herri Alderdi Sozialista Iraultzailea (Peoples Socialist Revolutionary Party) best known for its acronym HASI, that in Basque language means to begin, was a non-legal Basque political party, considered commonly to be the political branch of ETA. It always ran as part of the coalition of the Basque National... Results for the 1979 Spanish general election Reference El País official webpage (spanish) Congreso de españa official webpage (spanish) ... This page refers to the year 1979. ...

Arrano beltza (black eagle), Basque nationalist modern version of the ancient arms of Navarre.
Arrano beltza (black eagle), Basque nationalist modern version of the ancient arms of Navarre.

On November 20, 1984, Dr Brouard was assassinated by two members of the GAL while treating a child at his medical clinic in Bilbao. The killing is perhaps the only one performed by the Spanish government-directed death squad within Spain itself. Image File history File links Arrano_Beltza. ... Image File history File links Arrano_Beltza. ... Arrano beltza Arrano beltza The arrano beltza (black eagle in Basque) is an ancient Basque and Navarre symbol which displays a black eagle upon a yellow background and is mostly, though not exclusively, used by Basque nationalists as a symbol of Euskal Herria, the Basque Country. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (Antiterrorist Liberation Groups) were death squads illegally set up by officials within the Spanish government to fight ETA. It was financed and protected by the Spanish Interior Ministry. ... A death squad is an armed group that carries out, usually in secrecy, extrajudicial assassinations and forced disappearances of activists, dissidents and others perceived as interfering with a social or political status quo. ...


Another well-known Herri Batasuna leader, Josu Muguruza, was also killed by spanish paramilitary forces in 1989, while he was in a hotel in Madrid. He was a congressman on the Spanish Parliament when he was assassinated. Both crimes had been ignored by spanish justice and the most important political parties, PSOE and PP. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location Location of Madrid in Europe Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Villa de... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ... PP can stand for: pp stands for pianissimo in dynamics (music). ...


In 1986, the administration of Felipe González organised a referendum to keep Spain inside NATO. The Electoral law was to count only votes in Spanish, while votes in other languages would count as null and void. Herri Batasuna resented that rule, which it considered a ploy to prevent Basque nationalists from influencing the election, and called on its supporters to vote No in Spanish. When the Spanish administration changed the rules so as to count votes in the other languages of Spain as well, Herri Batasuna called for supporters to vote in Basque. The vote in the referendum was to keep Spain in NATO, but the majority of voters in the Basque Autonomous Community stood strongly against it. Herri Batasuna was not the only party asking for a no vote. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Felipe González Márquez (born March 5, 1942) was a Spanish socialist politician. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...


From 1998 to 2001, Batasuna assumed the name Euskal Herritarrok (We Basque Citizens).


The current party spokesmen are Arnaldo Otegi, and Joseba Permach Gorroño. Otegi was a member of the armed groups ETA-political-military (since 1977 or before, until 1981), and ETA-military (since 1981) and served several years in prison for bank assault. He is married and has two children. After having been brought to court early this year (2005) he was set free on parole. Arnaldo Otegi (b. ... ETA symbol or ETA (Basque for Basque Homeland and Freedom; IPA pronunciation: [) is a paramilitary Basque nationalist organization listed as a terrorist organization both by the European Union and the United States in their watchlists on the matter. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Another important member of Batasuna is José Antonio Urrutikoetxea, alias Josu Ternera, the main leader of ETA between 1987 and 1989 and accused of a number of homicides like the massacre of 21 people at Hipercor - a shopping center in Barcelona. He was imprisoned in France after 1989, released after finishing his sentence and was transferred to Spanish prisons, where he stayed for 2 more years until his release by the Constitutional Court, which stipulated that he had served his prison term in France. He was elected to the Basque parliament between 1999 and 2001,and was appointed as his party's representative in the Human Rights commission at the Basque Parliament. He disappeared when the Spanish courts decided to reopen his charges, and present new ones about his current membership in ETA. Presently he lives in hiding and is considered one of the leaders of ETA that are pushing for negotiations. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Etymology: Latin homicidium, from homo- human being + caedere- to cut, kill Homicide is the intentional or negligent killing of another human being by one or more persons. ... Hipercor is a chain of supermarkets and hypermarkets in Spain, belonging to the same group as El Corte Inglés Categories: Stub ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... The Basque Parliament (Castillian Spanish Parlamento Vasco, Basque Eusko Legebiltzarra) is the autonomous legislative body of the Basque Country and the elected assembly before which the Basque Government is responsible. ...


On 14 November 2004, during a mass meeting in San Sebastian the party leader Arnaldo Otegi asked for an end to the armed conflict in the region, which has been continuing for decades. November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining until the end of the year. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Following the February 2006 deaths of ETA members Igor Miguel Angulo Iturrate, 32, (due to an apparent suicide by hanging) and Ricardo Sainz Olmos, 41, (by a heart attack), public commemmorations of the dead prisoners were banned by Basque authorities. Amid a period of independent kale borroka street attacks on the offices of the Basque Nationalist Party and other establishment targets, Batasuna together with the union Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak convoked a day of protest and general strike on March 9.[1] On the morning of the strike, ETA detonated several bombs near highways, with no injuries. Employers reported scant overall participation in the strike, approximately 0.5% of private sector workers, 1% of government workers and 3-4% of workers in education. Tens of thousands of Basques joined mass protests, while others blocked rail lines and roads and occupied municipal halls.[2] Batasuna leader Arnaldo Otegi was ordered to appear in court to answer for the bomb attacks and disruption, but delayed his appearance repeatedly on the grounds of illness. ETA symbol or ETA (Basque for Basque Homeland and Freedom; IPA pronunciation: [) is a paramilitary Basque nationalist organization listed as a terrorist organization both by the European Union and the United States in their watchlists on the matter. ... The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ... LAB (Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak, nationalist workers trade union) is a Basque trade union operating mainly in Spain. ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... Arnaldo Otegi (b. ...

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Electoral participation

Batasuna had around 200,000 voters and won 10% of the vote in the 2001 regional elections after boycotting the 2000 general election. Batasuna had representatives in the European Parliament and in the parliaments of Navarre and the provinces of the Basque autonomous community. It also ruled some 62 local councils[3], and had members in many more. Currently, Batasuna has lost all its representatives in the Spanish Parliaments, since regaining some their seats in elections held after the banning of the party. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the Strasbourg building The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary... Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community in Spain. ... Capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Official languages Basque and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 14th  7 234 km²  1,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 7th  2 124 846  4,9%  293,73/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Basque  Basque  vasco/a euskal herritar, euskaldun GDP GDP/Cápita 30. ...


While the party has been barred from formally taking part in elections since 2003 (see below), it has coordinated a variety of forms of participation (or quantifiable nonparticipation) in recent elections. After the May 2003 provincial and local elections, followers of the local lists protested claiming the council seats corresponding to the invalid votes (127.000, a 10% of the total vote in the Basque Country). 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In May 2004, a list named Herritarren Zerrenda (Citizens' List) was presented in Spain and France to the European Parliament Election, 2004. Spanish tribunals rejected it, as a successor of Batasuna. However, the HZ list in France remained legal. HZ candidates in Spain then campaigned for using the French HZ ballot also in Spain, which was to be counted as null vote. There were more than 98,000 null votes in the Basque Autonomous Country and more than 15,000 in Navarre. The Herritarren Zerrenda is a Basque political party in Spain and France. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ...


HZ leaders interpret the high abstention rate, which was 12% of the total vote, to mean that most of the nulls were for HZ, since in the previous European elections the null vote was less than 1%,

Distribution of 'yes' votes by province in the Spanish referendum.
Distribution of 'yes' votes by province in the Spanish referendum.

Batasuna called for a No vote on the European Constitution proposal in the referenda to be held in Spain and in France in 2005. The Basque Country & Navarre and Catalonia were comparatively less supportive of 'yes', but approved the referendum by a narrow majority. I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... I, the creator of this image, hereby release it into the public domain. ... On 20 February 2005 a consultative referendum was held in Spain to ask whether the country should ratify the proposed Constitution of the European Union. ... The constitutional treaty as signed in Rome on 29 October 2004 by representatives of the EU member states The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE), commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... On 20 February 2005 a consultative referendum was held in Spain to ask whether the country should ratify the proposed Constitution of the European Union. ...


For the Basque elections of 2005, Batasuna presented lists of candidates but they were dismissed as illegal. After the dissolution of the Basque parliament, Batasuna lost all their remaining elected representatives. Simultaneously, lists were presented by the new political group Aukera Guztiak ("All the options"). The Spanish prosecutors and the parties PP and PSOE contended that Aukera Guztiak was actually another front for Batasuna and tried to find evidence leading to its illegalization. The Basque Government and the Batasuna spokesmen protested against these attempts. The issue went all the way to the Spanish Constitutional Court that confirmed the ruling of the Spanish Supreme Court, forbidding the AG lists. The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is the largest liberal conservative political party in Spain. ... The Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of Spain. ...


Once the campaign had started, a previously unknown party named Communist Party of the Basque Territories (Partido Comunista de las Tierras Vascas - Euskal Herrialdeetako Alderdi Komunista) announced that they were ready to bring the programs of Batasuna and AG to the parliament. The party had been legally registered in 2002 but had no known activity until 2005. Like those parties, representatives of EHAK-PCTV have refused to explicitly condemn the ETA attacks. The People's Party requested that the Spanish government conducts investigations to ban EHAK-PCTV too, though the State Legal Service (Abogacía General del Estado) and the Attorney General's Office (Fiscalía General del Estado) found no evidence to support legal actions against the party. Batasuna asked their supporters to vote for EHAK-PCTV. EHAK-PCTV symbol The Communist Party of the Basque Homelands (Spanish: Partido Comunista de las Tierras Vascas, Euskera: Euskal Herrialdeetako Alderdi Komunista, acronym: EHAK-PCTV) is a communist nationalist party in the Basque Country, that had limited electoral activities prior to 2005, but rose to national prominence when its leadership...


In the Basque elections of April 17, 2005, EHAK-PCTV obtained 150.188 votes (12,5%), entering the Basque Parliament with nine seats. Aralar obtained one. April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... The Basque Parliament (Castillian Spanish Parlamento Vasco, Basque Eusko Legebiltzarra) is the autonomous legislative body of the Basque Country and the elected assembly before which the Basque Government is responsible. ...

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Declaration of illegality by the Spanish state

The party denies any links to ETA. However, proponents of the party's illegalization point to a coincidence of Batasuna and ETA's strategies, active participation in ETA extortion campaigns and the deviation of resources to fund ETA activities.[citation needed] A significant number of Batasuna leaders have been imprisoned because of their activities in ETA. The party has never condemned any attack by ETA.


There have been a number of attempts to ban the party, and it has frequently changed its name as part of the effort to avoid this, being called Herri Batasuna, then becoming part of the Euskal Herritarrok coalition in the 1990s. Members of the Basque left consider the Spanish government's efforts against Batasuna and its successors to be part of an organized campaign targeting the social support for the independence movement. They point to government crackdowns against the newspaper Egin, the radio station Herri Irratia and the network of pubs that were gathering places for the left. See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the very late 1980s and from 2000 and beyond. ...


In 2002 there were renewed attempts by the Spanish government to ban the party. In June the parliament passed legislation that outlawed parties under certain conditions, on the grounds of their support for terrorism. In July Batasuna was fined € 24 million for vandalism and street violence in 2001. Following an ETA car bomb attack on August 4 the Spanish parliament was recalled. The party was suspended for three years by Judge Baltasar Garzón on August 27 to allow him to investigate the party links to ETA. Garzón and the government present 23 arguments for the ban, focusing on the party's refusal to condemn ETA attacks, reference to detainees as political prisoners, collaboration with other banned abertzale forces, and ETA's support in communiqués for Batasuna's political strategy.[4] For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... Baltasar Garzón Real (born October 26, 1955 in Torres, Jaén, Spain) is a prominent judge (investigating magistrate) of Spain. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... A political prisoner is anyone held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because their ideas or image either challenge or pose a real or potential threat to the state. ...


The ban prohibits their representatives from contesting elections, holding public demonstrations or rallies and freezes their assets. On the 26th the Spanish parliament voted for an indefinite ban, 295 to 10. The party's main offices in Pamplona were closed by the police and further offices in San Sebastian, Bilbao and Vitoria were targeted. Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... Geography > Europe > Spain > Basque Country > Guipúzcoa San Sebastián with sailboats Statue of Jesus on Urgull Mountain San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque) is the capital city of the province of Guipúzcoa, in the Spanish autonomous community of Basque Country. ... Bilbao (Basque: Bilbo) in the North of Spain, is the largest city in the Basque Country and the capital of the province of Biscay (Basque: Bizkaia). ... Vitoria (population: 224,965 (2004 est), is the capital city of the province of Álava and of the Comunidad Vasca Spanish autonomous region, though it is the second city of the region by population. ...


Before the prohibition effort, a dissenting minority left the party to form Aralar. Aralar is against armed struggle in the current circumstances of the Basque Country. Aralar is a Basque nationalist political group in Spain. ...


In 2003, Batasuna was declared illegal in Spain, after a reform of the law on political parties. The decision automatically cut them off from the state funding received by all legal political parties. In spite of legal text forbidding its reorganization under another name, former members planned running for the provincial and local elections of May 2003, under the names of Autodeterminaziorako Bilgunea (AuB, Meeting Place for Self-determination) and a plethora of local lists. Most of these lists were considered to be a front for Batasuna by the Spanish Supreme Court. This decision was confirmed by the Spanish Constitutional Court. In spite of this, AuB campaigned for invalid votes. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

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See also

  • The major Basque party is the moderate Basque Nationalist Party Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea in Basque, Partido Nacionalista Vasco in Spanish, hence its initials EAJ-PNV.
[edit]

The Basque Nationalist Party is a political party in the Basque region of Spain. ...

References

  1. ^ Posición Común 2004/309/PESC del Consejo, de 2 de abril de 2004, por la que se actualiza la Posición Común 2001/931/PESC sobre la aplicación de medidas específicas de lucha contra el terrorismo y se deroga la Posición Común 2003/906/PESC.- Diario Oficial n° L 099 de 03/04/2004 p. 0061 - 0064.
    • Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (The following organisations are part of the terrorist group ETA: KAS, Xaki; Ekin, Jarrai-Haika-Segi, Gestoras Pro-amnistía, Askatasuna, Batasuna (also known as Herri Batasuna, also known as Euskal Herritarrok)
    [edit]

    The brand name of soft drink produced by PepsiCo. ...

    External links


      Results from FactBites:
     
    CNN.com - Court move for total Batasuna ban - September 3, 2002 (525 words)
    Batasuna shares with ETA the goal of an independent Basque country but denies it is the political wing of ETA.
    Batasuna supporters said on Tuesday they would go ahead with street demonstrations called for this Saturday in Bilbao, the biggest Basque city, and for Sunday in San Sebastian, a bastion of Basque nationalism, even though the Basque region's interior department has prohibited the marches.
    Batasuna has been criticised by mainstream politicians for not condemning an ETA bomb on August 4 that killed a six-year-old girl in Santa Pola.
    Basque separatist party rejects overture from Spain's prime minister - iht,europe,Spain Batasuna - Europe - ... (519 words)
    The Batasuna party, considered the political wing of the armed separatist group ETA, said the remarks Thursday by Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero were a diversionary tactic to mask a crisis in the peace process launched six months ago with ETA's announcement of a "permanent" cease-fire.
    Batasuna made no mention of renouncing violence and ETA as a condition for regaining legal status and taking part in the all-party talks, as demanded by Zapatero.
    Batasuna is seen as worried that if it takes the big step of renouncing ETA and violence, it might still end up facing criminal charges.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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