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Encyclopedia > Batangas
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Batangas
Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Capital: Batangas City
Founded: March 10, 1917
Population:
2000 census—1,905,348 (9th largest)
Density—602 per km² (7th highest)
Area: 3,165.8 km² (41st largest)
Languages: Tagalog, English, Spanish (significant minority)
Governor: Vilma Santos-Recto (Lakas-CMD) (2007-2010)
Image:Ph locator map batangas.png
This article is about the province. For the city, see Batangas City.
For the bay, see Batangas Bay.
For the knife, see Balisong (knife).

Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. Its capital is Batangas City and it is bordered by the provinces of Cavite and Laguna to the north and Quezon to the east. Across the Verde Island Passages to the south is the island of Mindoro and to the west lies the South China Sea. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Provincial seal of Batangas, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... Batangas City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas) is a first-class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Vilma Santos and Claudine Barretto in Anak Vilma Santos (born Maria Rosa Vilma Tuazon Santos November 3, 1953) is a popular multi-awarded actress and politician in the Philippines. ... LAKAS is the ruling political party of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Map of the Philippines showing the location of Batangas. ... Batangas City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas) is a first-class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... The Batangas Bay is located in the Philippines. ... A variety of different handmade custom balisongs. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Batangas City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas) is a first-class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cavite Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Trece Martires City† Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—2,163,161 (5th largest) Density—1,590 per km² (Highest) Area: 1,297. ... For other uses, see Laguna (disambiguation). ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Verde Island Passages is one of the busiest sea lanes in the Philippines. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Filipino name Tagalog: Luzon Sea Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ...



Batangas is one of the most popular tourist destinations near Metro Manila. The province has many beaches and famous for excellent diving spots only a few hours away from Manila. Some of the more notable ones are Anilao in the Municipality of Mabini, Matabungkay and Punta Fuego in the Municipality of Nasugbu, the Municipality of Calatagan and Laiya in the Municipality of San Juan. Metropolitan Manila (Filipino: Kalakhang Maynila) or the National Capital Region (NCR) (Filipino: Pambansang Punong Rehiyon) is the greater metropolitan area of the city of Manila, the national capital and largest city in the Philippines. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


Found in the province is world-known Anilao (Mabini) and its many dive sites that are ideal for observing marine life, and outstanding for macro photography. Located only 110 kilometers south of Metropolitan Manila, it is very accessible by land or by sea. Anilao is a 4th class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. ...


Batangas is also where Taal Volcano, one of the Decade Volcanoes is located. The volcano has a water-filled crater and sits on an island in the center of Taal Lake, which geologists believe is an ancient caldera. Taal Volcano is an active volcano on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ... A map showing locations of the 16 Decade Volcanoes The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earths Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. ... Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ... Satellite image of Santorini. ...


The town of Taal is famous for its hand embroideries, knives, and sausages; and it reigns as one of the two most culturally preserved sites of the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines.


Batangas is also generally accepted by linguists as the 'Heart of the Tagalog Language'. Poetically, Batangas is often referred to by its ancient name Kumintang. Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ...

Contents

Name

The first recorded name of the Province was Kumintang, after the Datu who inherited the dominion from Datu Balensusa. Its centre, the present day Balayan (from balay, the old Tagalog term for houses), was the most progressive town of the Province and the traditional centre of governance. Later, as the erruption of the Taal Volcano destroyed a significant portion of the town, the provincial centre was transfered to Taal, which was then called Bonbon (meaning a group of anything that is tied or piled together) and the name of the province was changed after that of the town. Balayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Taal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


For a reason unknown to even the natives of Batangas, the name of the capital was changed to Taal. It became a capital for a long time since being near the lake, it was an easy commercial centre. But being near the lake imposed a danger to the government. Another violent erruption of the Taal Volcano burried the glory of the Old Town of Taal, which made the govenrment evacuate into another town for refuge. They choose the Town of Batangan to be the new capital and once more changed the name of the province after the town. It was under the reign of Don agustin Kasilaw (one of Batangas' gobernadorcillos), however, that the name of the town and the province became Batangas on all official records. In 1889, Batangas City became the country's 8th city. Taal Volcano is an active volcano on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ...


The term batangan means a raft, the people used so that they could fish in the nearby Taal Lake. It also meant the numerous logs found in the Calumpang River, the body of water that runs through the northeastern portion of the town and assumes the shape of a tuning fork. Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction...


People

Batangas is the 'Heart of the Tagalog Language' as the dialect of Tagalog spoken here closely resembles the Tagalog spoken before the arrival of the Spanish. Therefore, a strong presence of the Tagalog Culture is clearly visible until now. Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Tagalogs are one of the largestFilipino ethnic group. ...


Linguistically Batangueños are also known for their unique affectation of often placing the particles eh or ga (equivalent of particle ba Filipino), usually as a marker of stress on the sentence, at the end of their spoken sentences or speech; for example: "Ay, oo, eh!" ("Aye, yes, indeed!"). Some even prolong the particle 'eh' into 'ala eh', though it really has no meaning in itself.


In the recent years, waves of migration from the Visayas had brought significant number of Visayans to the province. There are also a few who can speak Spanish, since Batangas was an important centre during the colonial period.


The province of Batangas also has one of the highest literacy rates in the country at 96.5%, wherein the males have a little higher literacy rate at 97.1% than females with 95.9%.


Culture

Way of Life

Maria Kalaw Katigbak, a Filipino historian, was quoted to call the Batangueños the Super-Tagalogs. This is because these group of people belonging to the Tagalog stock is the paramount example of what one can expect from this ethnolinguistic group. And indeed, when you ask someone to overact a Tagalog, they would imitate the Batangueños. A historian is an individual who studies history and who writes on history. ... The Tagalogs are one of the largestFilipino ethnic group. ... The Tagalogs are one of the largestFilipino ethnic group. ... Ethnolinguistics is a field of linguistic anthropology which studies the language of a particular ethnic group. ...


One particular custom in the Batangan culture is the so called Matanda sa Dugo (lit. older by blood) practice wherein one gives respect not because of age but of consanguinity. During the early times, the custom of having very large families are very common. Thus, it may be expected that the someone's uncle could be of the same age, or even younger than himself. In this case, the older one would call the younger one in an honorary title (such as tiyo or simply kuya if they can no longer establish the relationship), not the other way around. This often draws confusion to those from other provinces who are not accustomed to such practices.


Batangueños are very regionalistic. When one learns that a person in the room is also from Batangas, expect them to be together until the end of the event. It is also expected that those in office would favour their fellow Batangueños as long as the rules could allow it. Thus the running joke, the Batangas Mafia came to existence. This article is about the criminal society. ...


They also tend to live in a large extended family. It is but common that a piece of land remains undivided until the family connection becomes to far-off related. Marriages between relatives of the fifth generation is still restrained in the Batangan culture even if Philippine laws allow it.


Most Batangueños are either farmers or fishers who sell their own products in the market. Although most of them has also finished a degree, a lot of the people not to use what they have studied and put up their own small businesses instead. This is perhaps due to the subconscious idea that he who has no land to cultivate or trade to make is a lazy person.


Since Batangas has long been declared a tourism area by late President Ferdinand Marcos, people from other places could find a very hospitable culture in the Batangueños. They will feed you more than the usual with the food they eat. Actually, these folks would appreciate it greatly if they see that you are trying to be one of them. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. ...


Batangueños are heavy drinkers. Men, and sometimes women, could spend long hours of drinking sessions as if there would be no more work the next day. This is specially true if you are to visit the far-flung barangays. A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ...


Aside from drinking too much liquor, Batangueños like sweet food. Perhaps this is because there has never been a shortage of sugar in the province due to the presence of the Central Azucarera Don Pedro, the current largest producer of sugar in the whole archipelago.


And if they like their liquors strong and their foods sweet, Batangueños also like their coffee strong. During the early 1900s, Batangas was the largest producer of coffee in the whole of Asia. In the barrios, the people would drink brewed coffee, which the locals call kapeng barako, translated as the stud's coffee. At present, steps are being made, especially in the city of Lipa to regain the title of having the largest coffee production in Asia. For the several U.S. counties named Coffee, see Coffee County. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The City of Lipa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lipa) is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Language

Main article: Batangas Tagalog

Perhaps, there is no better way to describe a Batangueño than the language he or she speaks. Batangueños, being mainly descendants of the ancient Tagalogs, speak a dialect of the language with a very strong accent. Indeed, one can easily recognize a Batangueño the moment he opens his mouth. Batangas Tagalog also known as Batangan is a dialect of the Tagalog language spoken primarily in the province of Batangas and the island of Mindoro (Batangueño/a refers to the natives). ...


Though generally intelligible to speakers of other dialects, such as the Manila and Tayabas dialects, the vocabulary of the Batangan Dialect is more closely related to the ancient Tagalog. Rarely do Batangueños use Taglish, as the custom in Manila. In fact, when you ask someone from the Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino to describe the Tagalog spoken in Batangas, it will easily be labelled 'makaluma' (old style.)


Although much can be said about the way a Batangueño speaks his or her Tagalog, the high literacy of the locals means English is also widely spoken in the province. Spanish is also understood up to some extent. In fact, some towns like Nasugbu, Taal and Lemery still have a significant minority of Spanish speakers. Visayan is also spoken by a significant minority due to the infulx of migration from the Southern Philippines. Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Cebuano, also known as Sugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 20,000,000 people (according to Ethnologue). ...


The Batangan Art

Mythology and Literature

According to scholars, the mythology of Batangas is closely related to the mythology of the Oaxacan Tribe of Mexico. A clear proof is the presence of story 'Why the Firefly is Noisy?' and 'The Race of the Carabao and Tortoise', both having their counterparts in Mexico. Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ...


Scholars also identified that the ancient Batangueños, like the rest of the Tagalog Tribe, worship the Supreme Creator, known as Bathala. Lesser gods like Mayari, the goddess of the Moon and her brother Apolake, god of the sun, were also present. And although people would not easily connect it with mythology, the Northeast Monsoon is still called Amihan, while the Southwest Monsoon is called Habagat. According to Philippine mythology, Bathalang Maykapal, or Bathala for short, was the Supreme God of the ancient Tagalogs and King of the Diwata. ... In Tagalog mythology, Mayari is the beautiful lunar deity who was the daughter of Bathala, the king of the gods, to a mortal woman. ...


For literature, Padre Vicente Garcia came to be known when he wrote an essay to defend José Rizal's Noli Me Tangere. For places, institutions and objects named after this person, see Rizal (disambiguation). ... Noli me Tangere by Hans Holbein the Younger Noli me tangere is the Latin version of the words spoken, according to the Gospel of John, by Jesus to Mary Magdalene, meaning dont touch me (the quotation appears in John 20:17). ...


In 2004, the Province of Batangas gave its Son Domingo Landicho (familiarly called Inggo be Batangueños) the 'Dangal ng Batangas Award' (Pride of Batangas) for being the 'Peoples' Poet'. He, together with Ambassador Lauro Baja, former Executive secretary Renato de Villa, Current Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita, Supreme Court Justice Renato Corona, and Transport Secretary Leandro Mendoza received the award in a ceremony which highlighted the celebration of the 423rd year of the founding of the Province. Renato de Villa Renato de Villa (b. ... Eduardo R. Ermita, the current Executive Secretary of the Philippines, was born on July 13, 1935 in Balayan, Batangas. ... Renato C. Corona (born October 15, 1948) is an incumbent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Leandro Ramos Mendoza, current Philippine Secretary of Transportation and Communications, was born on March 24, 1946 in San Juan, Batangas. ...


Music

Main article: Filipino Traditional Music
for full discussion.

When a foreigner visits the Philippines, he or she always remark on how musical the Filipinos are. The Batangueños are no exception. Batangueños have always been visible in the Philippine music scene, whether it is in the field of traditional music, popular music or even popular music. Agung Traditional Music in the Philippines, the traditional music of other countries, reflects the life of common folk, mainly living in rural areas rather than urban ones. ...


Musicologists identified Batangas as the origin of the kumintang, and ancient war song, which later evolved to become the signature of Filipino love songs the kundiman. From the ancient kumintang, another vocal music emerged, identified as the awit. The huluna, a psalm-like lullaby, is also famous in some towns, especially Bauan. And during the Lenten Season, the Christian passion-narrative, called Pasyon by the natives, is but expected in every corners of the province.


Debates may also be done while singing. While those from the Province of Bulacan are known for their Balagatasan (a form of debate done in poetry), Batangueños are famous for the duplo (a sung debate where each lines of the verse must be octosyllabic) and the karagatan (a sung dabate where each lines of the verse must be dodecasyllabic.) The latter, whose literal meaning is the ocean, got its name from the opening lines. Always, the karagatan is opened by saying some verses that alludes the depth of the sea and comparing it to the difficulty of joining the debate. And as mentioned above, the debate must be sung.


Batangas is also the origin of the Balitao (although Cebuanos may argue.) Aside from being a form of vocal music, the Balitao is also a form of dance music. The Balitao, together with the Subli is the most famous form of dance native to Batangas.


In the field of serious music, no one can underestimate the contribution of Batangas. Batangas is the birthplace of the famous Filipino soprano Conching Rosal, dubbed as the First Lady of the Philippine Operatic Stage. Lorenzo Ilustre, a local composer, also became famous for his wide array of religious and liturgical music. This article is about the singing voice part. ...


On the other hand, the Maestro of Philippine Music, Ryan Cayabyab is no less than a Batangueño, whose mother Celerina Pujante was in her own right a well sought operatic soprano in the 1950s, about the same time as Rosal. Ogie Alcasid, known to fans as Mr. Composer, also hails from this province. The famous Musical Family Of the Laurels are also one of Batangas' finest musical and political family. Ryan Cayabyab (born Raymundo Cipriano Pujante Cayabyab but affectionately known as Mr. ... This article is about the singing voice part. ...

Check http://launch.groups.yahoo.com/group/filipino_folk_music/ for some soundclips.

The Batangueña

The Batangueña is the subject of numerous traditional songs from Batangas. Perhaps the most famous of all is the 'Princesa ng Kumintang', which tells about the pursuit of a very beautiful woman. This song is so popular among the Batangueños that it is called the unofficial Batangan National Anthem. Here, the singer sings: A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ...

Kay ganda mo hirang, Princesa ng Kumintang!
(How lovely art thou, my Dear, Princess of the Kumintang)
Sa ala-ala ko ay di ka mapaparam.
(In my memory, thou canst be effaced.)
Sa kalungkutan ko'y tanglaw ka ng aking buhay,
(To my sorrow, thou art the guiding life of life,)
Ang iyong pagsinta'y langit ko, Princesa ng Kumintang!
(Thine love is my heaven, Princess of the Kumintang!)

Another song, the 'Mutyang Batangas', says that she is a pearl that is as beautiful as the and whose love is pure. However, she hates a lazy man, who always gambles and drinks because this would mean that she will be a battered wife. In the second part of the song, the singer says that you cannot easily fool her. She may appear dainty but she's fearless if she would need to protect her purity. The lyrics go like this:

Ang Mutyang Batangas, sing-ganda ng Rosas
(The Pearl of Batangas, as lovely as the Rose)
Pag-ibig sa puso niya ay wagas
(The love of her heart is pure.)

Then the lady replies what she hates from a man:

Ayaw na ayaw ko sa lalaking tamad, sugarol at lasinggero at nambubugbog
(Oh! Indeed I detest a man who is lazy, a gambler, a drunkard and a batterer)
Pagdating sa kanila, pabalibaligtad, ang pobreng asawa ang siyang binababag
(When he comes home, he justs lies on the floor, and the poor wife is being battered)

Then the singer sings of her virtues again saying:

Ngunit ang mga Mutyang Taga-Batangas, di maloloko ng ganyan
(However, the Pearl from Batangas is not easiliy fooled)
Mahinhin ngunit Ay! Matapang sa pagtatanggol sa karangalan.
(She is dainty by she is also fearles when she's to defend her honour)

On the other hand, the song simply entitled 'Batangueña' says that should someone want to find happiness, he would simply has to choose a Batangueña for a wife. This is because she always is dainty and would be with you no matter how hard life would become. The song progresses by saying that her smiles would bring you hope. she's a beautiful pearl, who loves purely. she is likened to a bright star, even though her heart is breaking. However, the common warning is that you must be careful not to make a fool of her or you'll end up with trouble.

Batangueña, Mutyang Marilag, sa pagsuyo ang puso'y tapat
(Batangueña, a Beautiful Pearl, her Heart is true for the one she loves)
Katulad niya'y talang nagniningning, kahit na ang puso ay naninimdim
(she is like a star shining brightly even though her heart is breaking)
Lagi nang may panghalina sa pagsinta
(Always has she a charm for lovers)
Kung ang hanap mo ay ligaya umibig na sa Babaeng Batangueña
(If it is bliss that you are searching for, go on be a lover to the Batangueña)
Ngunit huwag kang magkakasala, magsalawahan at mapapahamak ka
(However, don't you dare sin against her, be an adulterer and you will soon be in trouble)
May taglay na hinhin sa twina at matiisin kahit na nagdurusa
(Forever is she sweet-mannered and she'll not complain even if she's having pain in her heart)
May ngiti ng sigla at pag-asa, yan ang Dalagang Batangueña
(A smile and hope she'll have forever, that is the Batangueña Maiden)

Until now, the role of the Batangueña is never secondary. While the men are the ones in charge of governance and other related matters, the women are the queen of the homes. She will always have the final say on all domestic matter. And no one would dare revoke the woman's words.


During the ancient times, a form of government called gynecocracy was believed to be prevalent in Batangas. Women had equal rights to succession should there be no male to lead the clan. This practice is clearly seen until now, wherein strong family clans tend to be more matriarchal in character.


Today, the wife of the town or city mayor is called the Mayora. And whenever the mayor is not around, the mayora is expected to do his duties.


Architecture and Sculpture

As shown in its ancient churches, Batangas is home to some of the best architectures of the country. Along with Vigan City, Ilocos Sur, Batangas has the best preserved colonial architectures. This is very evident when one visits the Municipality of Taal. The City of Vigan is a 5th class city in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Sur Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Vigan City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—594,206 (41st largest) Density—230 per km² (34th highest) Area: 2,579. ...


Though not as popular as the carving industry of Laguna, Batangas is still famous for the sculptures engraved on the countless furniture that came from their Province. Often, altar tables coming from Batangas was called the friars' choice because of its delicate beauty.


According to Milagros Covvarubias-Jamir, another Filipino scholar, the furniture that came from Batangas during the colonial times was comparable to the beautiful furniture from China. The built of the furniture was so exquisite, nails of glues was never used. Still, the Batangueños knew how to maximize the use of hardwoods. As a result, furniture made about a hundred years ago are still found in many old churches and houses even today.


Museums

  • Apolinario Mabini Shrine *
Marcela Agoncillo Historical Landmark,
Barangay Talaga, Tanauan City, Batangas
  • Miguel Malvar Hospital *
Leon Apacible Historical Landmark,
Sto. Tomas, Batangas
  • Museo ng Batangas at Aklatang Panlalawigan
Dr. Jose P. Laurel Library,
Tanauan City, Batangas

Tourist Information and Assistance

  • Batangas Tourism Office
Batangas Museum and Provincial Library Bldg.,
Batangas City 4200, Tel. No.: (63-43) 723-0130
  • Office of the Governor
2nd Floor, Provincial Capitol Bldg., Batangas City 4200
Tel. No.: (63-43) 723-1905, Fax (63-43) 723-1338

Products

The world famous balisong from batangas.

Aside from tourism, Batangas also has other industries that makes it famous not only in the country but also in the world. More than anything else, Batangas is known for its fan knife, called balisong by the natives. This industry has become so famous that an urban legend exists about every Batangueño carrying a balisong everywhere they go. This is also the reason why most Filipinos would warn never to mess with a Batangueño. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x1024, 96 KB)Took these photos myself of a souvenier butterfly knife I got in Paphos, Cyprus. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x1024, 96 KB)Took these photos myself of a souvenier butterfly knife I got in Paphos, Cyprus. ... A variety of different handmade custom balisongs. ... A variety of different handmade custom balisongs. ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ...


Pineapples are also common in the province. Aside from the fruit, the leaves are also useful that it becomes an industry of its own. In the Municipality of Taal, pineapple leaves are being processed to be a kind of cloth known as the gusi. This is further processed to become the Barong Tagalog, the National Costume of the Philippines. In fact, the Barong Tagalog that was used by the heads of states in the last Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation in 1995 was from Batangas. Princess Diana Spencer was also known to posses a scarf made of gusi. This does not cite its references or sources. ... A painting of Ramon Magsaysay, the first Philippine President to wear a barong in an official portrait A barong Tagalog (or simply barong) is an embroidered formal garment of the Philippines. ... “APEC” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Princess (disambiguation). ... Lady Diana Spencer is a name shared by several members of the Spencer family, an aristocratic English family related to the Churchills of Blenheim Palace. ...


Batangas is also known for its livestock industry. Cattle from Batangas is widely sought throughout the country. In fact, the term Bakang Batangas (Batangas Cow) is actually synonymous to the country's best species of cattle. Indeed, the cattle industry in Batangas is so famous, that every Saturday is an auction day in the Municipalities of San Juan and Bauan.


Being near the sea, it is only expected that fishing plays a very important part of the Batangan Economy. Although the tuna industry in the country is mainly centred in General Santos City, Batangas is also known for the smaller species of the said fish. The locals even have their own names for the said fish. Some of them include the term, Tambakol, Tulingan, Bonito and another spicies also called Bonito but actually the Gymnosarda unicolor. There is also an important industry for the Tanigue. For other uses, see Tuna (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Map of South Cotabato showing the location of General Santos City. ... Binomial name Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839) The Bigeye Tuna (Thunnus obesus) is an important food fish, a type of tuna of the family Scombridae. ... Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis Pacific bluefin tuna are some of the biggest and fastest fish in the Pacific. ... Binomial name Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell, 1836) The dogtooth tuna is a large fast-swimming fish in the family Scombridae. ... Binomial name Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1829) Wahoo caught by local fisherman in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles The Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) is a dark blue scombrid fish found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas. ...


Aside from the South China Sea, Taal Lake also provides a source of fresh water fishes to the country. The lake is home to Sardinella tawilis or simply tawilis, a species of freshwater sardine that is endemic to the lake. Taal Lake also provides farmed Chanos chanos or bangus. There is also a good volume of Oreochromis niloticus niloticus and Oreochromis aureus, both locally called tilapia. It is ecologically important to note that neither bangus nor tilapia are native to the lake. Thus they are considered invasive species to the lake. Filipino name Tagalog: Luzon Sea Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ... Binomial name Sardinella tawilis Herre, 1847 The freshwater sardinella (Sardinella tawilis) is a freshwater sardine found exclusively in the Philippines. ... Binomial name Sardinella tawilis Herre, 1847 The freshwater sardinella (Sardinella tawilis) is a freshwater sardine found exclusively in the Philippines. ... Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ... Binomial name Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775) The milkfish, Chanos chanos, is an important food fish in Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758 The Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus is a cichlid fish of African origin which is native from Syria into east Africa through the Congo to Liberia. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


As mentioned in the section of culture, Batangueños are indeed fond of drinking. This is of no surprise as it lies in what is called the coconut belt that is the raw material for the local liqueurs, the lambanog (with 90% proof) and the tuba (which is mae of 5.68% alcohol and 13% sugar). Bottles of strawberry liqueur A liqueur is a sweet alcoholic beverage, often flavoured with fruits, herbs, spices, flowers, seeds, roots, plants, barks, and sometimes cream. ... Arrack refers to strong spirits distilled mainly in South and South East Asia from fermented fruits, grains, sugarcane, or the sap of coconuts or other palm trees. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ...


Sugar is also a major industry. As a matter of fact, after the Hacienda Luisita, the country's former largest sugar producer, was broken-up for land reform, the Municipality of Nasugbu has been the home of the current largest sugar producing company, the Central Azucarera Don Pedro. This also means that Batangas is also a home for a wide industry of sweets. Rice cakes are also a strong industry. Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


Although Batangas has already lost its distinction as Asia's largest producer of coffee, this industry is still thriving, especially with the boost of coffee shops all over the country. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For the several U.S. counties named Coffee, see Coffee County. ...


Blankets and mosquito nets are also widely available anywhere in the province. If you are lucky enough, you can buy it from peddlers.


And as the mythology of the Philippines say that from the bamboo came men and women, Batangueños learned to make a living out of it. Some towns (those that are adjacent to Laguna) have a very prosperous bamoo based industry. Here, you can see houses that are made of bamboos, furnitures made of bamboos, and even food cooked in bamboos. Natvies say that food cooked in bamboo have an added scent and flavour. For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Laguna may refer to more than one article: Laguna, a Philipine province; Laguna, Santa Catarina, a city located in southern Brazil; Laguna de Cameros, a municipality in La Rioja, Spain San Cristóbal de La Laguna (also La Laguna), a municipality in the island of Tenerife, province of Santa Cruz...


But if the locals cook in bamboos, some also eat bamboos. Baby bamboos to be exact. In these towns also, labong or the baby bamboo is cooked with coconut milk or even with other ingredients to make a truly Batangas delicacy.


One must also remember that the Capital City of Batangas hosts the second most important international seaport in the Island of Luzon. Next only to that of Manila International Port, Batangas International Port is a primary entry point of goods not only coming from the Southern part of the country but from everywhere in the world.


Geography

Political

Together with the provinces in the Island of Panay, Ilocos Sur and Pampanga, Batangas was one of the earliest encomiendas made by the Spaniards who settled in the country. It was headed by Martin de Goiti and since then it became one of the most important centres of the Philippines, not only the Tagalogs. Batangas first came to be known as Bonbon. It was named after the mystical and fascinating Taal Lake, which was also originally called Bonbon. Some of the earliest settlements in Batangas were established at the vicinity of Taal Lake. In 1534, Batangas became the first practically organized province in Luzon. Balayan was the capital of the province for 135 years from 1597-1732. In 1732, it was moved to Taal, then the flourishing and most progressive town in the province. It was in 1889 that the capital was moved to the present, Batangas City. Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Sur Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Vigan City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—594,206 (41st largest) Density—230 per km² (34th highest) Area: 2,579. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Pampanga Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: City of San Fernando Founded: December 11, 1571 Population: 2000 census—1,882,730 (10th largest) Density—863 per km² (4th highest) Area: 2,180. ... Martín de Goiti (b. ...


Batangas is also known in the Philippine History as the Cradle of Noble Heroes, giving homage not only to the heroes it produced but the statesmen the came to lead the country. Among the luminaries of Batangas politics are Apolinario Mabini, Jose Laurel, Claro M. Recto, Felipe Agoncillo and Don Apolinario Apacible. Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864—May 13, 1903), also known as the Sublime Paralytic, was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first prime minister in 1899. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Claro Mayo Recto (February 8, 1890—October 2, 1960), was a Filipino politician and one of the most brilliant statesmen of his generation. ... Felipe Agoncillo was the Filipino representative to the negotiations in Paris that led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), ending the Spanish-American War. ...


Key Officials

The current governor of Batangas is fmr. Lipa City Mayor and movie/television actress Vilma Santos-Recto, who toke oath on June 30th, 2007 as the first lady governor of the province. She replaced the controversial Arman Sanchez. It was under Sanchez's watch that the Provincial Capitol has undergone numerous reconstruction and evident beautification. The City of Lipa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lipa) is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Vilma Santos and Claudine Barretto in Anak Vilma Santos (born Maria Rosa Vilma Tuazon Santos November 3, 1953) is a popular multi-awarded actress and politician in the Philippines. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...


For the third time, Eduardo "Eddie" Dimacuha is once again elected as Mayor of Batangas' Capital City, while Lipa City, the province's religious center, chose their out-going 4th District Representative, Oscar 'Oca' Gozos, to take-over the post of Governor Santos-Recto after serving three terms. The City of Lipa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lipa) is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...

List of Batangas Governors
Name Year Remark
1 Felix Ma. Roxas, 1901 - 1903
2 Simeon M. Luz 1903 - 1904
3 Gregorio Aguilero Solis 1905 - 1907
4 Jose Lozada 1907 - 1908
5 Galicano Apacible 1910 Later appointed as Secretary of the [Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources]
6 Pablo Borbon 1910 - 1916
7 Nicolas Gonzales 1916 - 1919
8 Braulio de Villa 1919 - 1922
9 Modesto Castillo 1922 - 1930
10 Vicente Noble 1930 - 1937
11 Vicente Arguelles 1936 completed the term of Vicente Noble
12 Vicente Caedo 1938 - 1940
13 Maximo Malvar 1941 - 1945
14 Fortunato Borbon Feb 1945 - Nov 1945
15 Vicente del Rosario 1945 - 1946
16 Feliciano Leviste 1948 - 1971
17 Antonio Carpio 01 Jan 1972 - 17 Feb 1972
18 Jose Antonio Leviste 18 Feb 1972 - 02 Mar 1980
19 Jose Laurel V 03 Mar 1980 - 01 Feb 1988
20 Vicente Mayo 02 Feb 1988 - 30 June 1995
21 Hermilando Mandanas 01 July 1995 - 30 June 2004
22 Armando Sanchez 01 July 2004 - 12 Jan 2007 Suspended under the order of the Ombudsman
23 Vilma Santos Recto 01 July 2007 - present First Woman Governor of the Province

An ombudsman (English plural: ombudsmans or ombudsmen) is an official, usually (but not always) appointed by the government or by parliament, who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints reported by individual citizens. ...

Current Officials

  • Governor: Vilma Santos-Recto
  • Vice Governor: Jose Antonio "Marc" Leviste II
  • Board Members:

1st District: Benjamin Bausas & Manny Calingasan
2nd District: Godofredo Berberabe Jr., Florencio De Loyola & Joel Atienza
3rd District: Rodolfo Balba & Chona Maloles-Dimayuga
4th District: Marieta Igarta, Amado Carlos Bolilia & Mabelle Virtusio


Elected Representatives
1st District: Elenita Ermita-Buhain
2nd District: Hermilando Mandanas
3rd district: Victoria Hernandez-Reyes
4th District: Mark Leandro Mendoza


Cities and Municipalities

Batangas is subdivided into 31 municipalities and 3 cities. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local...

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Agoncillo 54.70
Alitagtag 27.40
Balayan
Balete
Batangas City
Bauan 40
Calaca
Calatagan
Cuenca
Ibaan
Laurel
Lemery 46
Lian 19 39,129
Lipa City 72
Lobo
Mabini
Malvar
Mataas Na Kahoy
Nasugbu 42 276.33 96,113 347
Padre Garcia 18
Rosario
San Jose
San Juan
San Luis
San Nicolas
San Pascual
Santa Teresita
Santo Tomas
Taal 42 43,455
Talisay
Tanauan City
Taysan
Tingloy
Tuy

Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is very similar to a village. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Agoncillo is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Alitagtag is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Balayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Balete is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Image File history File links Ph_seal_batangascity. ... Batangas City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas) is a first-class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Bauan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Calaca is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Calatagan is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Cuenca is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Ibaan is a NO class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Laurel is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Lemery is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Lian is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... The City of Lipa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lipa) is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Lobo is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Mabini is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Malvar is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Mataas na Kahoy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Padre Garcia is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Rosario is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... San Jose is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... San Juan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... San Luis is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... San Nicolas is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... San Pascual is a Municipality of Batangas, Philippines. ... Santa Teresita is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Santo Tomas is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Taal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Talisay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Taysan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Tingloy is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Tuy is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...

Physical

Batangas is a combination of plains and mountains. Not to mention the wide shoreline, being at the Southwest of the Philippines' biggest island. It is very just fitting that the writers of yore called it the 'Land of the Rolling Hills and Wide Shorelands'(anu un saan un????)


Some the most famous mountain in the province is the world's smallest volcano, Mt. Taal with an elevation of 600 meters. It is at the centre of the Taal Lake, famous for its endemic fish, the tawilis. Taal Volcano is an active volcano on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. ... Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ...


Other important peaks are Mt. Makulot with an elevation of 609.6 m, Mt. Talamitan with 700 m, Mt. Pico de Loro with 664 m, Mt. Batulao with 811 m, Mt. Manabo with 830 m, and Mt. Daguldol with 672 m. All of these mountains are considered level 1 mountains, meaning one can easily climb them with little training.


The Municipality of Nasugbu is the home of the plantation of Central Azucarera Don Pedro, the Philippines' largest producer of sugar and other sugarcane products.


Batangas is also known for its many islands, which include the municipality of Tingloy, Fortune Island of the Municipality of Nasugbu, and Sombrero Island in the Province of Mabini. And of course, Mt. Taal itself is an island.


Being at the southwest of Luzon, a lot of sea turtles visit the place. but due to the massive hunting that takes place, the Provincial Government has passed a law prohibiting the killing of this marine reptile. Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Flora and Fauna

Although attached to the big Island of Luzon, Batangas boasts of flora and fauna that is distinctively theirs. The local tree malabayabas is endemic to the province alone while the endangered flying fox thrives there without fear. Batangas is also home to the kabag, one of the world's smallest fruit bat. In the Municipality of Nasugbu, wild deers are still inhabiting the remote areas of Baranggay Looc. Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... A flying fox can be: One of several species of megabat. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with megabats. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


But although Batangas has these land flying mammals, marine wildlife remains to be the province's crowning glory. In fact, in the second half of 2006, scientists from the United States discovered that the Sulu-Sulawesi Triangle has its centre at the Isla Verde Passage, a part of the province. According to this study, made by the American Marine Biologist Dr. Kent Carpentier, Batangas Seas host more than half of the world's species of coral reefs. It is also home to dolphins and once in a while, a passage of the world's biggest fish the whale shark or the butanding, as the locals call it. The Municipality of San Juan, as a matter of fact, has a resident marine turtle or pawikan. Pawikans were also prevalent in the Municipality of Nasugbu during the 1970s. Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Filipino name Tagalog: Luzon Sea Portuguese name Portuguese: Mar da China Meridional Vietnamese name Vietnamese: The South China Sea is a marginal sea south of China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sulu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Sulawesi (formerly more commonly known as Celebes, IPA: a Portuguese-originated form of the name) is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. ... Verde Island Passages is one of the busiest sea lanes in the Philippines. ... Various species of reef fish in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. ... Genera See article below. ... Binomial name (Smith, 1828) Range of whale shark The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a slow filter feeding shark that is the largest living fish species. ... San Juan is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Lepidochelys Chelonia Eretmochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) ground turtles (Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans with the exception of the Arctic Ocean, and some species travel between oceans. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Lepidochelys Chelonia Eretmochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) ground turtles (Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans with the exception of the Arctic Ocean, and some species travel between oceans. ...


History

The Prehistoric Batangan

Long before the arrival of the Spaniards in the Philippines, large centers of population already thrived in Batangas. Native settlements lined the Pansipit River, a major waterway. The province had been trading with the Chinese since Yuan Dynasty until first phase of Ming Dynasty in the 13th and 15th century. Inhabitants of the province were also trading with Japan and India. The Pansipit River flows through Batangas Province of the Philippines. ... Capital Dadu Language(s) Mongolian Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1260-1294 Kublai Khan  - 1333-1370 (Cont. ... For other uses, see Ming. ...


The present Batangueños are descendants of the Bornean datus, Datu Dumangsil and Datu Balensusa, who sailed from Borneo to Panay Island as far as Taal Lake. They organized the first Malay settlement at the mouth of Taal River. They eventually set up their own settlement in the place and founded the town of Taal in 1572 . The towns of Balayan, Lipa, and Batangas were founded later. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Kalimantan. ... Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ...


Archeological findings, show that even before the settlement of the Spaniards in the country, the Tagalogs, especially the Batangueños, had a very high level of civilization. This was shown by some jewelry, made from a chambered nautilus' shell, where some tiny holes were drilled by some tube. The way it was drilled shows that early Batangueños had an idea of what is beautiful. The Tagalogs are one of the largestFilipino ethnic group. ...


Later, the pre-historic Batangueños was influenced by India as shown in some ancient potteries. In fact, a Buddhist image was reproduced in mould on a clay medallion in bas-relief from the Municipality of Calatagan. According to experts, the image in the pot strongly resembles the iconographic portrayal of Buddha in Siam, India and Nepal. The pot shows Buddha Amithaba in the tribhanga pose inside an oval nimbus. Scholars also noted that there is a strong Mahayanic orientation in the image, since the Boddhisattva Avalokitesvara was also depicted. Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ...


One of the major archeological findings happened last January 1941, where 2 crude stone figures were found in Palapat in the Municipality of Calatagan. It was later donated to the National Museum. Unfortunately, one of it suffered a bad fate and was destroyed during the holocaust of the World War II. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Eighteen years later, a grave was excavated in the nearby Punta Buaya. Once again, it showed that early Batangueños have an appreciation of art, since pieces of brain coral were carved behind the heads of the 12 remains that were found. The site was named 'Likha' (meaning 'Creature'). The remains were accompanied by furniture that could be traced as early as the 14th century. Potteries, as well as bracelets, stoneware and metal objects were also found in the area, suggesting that the people who lived there had an extensive contact with people from as far as China.


The presence of believed also suggested that prehistoric Batangaueños believed in the idea of life-after-death, since someone might need a plate where he would eat or chalices where he could drink. This also related the Batangueños to its neighbors in Asia, where it was a custom to bury some furniture with the dead.


Like the nearby tribes, the Batangan or the early Batanueños were non-aggressive people. Partly because most of the tribes in the immediate environs are related to them by blood. However, when there is no choice but to defend your life, Batangans would use the bakyang (bows and arrows), the bangkaw (spears) and the suwan (bolo).


Another proof of civilization from the Batangans was the presence of religion. Though it was highly superstitious, such as the use of amuret (witchcraft), it showed that these people believed in the presence of higher beings and other things unseen. Thus, there is a strong connection between the Batangans and nature.


Although it is widely accepted that the term Tagalog came from the word 'Taga-Ilog' o river Dwellers, (referring to the Pasig River), Wang The-Ming pointed out in his writings that Batangas was the real centre of the Tagalog Tribe, which he then identified as Ma-yi. According to this Chinese Annals, Ma-yi had its centre in the Province and extends to as far as Cavite, Laguna, Rizal, Quezon, Bataan, Bulacan, Mindoro, Marinduque, Nueva Ecija, Some parts of Zambales and Tarlac. However, many historians interchangeably use the term Tagalog and Batangueño. The Tagalogs are one of the largestFilipino ethnic group. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Cavite Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Trece Martires City† Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—2,163,161 (5th largest) Density—1,590 per km² (Highest) Area: 1,297. ... Laguna is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Rizal Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Antipolo City† Founded: June 11, 1901 Population: 2000 census—1,707,218 (11th largest) Density—1,304 per km² (2nd highest) Area: 1,308. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bataan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Balanga City Founded: —1754 Population: 2000 census—557,659 (46th largest) Density—406 per km² (12th highest) Area: 1,373. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bulacan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Malolos City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest) Density—851 per km² (5th highest) Area: 2,625. ... Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Zambales Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Iba Founded: 1578 Population: 2000 census—627,802 (39th largest) Density—169 per km² (49th highest) Area: 3,714. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Tarlac Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Tarlac City Founded: 1872 Population: 2000 census—1,068,783 (23rd largest) Density—350 per km² (14th highest) Area: 3,053. ...


Henry Otley Beyer, an American archaeologist, also showed in his studies that the early Batangueños have a special affinity with the precious stone known as the jade. In fact, the named the Late Paleolithic Period of the Philippines as the Batangas Period in recognition of the multitude of jade found in the excavarted caves in the province. Beyer identified that the jade-cult reached the Province as early as the year 800 BC and lasted until 200 BC.


The Pre-Hispanic Period

According to legend, 10 datus from the Isle of Borneo travelled northward to escape the tyrrany of a Sultan, known as Makatunaw from the 13th Century history of the Sri Vaishaya Empire. In his book entitled 'Kumintang', Sultan Makatunaw not only did grab the lands from the other datus, he even took away their wives. This led Datu Puti, together with 9 other datus decide to leave to seek for a more peaceful abode. Datu or datto is the title for ancient tribal chieftains and monarchs in pre-Hispanic Philippines. ...


The group landed in the present day island of Panay where they met a tribe of Negritoes led by Marikudo. Being skilled in diplomacy, Datu Puti convinced the negritoes to give them a place where they could settle. Marikudo and his tribe agreed to give the Malayans a place in exchange of the golden sukud (also called a salakot, a head dress worn by noble men during those times). From then on, the negritoes went back to the mountains where most of them settle until today. Panay is an island in the Philippines located in the Visayas. ...


After the purchase, Datu Puti founded a confederation of three dominions, which came to be called the Madia-as Confederation. The confederation was composed of the dominions of Hantik (later Antique) led by Datu Sumakwel, Aklan led by Datu Bankaya and Irong-irong (later Iloilo) led by Datu Paiburong. The dominion easily became a thriving centre, which is proven by Chinese chronicles saying that their ships pass this Dominion for trade. According also to the said chronicles, the Madia-as Confederation was already in existence in 1252.


It was not long when Datu Puti realised that the Dominion became too crowded and decided to find another place where he and his dominion could find a greener pasteur. He then left the Confederation under the rule of Datu Sumakwel (said to be the wisest among the three rulers of the Madia-as Confederation) and sailed further North with Datu Balensusa and Datu Domangsil. There, they found a place of many rivers that drained into the prsent day Taal Lake. Here, Datu Puti founded the Kingdom of the Tagalogs, with its centre in the present day Balayan and extended up to the present day provinces of Quezon, Rizal, Cavite, Minodro, Marinduque and even some parts of Romblon and Palawan. Later, studies suggested that the Kingdom included the present day Metropolitan Manila, Bulacan, Bataan, parts of Nueva Ecija, Tarlac and Zambales. Today, all of these provinces have a significant population of Tagalogs. Satellite image showing Taal Lake Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines, situated within a caldera formed by very large eruptions between 500,000 and 100,000 years ago. ... Balayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


As the Kingdom became more and more complex, Datu Puti decided to decongest Balayan by making two other centres for different important aspects of the lives of the Tagalog. He founded the Town of Lipa to be the centre of worship as he was also the founder of a religion called Bathalismo. Led by a Babaylan, Lipa was the most important centre of religion until the foundation of the Diocese (later Archdiocese) of Manila. According to the chronicles of the priests who first came into the town, they saw temples where people gahtered in worship. Title: Bathala Description: The creation god (top) Gender: Male Region: Tagalog Equivalent: Abba Gugurang Kabunian Kan-Laon Kaptan Lumawig For the fictional character in Encantadia and Mulawin, see below. ... The Babaylan is a term identifying an indigenous Filipina (mostly female) healer, shaman, and community leader. ...


Datu Puti also transfered the centre of governance to Tanauan. Being near the lake, it is a very good place to rule the Kingdom. Edicts could easily reach all the other parts of the Kingdom throug the Lake. He could also easily go to Lipa when it is time for him to attend his religious duties. Tanauan may refer to either of two places in the Philippines: Tanauan City, Batangas province Tanauan, Leyte, Leyte province Category: ... Lipa City is a 1st class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


The Commercial Centre, however, remained in Balayan since it is near the sea. This is also because this town was an estblished trading route as Chinese Vessels were known to pass this path as early as the 10th Century. Balayan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


It was also under the rule of Datu Puti when the people of the Tagalog Kingdom built the first national highway (in it's sense). All around the lake, the Tagalogs made an even road by putting stones (called sapaw). The road streched up to 40 kilometres and greatly facilitated the travel to the nearby towns. However, the Taal Lake grew older and was filled with water and the sapaw became submegred under water. There, it was forgotten for more than half a century and only discovered in the late 1970's by an underwater archeologist.


Though great was the Kingdom Datu Puti founded, he still could not forget the Island from where he came. He still dreamt to liberate Borneo from the tyranny of Sultan Makatunaw. So in 1234, he left the Kingdom he founded to sail back South and fight the Sultan. He divided the Kingdom among the six other Datus (namely Domangsil, Balensusa, Bankaya, Paduhinog, Dumalogdog and Lubay). These datus selected Datu Balensusa to lead them and Datu Puti went on to liberate Borneo. And that was the last account that pertained to the Great Datu.


When Datu Balensusa came to age, the Kingdom over which he ruled was inherited by Datu Kumintang, that part of the Kingdom was named after its chieftain. During that time, the island of Luzon was identified as May-I in the Chinese annals. The Kingdom of Kumintang remained to be one of the most progressive towns when the Spaniards arrive.


The Spanish Colonization

In 1570, Spanish generals Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo explored the coast of Batangas on their way to Manila and came upon a Malay settlement at the mouth of Pansipit River. In 1572, the town of Taal was founded and its convent and stone church were constructed later. Martín de Goiti (b. ... Juan de Salcedo (b. ... The Pansipit River flows through Batangas Province of the Philippines. ... Taal is a 4th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


Officially, the Province of Bonbon was founded by Spain in 1578, through Fr. Estaban Ortiz and Fr. Juan de Porras. It was so named after the name that was given to it by the Muslim natives who inhabited the area. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


In 1581, the Spanish government abolished the Province of Bonbon and created a new province which came to be known as the Province of Balayan. The new province was composed of the present provinces of Batangas, Mindoro, Marinduque, southeast Laguna and Camarines. After several devastating eruptions of Taal Volcano, the old Taal town site was buried. The capital was eventually transferred to Batangas (now a city) in 1754 where it has remained to date. Beach in Northern Mindoro Mindoro is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. ... Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ... For other uses, see Laguna (disambiguation). ... Camarines was a historical province in the Philippines found on the northern end of the Bicol Peninsula. ...


The history of Batangas as a province can never be separated from the history of the Christianization of the Islands. In the same yeas that de Goiti and Salcedo visited the province, the Franciscan missionaries came to Taal. The place later became the first settlement of the Spaniards in Batangas and one of the earliest in the Philippines. In 1572 the Augustinians founded Taal in the place of Wawa, now San Nicolas, and from there began preaching in Balayan and in all the big settlements around the lake of Bombon (Taal). Indeed, the Augustinians did a very good job. Not only did they make Batangas the second most important religious centre of the Archipelago, they did it in a mere 10 year period. In fact, up to now, Batangas remains to be one of the most 'Christianised' and even the most 'Catholic' Province in the Philippines.


The first missionaries in the diocese were the Augustinians, and they remained until the revolution against Spain. Among the first missionaries were eminent men like Alfonso de Albuquerque, Diego Espinas, Juan de Montojo and others.


The first centers of faith were established in Taal, then in Balayan, Bauan, Lipa, Sala, Tanauan, all around the lake of Bombon (Taal).


The first missionaries were extraordinary men. And during the first ten years, the whole region around the lake of Bombon was completely Christianized. It was done through the preaching of men who had learned the first rudiments of the language of the people. At the same time they started writing manuals of devotion in Tagalog. What is more, they wrote the first Tagalog grammar that served other missionaries who came.


The year of foundation of important parishes follows: 1572 the Taal parish was founded by the Augustinians; 1581 the Batangas parish under Fray Diego Mexica; 1596 Bauan parish administered by the Augustinian missionaries; 1605 Lipa parish under the Augustinian administration;1774 Balayan parish was founded; 1852 Nasugbu parish; and 1868 Lemery Parish.


Nasugbu became a very important centre of trade during the Spanish occupation of the country. So important was this town that the first recorded battle between two European Forces in Asia was in Fortune Island, Nasugbu, Batangas. In the late part of the 20th Century, the inhabitants of Fortune Island discovered a sunken galleon that contained materials sold in the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade. Today, the Galleon stands majestically in the islands as a reminder of the grandeur of Batangan Past. Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ...


Batangas was also among the first of the eight Philippine provinces to revolt against Spain and also one of the provinces placed under Martial Law by Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco on August 30, 1896. This event was given distinction when Marcela Agoncillo, also a native of the province, made the Philippine Flag. Indeed, the official Philippine flag has a sun with eight rays to represent these eight provinces. is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


Another notable hero from this era is Apolinario Mabini, also known as the sublime paralytic and "Brains of the Revolution. Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864—May 13, 1903), also known as the Sublime Paralytic, was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first prime minister in 1899. ...


The American Colonization

The struggles of the Batangueños did not end when the Spaniards left the Philippines. Batangas was also in the watch-list of the Americans when they occupied the Islands.


When the Americans forbade the Philippine flag from being flown anywhere in the country, Batangas was one of the places where the revolutionaries chose to propagate their propaganda. Many, especially the revolutionary artists chose Batangas as the place to perform their plays. In an incident recorded by Amelia Bonifacio in her diary, the performance of Tanikalang Ginto in the province led not only to the arrest of the company but all of the audience. Later, the play was banned from being shown anywhere in the country.


General Miguel Malvar is recognized as the last Filipino general to surrender to the United States in the Philippine-American War. Miguel Malvar y Carpio was a leader in the Philippine Revolution (1896—1898). ... Combatants United States First Philippine Republic several groups post-1902 Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Wesley Merritt Elwell Stephen Otis J. Franklin Bell Henry Ware Lawton† John J. Pershing Joseph Wheeler Emilio Aguinaldo Miguel Malvar Pio del Pilar Manuel Tinio Gregorio del Pilar† Licerio Geronimo Vicente Lukban Juan Cailles Maximino...


The Post-American Period

After Douglas Mcarthur made his famous landing in the Island of Leyte, he came next to the town of Nasugbu to mark the liberation of Luzon. This historic landing is remembered by the people of Batangas every last day of January, a holiday for the Nasugbugueños. And if Leyte is proud of the bronze statues of McArthur, Batangas can is also proud of their own version of that. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Leyte Region: Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Capital: Tacloban City Founded: 1543 and March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,592,336 (14th largest) Density—279 per km² (24th highest) Area: 5,712. ... Nasugbu is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Leyte Region: Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Capital: Tacloban City Founded: 1543 and March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,592,336 (14th largest) Density—279 per km² (24th highest) Area: 5,712. ...


After the Philippines was freed from America, the Batangueños once again entered the picture. Statesmen from Batangas became famous in the government. These include the legislators Felipe Agoncillo, Galicano Apacible (who later became the Secretary of Agriculture), Ramon Diokno, Apolinario R. Apacible, Espedito Leviste, Gregorio Katigbak, Teodoro Kalaw, Claro M. Recto, and Jose Laurel. Felipe Agoncillo was the Filipino representative to the negotiations in Paris that led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), ending the Spanish-American War. ... Claro Mayo Recto (February 8, 1890—October 2, 1960), was a Filipino politician and one of the most brilliant statesmen of his generation. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ...


Most of these legislators became well known not only in the country but also in the world as many of them held executive offices afterwards. some of them were even sent as Philippine Envoys to other countries.


It is also notable that when Quezon left the Philippines during the Japanese Occupation, the Japanese government in the Philippines chose the Batangueño Jose Laurel to the de jure President of the Puppet Republic. PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Jose P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The 1985 People Power Rovolution to the Estrada Controversy

The 1985 People Power Revolution in EDSA marked another time where Batangueños enter the picture. When Corazon Aquino was proclaimed president by the Supreme Court, the Batangueño Salvador Laurel is no less than her Vice-President. The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ... Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (also known as EDSA) is the main road in Metro Manila, Philippines. ... María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Salvador Doy Laurel in a portrait for the Philippine Centennial Commission Salvador Doy Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ...


She also appointed Renato de Villa as the Chief of Constabulary and Director-General of the Integrated National Police, and later the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. It was under his leadership that the Military remained loyal to Aquino despite the many coup d'etat attempts of Gregorio Honassan. He was also one of the influences behind the Second People Power in 2001 . Renato de Villa Renato de Villa (b. ... Seal of the Philippine Army Seal of the Philippine Navy Seal of the Philippine Air Force Seal of the Philippine Marine Corps The Armed Forces of the Philippines or AFP (Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas) originated in the establishment of the Philippine Scouts in 1901. ... María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ...


During the Presidency of Joseph Estrada, he also chose four Batangueños to be his closest advisers. The group was comprised of Domingo Panganiban (Department of Agriculture), Benjamin Diokno (Department of Budget and Management), Dong Apacible (Legislative Liaison), Tony "Lepili" Leviste (Board of Investments Governor), and Ped Faytaren (Economic Intelligence Chief). This is not to mention Dennis Hernandez, special assistant to Alfredo "Dirty Harry" Lim of the Department of Interior and Local Government. Joseph Ejercito Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born Jose Marcelo Ejercito on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ... The Philippines Department of Budget and Management (DBM) (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pagbabadyet at Pamamahala) is an executive body under the Office of the President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... ...


The 2001 Second People Power Revolution

The 2001 Second People Power also became an important event for the Batangueños. After Joseph Estrada was thrown off from power, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo replaced him and chose De Villa as her executive Secretary. He was replaced by Eduardo Ermita, another Batangueño, whom she first appointed as Secretary of the Department National Defence. Joseph Ejercito Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born Jose Marcelo Ejercito on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Renato de Villa Renato de Villa (b. ... Eduardo R. Ermita, the current Executive Secretary of the Philippines, was born on July 13, 1935 in Balayan, Batangas. ...


Three other Batangueños were in the Original the Arroyo Cabinet namely, Noel Cabrera from the Office of the Press Secretary, Renato Corona who was the Presidential Spokesman then later became a Supreme Court Justice, and Hernando B. Perez who was the Secretary of the Department of Justice. Renato C. Corona (born October 15, 1948) is an incumbent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Department of Justice logo The Department of Justice or DOJ is a national department of the Philippines. ...


Leandro Mendoza, who was also chief of the Philippine National Police, was appointed Secretary of the Department of Transportation and Communication upon his retirement, while Lauro Baja, former Undersecretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs was appointed the Philippine Envoy to the United Nations. Leandro Ramos Mendoza, current Philippine Secretary of Transportation and Communications, was born on March 24, 1946 in San Juan, Batangas. ... A foreign minister is a cabinet minister that helps to form foreign policy for sovereign nations. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Batangas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1174 words)
Its capital is Batangas City and it is bordered by the provinces of Cavite and Laguna to the north and Quezon to the east.
The name "Batangas" was derived from the word "batang," which is a term of the natives for the numerous logs found in the Calumpang River, the body of water that runs through the northeastern portion of the town and assumes the shape of a tuning fork.
Batangas was also among the first of the eight Philippine provinces to revolt against Spain and also one of the provinces placed under Martial Law by Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco on August 30, 1896.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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