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Encyclopedia > Batanes

The Province of Batanes is the northernmost and the smallest province of the Philippine Republic, both in terms of population and land area. The provincial capital is Basco. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Basco (also known as Santo Domingo de Basco) is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ...


The province is composed of ten islands (called the Batanes Islands) located about 162 km north of the Luzon mainland in the Luzon Strait and is part of the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Of this island group, the largest and most economically important are Itbayat, Batan and Sabtang. Batanes is the northernmost and the smallest, both in terms of population and land area, among the provinces of the Philippines. ... The map of Luzon Strait FUCK SHIT PISS DICK EATER CUNT LICKER PISS DRINKER CUM GUZZLER ur not supposed to be able to edit these pages i suggest you dont put this here!! The Luzon Strait is a strait connecting the Philippine Sea, in the western Pacific, to the South... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ...


The Batanes Islands are separated from the Babuyan Islands of Cagayan Province by the Balintang Channel and from Taiwan by the Bashi Channel. Batanes is the northernmost and the smallest, both in terms of population and land area, among the provinces of the Philippines. ... The Babuyan Islands is an archipelago located in the Luzon Strait and north of Luzon island in the Philippines. ... Cagayan is a province of the Philippines in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ... The Balintang Channel is the small waterway that seperates the Batanes and Babuyan Islands in the Luzon Strait, both of whom belong to the Philippines. ... Bashi Channel is a strait between the Yami Island of the Philippines and Orchid Island of Taiwan (i. ...


The northernmost island of the province, as well as of the Philippines, is Mavudis (Yami) Island. The other islands are Misanga, Ditarem, Siayan, Itbayat, Dinem, Batan, Sabtang, Ivuhos, and Diadekey. Mavudis Island is the northernmost island in the Philippines. ... Siayan is one of the Batanes Islands of the Philippines. ... Itbayat is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Batan island is the main island of the Batanes province, in the Philippines. ... Sabtang is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ...


Only Itbayat, Batan, and Sabtang are inhabited. The Batanes is about 190 kilometers south of Taiwan.

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Batanes
Region: Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Capital: Basco
Founded:
Population:
2000 census—16,467 (smallest)
Density—79 per km² (11th lowest)
Area: 209.3 km² (smallest)
Languages: Ivatan, Ichbayaten
Governor: Vicente S. Gato (2004-2007)
Image:Ph_locator_map_batanes.png

Contents

Provincial seal of Batanes, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... Basco (also known as Santo Domingo de Basco) is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... The Ivatan or Ibatan language is spoken exclusively in the Batanes Islands in the most northern reaches of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the location of Batanes. ...

People and culture

The indigenous people of the Batanes are called Ivatan and share prehistoric cultural and linguistic commonalities with the Tao people of Orchid Island. With the exception of Spanish ancestry introduced to the Ivatan over the centuries, the Ivatan and Tao peoples are racially the same. Old photo of the Tao people on the shore of Orchid Island, ca. ... Old photo of the people of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese colonial government publication, ca. ...


This divided nation is a result of the Dutch invasion of 1642. The northern half of the Ivatan homeland, Formosa and Orchid Island which were formally part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, fell to the Dutch who were in turn expelled in 1662 by forces of the Chinese Ming Dynasty, led by the Chinese pirate Koxinga who then set himself up as The King of Taiwan. Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... Formosa is a place name which comes from Portuguese and old Spanish word formosa (*from latin formosus, meaning beautiful). The following places bear the name: The geographically named island of Formosa, upon which the Taiwanese live, also sometimes called the Republic of China Formosa Strait (Taiwan Strait) Formosan languages, the... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... Koxinga (Traditional Chinese: 國姓爺; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Taiwanese: Kok-sèng-iâ/Kok-sìⁿ-iâ) is the popular name of Zheng Chenggong (Traditional Chinese: 鄭成功; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng Cheng-kung; Pe̍h-oÄ“-jÄ«: Tēⁿ Sêng-kong) (1624 - 1662), who was a military leader at the end of the... The Kingdom of Tungning or Dongning (東寧王國; pinyin: Dōngníng Wángguó ) was the first Han Chinese state to exist on Taiwan, between 1661 and 1683. ...


The southern half of the Ivatan homeland, the islands of the Batanes, was reinforced and fortified by Spanish refugees from Formosa before being formally joined in the 18th century with the Spanish government in Manila.


The main languages spoken in Batanes are Ivatan, which is spoken on the islands of Batan and Sabtang, and Ichbayaten, which is spoken primarily on the island of Itbayat . The Ivatan language, also known as Ibatan, is an Austronesian language spoken exclusively in the Batanes Islands in the most northern reaches of the Philippines. ...


Economy

About 75% of the Ivatans are farmers and fishermen. The rest are employed in the government and services sector. Garlic and cattle are major cash crops. They also plant camote or sweet potato, cassava, gabi or tuber and a unique variety of white uvi. Sugarcane is raised to produce palek, a kind of native wine, and vinegar.


In recent years, fish cath has declined due to the absence of technical know-how to improve the fishermen's catch. Employment opportunities are scarce. Most of the educated Ivatans have migrated to urban centers or have gone abroad.


Distance and bad weather work against its economic growth. Certain commodities like rice, soft drinks, and gasoline carry a 75% to 100% mark-up over Manila retail prices.


Geography

Almost one-half of Batanes are hills and mountains. Batan island, with a land area of 35 km², is generally mountainous on the north and southeast. It has a basin in the interior. Itbayat Island, which has a total area of 95 km², slopes gradually to the west, being mountainous and hilly along its northern, eastern coast. As for Sabtang, mountains cover the central part of its 41 km² area, making the island slope outward to the coast.



The islands are situated between the vast expanse of the waters of Bashi Channel and Balintang Channel, where the Pacific Ocean, merges with the China Sea. The area is a sealane between the Philippines and Japan, China, Hongkong and Taiwan. It is rich with marine resources, including the rarest sea corals in the world.


The province is hilly and mountainous, with only 1,631.50 hectares or 7.10% of its area level to undulating and 78.20% or 17,994.40 hectares varying in terms from rolling to steep and very steep. Forty two percent (42%) or 9,734.40 hectares are steep to very steep land.


Because of the terrain of the province, drainage is good and prolonged flooding is non-existent. The main island of Batan has the largest share of level and nearly level lands, followed by Itbayat and Sabtang, respectively. Itbayat has gently rolling hills and nearly level areas on semi-plateaus surrounded by continuous massive cliffs rising from 20-70 meters above sea level, with no shorelines. Sabtang on the other hand, has its small flat areas spread sporadically on its coasts, while its interior is dominated by steep mountains and deep canyons. Batan Island and Sabtang have intermittent stretches of sandy beaches and rocky shorelines.


The terrain of the province while picturesque at almost every turn, has limited the potential for expansion of agriculture in an already very small province.


Political

Batanes is subdivided into 6 municipalities. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ...


Municipalities

Basco (also known as Santo Domingo de Basco) is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Itbayat is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Ivana is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Mahatao is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Sabtang is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Uyugan is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ...

Physical

Batanes lies on a group of islands collectively called Batanes Islands and they are the northernmost islands of the Philippines. They are located between the Babuyan Islands (belonging to Cagayan Province) and Taiwan. The islands are sparsely populated and subject to frequent typhoons. The Babuyan Islands is an archipelago located in the Luzon Strait and north of Luzon island in the Philippines. ... Philippines Luzon Cagayan Province Cagayan Valley an administrative region Cagayan Valley (valley) Cagayan River Mindanao Cagayan de Oro (city) cloth? Cagayan de cillo Palawan Cagayan Island Category: ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ...


The three largest islands are Itbayat, Batan, and Sabtang. The northernmost is Mavudis Island. Itbayat is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Batan island is the main island of the Batanes province, in the Philippines. ... Sabtang is a 6th class municipality in the province of Batanes, Philippines. ... Mavudis Island is the northernmost island in the Philippines. ...


Climate

The climate is similar to that to Taiwan. Sometimes the island experience below the normal low of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 °C). Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ...


The province is constantly swept by wind and rain, but the notion that it is battered by typhoons is wrong. If Batanes is always mentioned in connection with weather disturbances, it is because its capital, Basco, holds the last weather station in the north. It is a reference point for all typhoons that enter the Philippine area of responsibility. It has no pronounced wet or dry season. It is almost always raining, from the minimum of eight days to a maximum of 21 days a month. It enjoys practically four seasons, the best ones being summer (April-June) and winter (December-February), when the temperature dips as low as seven degrees centigrade.


The best time to visit is mid-March to June. An Indian summer supposedly takes place in September. Sometimes, the weather is nice as early as February and as late as July. North or east winds bring in cooler air. They also bring in weather fronts and cloud build-ups that could cause flight cancellations. An Indian summer supposedly takes place around September. Cool weather—a phenomenon Ivatans like to call winter—prevails from December to February. When dealing with Batanes, always remember that, on these islands, the weather often changes suddenly. Just be ready for whatever follows your way.


History

The ancestors of today's Ivatans are descended from Austronesians who migrated to the Batanes Islands 4000 years ago during the Neolithic period. They lived in fortified mountain areas called idjangs and drank sugar-cane wine, or palek. They also used gold as currency and produced a thriving agriculture-based industry. They were also seafarers and boat-builders.


In 1687, a crew of English freebooters headed by William Dampier came with a crew of Hollanders and named the islands in honor of their country's monarchs. Itbayat was named "Orange Isle" in honor of William of Orange, and Batan was named "Grafton Isle" after Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton. Sabtang Isle was named "Monmouth Isle" after the Duke of Monmouth. Capt. Dampier stayed for less than three months, and did not claim the islands for the British crown. Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... William Dampier (1652 – March, 1715) was an English buccaneer, sea captain, author and scientific observer. ... William III of England (The Hague,14 November 1650 – Hampton Court, 8 March 1702; also known as William II of Scotland and William III of Orange) was a Dutch aristocrat and a Protestant Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the United Netherlands from 28 June 1672, King of... Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (1663 - 1690) was the natural son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine and later Duchess of Cleveland. ... James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth James Crofts, later James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and of Buccleuch (April 9, 1649 – July 15, 1685) was born in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the illegitimate son of Charles II and his mistress, Lucy Walter, who had followed him into continental exile after...


In 1783, the Spanish claimed Batanes as part of the Philippines under the auspices of Governor-General José Basco y Vargas. However, the Ivatan remained on their idjangs, or mountain fortresses. In 1790, Governor Guerrero ([citation needed] The Governor-general of the Philippines at this point in time is Félix Berenguer de Marquina, unless Guerrero refers to a governor of the Batanes.) decreed that Ivatans were to leave their idjang and to live in the lowlands, thereby giving them more people to tax. Basco and Ivana were the first towns. Mahatao was then administered by Basco, while Uyugan and Sabtang, by Ivana. Itbayat was not organized until the 1850s, its coast being a ridge. Ivatans were then ordered to dresslike the other Filipinos, and it didn't take them long to adapt. Soon, Ilocanos were being put in the islands, so as to control the native population there. Limestone technology used by the Spanish were also being spread to the islands, so that their bridges became strong and fortified. Some of these bridges still remain at both Ivana and Mahatao. By 1890, many Ivatans were in Manila, and became ilustrados, who then brought with them home the revolutinary ideas of the Katipunan. These Ivatans, who were then discontented with Spanish rule, killed the ruling General Fortea and declared the end of Spanish rule. 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Governor-General of the Philippines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... José Basco y Vargas was the 44th Governor of the Philippines from (1778-1787) under Spanish colonial rule. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Félix Berenguer de Marquina, Viceroy of New Spain Félix Berenguer de Marquina (1736, Alicante, Spain—October 10, 1826, Alicante) was a Spanish naval officer, colonial official and, from April 30, 1800 to January 4, 1803, viceroy of New Spain. ... // Events and Trends Technology Production of steel revolutionised by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Science Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species, putting forward the theory of evolution... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The Katipunan was a secret society founded in the Philippines by Andrés Bonifacio aimed towards liberating the country from the Spanish colonizers. ...


Toward the end of the Spanish regime, Batanes was made a part of Cagayan. In 1909, however , the American authorities organized it into an independent province. Because of its strategic location, the Batanes island group was one of the first points occupied by the invading Japanese imperial forces at the outbreak of the Pacific War.


During the American colonial period, public schools suddenly boomed, and more Ivatan became more aware of their place in the Philippines. One of the first School Superintendents was Victor De Padua, an Ilocano, who in 1942-45 during the Japanese occupation was made Provincial Governor. In 1920, the first wireless telegraph was installed, followed by an airfield in 1930. Roads were constructed and the Batanes High School was instituted. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ...


During the Second World War, the Japanese massacred many Ivatan men, and raped and molested Ivatan women. When the United States regained the country, Batanes regained its provincehood. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


External links

  • Official Government Web Site
  • Northern Luzon cultures
  • Brief Overview of Batanes Islands
  • Uyugan, Batanes! On the Web!
  • Official Web Site
Philippines
Capital Manila | National Capital Region
Provinces Abra | Agusan del Norte | Agusan del Sur | Aklan | Albay | Antique | Apayao | Aurora | Basilan | Bataan | Batanes | Batangas | Benguet | Biliran | Bohol | Bukidnon | Bulacan | Cagayan | Camarines Norte | Camarines Sur | Camiguin | Capiz | Catanduanes | Cavite | Cebu | Compostela Valley | Cotabato | Davao del Norte | Davao del Sur | Davao Oriental | Dinagat Islands | Eastern Samar | Guimaras | Ifugao | Ilocos Norte | Ilocos Sur | Iloilo | Isabela | Kalinga | La Union | Laguna | Lanao del Norte | Lanao del Sur | Leyte | Maguindanao | Marinduque | Masbate | Misamis Occidental | Misamis Oriental | Mountain Province | Negros Occidental | Negros Oriental | Northern Samar | Nueva Ecija | Nueva Vizcaya | Occidental Mindoro | Oriental Mindoro | Palawan | Pampanga | Pangasinan | Quezon | Quirino | Rizal | Romblon | Samar | Sarangani | Shariff Kabunsuan | Siquijor | Sorsogon | South Cotabato | Southern Leyte | Sultan Kudarat | Sulu | Surigao del Norte | Surigao del Sur | Tarlac | Tawi-Tawi | Zambales | Zamboanga del Norte | Zamboanga del Sur | Zamboanga Sibugay
Other subdivisions Regions | Cities | Municipalities | Barangays | Legislative districts
Territorial
disputes
Sabah | Scarborough Shoal | Spratly Islands

  Results from FactBites:
 
Uyugan, Batanes! On the Web! Batanes (1203 words)
Batanes is an archipelago that lies in the northernmost part of the Philippines.
Batanes' annual precipitation varies, but is highest in the north and lowest in the south.
Situated southwest of Batan Island are the waters of Sabtang and the islands, one of the richest fishing grounds in all of Batanes, where Isabtangs along with other Ivatans engaged in coastal fishing.
The Provincial Profile of Batanes (1242 words)
Batanes, as a whole, enjoys a pleasantly cooler climate because of its greater distance from the equator.
Batanes was annexed to the colony the following year but the inhabitants remained unreconciled to their loss of liberty.
Batanes has one of the highest literacy rates in the country and its labor force of close to 10,000 is highly-skilled, highly-trained and hardworking.
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