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Encyclopedia > Basseterre
City of Basseterre
Location of the City of Basseterre in St. Kitts and Nevis
Coordinates: 17°18′N 62°44′W / 17.3, -62.733
Country Saint Kitts and Nevis
Island Saint Kitts
Parishes Saint George Basseterre, Saint Peter Basseterre
Settled 1627
Area
 - Total 6.1 km² (2.5 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (50 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Total 15,500
 - Density 2,541/km² (6,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-4 (UTC-4)

Basseterre (pronounced /bæsˈtɛər/), estimated population 15,500, 2000, is the capital of the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis in the West Indies. Geographically, the Basseterre port is located at 16°50′N 62°40′WCoordinates: 16°50′N 62°40′W, on the south western coast of Saint Kitts Island, and it is one of the chief commercial depots of the Leeward Islands. The city lies within the parish of Saint George Basseterre and the southern part of the parish of Saint Peter Basseterre. Basse-Terre Island (top) from space, September 1994 Basse-Terre is the name of the western of the two largest islands of Guadeloupe. ... Image File history File links 3649_aquaimages. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Country Saint Kitts and Nevis Archipelago Leeward Islands Region Caribbean Area 65 sq. ... Saint Kitts and Nevis is divided into 14 parishes: Christ Church Nichola Town Saint Anne Sandy Point Saint George Basseterre Saint George Gingerland Saint James Windward Saint John Capisterre Saint John Figtree Saint Mary Cayon Saint Paul Capisterre Saint Paul Charlestown Saint Peter Basseterre Saint Thomas Lowland Saint Thomas Middle... Saint George Basseterre is one of 14 administrative parishes that make up Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Saint Peter Basseterre is one of 14 administrative parishes that make up Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Saint Kitts and Nevis has one of the longest written histories in the Caribbean, both islands being amongst Europes first colonies in the archipelago. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... West Indies redirects here. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Country Saint Kitts and Nevis Archipelago Leeward Islands Region Caribbean Area 65 sq. ... The Leeward Islands are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... Saint George Basseterre is one of 14 administrative parishes that make up Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Saint Peter Basseterre is one of 14 administrative parishes that make up Saint Kitts and Nevis. ...


Basseterre is one of the oldest towns in the Eastern Caribbean. Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ...

Contents

History

Panoramic View of the City of Basseterre from Zante, looking North.
Panoramic View of the City of Basseterre from Zante, looking North.

Basseterre was founded in 1627 by the French, under Sieur Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc. It served as capital of the French colony of St. Christophe, which consisted of the northern and southern extremities of the island of St. Kitts (the centre was yielded to Britain). When Phillipe de Longviliers de Poincy was made the French governor of St. Kitts in 1639, the town turned into a large, successful port, commanding Eastern Caribbean trade and colonisation. De Poincy then quickly made Basseterre capital of the entire French West Indies colony, which included the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique, and remained so until his death in 1660. The city was made capital of the entire island of St. Kitts in 1727, following French expulsion from the island and full British control. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Pierre Bélain, Sieur dEsnambuc (1585-1636) was a French trader in the Caribbean, who established the first permanent French colony, Saint Pierre, on the island of Martinique in 1635. ... Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy (1583 - 1660) was a French nobleman and Bailiff Grand Cross of the Knights of St John. ...


The city of Basseterre has one of the most tragic histories of any Caribbean capital, destroyed many times by colonial wars, fire, earthquakes, floods, riots and hurricanes. Despite all of this, a considerable number of well-restored buildings still exist in downtown Basseterre.


Geographical Setting and Climate

The city of Basseterre skirts a 2-mile bay on the southwestern shore of St. Kitts, Basseterre Bay. The city lies within the large Basseterre Valley, almost completely surrounded by lush green hills and mountains. It is primarily low-lying, which explains the name which the French gave unto it, as Basseterre translates to "low land" in English. Basseterre is surrounded by the Olivees Mountains to the north and the Conaree-Morne peaks to the east. The city is drained by the College River and the Westbourne River, which are locally known as "ghauts" and are dry most of the year. They even form streets in downtown Basseterre. This engineering folly has proven quite disastrous though, as College River has been the scene of many disastrous floods in Basseterre history. Port Zante, located in the centre of the bay, lies on 15 acres of land reclaimed from the sea in 1995. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Basseterre has a tropical marine climate, with temperatures around 27C year-round.



Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C (°F) 27 (80.6) 27 (80.6) 28 (82.4) 28 (82.4) 29 (84.2) 31 (87.8) 31 (87.8) 31 (87.8) 32 (89.6) 31 (87.8) 29 (84.2) 28 (82.4) 29 (84.2)
Avg low temperature °C (°F) 24 (75.2) 24 (75.2) 24 (75.2) 24 (75.2) 26 (78.8) 26 (78.8) 26 (78.8) 26 (78.8) 26 (78.8) 26 (78.8) 25 (77) 24 (75.2) 25 (77)
Avg Sunlight (hours) 7 7 7 8 8 7 8 8 7 8 7 7 7
Rainfall in. (mm) 4.8 (122) 4.4 (112) 4.4 (112) 3.5 (89) 3.8 (97) 4.4 (112) 6.1 (155) 7.2 (183) 7.7 (196) 7.7 (196) 7.1 (180) 5.5 (140) 66.6 (1692)
Source: [1] , BBC Weather

Around town

Basseterre is a very small town which is laid out in a grid pattern. It has four main streets running west to east, and they are listed here in sequence from south to north: Bay Road, Liverpool Row, Central Street and Cayon Street. The main street running north to south is Fort Street/Bank Street, which is home to the bulk of the island's main shops and banks. The city has 2 centres, at The Circus, which is geared towards tourism purposes, and the Independence Square, which contains the cathedral, courthouse and most of the older buildings. The Berkeley Memorial stands in the centre of the Circus in Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... The Independence Square in Saint Kitts and Nevis was first built in 1790 and was then called Pall Mall Square. ...


Basseterre is the main commercial and industrial centre of St. Kitts. It is also the country's main port of entry, for both sea and air travel, as well as the road and rail transport hub. It houses the administration buildings for the federal government (those for the island of Nevis are in Charlestown). It also houses the headquarters of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, as well as the headquarters for many other regional financial institutions. Charlestown was built in a protected area on the Leeward side of Nevis, situated between Fort Charles and the Fort Black Rocks. ... The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is the monetary authority of a group of six Caribbean nations namely, St Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Commonwealth of Dominica, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada and two overseas territories of the U.K namely, Anguilla, Montserrat. ...


Despite its small size, Basseterre played host to Carifesta VII (the Caribbean Festival of Arts) in 2000, outbidding rivals many times its size. The city was able to outbid the United States of America, to host matches for the 2007 World Cricket Cup. The Warner Park Sporting Complex was the site of the allocated first round matches of the tournament. This made St. Kitts and Nevis the smallest country in the world ever to host a World Cup event. The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was a mens cricket tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sports One Day International format. ... Warner Park Sporting Complex is an athletic facility in Basseterre, St. ...


Basseterre and its environs are home to many small, American-owned medical schools such as Windsor University, and also two prestigious medical institutions founded by Robert Ross: the Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine and the International University of Nursing. The city has four secondary schools, two of which are government owned, and two are private schools. The name Robert Ross is shared by several notable individuals: a British general of the early 1800s, see Robert Ross (general) an art historian (1869-1918), and friend of Oscar Wilde, see Robert Baldwin Ross an American blues vocalist and guitarist, and leader of the Robert Ross Band see Robert... Ross University is a for-profit university consisting of two campuses located in the Caribbean. ... Ross University is a for-profit university consisting of two campuses located in the Caribbean. ...


The City

The St. Georges Anglican Church in Basseterre.
The St. Georges Anglican Church in Basseterre.

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

Landmarks/Points of Interest

  • Independence Square (formerly Pall Mall Square)
  • The Circus
  • St. George's Anglican Church
  • Basseterre Co-Cathedral of Immaculate Conception
  • The Cenotaph
  • St. Kitts Heritage Society
  • National Museum
  • Amina Craft Market
  • Public Market
  • St. Kitts Sugar Factory Museum (under construction using the grounds of the sugar factory which ceased production in 2005)
  • Warner Park Sporting Complex
  • Pelican Shopping Mall
  • Queen Victoria Statue Roundabout
  • Basseterre National Park (under construction)
  • Fort Thomas
  • Springfield Cemetery and Chapel

The Independence Square in Saint Kitts and Nevis was first built in 1790 and was then called Pall Mall Square. ... The Berkeley Memorial stands in the centre of the Circus in Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... In Basseterre by 1670 the Jesuits had built a Church dedicated to Our Lady; but in 1706 Notre Dame was burned to the ground by English soldiers billeted there. ... Warner Park Sporting Complex is an athletic facility in Basseterre, St. ...

Religion

There are a large number of Christian churches in the city for its size. Most are Protestant, due to British colonization, but the cathedral in Basseterre is Roman Catholic. The Anglican, also called the "Church of England" has the largest number of members, followed by the Methodist. Other Protestant denominations include Moravian, Church of God, Baptist, Seventh-day Adventist, Jehovah's Witness, Rivers of Living Water and Pentecostal. Afro-Christian syncretic sects are also widespread. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... The Moravian Seal, as rendered by North Carolina artist Marie Nifong. ... Church of God is a name used by numerous, mostly unrelated bodies, most of which descend from either Pentecostal/Holiness or Adventist traditions. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[3]) Church is a Protestant Christian denomination which is distinguished mainly by its observance of Saturday, the original seventh day of the Judeo-Christian week, as the Sabbath. ... Jehovahs Witnesses (JW) are members of a worldwide Christian denomination. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ...


Economy

The Police Station in Basseterre
The Police Station in Basseterre

Basseterre's main exports are bass, electronics, clothing wear and salt. The once dominating sugar industry closed in 2005, due to overwhelming debts and further predicted hardships due to major price cuts planned by the EU. There is an industrial estate, which carries out sub-sonic technology, food processing, light engineering, bass engineering and rum distilling. The economy of Saint Kitts and Nevis has traditionally depended on the growing and processing of sugar cane; decreasing world prices have hurt the industry in recent years. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 458 KB)This file was first taken by (and then released to wikpedia by) kayokayo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 458 KB)This file was first taken by (and then released to wikpedia by) kayokayo. ...


The city of Basseterre is home to Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange, which lists securities for companies and corporations in the region. The Eastern Caribbean Securities Exchange is a regional Stock exchange, established by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank to serve the eight ECCB member territories of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. ...


Business / Specifics

Business: Banks are open 8am-2pm, Hours: Monday to Thursday, and 8am-4pm on Fridays.


The main banks are:

  • Barclays Bank (see FirstCaribbean International Bank),
  • Bank of Nova Scotia,
  • St. Kitts Nevis Anguilla National Bank,
  • Eastern Caribbean Central Bank and
  • Royal Bank of Canada (RBC)

Automatic Teller Machines are available. FirstCaribbean International Bank (FCIB) is a Caribbean financial services company formed in 2001 as a joint venture merging the Caribbean operations of Barclays Bank and Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. ... Outdoor ATMs may be free-standing, like this kiosk, or built into the side of banks or other buildings An automatic teller machine, automated teller machine (ATM) or cash machine is an electronic device that allows a banks customers to make cash withdrawals and check their account balances without...


Shops are open:

  • 8am-4pm Mondays to Wednesdays
  • 8 am-noon Thursdays
  • 8 am-5pm Fridays and
  • 8am-4pm Saturdays.

Payment cards are accepted only at major stores and shops.


Electricity: 230 volts AC, 60 cycles. Most places also have 110 AC.


Telecommunications: the international dialling code for Saint Kitts and Nevis is 869 followed by seven digits. On the islands, use the seven digits alone. When on the islands, to call anywhere in the United States or Canada simply dial 1+ (area code) + seven digit phone number.


Emergency Numbers: Police/Ambulance: 911 Fire: 333 JNF General Hospital: 465 2551


Time: GMT-4


Transport

Basseterre is hub for all major roads on the island of St. Kitts. Driving is done on the left. The speed limit in the city is 25 mph everywhere, with special caution to be taken around school zones. Railways: total: 58 km narrow gauge: 58 km 0. ...


Public Buses

Public Buses have a green license plate starting with the letter "H" There are 5 main bus routes on St. Kitts:

  • Basseterre to Sandy Point travelling West, starting at the Ferry Terminal,
  • Basseterre to Capesterre travelling West, starting at the Ferry Terminal,
  • Basseterre to St. Peter's travelling North, starting at College Street Ghaut,
  • Basseterre to Molyneux travelling East, starting at Baker's Corner and
  • Basseterre to Saddler's travelling East, starting at Baker's Corner.

All bus fees are $2.00 for a trip 4 miles and under, $2.50 for a trip 4 to 8 miles, and $3.00 for a trip over 8 miles. (EC dollars. 1 US = 2.7 EC)


No public buses travel southwards to the main resort areas in Frigate Bay and the South East Peninsula.


Taxis

Taxis have yellow license plates starting with the letter "T" or "TA". The taxi station in Basseterre is located at the Circus (466 6999). The taxis will take you just about anywhere for a pre-calculated price.


Harbour

The Deep Water Harbour in Basseterre is capable of both hosting and berthing of cruise ships or the handling of cargos. It is located to the extreme East of Basseterre Bay.


Port Zante, in the centre of the Bay, is for use of docking cruise ships only. The Port can accommodate the largest cruise ships in the world. It also has a marina facility.


The bay is also home to the bustling ferry operation which takes place between Basseterre and Charlestown. There are about 4 trips daily. Ferry service between Basseterre and Oranjestad, Statia also exists, but the trips are irregular. (not to be confused with Oranjestad, Aruba) Oranjestad is a small town of nearly 1,000 inhabitants, and is the capital of Sint Eustatius island in the Netherlands Antilles. ... Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin Sint Eustatius (also Saint Eustace and Statia), pop. ...


Airport

The Robert L. Bradshaw International Airport serves the city of Basseterre, and is located in the city's most North Easternly area. It has direct flights to London and Miami and seasonal flights to Charlotte, NC and Philadelphia, PA in addition to other major cities in the U.S.A. and Canada during the tourist season. Robert L. Bradshaw International Airport (IATA: SKB, ICAO: TKPK) is located just northeast of Basseterre on the island of Saint Kitts, serving the nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis. ...


Railway

St. Kitts' 58km of narrow(0.762m)-gauge railway centre in Basseterre, and swoop the island in a circular pattern. The railway lines, originally built to transport sugar cane to the central sugar factory in Basseterre, are now used to transport tourists via the "St. Kitts Scenic Railway Train" which currently runs from Sandy Point to Basseterre, travelling East.


Prominent people

Famous people born in Basseterre include:

Kim Collins (born April 5, 1976) is a sprinter from Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sprints are short running races in athletics. ... Desai Williams (born June 12, 1959 in Basseterre, St. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Erasmus James (born November 4, 1982 in Basseterre, Saint Kitts in the West Indies) is an American football defensive end for the Minnesota Vikings of the NFL. He was selected with the 18th overall pick of the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Wisconsin. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC Central (1970-2001) NFC North (2002-present) Current uniform Team colors Purple, Gold, White Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking, Ragnar Personnel Owner Zygi Wilf General... Dr. George Mario Jamie Astaphan (ca. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Keith “Kayamba” Gumbs (Chinese: Keith, born September 11, 1972 in St. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Soccer redirects here. ... It has been suggested that The Weakness in Me be merged into this article or section. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Current local time in Basseterre - Saint Kitts and Nevis (264 words)
Basseterre is the capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis
When can I call/have a meeting with someone in Basseterre?
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Basseterre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1367 words)
Basseterre is one of the oldest towns in the Eastern Caribbean.
Basseterre and its environs are also home to many small, American-owned medical schools such as Windsor University, and also two prestigious medical institutions founded by Robert Ross, the Ross University School of Medicine and the International University of Nursing.
Basseterre is hub for all major roads on the island of St. Kitts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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