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Encyclopedia > Bass trumpet
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Bass trumpet in C with rotary valves

The bass trumpet is a type of low trumpet which was first developed during the 1820s in Germany. It is usually pitched in 8' C or 9' B♭ today, but is sometimes built in E♭ and is treated as a transposing instrument sounding either an octave, a sixth or a ninth lower than written, depending on the pitch of the instrument. Although almost identical in length to the trombone, the bass trumpet possesses a tone which is harder, more metallic and brilliant than that of the trombone and is not to be confused with the valve trombone, which is a very different instrument. Image File history File links Baßtrompete. ... Image File history File links Baßtrompete. ... Trumpeter redirects to here. ... A transposing instrument is a musical instrument whose music is written at a pitch different from the actual concert pitch. Concert pitch is the pitch as notated for piano (or any other non-transposing instrument) - e. ... In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or 8va) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double the frequency. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ...

Contents


History

The earliest mention of the bass trumpet is in the 1821 Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung, in which Heinrich Stölzel's Chromatische Tenor-trompetenbaß and Griesling & Schlott's Chromatische Trompetenbaß are described. Several other variants were produced through the 1820s and were employed in military bands, in which both wide bell versions in 9' B♭ are still used today in Austria and Bavaria under the name Baßtrompete and narrow bell versions in 9' B♭ in Italy under the name tromba bassa, though they are restricted to padding out the harmony and fulfil no melodic function. The bell of a wind instrument is the round, flared opening opposite the mouthpiece. ...


Wagner's bass trumpet

Richard Wagner's first intention for Der Ring des Nibelungen was a bass trumpet in 13' E♭, clearly based on the instruments he would have come across during his dealings with military bands. However, while the opening section of Das Rheingold might indicate the use of such an instrument, the part quickly rises to G♭5, which would have been a nineteenth partial on the long instrument originally envisaged and no composer who understood brass instruments as well as Wagner could possibly have demanded. Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Valkyrie Warrior Maiden by artist Arthur Rackham (1912) Der Ring des Nibelungen translated commonly into English as The Ring of the Nibelung or The Nibelungs Ring, is a series of four epic operas. ... For the famous train, see Rheingold Express. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ...

Bass trumpet in B♭ with piston valves
Bass trumpet in B♭ with piston valves

While it was argued during the late nineteenth century (Oskar Franz: Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau, 1884) that the instrument in question was actually pitched an octave higher, in the event the instrument actually built by Moritz of Berlin on Wagner's personal instruction for the Munich theatre (according to Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau, 1908) was pitched in 8' C with crooks for B♭ and A and sounded one octave lower than written. Sadly, the records of Moritz were not preserved, though a wide bell bass trumpet of military band proportions in 8' C with B♭ and A crooks does make an appearance in their post-1900 catalogue, while Gebrüder Alexander of Mainz offered a narrow bore model in either E♭ or C. Image File history File links Bach_B188. ... Image File history File links Bach_B188. ...


A model of this type in 8' C with four rotary valves is that which is normally used today, played by a trombonist owing to the size of the mouthpiece, which is closer to that of the trombone and is wider than most trumpeters are prepared to work with. Bass trumpets built in E♭ are usually played by trumpeters as the mouthpiece is closer in size to that of the trumpet in B♭. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into brass instrument. ... // Scuba diving and industrial breathing sets Nemrod twin-hose diving regulator made in the 1980s. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Trumpeter redirects to here. ...

Rotary bass trumpet in C
Rotary bass trumpet in C

Wagner wrote quite adventurously for his new addition to the brass section, exploiting open and muted effects, extremes of range and dynamics and the bass trumpet is frequently featured in Der Ring des Nibelungen playing solos in every register, as well as in octaves, unison or harmony with the other trumpets, the trombones and the Wagner tubas. Its very distinctive timbre is easily identifiable and Wagner clearly relished the use of this new and unique tone colour. Image File history File links Basstrumpeter. ... Image File history File links Basstrumpeter. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Valkyrie Warrior Maiden by artist Arthur Rackham (1912) Der Ring des Nibelungen translated commonly into English as The Ring of the Nibelung or The Nibelungs Ring, is a series of four epic operas. ... Trumpeter redirects to here. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... A Wagner tuba. ... In music, timbre, also timber, (French, IPA /tæmbər/ as in the first two syllables of tambourine) is the quality of a musical note or sound which distinguishes different types of sound production or musical instruments. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ...


Other composers have also taken Wagner's cue and used the bass trumpet in the orchestra and the opera house, including Richard Strauss (in the tone poem Macbeth and the opera Elektra), Arnold Schoenberg (in the cantata Gurrelieder), Igor Stravinsky (in the ballet Le sacre du printemps - fourth trumpet doubling bass trumpet in E♭), Leoš Janáček (in the Sinfonietta - two bass trumpets in B♭). However, as with the Wagner tuba and the contrabass trombone, Wagner's other additions to the opera house orchestra for Der Ring des Nibelungen, the bass trumpet has not proven to be a regular member of the orchestral brass and is seen on very rare occasions, on which an extra player is usually recruited to perform on an ad hoc basis. Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of orchestral music in one movement in which some extra-musical programme provides a narrative or illustrative element. ... Scene from Macbeth, depicting the witches conjuring of an apparition in Act IV, Scene I. Painting by William Rimmer Macbeth is William Shakespeares shortest tragedy and one of his most popular works. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Elektra is a one-act opera by Richard Strauss, to a German-language libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal adapted from his drama of 1903—the first of many such collaborations between composer and librettist. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1938 For the American music critic and journalist, see Harold Charles Schonberg. ... Cantata (Italian for a song or story set to music), a vocal composition accompanied by instruments and generally containing more than one movement. ... Igor Stravinsky in his middle ages. ... The Waltz of the Snowflakes from Tchaikovskys The Nutcracker. ... The Rite of Spring is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... LeoÅ¡ Janáček in 1928 LeoÅ¡ Janáček â–¶ (help· info) (July 3, 1854 in Hukvaldy, Moravia – August 12, 1928 in Ostrava) was a Czech composer. ... A Wagner tuba. ... A lip-reed aerophone with a predominantly cylindrical bore, the trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... Valkyrie Warrior Maiden by artist Arthur Rackham (1912) Der Ring des Nibelungen translated commonly into English as The Ring of the Nibelung or The Nibelungs Ring, is a series of four epic operas. ...


Annotation

The bass trumpet is usually annotated in the treble clef. The bass trumpet in C sounds one octave lower than written, the bass trumpet in E♭ sounds a sixth lower than written and the bass trumpet in B♭ sounds a ninth lower than written. Wagner's transpositions include bass trumpet in E, E♭, D, C and B♭, though players often have parts for the bass trumpet transposed into C to facilitate performance on the C bass trumpet without the need for complicated transpositions. Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (May 22, 1813 in Leipzig – February 13, 1883 in Venice) was an influential German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ...


Cy Touff was one of few jazz musicians to play the bass trumpet and while trombonists usually perform on the bass trumpet, British trumpeter Philip Jones performed on the bass trumpet while employed by the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the early 1920s in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Philip Jones (March 12, 1928 - January 17, 2000) was a British trumpeter and leader of an early music ensemble. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Covent Garden is a district in central London and within the easterly bounds of the City of Westminster. ...


Legendary Salsa musician and trombonist Willie Colon also plays a Getzen Eterna bass trumpet. Look up salsa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Willie Colón (born 28 April 1950) is a Puerto Rican-American salsa musician. ...


External links

  • Friends & Relations: The Bass Trumpet
  • Bass & Contrabass Trumpet

  Results from FactBites:
 
Getzen : Trumpet : Specialty (231 words)
Getzen is proud to announce two new instruments — the all new 3001MV Mike Vax trumpet and the 3895GB Fluegelhorn.
The 994 Eterna Bass Trumpet is an ideal alternative to a valve trombone.
With a rich, mellow tone and quality Getzen construction, the 994 is versatile enough for symphonic performances and durable enough to be used as a marching brass instrument.
The Classical Trumpet Information Page on Classic Cat (2244 words)
Trumpets pitched in the key of G are also called sopranos, or soprano bugles, after their adaptation from military bugles.
The trumpet players were often among the most heavily guarded members of a troop, as they were relied upon to relay instructions to other sections of the army.
The trumpet was slow to adopt the modern valves (invented around the mid 1830s), and its cousin, the cornet would take the spotlight as solo instrument for the next hundred years.
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