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Encyclopedia > Bass guitar
A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass
A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass

The electric bass guitar (or "electric bass"[1][2]; pronounced /ˈbeɪs/, as in "base") is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. The bass is similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, but with a larger body, a longer neck and scale length, and usually four strings tuned to the same pitches as those of the double bass[3], or one octave lower in pitch than the four lower strings of a guitar (E, A, D, and G).[4] Since the 1950s, the electric bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music. The bass guitar provides the low-pitched bassline(s) and bass runs in many different styles of music ranging from rock and metal to blues and jazz. It is also used as a soloing instrument in jazz, fusion, Latin, funk, and rock styles. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 947 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) My 4-string Precision bass. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 947 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) My 4-string Precision bass. ... Various guitar picks A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... In popular music a bassline, also bass line, is an instrumental part, or line, which is in the bass or lowest range and thus lower than the other parts and part of the rhythm section. ... A bass run is an instrumental break in which the main vocal or melody line rests (pauses, takes a break) and the bass instruments and line are given the forefront. ... This article is about the genre. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Blues music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ... Latin American music, or the music of Latin America, is sometimes called Latin music. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre. ...

Contents

History

1930s

In the 1930s, inventor Paul Tutmarc from Seattle, Washington, developed the first guitar-style electric bass instrument that was fretted and designed to be held and played horizontally. The 1935 sales catalogue for Tutmarc's company, Audiovox, featured his "electronic bass fiddle," a four stringed, solid bodied, fretted electric bass guitar with a 30 ½" scale length.[5]. The change to a "guitar" form made the instrument easier to hold and transport, and the addition of guitar-style frets enabled bassists to play in tune more easily and made the new electric bass easier to learn. However, Tutmarc's inventions never caught the public imagination, and little further development of the instrument took place until the 1950s. We dont have an article called Paul Tutmarc Start this article Search for Paul Tutmarc in. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


1950s–1960s

In the 1950s, Leo Fender developed the first mass-produced electric bass. His Fender Precision Bass, introduced in 1951, became a widely copied industry standard. The Precision Bass (or "P-bass") evolved from a simple, uncontoured 'slab' body design similar to that of a Telecaster with a single coil pickup, to a contoured body design with beveled edges for comfort and a single four-pole "split coil pickup." Leonidas Fender (August 10, 1909 - March 21, 1991), also known as Leo Fender, was an American luthier who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, now known as Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, and later founded G&L Musical Products (G&L Guitars). ... Categories: Music stubs | Electric bass guitars ... The Fender Telecaster, also known as a Tele, is typically a dual-pickup, solid-body electric guitar made by Fender. ... This image shows three single coil pickups on a Stratocaster guitar. ...

Gibson EB-3.
Gibson EB-3.
Rickenbacker 4001
Rickenbacker 4001

Following Fender's lead, Gibson released the violin-shaped EB-1 Bass in 1953[3], followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass in 1959. As with Fender's designs, Gibson relied heavily upon an existing guitar design for this bass; the EB-0 was very similar to a Gibson SG in appearance (although the earliest examples have a slab-sided body shape closer to that of the double-cutaway Les Paul Special). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (615x1620, 135 KB) Summary Gibson EB-3 bass guitar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (615x1620, 135 KB) Summary Gibson EB-3 bass guitar. ... Gibson EB-3 The Gibson EB-3 is an electric bass guitar model, produced by the Gibson Guitar Corporation. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 195 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (250 × 768 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // This image shows an electric bass guitar. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 195 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (250 × 768 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // This image shows an electric bass guitar. ... The Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is a manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars. ... The Gibson EB-0 is a bass guitar by Gibson that was introduced in 1959. ... The Gibson SG is a popular model of solid-bodied electric guitar that was introduced in the early 1960s. ...


Whereas Fender basses had pickups mounted in positions in between the base of the neck and the top of the bridge, many of Gibson's early basses featured one humbucking pickup mounted directly against the neck pocket. The EB-3, introduced in 1961, also had a "mini-humbucker" at the bridge position. Gibson basses also tended to be smaller, sleeker instruments; Gibson did not produce a 34" scale bass until 1963 with the release of the Thunderbird, which was also the first Gibson bass to utilize dual-humbucking pickups in a more traditional position, about halfway between the neck and bridge. Traditional Open Coil (uncovered) humbucker pickup A conventional humbucker (or Humbucking pickup) is a type of electric guitar pickup that uses two coils, both generating string signal. ... Gibson EB-3 The Gibson EB-3 is an electric bass guitar model, produced by the Gibson Guitar Corporation. ... Epiphone Thunderbird The Gibson Thunderbird is an electric bass guitar made by Gibson. ...


A small number of other companies such as Rickenbacker, Danelectro and Höfner also began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950's. With the explosion of the popularity of rock music in the 1960s many more manufacturers began making bass guitars. Rickenbacker 330JG Rickenbacker International Corporation, also known as Rickenbacker (pronounced ) [1]), is an electric guitar manufacturer, notable for having invented the first electric guitar during the 1930s. ... Danelectro DC-3 reissue. ... Karl Höfner GmbH & Co. ...


First introduced in 1960, The Fender Jazz Bass was known as the Deluxe Bass and was meant to accompany the Jazzmaster guitar. The Jazz Bass (often referred to as a "J-bass") featured two single-coil pickups, one close to the bridge and one in the Precision bass' split coil pickup position, and was designed by Leo Fender to be an easier bass for a guitarist to play than the existing Precision Bass, due to the narrower nut (noted later). The earliest production basses had a 'stacked' volume and tone control for each pickup. This was soon changed to the familiar configuration of a volume control for each pickup, and a single, passive tone control. The Jazz Bass' neck was narrower at the nut than the Precision bass (1½" versus 1¾"). The Jazz Bass was the second bass model created by Leo Fender. ... 1962 Fender Jazzmaster Sunburst The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was introduced in 1958 and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ...


Another visual difference that set the Jazz Bass apart from the Precision is its "offset-waist" body. Pickup shapes on electric basses are often referred to as "P" or "J" pickups in reference to the visual and electrical differences between the Precision Bass and Jazz Bass pickups. Fender also began production of the Mustang Bass; a 30" scale length instrument used by bassists such as Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads ("P" and "J" basses have a scale length of 34", a design echoed on most current production electric basses of all makes). Three magnetic pickups on an electric guitar. ... The Fender Mustang Bass is an electric bass guitar model produced by Fender. ... Tina Weymouth A founding member of the influential New Wave group Talking Heads, was born Martina Michéle Weymouth on November 22, 1950 in Coronado, California. ... The Talking Heads was an American rock band formed in 1974 in New York City and active until 1991. ...


In the 1950s and 1960s, the term "Fender bass" was widely used to describe the bass guitar, due to Fender's early dominance in the market for mass-produced bass guitars. The term "electric bass" began replacing "Fender bass" in the late 1960s, however, as evidenced by the title of Carol Kaye's popular bass instructional book in 1969 (How to Play the Electric Bass) and the use of the term "electric bass" by U.S. musicians' unions. The instrument is also referred to as an "electric bass guitar", "electronic bass", or simply "bass". Fender redirects here. ... Carol Kaye (b. ...


1970s

The 1970s saw the founding of Music Man Instruments, owned by Leo Fender, which produced the StingRay, the first widely-produced bass with active (powered) electronics. This amounts to an impedance buffering pre-amplifier on-board the instrument to lower the output impedance of the bass's pickup circuit, increasing low-end output, and overall frequency response (more lows and highs). Specific models became identified with particular styles of music, such as the Rickenbacker 4001 series, which became identified with progressive rock bassists like Chris Squire of Yes, while the StingRay was used by Louis Johnson of the funk band The Brothers Johnson.


In 1971 Alembic established the template for what would subsequently be known as "boutique" or "high end" electric basses. These expensive, custom-tailored instruments featured unique designs, premium wood bodies chosen and hand-finished by master craftspeople, onboard electronics for preamplification and equalization, and innovative construction techniques such as multi-laminate neck-through-body construction and graphite necks. In the mid-1970s, Alembic and other "boutique" bass manufacturers such as Tobias, and Ken Smith produced 4- string basses and 5-string basses with a low "B" string. In 1975, bassist Anthony Jackson commissioned luthier Carl Thompson to a 6-string bass tuned (low to high) B, E, A, D, G, C. Alembic Dragons Breath Custom Bass Guitar Alembic was founded in 1969 and is a manufacturer of high-end electric basses, guitars and preamps. ... Neck-thru or neck-through or in full form neck through body is a method of electric guitar or bass guitar construction that involves extending the piece (or pieces, in a laminate construction) of wood used for the neck the entire length of the body. ... Tobias is a brand of bass guitar originally made by luthier Michael Tobias starting in the 1970s and later bought out by Gibson Guitar Corporation. ...


1980s–2000s

In the 1980s, bass designers continued to explore new approaches. Ned Steinberger introduced a headless bass in 1979 and continued his innovations in the 1980s, using graphite and other new materials and (in 1984) introducing the Trans-Trem tremolo bar. In 1987, the Guild Guitar Corporation launched the fretless Ashbory bass, which used silicone rubber strings and a piezoelectric pickup to achieve a "double bass" sound with a short 18" scale length. In the late 1980s, MTV's "Unplugged" show helped to popularize hollow-bodied acoustic bass guitars amplified with pickups. Ned Steinberger is a creator of innovative musical instruments and is most notable for his design of guitars and basses without a traditional headstock. ... Image:Trans-trem. ... A tremolo arm, tremolo bar, vibrato bar, whammy bar, or wang bar is a lever attached to the bridge and/or the tailpiece of an electric guitar or archtop guitar to enable the player to quickly vary the tension and sometimes the length of the strings temporarily, changing the pitch... The Ashbory bass, designed by Alun Ashworth-Jones and Nigel Thornbory, is an 18 inch scale electric bass. ... MTV Unplugged is a series showcasing popular musical artists playing acoustic instruments. ... The acoustic bass guitar (also called ABG or acoustic bass) is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually somewhat larger than a steel-string acoustic guitar. ...


During the 1990s, as five-string basses became more widely available and more affordable, an increasing number of bassists in genres ranging from metal to gospel began using five-string instruments for added lower range. As well, the onboard battery-powered electronics such as preamplifiers and equalizer circuits, which were previously only available on expensive "boutique" instruments, became increasingly available on modestly priced basses.


In the 2000s, some bass manufacturers included digital modelling circuits inside the instrument to recreate tones and sounds from many models of basses (e.g., Line 6's Variax bass). Traditional bass designs such as the Fender Precision Bass and Fender Jazz Bass remain popular in the 2000s; in 2006, a 60th Anniversary P-bass was introduced by Fender. Digital signal processing (DSP) is the study of signals in a digital representation and the processing methods of these signals. ... The Line 6 logo. ... The Fender Precision Bass, known as P-bass for short, is the first model of the electric bass designed by Clarence Leonidas Fender and brought to market in 1951. ... The Jazz Bass (or J-Bass) was the second model of electric bass guitar created by Leo Fender. ... Fender redirects here. ...


Design considerations

"Headless" Steinberger bass.
"Headless" Steinberger bass.

A wide variety of different options are available for the body, neck, pickups, and other features of the bass. Instruments handmade by highly skilled luthiers are becoming increasingly available. Bass bodies are typically made of wood although other materials such as graphite (for example, some of the Steinberger designs) have also been used. While a wide variety of woods are suitable for use in the body, neck, and fretboard of the bass guitar – the most common type of wood used for the body is alder, for the neck is maple, and for the fretboard is rosewood. Other commonly used woods include mahogany, maple, ash, and poplar for bodies, mahogany for necks, and ebony for fretboards. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (150x628, 49 KB) Summary photo captured and enhanced by Mike Manning for the article Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (150x628, 49 KB) Summary photo captured and enhanced by Mike Manning for the article Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... A luthier is someone who builds or repairs stringed instruments, that are either bowed or plucked. ... For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ... Steinberger refers to a series of distinctive electric guitars and bass guitars, designed and originally manufactured by Ned Steinberger. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... This article is about a variety of timber. ...


The choice of body material and shape can have a significant impact on the timbre of the completed instrument as well as on aesthetic considerations. Other design options include finishes, such as lacquer, wax and oil; flat and carved designs; Luthier-produced custom-designed instruments; headless basses, which have tuning machines in the bridge of the instrument (e.g.Steinberger and Hohner designs) and several artificial materials such as luthite. The use of artificial materials allows for unique production techniques such as die-casting, to produce complex body shapes. In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... An engravers impression of Antonio Stradivari examining an instrument. ... Steinberger refers to a series of distinctive electric guitars and bass guitars, designed and originally manufactured by Ned Steinberger. ... Hohner is a company specialising in the manufacture of musical instruments. ... Luthite is a light-weight synthetic material developed by Cort Guitars for the construction of bass guitar bodies. ...


While most basses have solid bodies, they can also include hollow chambers to increase the resonance or reduce the weight of the instrument. Some basses are built with entirely hollow bodies, which changes the tone and resonance of the instrument. Acoustic bass guitars are typically equipped with piezoelectric or magnetic pickups and amplified. The acoustic bass guitar (also called ABG or acoustic bass) is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually somewhat larger than a steel-string acoustic guitar. ...


Bass guitar necks, which are longer than regular electric guitar necks, are generally made of maple. More exotic woods include bubinga, wenge, ovangkol, ebony and goncalo alves. Graphite or carbon fiber are used to make lightweight necks[6]and, in some cases, entire basses.[7] For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species Guibourtia arnoldiana Guibourtia chodatiana Guibourtia coleosperma - bastard teak, Rhodesian mahogany Guibourtia conjugata Guibourtia copallifera - gum-copal Guibourtia demeusei Guibourtia ehie Guibourtia tessmannii Guibourtia is a plant genus of the family Fabaceae (legume family). ... Wenge wood is a native wood from Africa. ... Ovangkol (also known as Mongoy) is a commercial timber. ... For other uses, see Ebony (disambiguation). ... Goncalo alves is sometimes referred to as zebrawood or tigerwood — names that underscore the wood’s often dramatic, contrasting color scheme, that some compare to rosewood. ... For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ... Carbon fiber composite is a strong, light and very expensive material. ...


Exotic woods are used on more expensive instruments: for example, the company 'Alembic' is associated with the use of cocobolo as a body material or top layer because of its attractive grain. Warwick bass guitars are also well-known for exotic hardwoods: most of the necks are made of ovangkol, and the fingerboards wenge or ebony. Solid bubinga bodies are also used for tonic and aesthetic qualities.


The "long scale" necks used on Leo Fender's basses, giving a scale length (distance between nut and bridge) of 34", remain the standard for electric basses. However, 30" or "short scale" instruments, such as the Höfner Violin Bass, played by Paul McCartney, and the Fender Mustang Bass are popular, especially for players with smaller hands. While 35", 35.5" and 36" scale lengths were once only available in "boutique" instruments, in the 2000s, many manufacturers have begun offering these lengths, also called an "extra long scale." This extra long scale provides a higher string tension, which yields a more defined tone on the low "B" string of 5- and 6-stringed instruments (or detuned 4-string basses). In a string instrument, the scale length (often simply but confusingly called the scale) is the sounding length of the strings. ... The nut of a string instrument is a small strip or block of hard material forming a transition between the strings playing length and the tuning machines on the headstock, or the tuning pegs in the pegbox at the upper end of the fingerboard. ... A Violin Bridge blank and finished bridge A bridge is a device for supporting the strings on a stringed instrument and transmitting the vibration of those strings to some other structural component of the instrument in order to transfer the sound to the surrounding air balls. ... Karl Höfner GmbH & Co. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer and animal-rights activist. ... The Fender Mustang Bass is an electric bass guitar model produced by Fender. ...


Fretted and fretless basses

Another design consideration for the bass is whether to use frets on the fingerboard. On a fretted bass, the frets divide the fingerboard into semitone divisions (as on a normal guitar). The original Fender basses had 20 frets, but modern basses may have 24 or more. The neck of a guitar showing the first four frets. ... A semitone (also known in the USA as a half step) is a musical interval. ...


Fretless basses have a distinct sound, because the absence of frets means that the string must be pressed down directly onto the wood of the fingerboard. The string buzzes against the wood, as with the double bass, creating a "mwaah" sound. The fretless bass allows players to use the expressive devices of glissando, vibrato and microtonal intonations such as quarter tones and just intonation. Some bassists use both fretted and fretless basses in performances, according to the type of material they are performing. While fretless basses are often associated with jazz and jazz fusion, bassists from other genres use fretless basses, such as metal bassist Steve DiGiorgio. The first fretless bass guitar was made by Bill Wyman in 1961 when he converted an inexpensive Japanese fretted bass by removing the frets. [8][9] The first production fretless bass was the Ampeg AUB-1 introduced in 1966, and Fender introduced a fretless Precision Bass in 1970. In the early 1970s, fusion-jazz bassist Jaco Pastorius created his own fretless bass by removing the frets[10] from a Fender Jazz Bass, filling the holes with wood putty, and coating the fretboard with epoxy resin.[11] Traditional guitars, and most other stringed instruments, create tones of different heights using the fingers to adjust the length at which the strings vibrate. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Glissando (plural: glissandi) is a musical term that refers to either a continuous sliding from one pitch to another (a true glissando), or an incidental scale played while moving from one melodic note to another (an effective glissando). ... Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ... A quarter tone is an interval half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a semitone, which is half a whole tone. ... In music, just intonation, also called rational intonation, is any musical tuning in which the frequencies of notes are related by ratios of whole numbers. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ... Steve DiGiorgio Steve DiGiorgio (born November 7, 1967, Waukegan, Illinois) is an American musician. ... Bill Wyman (born William George Perks on 24 October 1936) was the bassist for the English rock and roll band The Rolling Stones from its founding in 1962 until 1993. ... John Francis Anthony Jaco Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his virtuosity of the fretless bass,[1][2] as well as his command of varied musical styles. ...

An example of a fretless bass's fingerboard.
An example of a fretless bass's fingerboard.

Some fretless basses have "fret line" markers inlaid in the fingerboard as a guide, while others only use guide marks on the side of the neck. Tapewound (Double Bass Type) strings are sometimes used with the fretless bass so that the metal string windings will not wear down the fingerboard. Some fretless basses have fingerboards which are coated with epoxy to increase the durability of the fingerboard, enhance sustain and give a brighter tone. Although most fretless basses have four strings, five-string and six-string fretless basses are also available. Fretless basses with more than six strings are also available as "boutique" or custom-made instruments. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 636 KB)[edit] Summary This bass was built by the Luthier Nathaniel Miller. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 636 KB)[edit] Summary This bass was built by the Luthier Nathaniel Miller. ... For other uses, see Fingerboard (disambiguation). ... For the military space program, see SUSTAIN (military). ...


Strings and tuning

Main article: Bass guitar tuning

The standard design for the electric bass has four strings, tuned E, A, D and G, in fourths such that the open highest string, G, is an eleventh (an octave and a fourth) below middle C, making the tuning of all four strings the same as that of the double bass. This tuning is also the same as the standard tuning on the lower four strings on a 6-string guitar, only an octave lower. String types include all-metal strings (roundwound, flatwound, groundwound, or halfwound), metal strings with different coverings, such as tapewound and plastic-coatings. The variety of materials used in the strings gives bass players a range of tonal options. A bass guitar Bass guitar tuning refers to the pitch adjustments carried out on the individual strings of a bass guitar in order to achieve a prescribed arrangement of notes from the open (unfretted) strings. ... The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ...


In the 1950s, bassists often used flatwound strings with a smooth surface, which had a smooth, damped sound reminiscent of a double bass. In the 1960s and 1970s, roundwound bass strings similar to guitar strings became popular. Roundwounds have a brighter timbre with greater sustain than flatwounds. Flatwounds are still used by some bassists who want a more 'vintage' or Motown-style sound. The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... The strings of a harp A string is the vibrating element which is the source of vibration in string instruments, such as the guitar, harp, piano, and members of the violin family. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... For the military space program, see SUSTAIN (military). ... Motown Records, Inc. ...


A number of other tuning options and bass types have been used to extend the range of the instrument. The most common are:

Note positions on a right-handed 4-string bass in standard EADG tuning.
Note positions on a right-handed 4-string bass in standard EADG tuning.
  • Four strings with alternate tunings to obtain an extended lower range.[12]
  • Five strings usually tuned B-E-A-D-G (this is popular for heavy metal bassists who want that heavy sound without detuning). Also, the earliest 5 string basses were tuned E-A-D-G-C and, is still a popular tuning for jazz. Other tunings such as C-E-A-D-G are used though rare. The 5th string provides a greater lower or upper range than the 4-string bass, and gives access to more notes for any given hand position.
Washburn XB600, a six string bass.
Washburn XB600, a six string bass.
  • Six strings (usually B-E-A-D-G-C, but sometimes E-A-D-G-B-E or F#-B-E-A-D-G). The 6-string bass is a 4-string bass with an additional low "B" string and a high "C" string. While much less common than 4- or 5-string basses, they are still used in Latin, jazz, and several other genres. A few players have tuned the high C down to a B (giving B-E-A-D-G-B) matching the E-A-D-G-B found on the first five strings of an acoustic or electric guitar.
  • Detuners, such as the Hipshot, are mechanical devices operated by the right or left-hand thumb that allow one or more strings to be quickly detuned to a pre-set lower pitch. Hipshots are typically used to drop the "E"-string down to "D" on a four string bass.[13]

Image File history File links Bassguitarnotes. ... Image File history File links Bassguitarnotes. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 71 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) washburn xb600 by: mackbeth24 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 71 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) washburn xb600 by: mackbeth24 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A washburn Washburn (full name: Washburn Guitars) was established in 1883 in Chicago, Illinois. ... Detuners are mechanical devices used to simplify the retuning of a stringed instrument during performance. ... allows you to tune out of standard instrument range- (refer to detuners) ...

Extended range approaches

Some bassists have used other types of basses or tuning methods to obtain an extended range or other benefits. Instrument types or tunings used for this purpose include basses with fewer than four strings (1-string bass guitars [14], 2-string bass guitars, 3-string bass guitars (E-A-D) [15]); alternate tunings (e.g., tenor bass [16], piccolo bass[17], and guitar-tuned basses[18]) and 8, 10, 12 and 15-string basses, which built on the same principle as the 12-string guitar, where the strings are grouped into "courses" tuned in unison or octaves, to be played simultaneously.[19] Piccolo bass can refer to two string instruments, one acoustic and one electric. ... The twelve string guitar is an acoustic or electric guitar with twelve strings, which produces a richer, more ringing tone than a standard six string guitar. ...


Extended Range Basses (ERBs) are basses with 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, or 12 strings which are not doubling unisons or octaves. The 7-string bass (B-E-A-D-G-C-F) was built by luthier Michael Tobias in 1987. This custom instrument commissioned by bassist Garry Goodman was an early example of a bass with more than six single course strings. Goodman developed a special playing technique requiring seven or more strings. Conklin builds 8- and 9-string basses.[20] The Guitarbass is a 10-string instrument with four bass strings (tuned E-A-D-G) and six guitar strings (tuned E-A-D-G-B-E).[21] Luthier Michael Adler built the first 11-string bass in 2004 and completed the first single-course 12-string bass in 2005. Adler's 11- and 12-string instruments have the same range as a grand piano. Sub-contra basses, such as C#-F#-B-E ("C#" being at 17.32 Hz)[22] have been created [23].[24]. The Extended-Range Bass, (ERB) as a term, refers to an electric bass guitar with more range (usually meaning more strings, but sometimes additional frets are added for more range) than the standard 4-string bass guitar. ... Conklin may refer to: Conklin, New York Conklin, Michigan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Pickups and amplification

For more information on pickups, see Pickup (music).

Three magnetic pickups on an electric guitar. ...

Magnetic pickups

Most electric basses use magnetic pickups. The vibrations of the instrument's metal strings within the magnetic field of the permanent magnets in magnetic pickups produce small variations in the magnetic flux threading the coils of the pickups. This in turn produces small electrical voltages in the coils. These low-level signals are then amplified and played through a speaker. Less commonly, non-magnetic pickups are used, such as piezoelectric pickups which sense the mechanical vibrations of the strings. Since the 1990s, basses are often available with battery-powered "active" electronics that boost the signal and/or provide equalization controls to boost or cut bass and treble frequencies. Three magnetic pickups on an electric guitar. ... Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals to produce a voltage when subjected to mechanical stress. ...


"P-" pickups (the "P" refers to the original Fender Precision Bass) are actually two distinct single-coil halves, wired in opposite direction to reduce hum, each offset a small amount along the length of the body so that each half is underneath two strings. Less common is the single-coil "P" pickup, used on the 1951 Fender Precision bass[25] This image shows three single coil pickups on a Stratocaster guitar. ...


"J-" pickups (referring to the original Fender Jazz Bass) are wider eight-pole pickups which lie underneath all four strings. J pickups are typically single-coil designs, but because one is wired opposite to the other, when used at the same volume they have hum canceling properties. This image shows three single coil pickups on a Stratocaster guitar. ...


Humbucker (dual coil) pickups, found in Music Man basses (yet another Leo Fender brand) and many other brands, are the same length as a J pickup, but about twice as wide, and with two rows of exposed pole pieces. Traditional Open Coil (uncovered) humbucker pickup A conventional humbucker (or Humbucking pickup) is a type of electric guitar pickup that uses two coils, both generating string signal. ... Music Man is an American guitar, bass guitar and amplifier manufacturer. ...


"Soapbar" Pickups get their name due to their resemblance to a bar of soap and originally referred to the Gibson P-90 guitar pickup. The term is now also used to describe any pickup with a rectangular shape and no visible pole pieces. They are commonly found in ERB basses. EMG now makes a Soapbar pickup that has both a single coil and a humbucker in the same pickup. The player switches between the two by pulling or pushing on the volume knob. For other uses, see P90 (disambiguation). ...

Dual "J"-Style Pickups.
Dual "J"-Style Pickups.

Many basses have just one pickup, typically a "P" or soapbar pickup. Multiple pickups are also quite common, two of the most common configurations being a "P" near the neck and a "J" near the bridge (e.g. Fender Precision Bass Special, Fender Precision Bass Plus), or two "J" pickups (e.g. Fender Jazz).[26] The placement of the pickup greatly affects the sound, with a pickup near the neck joint thought to sound "fatter" or "warmer" (the bass frequencies being dominant) while a pickup near the bridge is thought to sound "tighter" or "sharper" (providing a larger amount of treble). Usually basses with multiple pickups allow blending of the output from the pickups, providing for a range of timbres. Sound demos for six variations of P-J pickup settings on the Fender Aerodyne Jazz Bass illustrate this concept. Image File history File links Jazz_Style_PickUps. ... Image File history File links Jazz_Style_PickUps. ...


Non-magnetic pickups

  • Piezoelectric pickups are non-magnetic pickups that produce a different tone, often similar to that of an acoustic bass, and allow bassists to use non-ferrous strings such as nylon, brass or even silicone rubber. Piezoelectric pickups use a transducer crystal to convert the vibrations of the string into an electrical signal.
  • Optical pickups are another type of non-magnetic pickup. They use an LED to optically track the movement of the string, which allows them to reproduce low-frequency tones at high volumes without the "hum" or excessive resonance associated with conventional magnetic pickups. Since optical pickups lack high frequencies, they are commonly paired with piezoelectric pickups to fill in the missing frequencies. The Lightwave company builds basses with optical pickups.

Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals to produce a voltage when subjected to mechanical stress. ... The Ashbory bass, designed by Alun Ashworth-Jones and Nigel Thornbory, is an 18 inch scale electric bass. ... This article is about transducers in engineering. ... External links LEd Category: TeX ...

Amplification and effects

Like the electric guitar, the electric bass is always connected to an amplifier for live performances. Electric bassists use either a "combo" amplifier, which combines an amplifier and a speaker in a single cabinet, or an amplifier and a separate speaker cabinet (or cabinets). In some cases when the bass is being used with large-scale PA amplification, it is plugged into a "DI" or "direct box", which routes their signal directly into a mixing console, and thence to the main and monitor speakers. For some recordings, the electric bass is recorded without the use of an amplifier and speakers by connecting the bass with the mixing board using a "DI", while the musician listens to the sound of the instrument through headphones. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... School public address system A public address or PA system is an electronic amplification system with a mixer, amplifier and loudspeakers, used to reinforce a given sound (e. ... In professional audio, a mixing console, digital mixing console, mixing desk (Brit. ...


Various electronic bass effects such as preamplifiers, "stomp box"-style pedals and signal processors and the configuration of the amplifier and speaker can be used to alter the basic sound of the instrument. In the 1990s and early 2000s, signal processors such as equalizers, distortion devices, and compressors or limiters became increasingly popular additions to many electric bass players' gear. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bass instrument amplification. ... An example of a typical high-end stereo preamplifier. ... For the British rock band of the same name, see Amplifier (band). ... For the Marty Friedman album, see Loudspeaker (album) An inexpensive low fidelity 3. ... Equalizer can mean: Equalizer, an audio processing tool. ... For other uses, see Distortion (disambiguation). ... Audio level compression, also called dynamic range compression, volume compression, compression, limiting, or DRC (often seen in DVD player settings) is a process that manipulates the dynamic range of an audio signal. ... In electronics, a limiter is a circuit that allows signals below a set value to pass unaffected, as in a Class A amplifier, and clips off the peaks of stronger signals that exceed this set value, as in a Class C amplifier. ...


Playing techniques

Sitting or standing

Most bass players stand while playing, although sitting is also accepted, particularly in large ensemble settings, such as jazz big bands, or in acoustic genres such as folk music. It is a matter of the player's preference as to which position gives the greatest ease of playing, and what a bandleader expects. When sitting, right-handed players can balance the instrument on the right thigh, or like classical guitar players, the left. Balancing the bass on the left thigh positions it in such a way that it mimics the standing position, allowing for less difference between the standing and sitting positions.


Sounding notes

The electric bass, in contrast to the upright bass (or double bass), is played in a similar position to the guitar; that is, it is held horizontally across the body. Notes are usually produced by pizzicato, in which the strings are plucked by the index and middle fingers (and sometimes with the thumb and ring fingers as well) or with a pick (or plectrum). Although the use of a pick is primarily associated with rock, picks are also used in other styles. Jazz bassist Steve Swallow uses a pick for upbeat or funky songs. Picks can be used with alternating downstrokes and upstrokes, or with all downstrokes for a more consistent attack. A bassist usually holds a pick in a fist like grip with the index and thumb (contact is made with the pointy part of the pick). Also, usually the wrist is used, but sometimes for tremolo picking,and artist uses the whole arm (variations are endless). Some bassists use their fingernails to play flamenco-style, such as John Entwistle and Geddy Lee. Lemmy from Motörhead is known for playing with a pick. Jazz bass is played almost exclusively in pizzicato. ... Various guitar picks. ... Various guitar picks A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument. ... This article is about the genre. ... Steve Swallow (b. ... John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for the rock band The Who. ... Geddy Lee OC is a Canadian musician best known as the lead vocalist, bassist, and keyboardist for the Canadian rock group Rush. ... Lemmy (born Ian Fraser Kilmister on December 24, 1945, also known as Ian Willis, Lemmy Kilmister, and Lemmy von Motörhead), is an English singer and bass guitarist, most famous for being the founding member of the heavy metal band Motörhead. ... This article is about the band. ...


There are many varieties of picks available to a bassist, and usually one chooses one for comfort, or for tone. The norm, is to choose heavy picks that range from 1.14 mm – 3.00 mm (3.00 is unusual). Picks are made with all types of material for tone preference; a fine example, would be felt picks, which are used to emulate the tone one gets from fingers.


Bassists trying to emulate the sound of a double bass sometimes pluck the strings with their thumb or fingers rather than a plectrum, and use palm-muting to create a short, "thumpy" tone. Sting performs using his thumb. James Jamerson, an influential bassist from the Motown era, played intricate bass lines using a single finger – his index finger, which he called "The Hook." Depending on where the string is plucked, different timbres are produced. The palm mute, also known as palm muting, is a playing technique for the guitar or (less commonly) bass guitar. ... This article is about the musician. ... James Lee Jamerson (January 29, 1938 - August 2, 1983) was an American musician. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ...


There are also variations in style about how a bassist chooses to rest the right-hand thumb (or left thumb in the case of left-handed players). A player may rest his thumb on the top edge of one of the pickups. One may also rest one's thumb on the side of the fretboard, which is especially common among bassists who have an upright bass influence. Some bassists anchor their thumbs on the lowest string and move it off to play on the low string. Alternatively, the thumb can be rested loosely on the strings to mute the unused strings.


Early Fender models came with a "thumbrest" attached to the pickguard, below the strings. Contrary to its name, this was not used to rest the thumb, but to rest the fingers while using the thumb to pluck the strings. The thumbrest was moved above the strings in 1970s models and eliminated in the 1980s.


"Slap and pop" and tapping

The slap and pop method, which is a mainstay of funk, uses tones and percussive sounds achieved by thumping (or "slapping") a string with the thumb and snapping (or "popping") a string or strings with the index or middle fingers. Bassists often interpolate left hand-muted "dead notes" between the slaps and pops to achieve a rapid percussive effect. Larry Graham of Sly and the Family Stone and Graham Central Station was an early innovator of the slap style, and Louis Johnson of the The Brothers Johnson is also credited as an early slap bass player. In music, the term slapping is often used to refer to two different though related playing techniques usually on the double bass and on the (electric) bass guitar. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... Larry Graham, Jr. ... Sly & the Family Stone were an American rock band from San Francisco, California. ... Graham Central Station was a funk band named after founder Larry Graham and Grand Central Station in New York City. ... There are two articles in Wikipedia about people named Louis Johnson. ... The Brothers Johnson is a band consisting of the musicians George Johnson (Lightnin Licks) and Louis Johnson (Thunder Thumbs). // Guitarist/vocalist George Johnson and bassist/vocalist Louis Johnson formed the band Johnson Three Plus One with older brother Tommy, and their cousin Alex Weir, while attending school in Los Angeles...


Slap and pop style is also used by many bassists in other genres, such as rock (e.g., J J Burnel and Les Claypool) and fusion (e.g. Marcus Miller, Victor Wooten and Alain Caron). Slap style playing was popularized throughout the 1980s and early 1990s by pop bass players such as Mark King (from Level 42) and funk-rock bassists such as Flea (from the Red Hot Chili Peppers) and Alex Katunich (from Incubus). Wooten popularized the "double thump," in which the string is slapped twice, on the upstroke and a downstroke (for more information, see Classical Thump). Jean-Jacques Burnel on stage with The Stranglers in 2005 Jean-Jacques Burnel (born 21 February 1952 in London) also known as J J Burnel, is an Anglo-French musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist with the British rock band, The Stranglers. ... Leslie Edward Les Claypool (born September 29, 1963 in Richmond, California, U.S.) is a singer, lyricist, bassist, multi-instrumentalist, and composer, best known for his work with the alternative rock band Primus. ... Marcus Miller (born June 14, 1959 in New York) is a jazz musician, composer and producer, perhaps best known as a bass guitarist with Miles Davis, Luther Vandross and David Sanborn. ... Victor Lemonte Wooten (born September 11, 1964 in Hampton, Virginia) is an American electric bass guitar player. ... Alain Caron may refer to: Alain Caron (bass player) (born 1955) Alain Caron (hockey player) (born 1938) Category: ... Mark King (born 20 October 1958, in Cowes, Isle of Wight) is a British musician from the Isle of Wight. ... Level 42 is a popular British pop and funk band. ... Michael Peter Balzary (born October 16, 1962 in Melbourne, Australia), better known by his stage name Flea, is the bassist for the alternative rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers. ... Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... Alex Katunich (born August 18, 1976) is the former bassist of Incubus. ... Incubus can refer to: Incubus (demon), a demon said to rape women while they slept Incubus (band), an American alternative rock band. ... Victor Wooten Victor Lemonte Wooten (born September 11, 1964) is an American virtuoso electric bass guitar player and is regarded by many of his peers as one of the finest players to emerge in the 1990s, if not of all time (he is sometimes referred to as the Michael Jordan...


In the two-handed tapping style, bassists use both hands to play notes by rapidly pressing and holding the string to the fret. This makes it possible to play contrapuntal lines, chords and arpeggios. Some players noted for this technique include Billy Sheehan, Stuart Hamm, John Myung, Victor Wooten, Les Claypool, Michael Manring and the style's originator, John Entwistle. The Chapman Stick and Warr Guitars are string instruments that are designed to be played using two-handed tapping. Another rarely-used playing technique related to slapping is the use of wooden dowel "funk fingers", an approach popularized by Tony Levin. This article is about the music technique. ... For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ... Fingering for an open-position C Major chord (with the 5th, a G note, in the bass) played on a six-string acoustic guitar. ... Billy Sheehan (born on 1953 March 19 in Buffalo, NY) is an American bassist known for his work with Talas, Steve Vai, David Lee Roth, Mr Big, and Niacin. ... Stuart Stu Hamm (born February 8, 1960) is an American bass player, known for his session and live work with numerous artists as well for his virtuosic playing style and solo recordings. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Victor Lemonte Wooten (born September 11, 1964 in Hampton, Virginia) is an American electric bass guitar player. ... Leslie Edward Les Claypool (born September 29, 1963 in Richmond, California, U.S.) is a singer, lyricist, bassist, multi-instrumentalist, and composer, best known for his work with the alternative rock band Primus. ... Michael Manring (born June 1960 in Washington, D.C.) is an electric bassist from the San Francisco Bay Area (Northern California). ... John Alec Entwistle (October 9, 1944 – June 27, 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, and horn player, who was best known as the bass guitarist for the rock band The Who. ... A 10 string Chapman Stick The Chapman Stick is an electric musical instrument devised by Emmett Chapman in the early 1970s. ... Warr Guitar Warr Guitars is a company that manufactures the Warr Guitar, which is a musical instrument developed by Mark Warr that looks very much like a standard electric guitar, but can be played with two-handed tapping techniques, like a Chapman Stick, as well as strummed and plucked. ... Fluted wood dowel Dowel joint A dowel is a pin, usually made of wood, plastic or metal, used to secure two objects together. ... As used by Tony Levin in Aschaffenburg Funk Fingers are a kind of drumsticks that are attached to the fingers of a bass player for producing extra-funky sounds on his bass guitar. ... Tony Levin (born June 6, 1946, Boston, Massachusetts) is an influential American bass player. ...


See also

This is a list of bass guitarists. ... The acoustic bass guitar (also called ABG or acoustic bass) is a bass instrument with a hollow wooden body similar to, though usually somewhat larger than a steel-string acoustic guitar. ... The Ashbory bass, designed by Alun Ashworth-Jones and Nigel Thornbory, is an 18 inch scale electric bass. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bass instrument amplification. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... Blues music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The octobass is an extremely large bowed string instrument constructed about 1850 in Paris by the French luthier Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume (1798-1875). ... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... Piccolo bass can refer to two string instruments, one acoustic and one electric. ... Aria SWB 02/5 5 string EUB The electric upright bass (abbreviated EUB and sometimes also called stick bass) is an electronically amplified version of the double bass that has a minimal or skeleton body. ... The Jazz Bass (or J-Bass) was the second model of electric bass guitar created by Leo Fender. ... The Fender Precision Bass, known as P-bass for short, is the first model of the electric bass designed by Clarence Leonidas Fender and brought to market in 1951. ... Guitar effects are electronic devices that modify the tone, pitch, or sound of an electric guitar. ...

References

  1. ^ The proper term is "electric bass", and it is often misnamed "bass guitar", according to Tom Wheeler, The Guitar Book, pp 101-2. Guitars by Evans and Evans, page 342, agrees.
  2. ^ This point of view is controversial. Although "electric bass" is one of the common names for the instrument "bass guitar" or "electric bass guitar" are far more commonly used and historically accurate – See "How The Fender Bass Changed The World" – ref below.
  3. ^ Bass guitar/Double Bass tuning E1=41.20Hz, A1=55Hz, D2=73.42Hz, G2=98Hz + optional low B0=30.87Hz
  4. ^ Standard guitar tuning E2=82.41Hz, A2=110Hz, D3=146.8Hz, G3=196Hz, B3=246.9Hz, E4=329.6Hz
  5. ^ Model #736 Electronic Bass Fiddle (German text)
  6. ^ an approach used by G. Gould of Modulus Guitars, and by Peavey, which makes graphite-necked basses such as the G-Bass the B-Quad
  7. ^ e.g.,Status brand basses, which are made from graphite
  8. ^ Roberts, Jim (2001). 'How The Fender Bass Changed the World' or Jon Sievert interview with Bill Wyman, guitar player magazine december (1978)
  9. ^ This fretless bass can be heard on The Rolling Stones songs such as "Paint it Black".
  10. ^ In interviews, Pastorius gave various versions of how he accomplished this; the versions mention the use of pliers, a putty knife, and, in at least one interview (Guitar Player magazine, 1984) he states that he bought the instrument with the frets already removed, badly, with the slots where the frets once were not yet filled in.
  11. ^ Pastorius used epoxy rather than varnish to obtain a glass-like finish suitable for the use of roundwound strings, which are otherwise much harder on the wood of the fingerboard.
  12. ^ Tunings such as "BEAD" (this requires a low "B" string in addition to the other three "standard" strings), "D-A-D-G" (a "standard" set of strings, with only the lowest string detuned), and D-G-C-F or C-G-C-F (a "standard" set of strings, all of which are detuned) give bassists an extended lower range. A tenor bass tuning of "A-D-G-C" provides a higher range.
  13. ^ Hipshots are similarly used to drop the "B"-string down to a "Bb" on five or six string basses where it is advantageous when accompanying brass bands whose music is commonly in the key of "Bb". More rarely, some bassists (e.g., Michael Manring) will add detuners to more than one string, or even more than one detuner to each string, to enable them to detune strings during a performance and have access to a wider range of chime-like harmonics.
  14. ^ Japanese manufacturer Atlansia offers 1-, 2- and 3-stringed instruments[1]
  15. ^ – Session bassist Tony Levin commissioned Music Man to build a three-string version of his favorite Stingray bass
  16. ^ tuned A-D-G-C, like the top 4 strings of a 6-string bass, or simply a standard 4-string with the strings each tuned up an additional perfect fourth. Tenor bass is a tuning used by Stanley Clarke, Victor Wooten, and Stu Hamm.
  17. ^ tuned "e-a-d-g" (an octave higher than standard bass tuning – -the same as the bottom four strings of a guitar). This is used by jazz fusion bassists such as Stanley Clarke.
  18. ^ the D-G-B-E tuning matches the first four strings (from highest to lowest) of a guitar, pitched two octaves lower.
  19. ^ For example, an 8-string bass would be strung Ee-Aa-Dd-Gg, while a 12-string bass might be tuned Eee-Aaa-Ddd-Ggg (four courses of three strings each). In the case of the 12-string, the standard pitch strings are augmented by two strings both an octave higher than the standard pitched string. Ten-string basses have octave strings added to the low-B of a 5-string bass. A 15-string bass (tuned Eee Aaa Ddd Ggg Ccc) was developed by Jauqo III-X and produced by Warrior Guitars(the 15 string bass made for Jauqo III-X by Warrior was the world's first 15-string bass guitar ever made. A 1998 video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6O0Lgyn6aE )
  20. ^ These have a low "F#" string below the "B" string, and 9-string bass which adds a low "F#" and a high "Bb" string.
  21. ^ The guitarbass has 10 strings on the same neck and body, but with separate scale lengths, bridges, fretboards, and pickups. It was created [2] by John Woolley in 2005, based on a prototype built by David Minnieweather.
  22. ^ (e.g., the Jauqo III-X from 2000 or the sub-bass guitar, E-A-D-G one octave below standard ("E" being at 20.6 Hz)
  23. ^ concept by Yves Carbonne in 2002
  24. ^ Bassists performing on extended range basses include Yves Carbonne, Stew McKinsey, Gregory Bruce Campbell, Jean Baudin, Bill "The Buddha" Dickens, Phil Lesh, and Al Caldwell
  25. ^ The single-coil "P" pickup is also used in the reissue and the Sting's signature model.
  26. ^ Some basses use more unusual pickup configurations, such as a soapbar and a "P" pickup (found on some Fenders), Stu Hamm's "Urge" basses which have a "P" pickup sandwiched between two "J" pickups, and some of Bootsy Collins' custom basses, which had as many as 5 J pickups. Another unusual pickup configuration is found on some of the custom basses that Billy Sheehan uses, in which there is one humbucker at the neck and a split-coil pickup at the middle position.
  • Roberts, Jim (2001). How The Fender Bass Changed the World. San Francisco, CA: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-630-0. 
  • Wheeler, Tom (1978), The Guitar Book: A Handbook for Electric and Acoustic Guitarists, Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-014579-X

Modulus Guitars is an American manufacturer of musical instruments, most notably bass guitars built with carbon fiber necks. ... Peavey may refer to: peavey tool, A logging tool used to move timber Hartley Peavey, the founder of the Peavey Electronics Corportation. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... For the Jamaican singer, see Pliers (singer). ... Two flexible-blade knives, 4 and 5 A putty knife is a spatula used for scraping surfaces, or spreading material such as plaster in various construction trades. ... Guitar Player magazine contains articles, interviews, reviews and lessons of an eclectic collection of artists, genres and products. ... Dropped D tuning: DADGBe, also known as simply as Drop D, is a guitar tuning style in which the lowest (sixth) string is tuned down a whole tone (dropped) to D rather than E as in standard tuning (EADGBe). ... Tony Levin (born June 6, 1946, Boston, Massachusetts) is an influential American bass player. ... Music Man is an American guitar, bass guitar and amplifier manufacturer. ... Music Man StingRay is an electric bass guitar by Music Man, introduced in 1976. ... Stanley Clarke (born 30 June 1951) is an American musician and composer known for his innovative and influential work on double bass and bass guitar as well as his numerous film and television scores. ... Victor Lemonte Wooten (born September 11, 1964 in Hampton, Virginia) is an American electric bass guitar player. ... Stuart Hamm (born February 8, 1960) is a highly respected bass player, known for his session and live work with numerous artists as well for his virtuosic style of playing. ... Stanley Clarke (born 30 June 1951) is an American musician and composer known for his innovative and influential work on double bass and bass guitar as well as his numerous film and television scores. ... Yves Carbonne is a jass musician, known for his use of the extended-range bass (ERB). ... Stew McKinsey is an American jazz and funk bassist. ... Gregory Bruce Campbell is a 9-string electric bassist. ... Bill The Buddha Dickens is an American electric bass guitar player. ... Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley, California) is a musician and founding member of the rock band, Grateful Dead; he played bass guitar in that group throughout their entire 30-year career. ... Al Caldwell is an R&B musician who mainly plays the bass guitar and banjo with the Travelling Hillbilllies. ... Stuart Hamm (born February 8, 1960) is a highly respected bass player, known for his session and live work with numerous artists as well for his virtuosic style of playing. ... William Bootsy Collins (born October 26, 1951 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is a pioneering funk bassist, singer, and songwriter. ... Billy Sheehan (born on 1953 March 19 in Buffalo, NY) is an American bassist known for his work with Talas, Steve Vai, David Lee Roth, Mr Big, and Niacin. ... Harper & Row is an imprint of HarperCollins. ...

Further reading

  • Evans, Tom & Evans, Mary Anne (1977), Guitars: From the Renaissance to Rock, Facts On File, ISBN 0-87196-636-0
  • Filiberto, Roger (1963), The Electric Bass, Mel Bay Publications

Mel Bay Publications is a publisher of materials for musical instrument playing, particularly instructional books that teach a particular instrument or style. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Bass Guitar - Electric Bass Guitar - Acoustic Bass Guitar - ActiveMusician (303 words)
Whether it's the low price or the wide selection, buying a bass guitar online is a popular option for musicians these days.
Check out our assortment of 4-string and 5-string bass guitars and high quality starter packs from world-famous companies like Fender.
In addition to finding your ideal electric bass guitar at ActiveMusician, you'll find acoustic basses and bass guitar amps, effects and bass accessories, including pickups, wireless systems, cases, cables, stands, straps, tuners and more.
Bass guitar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4417 words)
It is similar in appearance to an electric guitar but has a larger body, a longer neck and scale length, and, usually, four strings (but sometimes five or six, compared to six on an electric guitar) tuned an octave lower in pitch, in the bass range.
Basses are also built with entirely hollow bodies, which changes the tone and resonance of the instrument and allows performers to practice without an amplifier.
Fretless basses have a distinct sound: the absence of frets means that the string must be pressed down directly onto the wood of the fingerboard and can buzz against it as with the double bass, sometimes described as a "mwaah" sound by bassists.
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