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Encyclopedia > Bass Strait
Map of Australia with Bass Strait marked in light blue
Map of Australia with Bass Strait marked in light blue

Bass Strait (IPA: [bæs]) is a sea strait separating Tasmania from the south of the Australian mainland (Victoria in particular). The first European to discover it was Matthew Flinders in 1798. Flinders named it after his ship's doctor George Bass. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ... Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114... Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place to Be Motto(s): Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Constitutional monarchy Governor David de Kretser Premier Steve Bracks (resigning effective 30th July 2007) (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 37  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05... A European is primarily a person who was born into one of the countries within the continent of Europe. ... Captain Matthew Flinders RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) was one of the most accomplished navigators and cartographers of his age. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Bass George Bass, British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia (1771 – unknown, post 1803), was born at Aswarby, a hamlet near Sleaford Lincolnshire and was educated at Boston Grammar School. ...


Approximately 240 km wide at its narrowest point and generally around 50 metres deep, it was almost dry during the last ice age. It contains many islands, with King Island and Flinders Island home to substantial human settlements. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Municipality of King Island, Tasmania King Island is one of the islands that makes up the state of Tasmania, Australia. ... Municipality of Flinders, Tasmania Flinders Island is an island in the Bass Strait, located 20 km from the north-eastern tip of Tasmania, Australia. ...


Like the rest of the waters surrounding Tasmania, and particularly because of its limited depth, it is notoriously rough, with many ships lost there during the 19th century. A lighthouse was erected on Deal Island in 1848 to assist ships in the eastern part of the Straits, but there were no guides to the western entrance until the Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse was completed in 1859, followed by another at Cape Wickham at the northern end of King Island in 1861. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Deal Island may refer to: Deal Island, Maryland, in the USA Deal Island, Bass Strait, in Australia Category: ... Categories: Australia-related stubs | Lighthouses ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Municipality of King Island, Tasmania King Island is one of the islands that makes up the state of Tasmania, Australia. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by...


Strong currents between the Antarctic-driven Southern Ocean and Tasman Sea provide a strait of powerful, wild storm waves. To illustrate its wild strength, Bass Strait is both twice as wide and twice as rough as the English Channel. The shipwrecks on the Tasmanian and Victorian coastlines number in the hundreds, although stronger metal ships and modern marine navigation have dropped the danger sharply. Many vessels, some quite large, have disappeared without trace, or left scant evidence of their passing. Despite myths and legends of piracy, wrecking and supernatural phenomena akin to those of the Bermuda Triangle, such disappearances can be invariably ascribed to treacherous combinations of wind and sea conditions, and the numerous semi-submerged rocks and reefs within the Straits. fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: , the sleeve) is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The flag of 18th-century pirate Calico Jack Piracy is a robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation. ... Wrecking can refer to: Wrecking (shipwreck) – robbing ships by causing shipwrecks Wrecking (Soviet crime) – a crime of industrial or economic sabotage See also: wrecking amendment This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... NASA image of the western Atlantic, showing the popular borders of the Bermuda Triangle. ...

Contents

Islands

Map of Bass Strait including major island groups

There are over 50 islands in Bass Strait. Major islands include: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Western section:

South eastern section: Municipality of King Island, Tasmania King Island is one of the islands that makes up the state of Tasmania, Australia. ... Location in the Bass Strait between Victoria and Tasmania. ... Location in the Bass Strait between Victoria and Tasmania. ...

North eastern section: The Furneaux Group is a group of 52 islands, at the eastern end Bass Strait, between Victoria and Tasmania, Australia. ... Municipality of Flinders, Tasmania Flinders Island is an island in the Bass Strait, located 20 km from the north-eastern tip of Tasmania, Australia. ... Cape Barren Island is located off the north east coast of Tasmania, Australia, and is one of the islands of the Furneaux Group in Bass Strait. ... Clark Island is an island in Sydney Harbour, Australia. ...

The Kent Group of Islands ( [1]) lies in Bass Strait, Australia, north-west of the Furneaux Group. ... The Kent Group of Islands ( [1]) lies in Bass Strait, Australia, north-west of the Furneaux Group. ...

Natural resources

See also: Energy in Victoria

A number of oil and gas fields exist in Bass Strait. The eastern field, known as the Gippsland Basin, was discovered in the 1960s and is located about 50 km off the coast of Gippsland. The oil and gas is sent via a pipeline to gas processing facilities and oil refineries at Longford, Western Port, Altona and Geelong, as well as by tanker to New South Wales. The western field, known as the Otway Basin, was discovered in the 1990s offshore near Port Campbell. Its exploitation began in 2005. The State of Victoria, Australia uses many forms of energy for domestic, commercial, and industrial uses. ... John Longstaffs Gippsland, Sunday night, February 20th, 1898, depicting the Red Tuesday bushfires that ravaged Gippsland For the electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives, see Division of Gippsland. ... Longford is a town in Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. ... Western Port looking west from French Island to the Mornington Peninsula Western Port (also known as Western Port Bay) is an inlet on the southern coast of Australia from Bass Strait and the Pacific Ocean, adjacent and to the east of Port Phillip on which is sited Melbourne, the capital... Altona is a south-western suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... Moorabool St, Geelongs main street, during Christmas. ... Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Motto(s): Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004... Port Campbell (38°37′S 142°59′E) is a coastal town in Victoria, Australia, located on the Great Ocean Road, west of the Twelve Apostles, in the Corangamite Shire. ...


Infrastructure

Major infrastructure connections between Tasmania and Victoria

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Transport

The fastest and cheapest method of travel across Bass Strait is by air. The main carriers are Qantas, JetStar, and Virgin Blue. Major airports include the Hobart International Airport and Launceston Airport; the smaller airports are serviced by Regional Express who generally fly only to Melbourne and the Bass Strait islands. An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (pronounced ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... Jetstar Airways is a low-cost airline based in Melbourne, Australia. ... Virgin Blue is an Australian low-cost airline and Australias second-biggest airline. ... Hobart International Airport (IATA: HBA, ICAO: YMHB) is the primary passenger and freight airport of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. ... Launceston Airport (IATA: LST, ICAO: YMLT) is the airport of Launceston, Tasmania. ... Rex, Regional Express Airlines, is a regional airline serving Southeast states of Australia. ...


The domestic sea route is being serviced by two Spirit of Tasmania passenger/vehicle ferries, all based in Devonport, Tasmania. They travel to Station Pier in Melbourne. For the three letter acronym, see SEA. For the ancient Jewish unit of volume, see Seah (unit). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Spirit of Tasmania (first ship). ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Devonport City Council shown in green in map of Tasmania Devonport is a city in the north-west of Tasmania, Australia, at the mouth of the Mersey River. ... Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114... Bass Strait Ferry Spirit of Tasmania I at Station Pier Station Pier is an historic pier on Port Phillip Bay, in Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ...


Australian Olympic Bronze Medallist Michael Blackburn sailed a Laser Sailboat all the way across the Bass Strait. This crossing is also done semi regularly by experienced sea kayakers, usually by island hopping on the Eastern side. Michael Blackburn is an Australian Olympic Medallist and sailor. ... Olympic Class sailor hiking out The Laser Standard Laser Standard - Side view Righting a capsized boat This article focuses on the Laser Standard dinghy. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


See Transportation in Tasmania for more details. Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114...


Energy

See also: Basslink

The Basslink HVDC electrical cable has been in service since 2006. It has the capacity to carry up to 630 Megawatts of electrical power across the strait and is the longest submarine power cable in the world. The Basslink is a HVDC link between the static inverter plant Loy Yang on the Australian mainland and the static inverter plant George Town in Northern Tasmania. ... The Basslink is a HVDC link between the static inverter plant Loy Yang on the Australian mainland and the static inverter plant George Town in Northern Tasmania. ... HVDC or high-voltage, direct current electric power transmission systems contrast with the more common alternating-current systems as a means for the bulk transmission of electrical power. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The megawatt (symbol: MW) is a unit for measuring power corresponding to one million (106) watts. ... Submarine power cables are cables for electrical power running through the sea, below the surface. ...


Alinta owns a submarine gas pipeline, delivering natural gas to large industrial customers near George Town, as well as the Powerco gas network in Tasmania. Alinta (ASX: ALN) is Western Australias major gas supplier. ... An elevated section of the Alaska Pipeline. ... George Town () is one of the larger towns in north-east Tasmania, on the eastern bank of the mouth of the Tamar River. ... Powerco is a gas and electricity company based in New Zealand, with operations in New Zealand and Tasmania, Australia. ...


Communications

The first submarine communications cable across Bass Strait was laid in 1859. Starting at Cape Otway, Victoria, it went via King Island and Three Hummock Island, made contact with the Tasmanian mainland at Stanley Head, and then continued on to George Town. However it started failing within a few weeks of completion, and by 1861 it failed completely. The multitude of layers in a submarine communications cable is revealed by its Cross section. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Cape Otway is a cape in south Victoria, Australia on the Great Ocean Road; much of the area is enclosed in the Otway National Park. ... Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place to Be Motto(s): Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Constitutional monarchy Governor David de Kretser Premier Steve Bracks (resigning effective 30th July 2007) (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 37  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05... Municipality of King Island, Tasmania King Island from space, April 1993 King Island is one of the islands that makes up the state of Tasmania, Australia. ... Location in the Bass Strait between Victoria and Tasmania. ... Stanley is a town on on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. ... George Town () is one of the larger towns in north-east Tasmania, on the eastern bank of the mouth of the Tamar River. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by...


Tasmania is currently connected to the mainland via two Telstra-operated fibre optic cables; since 2006, dark fibre capacity has also been available on the Basslink HVDC cable. Telstra Corporation (ASX: TLS, NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dark fiber or unlit fiber (or fiber) is the name given to fiber optic cables which have yet to be used. ...


Other submarine cables include:

Date Northern end Southern end Companies
(Manufacturer / Operator)
Details
1859-1861 Cape Otway Stanley Head Henley's Telegraph Works
Tas & Vic Govts
System 140 nm
1869-?  ?  ? Henley's Telegraph Works
Australian Govt
System 176 nm
1885-?  ?  ? Telcon
Australian Government
1909-1943  ?  ? Siemens Bros
Australian Government
System 285 nm.
Was reused at Torres Strait
1935-?  ?  ? Siemens Bros
Australian Government
First telephone cable
1995- Sandy Point Boat Harbour ASN
Telstra
First fibre optic cable
2003- Inverloch Stanley ASN Calais
Telstra
2005- Loy Yang Bell Bay Basslink First electrical distribution cable

Cape Otway is a cape in south Victoria, Australia on the Great Ocean Road; much of the area is enclosed in the Otway National Park. ... Stanley is a town on on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. ... Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, FWB: SIE, NYSE: SI) is one of the worlds largest companies and Europes largest engineering firm. ... The Torres Strait - Cape York Peninsula is at the top; several of the Torres Strait Islands can be seen strung out towards Papua New Guinea (North is downwards in this image) The Torres Strait is a body of water which lies between Australia and the Melanesian island of New Guinea. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Boat Harbour is both a geographical location and a population region (Australian Postcode 7321) on the north west coast of Tasmania, west of Tasmania. ... Telstra Corporation (ASX: TLS, NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Inverloch is a seaside village in Victoria, Australia. ... Stanley is a town on on the north-west coast of Tasmania, Australia. ... Telstra Corporation (ASX: TLS, NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite... The Basslink is a HVDC link between the static inverter plant Loy Yang on the Australian mainland and the static inverter plant George Town in Northern Tasmania. ...

Popular Culture

On the popular Australian soap Neighbours, one of it's most dramatic storylines unfolded when a 1940s themed joy flight to Tasmania was sabotaged by a bomb. The plane crashed into the water in the middle of the night and many characters lives were put at risk, with some drowing. See Neighbours Plane Crash. This article is about an Australian soap opera. ... The Neighbours plane crash was a major storyline in the successful Australian soap opera Neighbours as a way of marking its 20th Anniversary in 2005. ...


References

  • Tasmanian Department of State Development - Redi Map
  • "Telstra plans second Bass Strait optical fibre cable", Sydney Morning Herald, 2 August 2002. 
  • The Basslink Project.
  • History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications.
  • Broxam and Nash, Tasmanian Shipwrecks, Volumes I and II, Navarine Publishing, Canberra, 1998 & 2000.

Coordinates: 39°56′09″S, 146°04′52″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
George Bass (425 words)
Bass was born in England and arrived in Sydney in 1795.
Bass who was 24 was a surgeon and Flinders who was only 21 was a sailor.
Bass suspected that there must be a strait of water separating the mainland from Tasmania (then called Van Diemen's land).
Bass Strait - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Bass Strait (151 words)
The strait is 322 km/200 mi long, with an average width of 255 km/158 mi.
The strait is named after the British explorer George Bass, who visited it in 1798.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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