Bass (IPA: [beɪs], rhyming with "face"), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. Played in an ensemble/orchestra, such notes are frequently used to provide a counterpoint or counter-melody, in an harmonic context either to outline or juxtapose the progression of the chords, or with percussion to underline the rhythm. In popular music the bass part most often provides harmonic and rhythmic support, usually playing the root or fifth of the chord and stressing the onbeats. The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... The word tone is used in several different fields with different meanings. ... Sine waves of various frequencies; the lower waves have higher frequencies than those above. ... In music, the range of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play. ... The word ensemble can refer to a musical ensemble an ensemble cast (drama) a statistical ensemble in mathematical physics, for example a thermodynamic ensemble a quantum ensemble a fluid mechanical ensemble a Climate Ensemble ensemble forecasting (meteorology) ensemble averaging a distribution ensemble (maths) a neural ensemble a DAB ensemble Ensemble... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Counterpoint is a musical technique involving the simultaneous sounding of separate musical lines. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity and chords, actual or implied, in music. ... Fingering for a C-major trichord on a guitar in standard tuning (assuming all six strings are played). ... Percussion instruments are music instruments played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped, hence the percussive name. ... // Rhythm (Greek ÏÏ Î¸Î¼ÏÏ = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ...
As a noun, a bass is a musical instrument or singer with a low range. See: basso and bass (instrument). A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... LeAnn Rimes singing in concert A singer is a type of musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... There are a range of musical instruments that can be collectively be regarded as bass instruments. ...
Category: Musical terminology Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervals, chords, and nonchord tones, in relation to a bass note. ... In popular music a bassline, also bass line, is an instrumental part, or line, which is in the bass or lowest range and thus lower than the other parts and part of the rhythm section. ... Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervallic content (the intervals which make up a sonority), later chords, in relation to a bass note. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... In music, a ground bass is a bass part or bassline that repeats continually, as an ostinato, while the melody and possibly harmony over it change. ...
With the first letter capitalized and always with two decimal places in the number, a term often used by Joe Monzo to delineate 1200 logarithmic divisions of the octave, thus exactly analogus to Ellis's measurement of cents.
With all letters in lower-case and no decimal places in the number, the term simply refers to a logarithmic division of 1/12 of an "octave", or one degree or "half-step" in the familiar 12edo scale.
The term "semitone" is also used loosely in a general sense to indicate any interval of approximately 100 cents -- or even more generally, approximately half of a whole-tone -- including the limma, apotome, and many others.
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