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Encyclopedia > Basque Pelota
A game of pelote as played in Ustaritz
A game of pelote as played in Ustaritz

Pilota in Basque and Catalan, pelota in Spanish, or pelote in French (from Latin pila) is a name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one's hand, a racket, a wooden bat (pala), or a basket propulsor, against a wall (frontón in Spanish, frontoi in Basque, frontó in Catalan) or, more traditionally, with two teams face to face separated by a line on the ground or a net. Their roots can be traced to the Greek and other ancient cultures, but in Europe they all derive from real tennis (see Jeu de Paume). Today, Basque Pelota is widely played in several countries: in Spain and France, specially in the Basque Country and its neighbour areas. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 3. ... Uztaritze is a small village in the province of Labourd, in the South part of France. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Balls are objects typically used in games. ... Racket may mean: Racket (crime), a systematised element of organized crime Racket (or Racquet), a sporting implement Racquets (sport), a ball game Racket (movie) (1997) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Categories: Stub | Marine propulsion ... A brick wall A wall is a usually solid structure that defines and sometimes protects an area. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... Jeu de paume in the 17th century. ... Jeu de paume was originally a French precursor of tennis played without racquets. ... The Ikurriña, Basque flag Location of Territory of the Basque Country The Basque Country divided in seven provinces. ...


In Valencia, Valencian pilota is considered the national sport; it is also played in rural areas of Ireland (Gaelic handball), Belgium, North of Italy, Mexico, Argentina and in some States of the U.S. as Florida. Capital Valencia Official language(s) Valencian and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 8th  23,255 km²  4. ... Pilota Valenciana or Valencian pilota (pilota means ball in Valencian) is a traditional handball sport played in the Valencian Community. ... :For more information on this topic see Senior Hardball Singles or Senior Softball Singles. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ...


Since its creation, The International federation of Basque Pelota has standardised the different varieties of the game into two or three simpler modalities, with fixed ball weights, rules and court sizes. There are, however, criticisms on this, since some might argue that the original traits of each particular modality would be lost.

Contents

Basque pilota

Frontoi in Ainhoa (Labourd)
Frontoi in Ainhoa (Labourd)

The antiquity of Basque ball-game is uncertain but it seems consolidated in the 19th century. The first official competitions were organized in the 1920s. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Ainhoa (Basque: Ainhoa) is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, in the Aquitaine région, in southwestern France with a population (1999) of 599. ... Coat of Arms of Labourd Labourd (Lapurdi in Basque; from Latin Lapurdum, Labord in Gascon) is a former French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...


The History of the World Championships

Since 1952, The International Federation of Basque Pelota has organised the World Championships of Basque Pelota.

  • 1952 - San Sebastian: France 8 gold medals, Spain 5, Argentina 3 and Mexico 1
  • 1955 - Montevideo: Spain 5 gold medals, Argentina 3, Mexico 2, France 1 and Uruguay 1
  • 1958 - Biarritz: Spain 5 gold medals, France 3, Argentina 3 and Mexico 3
  • 1962 - Pamplona: Argentina 4 gold medals, Spain 3, France 3 and Mexico 2
  • 1966 - Montevideo: France 4 gold medals, Argentina 3, Spain 3, Mexico 2 and Uruguay 1
  • 1970 - San Sebastian: Spain 4 gold medals, France 3, Argentina 2, Mexico 2 and Uruguay 1
  • 1974 - Montevideo: Argentina 5 gold medals, France 4, Spain 2 and Mexico 1
  • 1978 - Biarritz: Spain 4 gold medals, Argentina 3, France 2, Mexico 2 and Uruguay 1
  • 1982 - Mexico City: France 6 gold medals, Argentina 4, Spain 1 and Mexico 1
  • 1986 - Vitoria: France 5 gold medals, Spain 3, Mexico 2 and Argentina 2
  • 1990 - Cuba: Spain 6 gold medals, Mexico 3, France 2, Argentina 2
  • 1994 - Saint-Jean-de-Luz: France 5 gold medals, Spain 4, Mexico 3 and Argentina 2
  • 1998 - Mexico City: Spain 5 gold medals, Mexico 3, Argentina 3, France 2 and Cuba 1
  • 2002 - Pamplona: Spain 4 gold medals, France 4, Mexico 3, Argentina 2 and Cuba 1

1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Geography > Europe > Spain > Basque Country > Guipúzcoa San Sebastián with sailboats Statue of Jesus on Urgull Mountain San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque) is the capital city of the province of Guipúzcoa, in the Spanish autonomous community of Basque Country. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biarritz (French: Biarritz, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan: Biàrritz; Basque: Miarritze) is a town and commune which lies on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast, in southwestern France. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Geography > Europe > Spain > Basque Country > Guipúzcoa San Sebastián with sailboats Statue of Jesus on Urgull Mountain San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque) is the capital city of the province of Guipúzcoa, in the Spanish autonomous community of Basque Country. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Biarritz (French: Biarritz, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan: Biàrritz; Basque: Miarritze) is a town and commune which lies on the Bay of Biscay, on the Atlantic coast, in southwestern France. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Vitoria (population: 224,965 (2004 est), is the capital city of the province of Álava and of the Comunidad Vasca Spanish autonomous region, though it is the second city of the region by population. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Saint-Jean-de-Luz (Basque Donibane Lohitzun) is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département in France. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ...

International projection

Basque pelota has been an official Olympic sport once, in the 1900 Paris Games, and a demonstration sport in 1924 (men), 1968 (men) and 1992 (men and women). See also Basque pelota at the 1900 Summer Olympics. A large number of sports have been conducted at the Olympic Games. ... The 1900 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the II Olympiad, were held in 1900 in Paris, France. ... A demonstration sport is a sport which is played in order to promote itself, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. ... The Games of the VIII Olympiad were held in 1924 in Paris, France. ... The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were held in Mexico City in 1968. ... The 92 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... At the 1900 Summer Olympics, a pelota tournament was contested. ...


Although this sport is mostly played in Spain and France, there are also federations of Basque ball in Argentina, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Philippines, Guatemala, Italy, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, United States, Venezuela, Netherlands, India and Greece. Due to the origin of the game, there are many good players who are Basques, either natives or from the Basque diaspora.[1] This article is about the Basque people. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Basque people. ...


Professional games

Professional games are open to betting on the results, as usual in most traditional Basque competitions. In the USA and Macao it is mainly this aspect of the competition that has given it some popularity. Besides the federations, there are professional competitions such as the League of Companies of Basque Pelota. The International Jai-Alai Players Association is a union defending the players of Jai Alai. Sports betting is the general activity of predicting sports results by making a wager on the outcome of a sporting event. ... Now defunct Milford Jai-Alai Fronton in Milford, Connecticut. ...


In 1994, the production company Asegarce started painting the courts green so that the ball would be more visible on TV[2]


Rules

Playing area

Playing paleta at the trinquet of Elizondo (Navarre)
Playing paleta at the trinquet of Elizondo (Navarre)

Basque pelota is played in a two walled court (Basque: frontoi or pilotaleku, French: fronton, Spanish: frontón). As seen in the picture, there are also courts with one wall (although they are not recognized by the International Federation of basque Pelota). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x534, 41 KB) Frontón de pelota vasca (juego típico de España) originally uploaded to spanish wikipedia by Usuario:JMSE el 8 de julio de 2003 Trinquete (tipo de frontón para pelota vasca) en Elizondo en la provincia... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x534, 41 KB) Frontón de pelota vasca (juego típico de España) originally uploaded to spanish wikipedia by Usuario:JMSE el 8 de julio de 2003 Trinquete (tipo de frontón para pelota vasca) en Elizondo en la provincia... Baztan is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain. ... Capital Pamplona Official language(s) Spanish and Basque Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 11th  10,391 km²  2. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


These courts are often built in villages using a wall of a church or town-hall as frontal one, to which it has been attached another longer wall, with marks for the distance to the frontal one. The lateral wall is always at the left of the frontal one, while the right side is open and the playing area is simply delimited there by a line on the floor. The popularity of the game led to many Basque churches to put signs forbidding pelota games on their porches.


The back side of the court has typically a wall in closed courts (including professional ones) but it is often open in common rural open-air courts (and, in this case, also delimited by a line on the floor).


There are four standard types of courts:

  • Very Short court (30 m long): used professionally only for frontenis and paleta-rubber variants.
  • Short court (36 m long): used professionally for handball, paleta-leather and short bat variants.
  • Long court (54 m long): used professionally for long bat, remonte and basket variants.
  • Trinquet (28.5 m long): it has a somewhat different shape than the others: with an inclined roof all along the left wall. It allows the variants of handball, paleta-rubber, paleta-leather and xare. It is used almost exclusively in the Northern Basque Country, but also in some places of Castile.

Basque Country flag Basque Country Northern Basque Country, French Basque Country or Continental Basque Country (French: Pays Basque, Basque: Iparralde) constitutes the Western part of the French department of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ...

Modalities

  • Handball (Basque: esku-pilota, Spanish: pelota a mano): played barehanded (or with minimal protections) and with a traditional ball made of wool around a hard core and covered with leather. The standard ball should weigh 92-95 grams. It is played in the short court either individually (one vs. one) or by couples (two vs. two). Traditionally and professionally it is reserved for men. Players can be distinguished by the swelling of their hitting hand.
Paleta.
  • Paleta-rubber: played with a short and wide wooden bat, called paleta in both Spanish and Basque, and a rubber ball. Can be played by both men and women.
  • Paleta-leather: played with a bat similar to the previous one but with a traditional leather ball. In principle, reserved for men.
  • Short bat: played with somewhat shorter but thicker and much less wide bat (pala in both Basque and Spanish). Uses a rubber ball. In principle, reserved for men.
  • Long bat: played with a longer bat (pala), again thick and not much wide. Uses also a rubber ball but it is played in the long court. In principle, reserved for men.
Long xistera.
Long xistera.
  • Basket: this is the version known in the USA and Macao as Jai Alai. In Basque it's called saski-pilota (literally: basket-ball) and cesta-punta (literally: basket-edge) in Spanish. It uses a special glove that extends into a long pointed curved basket (hence the name), no more than 60cm long in straight line nor 110cm by curved line. The basket (xistera in Basque) was introduced by Gantchiqui Dithurbide from Saint-Pée, France in 1860,[3] and its long version by Melchior Curuchage, from Buenos Aires in 1888.[3] Rubber ball. The players use it to catch the ball and propel it back against the main court. The Basque Government promotes it as "the fastest game on Earth", the record being 302 km/h (José Ramón Areitio at the Newport Jai Alai, Rhode Island, USA on 3 August 1979[3]). Again, only for men.
Short xistera.
Short xistera.
  • Remonte: a variant of the above. The basket-glove is shorter and it is allowed to retain the ball momentaneously. Men only.
Xare
Xare
  • Xare: uses a primitive soft racket. Sare or xare means web in Basque. It is played only in the trinquet court. Men only.
  • Frontenis: a modern Mexican fusion between tennis and Basque ball. It uses tennis rackets in a short court, although the ball has a different surface to the tennis one. Men and women.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Now defunct Milford Jai-Alai Fronton in Milford, Connecticut. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 3008 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 3008 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Frontenis is a variation on the game of Jai Alai and found primarily in Mexico. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ...

Renowned players

Active

Retired

  • Julián Retegi

Julián Retegui Barbería, also know as Retegi II (born in Eratsun, Navarre, Spain on October 10, 1954) is an ex-player of Basque pelota. ...

Trivia

  • The game skills have also been used occasionally in combat.[2]
  • The Russel Rouse's film Thunder in the Sun, famous for its anachronisms and anthropologic mistakes, shows Basque pioneers in the New World casting stones with their xisteras against Far West Indians.

Thunder in the Sun is a 1959 western film made by Carrollton Inc and Seven Arts Productions and distributed by Paramount Pictures. ...

See also

Other modalities Frontenis is a variation on the game of Jai Alai and found primarily in Mexico. ... Trinquete in Elizondo, Navarre A trinquete (also trinquet) is a special court for various indoor versions of pelota. ... Xare is racquet sport, a form of Basque pelota. ...

:For more information on this topic see Senior Hardball Singles or Senior Softball Singles. ... Pilota Valenciana or Valencian pilota (pilota means ball in Valencian) is a traditional handball sport played in the Valencian Community. ... Frontó is a modified Valencian pilota version of the original Basque Pelota game. ...

References

  1. ^ Pelota vasca (campeonatos) at Auñamendi Encyclopedia
  2. ^ a b Asegarce, section 21 May 1994.
  3. ^ a b c Libro de los récords Guinness, page 320, 1986 Spanish edition, Ediciones Maeva, ISBN 84-86478-00-6

Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Basque pilota
  • International Federation of Basque Pelota
  • http://www.manista.com/
  • "The History of Basque Pelota in the Americas" by Carmelo Urza
  • Pelota vasca in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia, with sections on the game and history.
  • 1959's film Thunder in the Sun in IMDb

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pelota - Definition, explanation (831 words)
Today, pelota is widely played in several countries: in the Basque Country and their neighbours; in Valencia where it is considered the national sport; and in rural areas of Ireland, Belgium, North of Italy, Mexico, Argentina and other American countries.
There are modalities played with the bare hand (pelota a mano in Spanish or eskupilota in Basque) or with a wooden bat (pala), or a basket propulsor (cesta, saskipilota), the latter being very famous in Florida as the jai alai modality, and also played in Macao.
Basque pelota has been an exhibition olympic sport in Mexico '68 and Barcelona '92 and could become a competition sport in Madrid 2012 unless we are told otherwise.
Print The Ancient Culture of Basque Language and Sport (821 words)
Basque Pelota is as unique a game as you’ll ever find which is played in many diverse ways depending on the region.
Basque has no official standing in the Northern Basque Country of France and French citizens are barred from officially using Basque in a French court of law.
Paradoxically, the use of Basque by Spanish nationals in French courts is allowed (with a Basque Translator), as Basque is officially recognized on the other side of the frontier in Spain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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