In botanical nomenclature, the basionym of a name is its name- or epithet-bringing synonym. In short, the synonym it is based on. Botanical nomenclature Plants are given formal names, governed by the ICBN. Within the limits set by the ICBN there is a separate set of rules, the ICNCP, for those plants in cultivation that require separate recognition, so-called cultivars. ... Look up Synonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...
For instance, the Norway Spruce is now known as Picea abies (L.) H.Karst. It was transferred to the genus Picea by the botanist Karsten, who was hardly the first to deal with the species. He based his new combination on the earlier name that was published by Linnaeus as Pinus abies L. Binomial name Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten (1817 â 1908) was a German botanist and geologist. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as , (May 23, 1707 â January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...
Therefore, Pinus abies L. is the basionym of Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.
A basionym is not necessarily the earliest name published for the taxon. A basionym cannot exist by itself: it is necessarily "the basionym of ..." . A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a grouping of organisms (named or unnamed). ...
For the purpose of this Code, a page reference (for publications with a consecutive pagination) is a reference to the page or pages on which the basionym was validly published or on which the protologue is printed, but not to the pagination of the whole publication unless it is coextensive with that of the protologue.
As this refers to the pagination of Boeswinkel's entire paper, not of the protologue of the intended basionym alone, the combination was not validly published by Peerally.
This, however, is not the place of valid publication of the intended basionym, which had previously been published, with the same type, by Baker (1891; see Art.
If the species is transferred to a different genus, the specific epithet will be retained and the name of the basionym author will be placed in parentheses before the author of the new combination, hence the alternate name of parenthetical author for the basionym author of a new combination.
Note that the "in Franklin" portion of the basionym author is not transferred to the new combination.
The basionym (Spergula stricta Sw.) and all other combinations, based on the type of the basionym, are considered to be nomenclatureal synonyms of Minuartia stricta, including Alsinella stricta (Sw.) Sw., Alsinanthe stricta (Sw.) Rchb., and Alsine stricta (Sw.) Wahlenb.
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