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Encyclopedia > Basilicata

Coordinates: 40°35′27″N, 16°5′36″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Regione Basilicata
Map highlighting the location of Basilicata in Italy
Capital Potenza
President Vito De Filippo
(DL-Union)
Provinces Matera
Potenza
Comuni 131
Area 100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 km²
 - Ranked 14th (3.3 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Credit: Ahoerstemeier (outline), Sascha Noyes (other stuff), 2004 Info: Map of the regions of Italy with the individual region highlighted. ... Potenza (IPA: /poteηtsa/) is a town and comune in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata (former Lucania). ... Daisy-Democracy is Freedom (full name in Italian: Democrazia è Libertà – La Margherita: Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy) is a centrist political Party in Italy. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Matera (It. ... The Province of Potenza (Italian: Provincia di Potenza) is a province in the Basilicata region of Italy. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


611,000
18th (1.0 %)
59/km²

Basilicata is a region in the south of Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Puglia (Apulia) to the east, Calabria to the south, it has one short coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea and another of the Gulf of Taranto in the Ionian Sea to the south-east. The region covers 9,992 km² and in 2001 had a population of about 600,000 inhabitants. The regional capital is Potenza. The region is divided into two provinces: Potenza and Matera. For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... Cliffside dwellings in Tropea. ... Tyrrhenian Sea. ... The Gulf of Taranto (Italian: Golfo di Taranto, Latin: Sinus Tarentinus) is a gulf of the Ionian sea, in southern Italy. ... The Ionian Sea. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Potenza (IPA: /poteηtsa/) is a town and comune in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata (former Lucania). ... The Province of Potenza (Italian: Provincia di Potenza) is a province in the Basilicata region of Italy. ... Matera (It. ...

Contents

Geography

The region is as a whole mountainous, the highest point of the southern Apennines being Monte Pollino (7325 ft). Monte Vulture, in the northwest corner (Vulture area), is an extinct volcano (4365 ft). The mountainous terrain made communications difficult until modern times, and Basilicata was one of the least developed provinces of Italy. Large-scale emigration meant that Basilicata's population grew by only 12% during the twentieth century, the slowest rate in Italy. Basilicata also used to be one of the poorest regions in Italy, but has become significantly richer over the past couple of years because of the discovery of oil. This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... Mount Vulture is the most significant viticultural zone in Basilicata, with the DOC of Aglianico del Vulture. ... Map of the Vulture area in Basilicata (Italy) The Vulture area lies in the Province of Potenza in the region of Basilicata (Italy) comprising the communities of Atella, Barile, Ginestra, Melfi, Rapolla, Ripacandida, Rionero in Vulture, Maschito, Venosa, Ruvo del Monte, Rapolla, and San Fele. ... Natural olive oil Synthetic motor oil An oil is any substance that is in a viscous liquid state (oily) at ambient temperatures or slightly warmer, and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally water fearing) and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally fat loving). This general definition includes compound classes...


Basilicata is divided into two provinces:


Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1056 × 816 pixel, file size: 22 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the provinces of the Basilicata region of Italy. ...

Matera (It. ... The Province of Potenza (Italian: Provincia di Potenza) is a province in the Basilicata region of Italy. ...

History

In Roman times the district was called Lucania and was administered together with the district of Bruttium (inhabited by the Bruttii), to the south. The district of Lucania was so called from the people bearing the name Lucani (Lucanians), who invaded the country about the middle of the 5th century BC, driving the indigenous tribes, known to the Greeks as Oenotrians, Chones, and Leuterni (or Leutarni), into the mountainous interior. The coasts on both sides were occupied by powerful Greek colonies, part of Magna Graecia. For the mountain in Canada named after Lucania, see Mount Lucania. ... Calabria, formerly Brutium, is a region in southern Italy which occupies the toe of the Italian peninsula south of Naples. ... Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about: Bruttii The Bruttii were an ancient people of southern Italy, occupying the interior of Bruttium (modern Calabria). ... The Lucani (Lucanians) were an ancient people of Italy who spoke an Oscan language, a member of the Italic languages. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 5th century BC started on January 1, 500 BC and ended on December 31, 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... Ancient Italic people settled in a territory of remarkably big dimensions including todays southern Italian region of Basilicata and the northern part of Calabria. ... Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city, not from a territory-at-large. ... Magna Graecia around 280 b. ...


The Lucanians were engaged in hostilities with the Greek colony of Taras/Tarentum, and with Alexander, king of Epirus, who was called in by the Tarentine people to their assistance, in 326 BC, thus providing a precedent for Epirote interference in the affairs of Magna Graecia. Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... Alexander I of Epirus (362 BC ca. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC - 320s BC - 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 331 BC 330 BC 329 BC 328 BC 327 BC - 326 BC - 325 BC 324 BC 323...


In 298, Livy records, they made alliance with Rome, and Roman influence was extended by the colonies of Venusia (291), Paestum (Greek Posidonia, refounded in 273), and above all Roman Tarentum (refounded in 272). Subsequently, however, the Lucanians suffered by choosing the losing side in the various wars on the peninsula in which Rome took part. They were sometimes in alliance with Rome, but more frequently engaged in hostilities, during the Samnite wars. When Pyrrhus of Epirus landed in Italy, 281 they were among the first to declare in his favor, and after his abrupt departure they were reduced to subjection, in a ten year campaign (272). Enmity continued to run deep; they espoused the cause of Hannibal during the Second Punic War (216), and Lucania was ravaged by both armies during several campaigns. The country never recovered from these disasters, and under the Roman government fell into decay, to which the Social War, in which the Lucanians took part with the Samnites against Rome (90 - 88 BC), gave the finishing stroke. In the time of Strabo the Greek cities on the coast had fallen into insignificance, and owing to the decrease of population and cultivation malaria began to obtain the upper hand. The few towns of the interior were of no importance. A large part of the province was given up to pasture, and the mountains were covered with forests, which abounded in wild boars, bears and wolves. Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC Years: 303 BC 302 BC 301 BC 300 BC 299 BC - 298 BC - 297 BC 296 BC... A portrait of Titus Livius made long after his death. ... Venusia (modern Venosa) was an ancient city of Basilicata, Italy, on the Via Appia, about 10 km south of the river Aufidus (Ofanto), and not far from the boundary of Lucania. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 296 BC 295 BC 294 BC 293 BC 292 BC 291 BC 290 BC 289 BC 288... Paestum overview. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC - 270s BC - 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 278 BC 277 BC 276 BC 275 BC 274 BC - 273 BC - 272 BC 271 BC 270... Pyrrhus of Epirus is killed in a street fight in Argos. ... Combatants Roman Republic Samnium The Samnite Wars were three wars between the early Roman Republic and the tribes of Samnium. ... Pyrrhus of Epirus Pyrrhus (318-272 BC) (Greek: Πύρρος), king of the Molossians (from ca. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC - 280s BC - 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 286 BC 285 BC 284 BC 283 BC 282 BC 281 BC 280 BC 279 BC 278... Pyrrhus of Epirus is killed in a street fight in Argos. ... Combatants Image:SPQR-Stone. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 221 BC 220 BC 219 BC 218 BC 217 BC - 216 BC - 215 BC 214 BC... Template:Campaignbox Social War This article is about the conflict between Rome and her allies between 91 and 88 BC The Social War (also called the Italian War or the Marsic War, Social come from Socii meaning ¨Allies¨) was a war from 91 – 88 BC between the Roman Republic and... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC Years: 95 BC 94 BC 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC - 90 BC - 89 BC 88 BC 87... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 93 BC 92 BC 91 BC 90 BC 89 BC - 88 BC - 87 BC 86 BC 85...


See also

For the mountain in Canada named after Lucania, see Mount Lucania. ... The Lucani (Lucanians) were an ancient people of Italy who spoke an Oscan language, a member of the Italic languages. ...

Image gallery

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Craco is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ferrandina is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixels Full resolution (845 × 634 pixel, file size: 588 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Basilicata ... Maratea is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 556 pixels Full resolution (3008 × 2092 pixel, file size: 1. ... A street corner in the ancient Sassi di Matera as it looks today. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 707 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Michele Perillo (myself) the 24 april 2006. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Location Map Metaponto is a small town of about a 1000 people in the province of Matera, Basilicata, Italy. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 495 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rivello (Potenza) Italy. ... Rivello is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 796 × 599 pixels Full resolution (2816 × 2120 pixel, file size: 2. ... Tricarico, known as città arabo-normanna (arabic-norman town) is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Lucania (or Basilicata). ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Basilicata. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (303 words)
It forms the instep of the Italian “boot.” Potenza is the capital of Basilicata, which is divided into Potenza and Matera provs.
Basilicata corresponds to most of ancient Lucania and to part of ancient Samnium.
Malaria, still a scourge on the coasts, caused the flourishing coastal towns to be abandoned in the early Middle Ages.
Encyclopedia: Basilicata (615 words)
Campania is a region of Southern Italy, bordering on Lazio to the north-west, Molise to the north, Puglia to the north-east, Basilicata to the east, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west.
Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east.
Map of the Vulture area in Basilicata (Italy) The Vulture area lies in the Province of Potenza in the region of Basilicata (Italy) comprising the communities of Atella, Barile, Ginestra, Melfi, Rapolla, Ripacandida, Rionero in Vulture, Maschito, Venosa, Ruvo del Monte, Rapolla, and San Fele.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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