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Encyclopedia > Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar
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Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica
The basilica at night
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The basilica at night

The Basilica-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar or Nuestra Señora del Pilar is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon, of great importance in Spain. The Pilar Basilica is one of two minor basilicas in the city of Zaragoza, and is co-cathedral of the city alongside the nearby Seo de San Salvador. The architecture is of baroque style, and the present building was predominantly built between 1681 and 1872. ImageMetadata File history File links El_Pilar_de_Zaragoza_Noche_2005-03-25. ... ImageMetadata File history File links El_Pilar_de_Zaragoza_Noche_2005-03-25. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Zaragozas location in Spain Zaragoza (frequently Saragossa in English; Latin Caesaraugusta) is the capital city of the autonomous region and former kingdom of Aragón in Spain, and is located on the river Ebro, and its tributaries the Huerva and Gállego, near the centre of the region, in... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... The Basilica of St. ... The Seo de San Salvador is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Zaragoza, Spain. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In arts, the Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the style that dominated it. ...


The church is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, under her title Our Lady of the Pillar. According to ancient local tradition, on January 2 of the year 40 A.D., the Mother of God appeared in the flesh to the apostle St. James the Greater alongside the Ebro River, while St. James was preaching the Gospel in Spain. She appeared upon a pillar, and the pillar is conserved and venerated within the present basilica. Blessed Virgin Mary A traditional Catholic picture sometimes displayed in homes. ... Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Spanish for Our Lady of the Pillar) is an apparition of Mary, mother of Jesus, whose shrine (Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica) is in Zaragoza, Spain, by the river Ebro. ... Russian Orthodox Icon of the Theotokos Theotokos is a Greek word that means God-bearer or Mother of God. It is a title assigned by the early Christian Church to Mary, the mother of Jesus, at the Third Ecumenical Council held at Ephesus in 431. ... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth... For people and places called Saint James, see the diambiguation page. ... The Ebro (Greek: Έβρος, Latin: Iberus, Spanish: Ebro, Catalan: Ebre) is one of the major rivers of Spain. ... For the genre of Christian-themed music, see gospel music. ...


The feast of Our Lady of the Pillar, celebrating the first apparition of Mary to Hispanic people, is on October 12. This coincides with the Dia de la Raza and the date of Columbus' discovery of the New World. Every Latin-American nation has donated national vestments for the fifteenth century statue of the Virgin, which is housed in the chapel. The statue is wooden and 39 cm. tall and rests on a column of jasper. Blessed Virgin Mary A traditional Catholic picture sometimes displayed in homes. ... Columbus Day is a holiday celebrated in many countries in the Americas, commemorating the date of Christopher Columbuss arrival in the New World in 1492. ... Christopher Columbus (conjectural image by Sebastiano del Piombo). ... Blessed Virgin Mary A traditional Catholic picture sometimes displayed in homes. ...


Numerous churches have been built upon this site through the years. First a small chapel was built to reserve the pillar. After the Reconquest of Zaragoza in 1118, a Romanesque style church was ordered to be built. This church was damaged by fire in 1434, and reconstruction began in the Mudejar-Gothic style. The present baroque edifice is a work of Francisco Herrera Hidestrosa, by commission of Don Juan de Austria. For other uses, see Reconquista (Disambiguation). ... Romanesque St. ... Mudejar Medieval Spanish corruption of the Arabic word Mudajjan مدجن, meaning domesticated. The term means those who accepted submission to non Muslim authorities in lands taken over by Christians in the Mediterranean. ... See also Gothic art. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens: dynamic figures spiral down around a void: draperies blow: a whirl of movement lit in a shaft of light, rendered in a free bravura handling of paint In arts, the Baroque (or baroque) is both a period and the style that dominated it. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ...


In 1725 the Cabildo of Zaragoza decided to change the aspect of the Holy Chapel and commissioned architect Ventura Rodríguez, who transformed the building into its present dimensions of 130 meters long by 67 wide, with its eleven cupolas and four towers.


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