The Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN; until 2004 Basic Income European Network) is a network of academics and activists interested in the idea of a universal guaranteed minimum income, based on citizenship and not on work requirement or charity. It serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout the world. Their website defines a basic income as "an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement." A guaranteed minimum income is a proposed system of income redistribution that would give each citizen a certain sum of money independent of whether they work or not. ...
Formed in 1986, BIEN held its first international conference in Louvain-la-Neuve in September of that year. It expanded its scope from Europe to the Earth in 2004. From 1988 they published a newsletter three times per year; however, this has now been discontinued and replaced by an electronic newsletter distributed every second month. BIEN's secretaries have been Walter Van Trier (1986-1994), Philippe Van Parijs (1994-2004), and David Casassas (2004-). Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... Philippe Van Parijs (born 1951) is a Belgian philosopher and political economist, mainly known as secretary of the Basic Income European Network. ...
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It is sometimes known as a "BasicIncome Guarantee (BIG)", "universal basicincome", "citizen's income scheme", or just a basicincome (the term "guaranteed annual income" is often used in the United States), but these systems also often include a method of paying for the income as well.
The current model of progressive income taxes used throughout the western world could be eliminated, but the system would still be progressive, since those at the lower end of the wage scale would pay less in taxes than they would receive in guaranteed income.
The basicincome guarantee in Brazil is being slowly implemented in a series of phases.
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