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Encyclopedia > Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

The Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the former Soviet Union. Currently it is known as Bashkortostan. In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... The Republic of Bashkortostan or Bashkiria (Russian: Респу́блика Башкортоста́н or Башки́рия; Bashkir: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...


The republic occupies an area of 143,600 square kilometres in the far southeastern corner of European Russia, bounded on the east by the Ural Mountains and within seventy kilometres of the Kazakstan border at its southernmost point. The region was settled by nomads of the steppe, the Turkic Bashkirs, during the thirteenth-century domination by the Golden Horde. Russians arrived in the mid-sixteenth century, founding the city of Ufa, now the republic's capital. Numerous local uprisings broke out in opposition to the settlement of larger Russian populations in the centuries that followed. The Bashkirs finally give up nomadic life in the nineteenth century, adopting the agricultural lifestyle that remains their primary means of support. The traditional clan-based social structure has largely disappeared. The predominant religions of the Bashkir population are Islam, which is observed by the majority, and Russian Orthodoxy. A major battleground of the Russian Civil War, in 1919 Bashkiria was the first ethnic region to be designated an autonomous republic of Russia under the new communist regime. The republic declared its sovereignty within the Soviet Union in 1990, and in 1992 it declared full independence. Two years later, Bashkortostan agreed to remain within the legislative framework of the Russian Federation, provided that mutual areas of competence were agreed upon. European Russia can be considered the western areas of Russia, where most of the population is centred. ... Map of Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: Уральские горы = Урал) also known simply as the Urals and as the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, is a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... The Bashkirs, a Turkic people, live in Russia, mostly in the republic of Bashkortostan. ... This article refers to the medieval Turkic state. ... Ufas coat of arms Ufa (Уфа́) (oo-FAH) (Tatar Ufa, Öfä; Bashkir Өфө Chuvash Ěпхӳ) is the capital of Bashkiria, a republic in central Russia. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922. ...


The republic has rich mineral resources, especially oil, natural gas, iron ore, manganese, copper, salt, and construction stone. The Soviet government built a variety of heavy industries on that resource base. The traditional Bashkir occupations of livestock raising and beekeeping remain important economic activities. Natural olive oil Synthetic motor oil Oil, in a general sense, is a chemical compound that is not miscible with water, and is in a liquid state at ambient temperatures. ... Many stoves use natural gas. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... It has been suggested that Honey flow be merged into this article or section. ...


Bashkortostan's population was about 4 million in 1995. In 1989 the major ethnic groups were Russians (39 %), Tatars (28 %), Bashkirs (22 %), Chuvash (3 %), and Mari (3 %).


References

Autonomous republics of the Soviet Union Flag of the Soviet Union

Bashkir ASSR - Buryat ASSR - Chechen-Ingush ASSR (1936-1944), (1957-1990) - Chuvash ASSR - Dagestan ASSR - Kabardin ASSR - Kabardino-Balkar ASSR - Kalmyk ASSR - Karelian ASSR (1923-1940), (1956-1991)
Komi ASSR - Mari ASSR - Mordovian ASSR - North Ossetian ASSR (1936-1990) - Tatar ASSR - Tuva ASSR (1961-1992) - Udmurt ASSR - Yakut ASSR
Abkhaz ASSR - Adjar ASSR - Nakhichevan ASSR - Karakalpak ASSR - Crimean ASSR (1921-1945) - Kazakh ASSR (1925-1936) - Kirghiz ASSR (1926-1936) - Turkestan ASSR (1918-1924)
Volga German ASSR (1918-1941) - Moldavian ASSR (1924-1941) The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... The Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the former Soviet Union. ... Chechen-Ingush Aautonomous Soviet Socialist Rrepublic, or Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Russian: ) was an autonomous republic within Russian SFSR. Its capital was Grozny. ... The Karelian ASSR was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union. ... Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (TASSR) was part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. ... Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Крымская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика) (October 18, 1921—June 30, 1945) was created as part of RSFSR within the Crimean Peninsula, its capital being Simferopol. ... The Kazakh ASSR was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union. ... Kirghiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Kirghiz ASSR) was the name of two different national entities within Russian SFSR, in the territories of modern Kazakhstan and Kyrghyzstan. ... Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (April 30, 1918 – October 27, 1924) was created from the Turkestan Krai of Imperial Russia. ... 1937 flag of the Volga German ASSR The Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (German: Autonome Sozialistische Sowjet-Republik der Wolga-Deutschen, Russian: Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика Немцев Поволжья) was an autonomy established in the Soviet Union, with its capital at the Volga port of Engels (until 1931 known as... Moldavian ASSR (Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Republic; Romanian: Republica Autonomă Socialistă Sovietică Moldovenească) was an autonomous region of the Ukrainian SSR between 12 October 1924 and 2 August 1940, encompassing Transnistria (now in Moldova) and parts which are now in Ukraine. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (439 words)
The Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the former Soviet Union.
The republic occupies an area of 143,600 square kilometres in the far southeastern corner of European Russia, bounded on the east by the Ural Mountains and within seventy kilometres of the Kazakstan border at its southernmost point.
The region was settled by nomads of the steppe, the Turkic Bashkirs, during the thirteenth-century domination by the Golden Horde.
Republics of the Soviet Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1117 words)
All of them were socialist republics, and all of them, with the exception of Russia had their own Communist parties.
General practice in the republics outside of Russia was that the head of state in a republic was a local official while the party general secretary was from outside the republic.
An attempt to declare the Polish Soviet Socialist Republic was made during the Soviet assault in the Polish-Soviet War of 1919–1922, by the Polish Provisional Revolutionary Committee headed by Julian Marchlewski in Bialystok.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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