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Encyclopedia > Baserunning

In baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat. A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ...


In general, baserunning is a tactical part of the game with the goal of eventually reaching home to score a run. In fact, the goal of batting is generally to produce baserunners, or help move baserunners along. Runners on second or third base are considered to be in scoring position since a normal hit, even a single, will often score them. Part of the goal of a runner and a batter is to get the runner into scoring position. Barry Bonds batting Photo:Agência Brasil In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for ones team. ...


Of course, for any baserunning to occur, a batter must initially become a baserunner. Listed in decreasing commonality, this happens when:

  • he hits a fair ball,
  • he receives a base on balls,
  • he is hit by a pitch,
  • a third strike is not caught or is dropped by the catcher, providing first base is unoccupied or there are two outs, or
  • the catcher or any fielder interferes with him.
Pick-off attempt on runner (in red) at first base
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Pick-off attempt on runner (in red) at first base

A runner who is touching a base which he is entitled to occupy may not be tagged out. Runners may attempt to advance from base to base on any fair ball that touches the ground. When a ball is hit in the air (i.e., a fly ball) and caught by the defending team, runners must return and touch the base they occupy— called tagging up—after the ball is legally caught. Once they do this, they may attempt to advance at their own risk. On a ball that touches the ground in fair territory, if there is a force, runners are required to run. In baseball, a fair ball is a batted ball that has not yet become a foul ball, and that. ... In baseball statistics, a base on balls (BB), also called a walk, is credited to a batter and against a pitcher when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls. ... In baseball, being hit by a pitch refers to the batter being hit in some part of the body by a pitch from the pitcher. ... The position of the catcher Catcher is also a general term for a fielder who catches the ball in cricket. ... Alex Rodriguez commits interference, 2004 In baseball, interference is an infraction where a person illegally changes the course of play from what is expected. ... Caption: 040229-N-8629D-070 USA Stadium, Millington, Tenn. ... Caption: 040229-N-8629D-070 USA Stadium, Millington, Tenn. ... Baseball In baseball, a catch occurs when a fielder gains secure possession of a batted ball in flight, and maintains possession until he voluntarily or negligently releases the ball. ... In baseball, a runner must tag up if a batted ball is caught in flight. ... In baseball, a force is a situation when a baserunner is compelled (or forced) to vacate his time-of-pitch base--and thus try to advance to the next base--because the batter became a runner. ...


Baserunners may attempt to advance at any time while the ball is alive, even before or while the pitcher is throwing a pitch. The catcher—or pitcher, in lieu of delivering the pitch—often tries to prevent this by throwing the ball to one of the infielders in order to tag the runner. This pick-off attempt is usually unsuccessful in tagging out the runner but is effective in keeping the runner closer to the base. If the runner is tagged out while diving back to the base, it is called a pickoff. If the runner attempts to advance to the next base but is tagged out before reaching it safely, he is caught stealing. A successful attempt by the runner is called a stolen base. If a pitch gets away from the catcher, runners may also try to advance. This may be a wild pitch, if the pitcher is held responsible for the ball getting away, or a passed ball if the catcher is deemed to be at fault. Sometimes the defending team will ignore a runner who is trying to steal a base; in this case a runner is not credited with a steal, and the base is attributed to defensive indifference. In baseball, when the ball is alive (or in play), the game can proceed. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In baseball, a pitch is the act of throwing a baseball toward home plate to start a play. ... Pickoff attempt on runner (in red) at first base A pickoff is an act by a pitcher, throwing a live ball to a fielder so that the fielder would tag out a baserunner who is either leading off or about to begin stealing the next base. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1985 In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a baserunner successfully advances to the next base while the pitcher is delivering the ball to home plate. ... In baseball, a wild pitch (WP) is charged to a pitcher when a pitch is too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field capably, thereby allowing one or more runners to advance or to score. ... In baseball, a catcher shall be charged with a passed ball when he fails to hold or to control a legally pitched ball which should have been held or controlled with ordinary effort, thereby permitting a runner or runners to advance. ...


The standard dimensions of a baseball field, with 90 feet (27.4 m) between bases, generate many close baserunning plays. On one hand, an infielder who cleanly fields a ball hit on the ground, then throws it quickly and accurately, will usually get the ball to a base before the runner reaches it. However, any hesitation or mistake on the part of the fielder may allow the runner to reach the base safely. Teams that are familiar with their opposition may attempt to run when a certain player has the ball. For example, on a deep fly ball to center field with a man on second base, if the center fielder is known to have a weak arm, the runner on second base may attempt to tag up to get to third, even though that is a risky play. The position of the center fielder A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field - the baseball fielding position between left field and right field (e. ... The position of the second baseman A second baseman often ranges onto the outfield grass to field a ground ball A second baseman is the baseball player guarding second base. ...


Baserunning and hitting are often combined to produce better results. Smart, quick base running is a key element in the squeeze play. The hit and run and similar plays involve baserunning. When the count is full and there are two outs, runners with a force behind them will always run as if they were stealing, since they cannot be caught stealing: a strike is the third out, a walk entitles him to the next base, a foul is not in play, and the runner should be running on any ball hit into play. Also, good runners will often try get extra bases when a play is being made at a different base. For example, when there is someone at second and a player hits a shallow single, if there is a play at home plate, the runner who hit the single might try to get to second (though this would be scored as a single with the batter advancing to second on the throw, rather than a double). In baseball, a squeeze play is a sacrifice bunt with a runner on third and fewer than two outs. ... A hit and run is a play in baseball where the baserunners are put in motion before the ball is hit. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Sometimes runners can be helpful even after they are out. The most common way to do this is during a potential double play. If a double play has begun, and the runner running to second knows he will be forced out, he will often try to aid the runner running to first base by performing a take-out slide, to stop the player with the ball from throwing to first. Some versions of such a slide could be considered offensive interference in amateur competition, but this maneuver is traditionally tolerated in professional baseball. After stepping on second base, the fielder throws to first to complete a double play In baseball, a double play (denoted on statistics sheets by DP) is the act of making two outs during the same continuous playing action. ... Ty Cobb sliding into first base at Comiskey Park in 1913. ... Interference of two circular waves - Wavelength (decreasing bottom to top) and Wave centers distance (increasing to the right). ...


Some tag plays are so close that the slide performed by the runner affects the outcome. The right type of slide with the right location might allow the runner to be safe, while a conventional slide might allow the defending player to lay down the tag in time. Ty Cobb sliding into first base at Comiskey Park in 1913. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Baseball Youth Baserunning Fundamentals Videos - Bob Bennett (211 words)
A detailed overview of the key skills involved in sound baserunning.
This invaluable aspect of offensive play is detailed by addressing the baserunning factors at each of the five distinct stations.
Bob Bennett is the former head baseball coach at Fresno State University in California.
Human Kinetics (981 words)
Another benefit of learning baserunning techniques and practicing them is that it teaches young players to pay attention to what is happening on the base path instead of simply going through the motions.
And coaches should not back away from aggressive baserunning during games, even if their players are sometimes thrown out; assertiveness often spreads to other parts of their game.
Baserunning drills will help youth players develop the instincts that will serve them well at their current level and beyond.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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