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Encyclopedia > Baseball scorekeeping

Baseball scorekeeping is a shorthand method to record all the details of a baseball game. A game's official scorer will use this method, as will amateur scorers. The scorecard produced by the amateur scorer has no importance in the official record keeping of baseball statistics, but is done for enjoyment. Henry Chadwick and, to a lesser extent, MJ Kelly are responsible for defining the foundations of this shorthand in the late 1800s. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... In the game of baseball, the official scorer is a person appointed by the league to record the events on the field and to send this official record of the game back to the league offices. ... Statistics are very important to baseball, perhaps more than any other sport. ... Henry Chadwick (October 5, 1824 – April 20, 1908), often called the father of baseball, was a sportswriter, baseball statistician and historian. ...


A scorekeeper can track the result of every play in a game, though most amateurs opt not to record some of the smaller details. Each run, hit, out, steal, and even pitch can be recorded. Bengie Molina of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (in gray and red) scores a run by touching home plate after rounding all the bases. ... In baseball statistics, a hit (denoted by H), sometimes called a base hit, is credited to a batter when he safely reaches first base after batting the ball into fair territory, without the benefit of an error or a fielders choice. ... In baseball, an out occurs when the defensive team effects any of a number of different events, and the umpire rules a batter or baserunner out. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... The typical motion of a pitcher In baseball, a pitch is the act of throwing a baseball toward home plate to start a play. ...


There is no definitive system for scoring a baseball game, but the foundations are fairly universal. Many fans make modifications to the systems to suit their own tastes: some scorekeepers use none of these symbols, and others use all of them.

Contents

The scorecard

One scorecard is used to record the offensive play of one team and the defensive play of the other, so at least two scorecards are needed to record one game, one for the visiting team and one for the home team. During the top of an inning, when the visiting team is at bat and the home team in the field, the offensive accomplishments of the visiting team (hits, runs, and outs) and the defensive accomplishments (outs and how they occurred) of the home team are both recorded on the visiting scorecard. In the bottom of the inning, the home offense and visiting defense is recorded on the home scorecard.


On the left side, there are columns to record player information: the names, positions, and uniform numbers of the players. In the center is the game information: a grid of cells used to mark actions during the game. At the right and bottom are areas to record game totals. There are 9 fielding positions in baseball. ...


The location of a hit is noted by a line drawn in its direction, emanating from home plate. This is especially important to a coach who wishes to track a hitter's tendencies.


Player Information

The players are listed in the batting order, with the defensive position either noted by the position number or 2-letter abbreviation (6 or SS for the shortstop and 8 or CF for the center fielder). Each player has a row that continues across the card. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The position of the shortstop Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball fielding position between second and third base. ... The position of the center fielder A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field - the baseball fielding position between left field and right field (e. ...


Game Information

In the discussion of the scorecard and scoring in general, the baseball rules will be referred to, but not necessarily explained. (Go to the baseball rules link for a detailed explanation of the rules of the game.) Baseball around the world is played under three major rules codes, which differ only slightly. ...

The diagram of the diamond printed in each cell of the scoresheet, labeled here to show which corner represents which base.
The diagram of the diamond printed in each cell of the scoresheet, labeled here to show which corner represents which base.

The game information is recorded in a grid of cells. Each row is headed a batter, and each column is headed by an inning number. In each cell is a representation of a baseball diamond, often in light grey or dotted to allow a scorekeeper to fill in the basepaths as a runner advances.[citation needed] The bottom corner of the diamond represents home plate, the right corner is first base, the top corner is second base, and the left corner is third. It is on and around this diamond that notations are made to record what happens in a game.[citation needed] Image File history File links A schematic of the diamond of a baseball scorecard File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Inning is a town in the district of Erding in Bavaria in Germany. ... A baseball field is a playing field used for baseball. ...


Game Totals

At the far right and bottom of the typical scorecard has rows and/or columns for entering game totals. Other features of a scorecard may be a list of the players on each team's roster (as seen at the right margin of the exemplar card), the logo of the home team, etc. Some scorecards also have spaces for entering such variables as the weather, wind direction etc.[citation needed]


Scoring the card

Scoring a baseball game is done one at-bat at a time. Each cell in the game information contains the lifetime of an offensive player, from batter to runner, to an out, a run, or a stranded runner. While these notations follow a certain set of rules, the specific style varies from scorer to scorer.[citation needed] For example, one scorer may record a base hit with the notation 1B along the right-bottom edge of the diamond while another might use a single horizontal line. There are many variations, but the important things (outs and runs) should be prominent when looking at a scorecard. It is important to know the number of each position for recording putouts. There are 9 fielding positions in baseball. ...


Outs

When an out is recorded, the combination of defensive players executing that out is recorded, and the out that this player represents is written in the middle of the diamond and circled.[citation needed] For example:

  • If a batter hits a ball on the ground to the shortstop, who throws the ball to the first baseman to force the first out, it would be noted on the scoresheet as 6-3, with 6 for the shortstop and 3 for the first baseman. A 1 would be written and circled.
  • If the next batter hits a ball to the center fielder who catches it on the fly for the second out, it would be noted as F8, with F for flyout and 8 for the center fielder. A 2 would be written and circled.
  • If the following batter strikes out, it would be noted as K, with the K being the standard notation for a strikeout. If the batter did not swing at the third strike, a "backwards K" is traditionally used. A 3 would be written and circled and a slash should be drawn across the lower right corner to indicate the end of the inning.
  • If in another inning, a baserunner is caught stealing second base, the basepath between first and second is filled-in halfway, then ended with a short stroke perpendicular to the basepath. It is then noted CS, with some scorers adding the uniform number or batting position of the batter to indicate when the runner was put out. Then the out number is written and circled, and the defensive combination of the put out, normally 2-4 or 2-6 for a catcher-to-second-base play.

Reaching Base

If a batter reaches first base, either due to a walk, a hit, or an error, the basepath from home to first base is drawn, and the method described in the lower-righthand corner.[citation needed] For example:

  • If a batter gets a basehit, the basepath is drawn and 1B is written below.
  • If a batter gets a walk, the basepath is drawn and BB is written below.
  • If the batter reaches base because the first baseman dropped the throw from the shortstop, the basepath is drawn and E3 is written below.
  • If the batter hits a triple however, the basepaths from home to first, first to second, and second to third are all drawn, and 3B is written in the upper lefthand corner. This change of position is done to indicate that the runner did not advance on another hit.

Advancing

When a runner advances due to a following batter, it can be noted by the batting position or the uniform number of the batter that advanced the runner. This kind of notation is not always done by amateur scorers, and there is a lot of variation.[citation needed]

  • If a runner on first is advanced to third base after the 4th batter, number 22, hits a single, either a 4 or 22 is written in the upper lefthand corner.
  • If a runner steals second while the 7th batter, number 32, is up to bat, SB followed by either a 7 or 32 is written in the upper righthand corner.

Runs

In order to score a run, a runner must touch all 4 bases and cross all four basepaths, so the scorer draws a complete diamond and, usually, fills it in. By filling it in, it's easier to see the runs scored.[citation needed]


Ending an Inning

When the offensive team has made three outs, a slash is drawn diagonally across the lower right corner of the cell of the third out.


Substitutions

When a substitution is made, a vertical line is drawn after the last at-bat for previous player, and the new player's name and number is written in the second line of the Player Information section. A notation of PH or PR should be made for pinch hit and pinch run situations.


Batting around and Extra innings

After the ninth batter has batted, the record of the first batter should be noted in the same column. However, if more than nine batters bat in a single inning, the next column will be needed. Draw a diagonal line across the lower left hand corner, to indicate that the original column is being extended.


There are extra columns on a scoresheet that can be used if a game goes to extra innings, but if a game requires more columns, another scorecard will be needed for each team.


Miscellaneous

Some scorers also track balls, strikes, and foul balls during an at-bat, using a B for each ball, an S for each strike, and an F for each foul with two strikes.


After each half-inning, the total number of hits and runs can be noted at the bottom of the column. After the game, totals can be added up for each team and each batter.


An Example Scorecard

For illustrative purposes, a sample filled-in score card is shown below. Many other examples of completed and blank scorecards can be found online.

Sample baseball scorecard from a game scored on August 8, 2000 at (then) Pacific Bell Park.

Using this example scorecard, let's examine the Milwaukee Brewers' 1st inning of play: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (770x889, 279 KB)This is a scorecard from a baseball game I scored. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970-2000) Sicks Stadium (Seattle) (1969) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None...

  • Leadoff hitter, #10 Ron Belliard (the Brewers' 2nd baseman) grounds the ball to the Giants' 3rd baseman (5), who fields the ball and throws it to 1st base (3) for the out. Thus the play is recorded as "5-3."
    • The notation ("3-2") in the lower right corner of the "Belliard:Inning 1 cell" indicates the pitch count at the time Belliard put the ball into play (3 balls, 2 strikes; a statistic that this particular scorekeeper got tired of keeping track of after the first inning).
    • There are a couple of widely used forms for keeping track of ball and strikes. One of the easiest formats is to use two rows, the first for balls and the second for strikes. As the pitches are delivered a B, S, or F records (respectively) balls, strikes, and two-strike foul balls. (Some pre-printed scoresheets have dedicated boxes that can be checked off for balls and strikes.) In the case of Belliard's at bat, the 3-2 count could have this appearance:
BBB
SSF
  • 2nd (2nd spot or 2nd hole) batter, #9 Marquis Grissom (the Brewers' Center Fielder) on a 2-ball, 2-strike count grounds out 5-3 (3rd baseman to 1st baseman).
  • 3rd batter, #5 Geoff Jenkins (the Brewers' Left Fielder) grounds the ball to the 1st baseman (3) who takes the ball to the base himself for an unassisted put out (3U).

One hard and fast rule of baseball scorekeeping is that every out and every time a baserunner advances must be recorded. The scoring can get a little more complicated when a batter who has reached base, is then "moved up" (i.e. advanced a base or bases) by the actions of a hitter behind him, or as is the case in the Giants' first inning by his own subsequent actions. Let's examine the Giants' first inning: Ronnie Belliard (born April 7, 1975 in Bronx, New York) is a second baseman of Dominican descent who currently plays for the Washington Nationals. ... Marquis Deon Grissom, nicknamed Grip (born 17 April 1967) is a former Major League Baseball player. ... Geoff Jenkins (born July 21, 1974 in Olympia, Washington) is an outfielder in Major League Baseball who has played solely for the Milwaukee Brewers since 1998. ...

  • Leadoff hitter, #7 Marvin Benard (the Giants' Center Fielder) hits a fly ball that is caught by the right fielder (9) for an out. Other scorekeepers might abbreviate this out using "F9" for fly out to right field.
  • 2nd batter, #32 Bill Mueller (the Giants' 3rd baseman) hits a single, i.e., he hits the ball into play and makes it safely to first base. This is denoted by the single line running from "home" to "1st" next to the diamond in that cell. Commonly, scorekeepers will place some abbreviation, such as "1B-7", to designate a single hit to left field. In addition, many scorekeepers also place a line across the diamond to show the actual path of the baseball on the field.
  • 3rd batter, #25 Barry Bonds (the Giants' Left Fielder; editor's note: yes, the scorekeeper was aware at the time that Bonds was playing left field, but accidentally put RF on his card) strikes out (K) on a 1-ball, 2-strike count (the 1-3 notation was this particular scorekeeper's method of indicating that Bonds struck out "looking", a practice the scorer has now become too lazy to continue). However, at some point during Bonds' at-bat, Bill Mueller, the runner on 1st base, stole 2nd base. His advancement was recorded in "his" cell by writing the notation "SB" next to the upper-right edge of the diamond.
  • 4th batter (clean-up hitter), #21 Jeff Kent (the Giants' 2nd baseman) hit a fly ball that was caught by the Brewers' Right Fielder (9) for the 3rd and final out of the inning. Bill Mueller was stranded on 2nd base.

Stranded baserunners might be notated as being "LOB" (Left On Base) for that inning, with a number from 1-3 likely at the bottom of the inning column. For example, if two runners are left on base after the 3rd out, the scorekeeper might note "LOB:2", then at the end of the game calculate a total number of LOB for the game. Marvin Larry Benard [buh-NARD] (born January 20, 1970 in Bluefields, Nicaragua) is a Major League Baseball outfielder. ... William Richard Mueller [MILL-er] (born March 17, 1971) is a former Major League Baseball third baseman who currently serves as special assistant to Dodgers general manager Ned Colletti. ... Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) He is the son of former Major League All-Star Bobby Bonds, cousin of Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson, and the godson of Hall of Famer Willie Mays. ... In baseball the fourth man in the batting order is designated the clean-up hitter. ... Jeffrey Franklin Kent (born March 7, 1968 in Bellflower, California) is a Major League Baseball player for the Los Angeles Dodgers and a former MVP winner. ...


For a more complicated inning, let us examine the bottom half of the 5th inning:

  • 5th batter, #6 J.T. Snow (the #5 hitter in the Giants' lineup and coincidentally the son of LA Rams Pro-Bowl wide-receiver Jack Snow) advances to first base on a walk (base-on-balls; BB).
  • 6th batter, #23 Ellis Burks (the Giants' Right Fielder) grounds out 5-3 (3rd baseman to 1st baseman), but in the process, advances J.T. Snow to second base.
  • 7th batter, #25 Rich Aurilia (the Giants' shortstop) flies out to the center fielder (8) for the second out of the inning.
  • 8th batter, #29 Bobby Estalella (the Giants' catcher) draws a walk (BB) to advance to first base. J.T. Snow remains at 2nd base.
  • 9th batter, #48 Russ Ortiz (the Giants' starting pitcher) hits a single (diagonal single line drawn next to the lower-right side of the diamond). J.T. Snow advances to home on that single (the diagonal line drawn next to the lower left side of the diamond in Snow's "cell") to score the game's only run. Ortiz is given credit for an RBI (run batted in), denoted by the "R" written in the bottom left corner of his cell (incorrectly, I might add, since "R" indicates a 'run scored' and would more appropriately been noted in JT Snow's cell. RBI could have been used, or a circled number representing the number of runs scored by that batter in that at-bat. The scorekeeper believes that he failed to add the BI because he was trying to prevent mustard from dripping on his shirt at the moment the run was scored. Some scorecards have a specific place to note RBI's). Bobby Estalella advances from 1st to 3rd base on Ortiz's single (the diagonal line drawn next to the upper left side of the diamond in Estalella's "cell").
  • Leadoff hitter, Marvin Bernard, up for the third time in this game, draws a walk (BB). Ortiz advances to 2nd base on that walk (the BB written on the "1st to 2nd" portion of the diamond in his "cell".
  • 2nd hitter, Bill Mueller advances to second on fielder's choice (defensive indiference). In this case, Marvin Bernard was "forced out" at 3rd base (surmised because it was the 2nd baseman who made the put-out). But since the shortstop "chose" to get the out at 3rd base instead, it is a Fielder's Choice. Since this was the final out of the inning, no baserunners advanced.

Jack Thomas J.T. Snow, Jr. ... Jack Thomas Snow (January 25, 1943 – January 9, 2006) was an American football player who played wide receiver at the University of Notre Dame from 1962 through 1964 and with the Los Angeles Rams of the NFL from 1965 to 1975. ... Ellis Rena Burks (born September 11, 1964 in Vicksburg, Mississippi) is a former outfielder and designated hitter who played in Major League Baseball for 18 seasons. ... Richard Santo (Rich) Aurilia (born September 2, 1971 in Brooklyn, New York) is a shortstop and second baseman in Major League Baseball for the Cincinnati Reds. ... Bobby Estalella [es-tah-LAY-yah], born Robert M. Estalella on August 23, 1974 in Hialeah, Florida, is a Major League Baseball catcher. ... Russell Reid Ortiz (born June 5, 1974 in Encino, California), is a Major League baseball pitcher and is a Free Agent. ... RBI is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, including Reserve Bank of India Run batted in, in baseball Radio Berlin International This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Other scoring notations

Here are other notations to indicate offensive or defensive events on a baseball scorecard -- note that individual scorekeepers will almost certainly use only a subset of these.

Notation Event
1B or "!!!big|" Single (1B is also the abbreviation for the first baseman)
2B or "!!!big|big|" Double (2B is also the abbreviation for the second baseman)
3B or "!!!!big|big|big|" Triple (3B is also the abbreviation for the third baseman)
colored-in diamond Run Scored. Some scorers use a colored-in diamond to signify a home run, and a run scored is just a complete diamond
A Assist
AB At bat (i.e. a plate appearance, excluding walks)
AD or 2B(GR) Automatic or ground-rule double
B Bunt
BB or W Base on Balls (Walk)
BK Balk
BS Blown Save
BV Basepath Violation
CS Caught Stealing
DH Designated Hitter
DI Defensive Indiference
DP Double Play
E Error
ER Earned Run
ERA Earned Run Average
F Flyout
FC Fielder's Choice
FF Foul Flyout
FO Force Out
GWRBI Game winning RBI
H Hit or (for a pitcher) Hold
HBP, HP, or HB Hit by Pitch or Hit Batter
HR or "!!!!big|big|big|big|" Home Run
I or CI or I2 Defensive (or Catcher's) Interference
IF Infield Fly
IP Innings Pitched
IS Spectator Interference
IW or IBB Intentional Walk (Intentional Base on Balls)
K Strikeout
Kb Strikeout on 3rd strike foul bunt
Kc or backwards "K" Strikeout Called ("Looking")
Kd3 Strikeout with Dropped 3rd Strike (the batter may try to advance to first)
Ks Strikeout Swinging
LD or L Line Drive (Liner)
LOB Left On Base
LP Losing Pitcher
OBB Out of Batter's Box
OBS or OB Obstruction
PB Passed Ball
PH Pinch Hitter
PO Putout
R Runs
RBI Runs Batted In
S, SH or Sac Sacrifice Hit (or bunt)
SB Stolen Base
SF Sacrifice Fly
SFC Sacrifice Fielder's Choice
SV Save
T Tag out
TP Triple Play (very rare)
U Unassisted Putout
WP Wild Pitch
WW Wasn't Watching (Phil Rizzuto's notation for when the scorer's attention is distracted from the game)

Mark McGwire swinging for the fences. ... In baseball, an assist (denoted by A) is a defensive statistic, baseball being the rare sport in which the defensive team controls the ball. ... In baseball, a ground rule double is any award of two bases from the time of pitch to all baserunners including the batter-runner. ... A Little League baseball player squares around to bunt. ... In baseball statistics, a base on balls (BB), also called a walk, is credited to a batter and against a pitcher when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls. ... In baseball, a pitcher may commit a number of illegal motions or actions which constitute a balk. ... Mariano Rivera, a closer for the New York Yankees, is currently fourth on the all-time save list. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... After stepping on second base, the fielder throws to first to complete a double play In baseball, a double play (denoted on statistics sheets by DP) for a team or a fielder is the act of making two outs during the same continuous playing action. ... In baseball, an error is the act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to reach one or more additional bases, when such an advance should have been prevented given ordinary effort by the fielder. ... In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... In baseball, the rules state that a batted ball is considered in flight when it has not yet touched any object other than a fielder or his equipment. ... In baseball, a fielders choice is the act of a fielder, upon fielding a batted ball, choosing to try put out one runner while in so doing allowing the batter to advance to first base. ... In baseball, a foul ball is a batted ball that is not a foul tip, and that: touches the person of an umpire, player, or any object foreign to the natural ground while on or over foul ground, or settles on foul ground between home and first base, or home... In baseball, the rules state that a batted ball is considered in flight when it has not yet touched any object other than a fielder or his equipment. ... In baseball, a force play or force out, referred to as a force when the possibility of such a play exists, is a situation when a baserunner is compelled to vacate his time-of-pitch base because the batter became a runner. ... RBI is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, including Reserve Bank of India Run batted in, in baseball Radio Berlin International This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In Major League Baseball history, Ty Cobb had a record 4,191 hits by 1928; Pete Rose would surpass it 57 years later, and finish with 4,256 career hits. ... A hold is awarded to a relief pitcher if he enters in a save situation, records at least one out, and leaves the game without having reliquished that lead. ... In baseball, being hit by a pitch refers to the batter being hit in some part of the body by a pitch from the pitcher. ... Barry Bonds batting Photo:Agência Brasil In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for ones team. ... Mark McGwire swinging for the fences. ... Alex Rodriguez commits interference, 2004 In baseball, interference is an infraction where a person illegally changes the course of play from what is expected. ... In baseball, the infield fly rule is a special case designed to prevent the defense from gaining an unfair double play by intentionally allowing an easy fly ball to drop to the ground. ... An innings, or inning, is a fixed-length segment of a game in any of a variety of sports – most notably baseball and cricket – during which one team attempts to score while the other team attempts to prevent the first from scoring. ... The typical motion of a pitcher In baseball, a pitch is the act of throwing a baseball toward home plate to start a play. ... Alex Rodriguez commits interference, 2004 In baseball, interference is an infraction where a person illegally changes the course of play from what is expected. ... In baseball statistics, an intentional base on balls (denoted by IBB), often called an intentional walk, is used in baseball to count the number of times a walk was issued with no intent of ever allowing a hit. ... Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). ... Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). ... In baseball, a foul ball is a batted ball that is not a foul tip, and that: touches the person of an umpire, player, or any object foreign to the natural ground while on or over foul ground, or settles on foul ground between home and first base, or home... A Little League baseball player squares around to bunt. ... Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). ... Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). ... Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). ... In baseball, a batted ball can be called one of several various things, depending on how it comes off the bat and where in the field it lands. ... In baseball, a baserunner is said to be left on base (abbreviated LOB) when the half-inning ends, he has not scored, and he has not been put out. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In baseball, softball, and similar sports and games, the batters box is the place where the batter stands when ready to receive a pitch from the pitcher. ... In baseball, when a fielder illegally hinders a baserunner, the fielder is guilty of obstruction. ... In baseball, a catcher shall be charged with a passed ball when he fails to hold or to control a legally pitched ball which should have been held or controlled with ordinary effort, thereby permitting a runner or runners to advance. ... In baseball, a pinch hitter is a common term for a substitute batter. ... In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly-ball when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by one of the following methods: tagging a runner with the ball touching a base that a runner on a force play is trying to reach catching... Bengie Molina of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (in gray and red) scores a run by touching home plate after rounding all the bases. ... In baseball statistics, a run batted in (RBI) is given to a batter for each run scored as the result of a batters plate appearance. ... In baseball, a sacrifice hit (also called a sacrifice bunt) is the act of deliberately bunting the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base, while the batter is himself put out. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... In baseball, a batted ball is considered a sacrifice fly (denoted by SF) if the following four criteria are met: There are fewer than two outs. ... In baseball, a fielders choice is the act of a fielder, upon fielding a batted ball, choosing to try put out one runner while in so doing allowing the batter to advance to first base. ... Mariano Rivera, a closer for the New York Yankees, is currently fourth on the all-time save list. ... In baseball a tag out, sometimes just called a tag, is a play in which a baserunner is out because he is touched by the fielders hand holding a live ball while the runner is in jeopardy. ... In baseball, a triple play (denoted by TP) is the act of making three outs during the same continuous play. ... In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly-ball when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by one of the following methods: tagging a runner with the ball touching a base that a runner on a force play is trying to reach catching... In baseball, a wild pitch (WP) is charged to a pitcher when a pitch is too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field capably, thereby allowing one or more runners to advance or to score. ... Philip Francis Rizzuto (born Fiero Francis Rizzuto on September 25, 1916) is a former Major League Baseball player and radio/television sports announcer, known both for his skills as a player and his popular but idiosyncratic style as an broadcaster. ...

Defensive positions

There are nine fielding positions in baseball, each with an associated number (from 1 to 9) used to score putouts. There are 9 fielding positions in baseball. ...

Number Abbreviation Position
1 P Pitcher
2 C Catcher
3 1B First Baseman
4 2B Second Baseman
5 3B Third Baseman
6 SS Shortstop
7 LF Left Fielder
8 CF Center Fielder
9 RF Right Fielder
DH Designated Hitter (Not a defensive position, so does not have a Position Number.)

This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...

External links

  • Guide to Scoring Baseball, a play by play tutorial demonstrating the scoring of the 1998 game when Mark McGwire broke Roger Maris's single season home run record.
  • Baseball Scorecards, several free scorecards in PDF format.
  • The Baseball Scorecard, a comprehensive baseball scoring site.
  • Statistics for Amateur Baseball Leagues
  • Scorepad, Commercial scorecard software for palm devices
  • Turbostats scorekeeper, Scorecard software for palm devices

  Results from FactBites:
 
Baseball scorekeeping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2300 words)
Baseball scorekeeping or amateur baseball scorekeeping is a fun way for the baseball fan or hobbyist to keep detailed track of what happens in a particular baseball game.
Baseball scorekeeping uses a quirky set of notations to denote everything of importance that happens in a particular game.
The scorekeeper believes that he failed to add the BI because he was trying to prevent mustard from dripping on his shirt at the moment the run was scored.
Category:Baseball statistics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (94 words)
Statistics have been kept for the Major Leagues since their creation and are an important part of the baseball experience.
The practice was started by Henry Chadwick in the 19th century who devised the statistical measures of batting average and earned run average.
The main article for this category is Baseball statistics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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