FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Baseball Hall of Fame

The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, and the honoring of persons who have excelled in playing, managing, and serving the sport. National Baseball Hall of Fame logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Cooperstown is a village in Otsego County, New York and is the County Seat. ... The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ...


The Hall's motto is "Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations".

Contents

In 1936, elections commenced for selection of worthy individuals to be honored by induction to the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Elections commenced in 1936 for selection of worthy individuals to be honored by induction to the Baseball Hall of Fame, though the first induction ceremonies were not held until the Hall opened in 1939. ...


History

The Entrance to the Baseball Hall of Fame
The Entrance to the Baseball Hall of Fame

The Hall of Fame was dedicated on June 12, 1939 by the Clark Foundation, a private organization based in Cooperstown that traces its money to the original Singer Sewing Machine Company. The Foundation sought to bring tourists to Cooperstown, which had been damaged by the Great Depression, which significantly reduced the local tourist trade, and by Prohibition, which had devastated the local hops industry. A legend that U.S. Civil War hero Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown was instrumental in the early marketing of the Hall, though the truth of the Doubleday story is doubted by some. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 915 KB) Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY, Feb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 915 KB) Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY, Feb. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A Singers sewing machine // History Singer Corporation was established as I.M. Singer & Co. ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late in 1930) and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... Prohibition was any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages were restricted or illegal. ... Hop umbel in a Hallertau hopgarden Hops are a flavouring and stability agent in beer. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the northern states, popularly referred to as the U.S., the Union, the North, or the Yankees; and the seceding southern states, commonly referred to as the Confederate States of America, the CSA, the Confederacy... Abner Doubleday Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893), was a career U.S. Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War. ...


Major League Baseball, seeing the marketing opportunity, soon began cooperating with the Hall of Fame in promotion and the acquisition of artifacts for display. Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ...


Recent improvements to the museum include an $8 million library and research facility that opened in 1994, and other renovations which were completed in spring 2005.


In 2002, Baseball As America was launched, a traveling exhibit that toured ten American museums over six years. The Hall of Fame has also sponsored educational programming on the Internet to bring the Hall of Fame to schoolchildren who might not see it. In January 2006, the Hall of Fame also announced a partnership with Citgo to launch a traveling exhibit about Latin America's contributions to baseball. It is also an annual presence at the Major League Baseball All-Star Game, as it receives space at the FanFest. Citgo Petroleum Corporation or Citgo, a subsidiary of the Venezuelan state-owned petroleum company, is a United States incorporated firm refiner and marketer of gasoline, lubricants, petrochemicals and other petroleum products. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic or Midsummer Night Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the manager for pitchers and...


The town of Cooperstown also includes Doubleday Field, where the "Hall of Fame Game" featuring two major league teams is held every year. In the past, the game was held during induction weekend, but in recent years it has been scheduled in May or June, when it is easier on a team's travel schedule. The Pittsburgh Pirates and Cincinnati Reds played May 16th, 2006, when the game was rained out after the Reds took a 3-0 lead. The Hall of Fame Game weekend usually includes a home run derby (Jose Hernandez of Pittsburgh won in 2006), relevant museum programming (often with Hall of Fame inductees from the two teams), a parade down Cooperstown's Main Street and, finally, the game itself. The game is an exhibition: statistics are not recorded and teams are not bound to roster restrictions. Therefore, the regulars are usually replaced by minor league players after one time through the batting order. In the 2005 game, Dale Sveum, a coach for the Red Sox, played. Doubleday Field is a baseball stadium in Cooperstown, New York. ... Major league affiliations National League (1887-present) Central Division (1994-present) Current uniform Ballpark PNC Park (2001-present) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1979 â€¢ 1971 â€¢ 1960 â€¢ 1925 1909 NL Pennants (9) 1979 â€¢ 1971 â€¢ 1960 â€¢ 1927 1925 â€¢ 1909 â€¢ 1903 â€¢ 1902 1901 Central Division titles (0) None East Division titles... Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) Central Division (1994-present) Current uniform Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003-present) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1940 1919 NL Pennants (9) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1972 1970 â€¢ 1961 â€¢ 1940 â€¢ 1939 1919 AA Pennants (1) 1882 Central Division... The Home Run Derby is an event played prior to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. ... This article is about the Argentine poet and writer José Hernández. ... Dale Sveum (pronounced Swaim) is the current third base coach of the Milwaukee Brewers. ... The Boston Red Sox are a Major League Baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Inductees

Among baseball fans, "Hall of Fame" means not only the museum and facility in Cooperstown, but more likely the pantheon of players, managers, umpires and builders who have been named to enshrinement there. The first five men elected were superstars Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson, named in 1936. As of February 2006, 278 individuals had been elected or appointed to the Hall of Fame, including 225 players, 17 managers (many of whom also played), 8 umpires, and 28 builders, executives, and organizers. Thirty men have also been awarded the Ford C. Frick Award for excellence in broadcasting, while 57 have received the J.G. Taylor Spink Award for excellence in baseball writing. In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager (or more formally, the field manager); this individual controls matters of team strategy on the field and team leadership. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tyrus Raymond Ty Cobb (December 18, 1886 – July 17, 1961), nicknamed the Georgia Peach, was an American baseball player generally considered to be the greatest player of the dead ball era (1900 – 1920). ... George Herman Ruth (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948), better known as Babe Ruth, also known by the nicknames The Bambino and The Sultan of Swat, was an American baseball player and a national icon. ... Honus Wagner John Peter Honus Wagner (February 24, 1874 - December 6, 1955) is considered by many to have been the greatest shortstop ever to play major league baseball. ... Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants at West Side Park in Chicago, Illinois. ... Walter Perry Johnson (November 6, 1887-December 10, 1946), American professional baseball pitcher. ... The Ford C. Frick Award is an award bestowed annually by the Baseball Hall of Fame in the United States to a broadcaster for major contributions to baseball. ... The J.G. Taylor Spink Award is the highest award given by the Baseball Writers Association of America to its members. ...

Plaques of the First Class of Inductees
Plaques of the First Class of Inductees

Players are currently inducted into the Hall of Fame through election by either the Baseball Writers Association of America (or BBWAA), or the Veterans Committee, which is now composed of living Hall of Famers and recipients of the two major awards. Five years after retirement, any player with 10 years of major league experience, who passes a screening committee (which removes from consideration players of clearly lesser qualification) is eligible to be elected by BBWAA members with 10 years' membership or more. From a final ballot typically including 25-40 candidates, each writer may vote for up to 10 players; until the late 1950s, voters were advised to cast votes for the maximum 10 candidates. Any player named on 75% or more of all ballots cast is elected. A player who is named on fewer than 5% of ballots is dropped from future elections. In some instances, the screening committee had restored their names to later ballots, but in the mid-1990s, dropped players were made permanently ineligible for Hall of Fame consideration, even by the Veterans Committee. A 2001 change in the election procedures restored the eligibility of these dropped players; while their names will not appear on future BBWAA ballots, they may be considered by the Veterans Committee. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Baseball Hall of Fame User:Friejose/Photo gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1103 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Baseball Hall of Fame User:Friejose/Photo gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Founded in 1908 as the Baseball Writers Association of America, the BBWAA is a professional association for baseball journalists writing for daily newspapers and magazines. ... The Veterans Committee, officially the Committee on Baseball Veterans, is a committee of the National Baseball Hall of Fame that provides a second chance for Hall of Fame election to players passed over in regular Hall of Fame balloting. ...


Under special circumstances, certain players may be deemed eligible for induction even though they have not met all requirements. This has resulted in only two inductions: Lou Gehrig, who was specially elected shortly after ALS ended his career in 1939; and Addie Joss, who was elected in 1978 despite only playing in nine seasons. Additionally, if an otherwise eligible player dies before their fifth year of retirement, then that player may be placed on the ballot at the first election at least six months after their death. Roberto Clemente's induction in 1973 set the precedent, when the writers chose to put him up for consideration after his death on New Year's Eve, 1972, and the shortened waiting period was added thereafter. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, sometimes called Lou Gehrig’s disease, Maladie de Charcot or motor neurone disease) is a chronic, progressive, almost invariably fatal neurological disease. ... == July == July 4 = Lou Gehrig day was held at Yankee Stadium,Lou said in his speech that he is the luckiest man on the face of the earth. ... Addie Joss, 1911 American Tobacco Company baseball card Adrian Joss (April 12, 1880 - April 14, 1911) was a Major League Baseball pitcher in the early 20th century. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 19 - Eddie Mathews is elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America on 301 of 379 ballots. ... Roberto Clemente Walker (August 18, 1934 – December 31, 1972) was a Major League Baseball right fielder and right-handed batter. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January-March January 3 - A group of investors, headed by shipbuilder George Steinbrenner, purchases the New York Yankees from CBS for $10 million. ... New Years Eve is a celebration held the day before New Years Day, on December 31, the final day of the Gregorian year. ... The following are the events of the year 1972 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


If a player fails to be elected by the BBWAA within 20 years of their retirement from active play, he may be selected by the Veterans Committee, which now votes every two years. The Veterans Committee also votes every fourth year on candidates from among managers, umpires, executives or builders. Negro Leagues players have also been considered at various times, beginning in 1971. In 2005 the Hall completed a study on African American players between the late 19th century and the integration of the major leagues in 1947, and conducted a special election for such players in February 2006; seventeen figures from the Negro Leagues were chosen in that election, in addition to the eighteen previously selected. Part of the History of baseball in the United States series. ...


Predictably, the selection process catalyzes endless debate among baseball fans over the merits of various candidates. Even players already elected remain for years the subjects of discussions as to whether their elections were deserved or in error.


The museum

According to the Hall of Fame, approximately 350,000 visitors enter the museum each year, and the running total has surpassed 13 million. These visitors see only a fraction of its 35,000 artifacts, 2.6 million library items (such as newspaper clippings and photos) and 130,000 baseball cards. A quick rundown of what there is to see at the museum follows.


First floor

  • Baseball at the Movies houses baseball movie memorabilia while a screen shows footage from those movies.
  • The Bullpen Theater is the site of daily programming at the museum (trivia games, book discussions, etc.) and is decorated with pictures of famous relief pitchers.
  • The Halper Gallery contains rotating exhibits. Currently there is a Negro Leagues art show.
  • Induction Row contains artifacts pertinent to the most recent inductees and photos of past Hall of Fame Weekends.
  • The Perez-Steele Art Gallery features art of all media related to baseball.
  • The Plaque Gallery, the most recognizable site at the museum, contains induction plaques of all members.
  • The Sandlot Kids Clubhouse has various interactive displays for young children.
  • Scribes and Mikemen honors Spink and Frick winners with a headshot display and has artifacts related to baseball writing and broadcasting.
    • Floor-to-ceiling windows at the Scribes and Mikemen exhibit face an outdoor courtyard with statues of Johnny Podres and Roy Campanella (representing the Brooklyn Dodgers 1955 championship team), and an unnamed AAGPBL player. A Satchel Paige statue will be unveiled and dedicated during 2006 Induction Weekend.

Sports film is a film genre that uses sport as the theme of a film. ... While the game goes on, a relief pitcher warms up in the bullpen, beyond the outfield fence In baseball, the bullpen is the area where pitchers warm-up before entering a game. ... A relief pitcher warms up in the bullpen as the game goes on A relief pitcher or reliever is a baseball or softball pitcher who enters the game after the starting pitcher is removed due to injury, ineffectiveness and/or fatigue. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... The 2006 elections to select inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame proceeded in keeping with rules enacted in 2001, augmented by a special election; the result was the largest class of inductees (18) in the Halls history, including the first woman ever elected. ... John Joseph Johnny Podres (born September 30, 1932 in Witherbee, New York) is a former Major League Baseball left-handed starting pitcher who played with the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers (1953-55, 1957-67); Detroit Tigers (1966-67), and San Diego Padres (1969). ... Roy Campanella (November 19, 1921 – June 26, 1993) was an American catcher in the Negro leagues and Major League Baseball. ... For the 1930s NFL team, see Brooklyn Dodgers (football). ... The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was a womens professional baseball league which existed from 1943 to 1954. ... Leroy Robert Satchel Paige (July 7, 1906(?) - June 8, 1982) was an American right-handed pitcher in the Negro Leagues and Major League Baseball who is considered to be among the greatest pitchers of all time. ...

Second floor

  • The Grandstand Theater features a 13 minute multimedia film capturing the beauty, majesty and myth of baseball. Theatrical lighting, seamlessly blended DLP projection, 8 channel surround sound and automated staging all combine to create a unique and powerful experience. The 200 seat theater, complete with replica stadium seats, is decorated to resemble Comiskey Park.
  • The Game is the major feature of the second floor. It is where the most artifacts are displayed. The Game is set up in a timeline format, starting with baseball's beginnings and culminating with the game we know today. There are several offshoots of this meandering timeline:
  • The Today's Game exhibit is built like a baseball clubhouse, with 30 glass-enclosed locker stalls, one for each Major League franchise. In each stall there is a jersey and other items from the designated big league team, along with a brief team history. A center display case holds objects donated to the Hall of Fame from the past year or two. Fans can also look into a room designed to look like a manager's office. Outside is a display case with rotating artifacts. Currently the space is devoted to the World Baseball Classic.

Comiskey Park (35th Street & Shields Avenue, Chicago, Illinois) was the ballpark in which the Chicago White Sox played from 1910 to 1990. ... George Herman Ruth (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948), better known as Babe Ruth, also known by the nicknames The Bambino and The Sultan of Swat, was an American baseball player and a national icon. ... Henry Louis Hank Aaron (born February 5, 1934) is a retired American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... In Major League Baseball, the 500 home run club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have hit 500 or more career home runs. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... The World Baseball Classic, sometimes abbreviated WBC, is an international baseball tournament, first held in March 2006. ...

Third floor

  • Autumn Glory is devoted to post-season baseball and has, among other artifacts, replicas of World Series rings.
  • An Education Gallery hosts school groups and, in the summer, presentations about artifacts from the museum's collection. In the gallery foyer is a TV that continually plays baseball bloopers and the popular Abbott and Costello routine "Who's on First?" and a display case with rotating exhibits.
  • The Records Room has charts showing active and all-time leaders in various baseball statistical categories. The statistics charts are posted on the walls, leaving the center space for other purposes:
    • BBWAA awards: Replicas of various awards distributed by the BBWAA at the end of each season, along with a list of past winners.
    • A case dedicated to Ichiro Suzuki setting the major league record for base hits, with 262 in 2004.
    • An inductee database touch-screen computer with statistics for every inductee.
    • Programs from every World Series.
  • Sacred Ground is the newest museum section, opened after the 2003-05 renovation. It is devoted entirely to ballparks and everything about them, especially the fan experience and the business of a ballpark. The centerpiece is a computer tour of Boston's old South End Grounds. Currently the Hall is working on adding Comiskey Park and Ebbets Field to the computer tour.

For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... This article or section needs additional references or sources. ... Whos on First? is a legendary comedy routine made famous by the comedy team of Abbott and Costello, and for which they are arguably now best remembered. ... Founded in 1908 as the Baseball Writers Association of America, the BBWAA is a professional association for baseball journalists writing for daily newspapers and magazines. ... Ichiro Suzuki ), often known simply as Ichiro ), born October 22, 1973 in Toyoyama, Nishikasugai, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, is the right fielder for the Seattle Mariners Major League Baseball team. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... South End Grounds is the most commonly used informal name for a major league baseball park that was the home ground to the Boston entry, first in the National Association of Professional Baseball Players, and then in the National League, from 1871-1914. ... Comiskey Park (35th Street & Shields Avenue, Chicago, Illinois) was the ballpark in which the Chicago White Sox played from 1910 to 1990. ... Ebbets Field was a Major League Baseball park located at in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, New York. ...

Controversies

Veterans Committee

The most lasting controversy in Hall of Fame elections has been the role and composition of the Veterans Committee. While few of the BBWAA selections have been particularly controversial, prior to its recent restructuring the Veterans Committee had, at times, seemed to pass over the most worthy candidates in order to enshrine contemporaries and teammates of the committee members. This tendency was most pronounced during the tenure of Frankie Frisch and Bill Terry, from 1967 to 1976. During this time, 8 players were elected whose Hall of Fame credentials were (at best) tenuous, but who had played with Frisch or Terry with the New York Giants or St Louis Cardinals. The Veterans Committee, officially the Committee on Baseball Veterans, is a committee of the National Baseball Hall of Fame that provides a second chance for Hall of Fame election to players passed over in regular Hall of Fame balloting. ... Frank Francis Frankie Frisch (September 9, 1898 - March 12, 1973) was an American Major League Baseball player of the early 20th century. ... William Harold Terry (October 30, 1898 _ January 9, 1989) was a Major League Baseball first baseman and manager. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark AT&T Park (2000-present) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1954 â€¢ 1933 â€¢ 1922 â€¢ 1921 1905  NL Pennants (20) 2002 â€¢ 1989 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1954 1951 â€¢ 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1933 1924 â€¢ 1923 â€¢ 1922 â€¢ 1921 1917 â€¢ 1913 â€¢ 1912 â€¢ 1911... The St. ...


In 2001, the Veterans Committee was reformed, and is now primarily composed of all living Hall of Fame members.[1] The revamped Veterans Committee has held two elections to date—in 2003 for both players and non-players, and 2005 for players only. No individual was elected either time; some observers are already starting to doubt whether the new Veterans Committee will ever elect a player, or whether the Committee members – most of whom are Hall members – are reluctant to elect new candidates, in the hope of heightening the value of their own selection [2]. The 2003 elections to select inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame proceeded in keeping with rules enacted in 2001. ... The 2005 elections to select inductees to the Baseball Hall of Fame proceeded in keeping with rules enacted in 2001. ...


Sale of historic items

A further controversy erupted in 1982, when it emerged that some historic items bequeathed to the Hall had been sold on the collectibles market. It subsequently transpired that these had been lent to the Baseball Commissioner's Office, from where they had been taken and sold to offset personal financial problems by Joe Reichler, an assistant to Commissioner Bowie Kuhn, possibly without verifying their ownership. Under pressure from the New York Attorney General, the Commissioner's Office made reparations, but damage had been done to the Hall of Fame's reputation. In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... Bowie Kent Kuhn (born October 28, 1926 in Takoma Park, Maryland) was commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984. ...


Non-induction of banned players

An ongoing controversy facing the Hall of Fame is that of the status of Joe Jackson and Pete Rose. Jackson and Rose were both banned from baseball for life for actions related to gambling on their own teams - Jackson was determined to have cooperated with those who conspired to lose the 1919 World Series on purpose, and Rose voluntarily accepted a permanent spot on the ineligible list in return for MLB's promise to make no official finding in relation to alleged betting on the Cincinnati Reds when he was their manager in the 1980s. (Baseball's Rule 21, prominently posted in every clubhouse locker room, mandates permanent banishment from the sport for having a gambling interest of any sort on a game in which a player or manager is directly involved.) While Jackson and Rose had outstanding playing careers that would usually merit Hall of Fame induction, the Hall of Fame disallows election of anyone on the permanent suspension list. (Many others have been permanently suspended, but none have Hall of Fame qualifications on the level of Jackson or Rose. A select few, such as Hal Chase and Eddie Cicotte, would be reasonable candidates had they not been barred.) Baseball fans are deeply split on the issue of whether these two should be exonerated or remain banned. Shoeless Joe Jackson, 1919 Joseph Jefferson Shoeless Joe Jackson (July 16, 1888 – December 5, 1951) was a left fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox. ... Peter Edward Pete Rose Sr. ... The 1919 World Series was played between the Chicago White Sox of the American League and the Cincinnati Reds of the National League. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) Central Division (1994-present) Current uniform Ballpark Great American Ball Park (2003-present) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1940 1919 NL Pennants (9) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1972 1970 â€¢ 1961 â€¢ 1940 â€¢ 1939 1919 AA Pennants (1) 1882 Central Division... Hal Chase, of the Chicago White Sox, at Comiskey Park. ... Edward Victor Cicotte (June 19, 1884 - May 5, 1969) was a professional baseball player for the Chicago White Sox. ...


Some would like to see compromise. In the case of Rose, who is still living, some suggest that he be inducted with the caveat that he cannot reenter the game in any other way. [citation needed] In the case of Jackson, who is dead, they make the case that being "banned for life" should take literal meaning, and he should be given consideration in death, making the case that not being able to enjoy the accolade in life would be punishment enough. [citation needed]


Players with multiple teams

The Hall has also recently changed its stance regarding team membership. Although all the teams for which a player played are usually listed in the text of the plaque, most are depicted wearing the cap of one specific team. Before the current trend of frequent free agency, this was not controversial, since players of Hall of Fame quality often played most of their career with one team. As free agents began to be inducted, it was the player's choice which cap they would wear, and the players did not always make the most popular choice. For instance, Nolan Ryan entered the Hall wearing a Texas Rangers cap on his plaque, even though he only spent five seasons with the Rangers, and had longer and more successful tenures with the Astros and Angels. Nolan Ryan pitching in Atlanta on June 28, 1983 Lynn Nolan Ryan, Jr. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961-present) West Division (1972-present) Current uniform Ballpark Ameriquest Field in Arlington (1994-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None AL Pennants (0) None West Division titles (3) [1] 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 Wild card berths (0) None [1] - In 1994, a players... Major league affiliations National League (1962-present) Central Division (1994-present) Current uniform Ballpark Minute Maid Park (2002-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None NL Pennants (1) 2005 Central Division titles (4) 2001 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1997 West Division titles (2) [1][2] 1986 â€¢ 1980 Wild card berths... Major league affiliations American League (1961-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966-present) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2002 AL Pennants (1) 2002 West Division titles (5) 2005 â€¢ 2004 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1982 1979 Wild card berths (1) 2002 The Los Angeles Angels...


However, in light of rumors that teams were offering number retirement, money or organizational jobs in exchange for the cap designation (Dave Winfield was widely rumored to have made such a deal in 2001 with the San Diego Padres), the Hall decided to change the policy. Although the decision-making process would be a mutual responsibility, the Hall - not the players - would have the final say in such matters. Gary Carter was the first to test this policy; he won his only championship with the New York Mets, and wanted his induction plaque to depict him wearing a Met cap. The Hall of Fame decided that his plaque would instead show Carter with a Montreal Expos cap. Wade Boggs was in a similar situation; he won his only championship as a member of the 1996 New York Yankees, but posted his best career numbers in twice as much time while wearing the Boston Red Sox uniform. He went in wearing the "B" on his cap despite his acrimonious relationship with Red Sox management. Catfish Hunter, though harboring no ill will towards either of his employers (the Oakland Athletics and New York Yankees) could not decide which cap he preferred; he had nearly identical statistics and postseason success on both teams. He instead went in wearing a cap without a logo. David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951 in St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark PETCO Park (2004-present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) None NL Pennants (2) 1998 â€¢ 1984 West Division titles (4) 2005 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 â€¢ 1984 Wild card berths (0) None The San Diego Padres (nicknamed The... Gary Edmund Carter (born April 8, 1954), also nicknamed The Kid, has been regarded as one of the top hitting Major League Baseball catchers in baseball history. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962-present) East Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964-present) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1986 â€¢ 1969 NL Pennants (4) 2000 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1969 East Division titles (4) 1988 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1969 Wild card berths (2) 2000 â€¢ 1999 The New... The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 to 2004. ... Wade Anthony Boggs (born June 15, 1958 in Omaha, Nebraska) is a former third baseman in Major League Baseball, primarily with the Boston Red Sox, whose hitting in the 1980s and 1990s dominated the American League in much the same way as his National League contemporary Tony Gwynn. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Yankee Stadium (1923-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Fenway Park (1912-present) Major league titles World Series titles (6) 2004 â€¢ 1918 â€¢ 1916 â€¢ 1915 1912 â€¢ 1903 AL Pennants (11) 2004 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1967 1946 â€¢ 1918 â€¢ 1916 â€¢ 1915 1912 â€¢ 1904 â€¢ 1903 East Division titles (5) 1995... James Augustus Catfish Hunter (April 8, 1946 – September 9, 1999) was a prolific Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher between 1965 and 1979. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark McAfee Coliseum (1968-present) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1989 â€¢ 1974 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1972 1930 â€¢ 1929 â€¢ 1913 â€¢ 1911 1910 AL Pennants (15) 1990 â€¢ 1989 â€¢ 1988 â€¢ 1974 1973 â€¢ 1972 â€¢ 1931 â€¢ 1930 1929 â€¢ 1914 â€¢ 1913 â€¢ 1911 1910... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Yankee Stadium (1923-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927...


Bull Durham flap

In April 2003, one month after the start of the Iraq War, Hall of Fame President Dale Petroskey caused a furor when he canceled an event meant to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the well-known 1988 baseball movie Bull Durham because of the anti-war stance of two of its stars, Tim Robbins and Susan Sarandon, fearing that they would use the event as a platform for their political views. Petroskey, a former assistant press secretary in the Reagan administration, sent Robbins and Sarandon a letter that said: "We believe your very public criticism of President Bush at this important - and sensitive - time in our nation's history helps undermine the U.S. position, which ultimately could put our troops in even more danger." Robbins responded: "Long live democracy, free speech and the '69 Mets - all improbable, glorious miracles that I have always believed in." Combatants Baathist Iraq Baath Loyalists Al-Qaeda in Iraq Mahdi Army Other insurgent groups and militias United States United Kingdom New Iraqi Army Kurdish forces Multinational forces in Iraq Commanders Saddam Hussein Abu Musab al-Zarqawi† Moqtada al-Sadr Abu Ayyub al-Masri Mujahideen Shura Council Tommy Franks... Bull Durham is a 1988 American movie about love and baseball. ... Tim Robbins at Cannes, 2001 Timothy Francis Robbins (born October 16, 1958) is an American Academy Award winning actor, screenwriter, director, producer, and small time musician. ... Sarandon in The Banger Sisters Susan Sarandon (born October 4, 1946) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... President Reagan, with his Cabinet and staff, in the Oval Office (February 4, 1981) Headed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1989, the Reagan Administration was conservative, steadfastly anti-Communist and in favor of tax cuts and smaller government. ... The 1969 World Series was played between the New York Mets and the Baltimore Orioles, with the Mets prevailing in 5 games to accomplish one of the greatest upsets in Series history. ...


Many people, including well-known baseball figures like authors Roger Kahn and Jules Tygiel, were upset by what they saw as an attempt to punish political speech. Kahn canceled an appearance at the Hall and Tygiel called for Petroskey's resignation. Former Hall employee Eric Enders wrote a scathing article for a baseball research publication in which he wrote, "Petroskey has worked diligently—and, until now, quietly—to align the Hall politically with the Republican party." Roger Kahn Roger Kahn (born 1927 in Brooklyn, New York) is one of Americas most prominent writers about sport - especially baseball. ... The Republican Party (often referred to as the GOP, for Grand Old Party) is one of the two major political parties in the United States two-party system, along with the Democratic Party. ...


Bull Durham co-star Kevin Costner defended Robbins and Sarandon, saying, "I think Tim and Susan's courage is the type of courage that makes our democracy work... Pulling back this invite is against the whole principle about what we fight for and profess to be about." Kevin Costner from the movie Wyatt Earp. ...


External links



Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940
1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950
1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970
1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Members: alphabetical list · chronological list

  Results from FactBites:
 
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2636 words)
Among baseball fans, "Hall of Fame" means not only the museum and facility in Cooperstown, but more likely the pantheon of players, managers, umpires and builders who have been named to enshrinement there.
In 2005 the Hall completed a study on African American players between the late 19th century and the integration of the major leagues in 1947, and conducted a special election for such players in February 2006; seventeen figures from the Negro Leagues were chosen in that election, in addition to the eighteen previously selected.
An ongoing controversy facing the Hall of Fame is that of the status of Joe Jackson and Pete Rose.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m