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Encyclopedia > Baseball Commissioner

In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. Under the direction of the commissioner, the office hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, and negotiates marketing, labor, and television contracts. The commissioner is chosen by a vote of the owners of the teams; it is said that current President of the United States George W. Bush once angled for the position. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... ... Home plate umpire Gary Darling signals that the last pitch was a strike In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and meting out discipline. ... It has been suggested that Product marketing be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The presidential seal was first used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States. ...


The unique title "Commissioner", which is a title now applied to the heads of several other major sports leagues as well as baseball, derives from its predecessor office, the National Commission. The National Commission was the ruling body of baseball starting with the National Agreement of 1903 which made peace between the leagues. It consisted of three members: the league presidents, and a Commission Chairman, whose primary responsibility was to preside at meetings and presumably to mediate disputes. The Black Sox scandal was seen as a failure of the National Commission. The Commission was in some sense baseball's equivalent to the Articles of Confederation: a good start, but ultimately scrapped and replaced with a more powerful and centralized government. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, formed the first governing document of the United States of America. ...


Commissioners of Baseball


  Results from FactBites:
 
World Almanac for Kids (2274 words)
Baseball is played by amateurs of all ages, including numerous sandlot clubs and athletic associations, virtually every high school and college in the U.S., and scores of junior leagues.
The commissioner has the authority to investigate any action regarded as harmful to the sport of baseball and may penalize, with fines or suspensions, the personnel involved.
Much controversy surrounded baseball’s reserve clause, which bound a player to one team until the player retired or was traded; if a player’s contract expired, and no new agreement was reached, the clause allowed the team to renew the contract annually.
Commissioner of Baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (725 words)
The Commissioner of Baseball is the title of the highest office in Major League Baseball.
The first commissioner was a former federal judge, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who ruled baseball with a firm hand for 24 years.
His ascent was soon followed by the disastrous 1994 baseball strike, in which the intransigence of both players and owners led to the cancellation of the World Series and widespread disillusionment among baseball fans.
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