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Encyclopedia > Basawon Singh (Sinha)

Basawon Singh (Sinha) has been among the greatest nationalists who joined into the freedom struggle at a tender age of 13 and kept on his struggle for the independence of the country from the colonial yoke and fighting for the rights of the underprivileged, industrial labours and agricultural workers all throughout his life. He had spent more than 16 years in prisons in British India fighting for India's independence. He lived uptill the ripe age of 80 years and died on April 7, 1989. His commitment to Democratic Socialism remained unflinching till the last day of his life. British India (otherwise known as The British Raj) was a historical period during which most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar, were under the colonial authority of the British Empire (Undivided India). ... Democratic socialism is a broad political movement propagating the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system. ...

Contents

Birth and early Chidhood

Basawon Singh (Sinha) was born in a poor Bhumihar Brahmin family in Jamalpur (Subhai), Vaishali on March 23, 1909. He used to walk eight miles to go to the nearest school to get education. His formal education came to an abrupt end when he was rusticated from college in Matriculate because of joining the Nationalist Movement. Bhumihar Brahmins (भूमिहर ब्राह्मण), also known as Bhumihars (भूमिहार) are an influential Brahmin subcaste who have traditionally resided in fertile regions of Indo-Gangetic plains of North India, in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. ... A Brahmin (anglicised from the Sanskrit word IAST ; Devanagari ), also known as Vipra, Dvija, Dvijottama (best of the Dvijas), (god on Earth) is a member of an upper caste within Hindu society. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Entry into freedom movement

He first participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement after Gandhi's visit to Hajipur in 1920-21 when he was only 13 years old. The Non-Cooperation Movement was the first-ever series of nationwide peoples movements of nonviolent resistance, led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. ...


Becomes a Revolutionary

He joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army headed by Yogendra Shukla in 1925. He absconded in 1929 after the famous Lahore Conspiracy Case. He was co-accused in many conspiracy cases namely Bhusawal, Kakori, Tirhut and Deluaha cases. He carried on the movement along with Chandrashekhar Azad and Keshav Chandra Chakravarty. He was arrested and thrown in Bankipore Central jail (June, 1930) from where he escaped on the third day, but was rearrested. He was served a seven -year sentence when he undertook a 57-day hunger-strike against the imposition of cross-bar fetters in jails. He was released in June, 1936 due to frail health due to his fasting. Yogendra Shukla: Among the greatest nationalist the country has produced and who also served in the Cellular Jail, Andamans(Kalapani), among the founders of HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army)Yogendra Shukla (1896-1966) as well as his nephew Baikunth Shukla (1907-1934) hailed from village Jalalpur in Muzaffarpur (now Vaishali... Kakori is a small town, 14 km NW of Lucknow, India. ... Chandrasekhar Azad Chandrasekhar Azad was one of four most famous revolutionaries that fought for Indias freedom from the British. ...


Joined Congress Socialist Party and begins Trade Union work

He Joined CSP in December,1936 and was appointed its labour secretary. He established trade unions in the coal fields, sugar mills, mica mines and railways of Bihar. He formed Japla labour union in 1937, Baulia Labour union in 1937, organized the workers of Jamalpur Workshop along with Shivnath Bannerjee, formed the Gaya cotton and Jute Mill Labour Union, formed the Tata Collieries Labour Association along with Subhash Chandra Bose, went on to become its president when Bose left India in 1941. He organized coal workers of Talcher, Rajgangpur (Orissa) and Satna (MP); established Mica Workers Union, Gomia Labour Union (Explosives), later these unions affiliated to HMS. He was active in AIRF since 1936, president of OT Railway Union from Agra to Nefa and NE Railway Mazdoor Union. CSP is an initialism that can be interpreted as one of the following: In a general context: Central Superior Services of Pakistan Certified Safety Professional Chicken Slayer Productions Commonwealth Supported Place compactset Project (csP) Compulsive/chronic skin picking Concordia University, Saint Paul Concentrating Solar Power Credential Service Provider Carlo-Schmid... Subhas Chandra Bose, (Bangla: সুভাষ চন্দ্র বসু Shubhash Chôndro Boshu) (January 23, 1897 – August 18, 1945?note), also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj. ...


He was rearrested in April, 1937 along with Jayaprakash Narayan, Benipuri and others in Patna for "unconstitutional" works for six months. During the Second World War he was the first man in Bihar to be arrested under Defence of India Ordinance on 26th January, 1940 in Husainabad, Palamu and released after eighteen months. During the Quit India Movement, after the interception of Jayaprakash Narayan's Deoli letter addressed to him, he went underground in 1941 and went to Afghanistan to collect firearms and ammunition. He attended the Bombay AICC session (9th August, 1942) and conducted the movement from the underground. He was held in Delhi on January 8, 1943 to be freed only on 3rd April,1946 after which he continued his nationalist and Trade Union work. Cover of the book Jayaprakash by Lakshminarayan Lal. ... The Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or the August Movement) was a civil disobedience movement in India launched in August 1942 in response to Mahatma Gandhis call for immediate independence of India. ...


In Independent India

One of the architects of the Socialist Party after its break with the Congress. He was a member of the National Executive of the Socialist Party. He is the founder of HMS (Hind Mazdoor Sabha), one of the six national federations affiliated to the Socialists. He was held for Gomia strike in 1965 fighting for the rights of workers.


He won from Dehri-on-Sone in the first General Elections of 1952 and becomes the first leader of the opposition from 1952 uptill 1962. He became a Member of the Legislative Council from 1962-68. He became one of the most powerful Cabinet Miniters (Cabinet Minister of Labour, Planning and Industry) in the 1967 Coalition Government. During the Emergency of 1975 he stayed underground for 19 months conducting the movement and his wife was jailed under MISA as a potential "threat" to the Government. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Misa (drama) A Korean drama called miahnhada, saranghanda which means, sorry, I love you. ...


In 1977 he wins from Dehri-on-Sone and again becomes the Cabinet Minister for Labour, Planning and Industry in the Janata Party government in the state. He kept on guiding the Trade Union Movement and kept on fighting to keep the Janata Party intact till the last day of his life. He died on 7th April, 1989.


He lived within very frugal means and was respected for his honesty and forthrightness. He was committed to the country for whose independence he was also instrumental. He kept guiding and working for the underprivileged, working class and agricultural labourers till the last day of his life.


He did not believe in the existence of God, much like the rest of his socialist comrades. He did not wear the sacred thread because he did not believe in segregation from the rest. Even his widowed mother supported the ideas of his only son. When he used to take his fellow revolutionaries to his mud house to have food, his mother never enquired about their caste even after being an orthodox Brahmin and used to serve them food. And after his son alongwith other nationalists was gone she used to wash the place with gangajal so that their feelings were not hurt.


The room of his house where he was born has fallen down and the whole house was in a dilapidated condition till recently when it was renovated to some extent by his descendants rather than the Government.


Basawon Singh (Sinha) was an extremely handsome personality with six feet five inches in height and extremely sharp featured with weatish complexion.


Sources

The Times of India had published a booklet both in English and Hindi in most of its editions published in the country on May 30, 1994 "A Tribute" and hailed him as "Son of Bihar".


"Shramikon Ke Hitaishi Neta, Itihas Purush: Basawon Singh" published by the Bihar Hindi Granth Academy (1st Edition, April, 2000)


 
 

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