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Encyclopedia > Bartolomeu Dias
Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa
Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa

Bartolomeu Dias, sometimes Bartolomeu Dias de Novais (pron. IPA [baɾtulu'meu 'diɐʃ]; Anglicized: Bartholomew Diaz) (c. 1450May 29, 1500), a Nobleman of the Royal Household, was a Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southern tip of Africa in 1488, the first European known to have done so. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (872x1233, 148 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bartolomeu Dias Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (872x1233, 148 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bartolomeu Dias Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - City 2,499 km²  (964. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... // March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In all the medieval monarchies of western Europe the general system of government sprang from, and centred in, the royal household. ... This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... // January 8 - The present Royal Netherlands Navy was formed By decree of Maximillian of Austria. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


In 1481 Dias accompanied Diogo de Azambuja on an expedition to the Gold Coast. Dias was a cavalier of the royal court, superintendent of the royal warehouses and sailing-master of the man-of-war São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher). King John II of Portugal appointed him on 10 October 1486 as the head of an expedition that was to endeavor to sail around the southern end of Africa in hope of finding a trade route leading to Asia. Another important purpose of the expedition was to try to find the country of which recent reports had arrived through João Afonso de Aveiro and with which the Portuguese wished to enter into friendly relations. Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Diogo de Azambuja (1432-1518) Portuguese explorer of the African coast, lead an expedition into the Gold Coast with Bartolomeu Dias, in 1481. ... Flag of Gold Coast Map from 1896 of the British Gold Coast Colony. ... Prince Rupert an archetypical cavalier For other uses, see Cavalier (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saint Christopher (disambiguation). ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Dias sailed at first towards the mouth of the Congo River, discovered the year before by Diogo Cão and Martin Behaim, then, following the African coast, he entered Walvis Bay. From 29° south latitude (Port Nolloth), he lost sight of the coast and was shipping south by a violent storm, which lasted thirteen days. He did not know that he had sailed well beyond the tip of the continent. When calm weather returned he sailed in an easterly direction and, when no land appeared, turned northward, landing at the "Bahia dos Vaqueiros" (Mossel Bay) on February 3 1488. Dias had rounded both the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas, the southernmost point of Africa, without laying eyes on them. The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ... Diogo Cão was a Portuguese explorer who made two voyages along the west coast of Africa in the 1480s. ... Martin Behaim (October 6, 1459 – July 29, 1507), or Behem, was a navigator and geographer of great pretensions. ... Walvis Bay, Namibia Walvis Bay, (Dutch/Afrikaans Walvisbaai, meaning Whale Bay), is an area in Namibia with a checkered history. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Port Nolloth is a port in the Namaqualand Region on the north western coast of South Africa. ... Mossel Bay, South Africa (spelt Mosselbaai in Afrikaans) lies along the Indian Ocean, east of the Cape of Good Hope and west of Humansdorp. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A marker at Cape Agulhas indicates the official dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. ...


Continuing east, he sailed as far as the Great Fish River. Once it had become clear that India could be reached by sailing north up the coast, he turned back. It was only on the return voyage that he discovered the Cape of Good Hope in May 1488. Dias returned to Lisbon in December 1488 after an absence of sixteen months and seventeen days. He had explored a total of about 2,030 km of unknown African coast. The Great Fish River is a river running through the South African province of Cape Midlands. ...


He originally named the Cape of Good Hope the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed by John II as the Cape of Good Hope (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because of the opening of a route to the east. The discovery of the passage around Africa was significant because for the first time Europeans could trade directly with India and the other parts of Asia, bypassing the overland route through of the Middle East, with its expensive middle men.


In 1497 Dias accompanied Vasco da Gama's expedition to India but in a subordinate position. He followed de Gama with one ship to Cape Verde. He also accompanied Pedro Álvares Cabral on the voyage that resulted in the discovery of Brazil in 1500. He died off the Cape of Good Hope when his vessel was wrecked in a storm. 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Pedro Álvares Cabral (c. ...


The official report of the expedition to the Cape of Good Hope has been lost.


Married, he had two children:

  • Simão Dias de Novais, who died unmarried and without issue
  • António Dias de Novais, a Knight of the Order of Christ, married to (apparently his relative, since the surname de Novais was transmitted through her brother's offspring) Joana Fernandes, daughter of Fernão Pires and wife Guiomar Montês (and sister of Brites Fernandes and Fernão Pires, married to Inês Nogueira, daughter of Jorge Nogueira and wife, and had issue), and had issue.

Dias' grandson Paulo Dias de Novais was a Portuguese colonizer of Africa in the 16th century. Dias' granddaughter Guiomar de Novais married twice, as his second wife to Dom Rodrigo de Castro, son of Dom Nuno de Castro and wife Joana da Silveira, by whom she had Dona Paula de Novais and Dona Violante de Castro, both died unmarried and without issue, and to Pedro Correia da Silva, natural son of Cristóvão Correia da Silva, without issue. The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Founded in 1318, the Military Order of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo) was the heritage of the Knights Templar in Portugal, after the suppression of the Templars in 1312. ... Paulo Dias de Novais was a Portuguese colonizer of Africa in the 16th century. ...

Bartolomeu Dias Voyage (1487-88)
Bartolomeu Dias Voyage (1487-88)

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (642x801, 631 KB) Sumario Route of the Voyage of en:Bartolomeu Dias in 1487-88. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (642x801, 631 KB) Sumario Route of the Voyage of en:Bartolomeu Dias in 1487-88. ...

See also

For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Pedro Álvares Cabral (c. ... This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ...

External links

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Vasco da Gama (665 words)
Bartolomeu Dias had proceeded as far as the Great Fish River (Rio do Infante), and had in addition established the fact the coast of Africa on the other side of the Cape extended to the northeast.
Pedro de Corvilhão on his way from India had descended the east coast of Africa as far as the twentieth degree of south latitude, and had become cognizant of the old Arabic-Indian commercial association.
On 16 December, the fleet arrived at the furthest landing point of Dias, gave its present name to the coast of Natal on Christmas Day, and reached by the end of January, 1498, the month of the Zambesi, which was in the territory controlled by the Arabian maritime commercial association.
Bartolomeu Dias - MSN Encarta (237 words)
Five years later, the king gave Dias command of an expedition to continue the exploration of the western coast of Africa, begun in 1482 by the navigator Diogo Cam, who had sailed south to a point near Walvis Bay.
Dias set sail from Lisbon in August 1487; in February 1488 he rounded the southern end of the African continent as far as the estuary of what was later named the Great Fish River.
Dias thus opened a sea route from Europe to East Asia, which European merchants and statesmen considered essential to the prosperity of Europe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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