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Encyclopedia > Bartholin's glands

The Bartholin's glands (also called Bartholin glands or greater vestibular glands) are two glands located slightly below and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina in women. They secrete mucus to provide lubrication, especially when the woman is sexually aroused, thus facilitating sexual intercourse. A gland is an organ in an animals body that synthesizes a substance for release such as hormones, often into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland). ... Human female internal reproductive anatomy The vagina (from the Latin for sheath or scabbard ) is the tubular tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female mammals, or to the cloaca in female birds and some reptiles. ... Mucus is a slippery secretion of the lining of various membranes in the body (mucous membranes). ... Sexual arousal is the process and state of an animal being ready for sexual intercourse. ... SUCK MY PENIS BITCH!!! ...


They were first described in the 17th century, by the Danish anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655-1738). Some sources mistakenly ascribe their discovery to his grandfather, theologian and anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Elder (1585 - 1629). (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Caspar Bartholin the Younger (1655-1738), grandson of theologian and anatomist Caspar Bartholin the Elder, was a Danish anatomist who first described the Bartholins gland in the 17th century. ... Caspar Bartholin (or Berthelsen), alternatively Bartholinus (Latin) was the name of two leading figures in the history of the science of human anatomy __ grandfather and grandson. ...


Bartholin's glands are homologous to Cowper's glands in males. Two or more structures are said to be homologous if they are alike because of shared ancestry. ...


A Bartholin's cyst is formed when a Bartholin's gland is blocked, causing a cyst to develop. If infection sets in, the result is a Bartholin's abscess. A cyst is a closed sac having a distinct membrane and developing abnormally in a cavity or structure of the body. ...


See also:

In human anatomy, the Skenes glands (also known as the lesser vestibular or paraurethral glands) are glands located on the upper wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra. ...

Reference

  • C. C. Gillispie (ed.): Dictionary of Scientific Biography, New York 1970. See the article on Thomas Bartholin.


Reproductive system
Female: Cervix - Clitoris - Fallopian tubes - Bartholin's glands - Hymen - Mammary glands - Ovaries - Skene's glands - Urethra - Uterus - Vagina - Vulva
Male: Bulbourethral glands - Cowper's glands - Ejaculatory duct - Epididymis - Penis - Prostate - Scrotum - Seminal vesicles - Spermatic cord - Testes - Urethra - Vas deferens

 
 

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