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Encyclopedia > Barroso Commission
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The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. It consists of its president, José Manuel Durão Barroso, and 26 other commissioners. The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ... The European Community (EC), most important of two European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP, german Gemeinsame Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik (GASP), was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters is the third of the three pillars of the European Union, focusing on co-operation in law enforcement and combating racism. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... This article needs to be updated. ... The Council of the European Union (French: Le Conseil de lUnion européenne, German: Rat der Europäischen Union) is a governing body that forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... 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The Barroso Commission was originally set to take office on 1 November 2004. However, strong opposition from the European Parliament towards the first proposed composition of the Barroso Commission forced Barroso, as President-designate, to withdraw his proposed line-up without submitting it to a vote of approval on that date. A revised Commission was finally approved by Parliament on 18 November (449 votes in favour, 149 against and 82 abstentions). With Bulgaria and Romania's accession to the European Union, the Commission was expanded to 27 Commissioners. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The debating chamber, or hemicycle, in Strasbourg The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Contents

Membership

Portfolio(s) Commissioner Member state Party affiliation
President José Manuel Durão Barroso Portugal Portugal PSD
First Vice-President;
Institutional Relations & Communication Strategy
Margot Wallström Sweden Sweden SDWP
Vice-President; Enterprise & Industry Günter Verheugen Germany Germany SPD
Vice-President; Justice, Freedom, & Security Franco Frattini Italy Italy Forza Italia
Vice-President; Transport Jacques Barrot France France UMP
Vice-President; Administrative Affairs, Audit, & Anti-Fraud Siim Kallas Estonia Estonia ERP
Economic & Financial Affairs Joaquín Almunia Spain PSOE
Internal Market & Services Charlie McCreevy Ireland Ireland Fianna Fáil
Agriculture & Rural Development Mariann Fischer Boel Denmark Denmark Venstre
Competition Neelie Kroes Netherlands Netherlands VVD
Trade Peter Mandelson UK United Kingdom Labour
Fisheries & Maritime Affairs Joe Borg Malta Malta Nationalist Party
Environment Stavros Dimas Greece Greece New Democracy
Health Markos Kyprianou Cyprus Cyprus Democratic Party
Development & Humanitarian Aid Louis Michel Belgium Belgium Reformist Movement
Enlargement Olli Rehn Finland Finland Centre Party
Employment, Social Affairs, & Equal Opportunities Vladimír Špidla Czech Republic Czech Republic ČSSD
Taxation & Customs Union László Kovács Hungary Hungary MSZP
Financial Programming & the Budget Dalia Grybauskaitė Lithuania Lithuania none
External Relations & European Neighbourhood Policy Benita Ferrero-Waldner Austria Austria Austrian People's Party
Education, Training & Culture Ján Figeľ Slovakia Slovakia KDH
Regional Policy Danuta Hübner Poland Poland none
Energy Andris Piebalgs Latvia Latvia Latvian Way
Science & Research Janez Potočnik Slovenia Slovenia none
Information Society & Media Viviane Reding Luxembourg Luxembourg CSV
Consumer Protection Meglena Kuneva Bulgaria Bulgaria NDSV
Multilingualism Leonard Orban Romania Romania none

François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... This article needs to be updated. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Portugal. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata, pron. ... Margot Wallström Margot Wallström (born September 28, 1954), is Swedish politician, Social Democrat, and currently First Vice President and Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy Commissioner of the European Commission. ... Image File history File links Sweden_greater_arms. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Party (Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti or SAP), is the largest political party in Sweden. ... Günter Verheugen (born 28 April 1944 in Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate) is a German politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... Franco Frattini. ... Image taken from Presidenza della Repubblica, in Italian. ... Forza Italia (Forward Italy) is an Italian party. ... Jacques Barrot Jacques Barrot (born 3 February 1937 in Yssingeaux, Haute-Loire) is a French politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Transport. ... Image File history File links France_coa. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), initially named the Union for the Presidential Majority (Union pour la Majorité Présidentielle), is the main French conservative political party. ... Categories: Stub | 1948 births | European Commissioners ... Image File history File links Estonia_coatofarms. ... The Estonian Reform Party (Estonian: Eesti Reformierakond) is a free market liberal party in Estonia. ... Joaquín Almunia Joaquín Almunia is the member of the European Commission responsible for Economic and Monetary Affairs (since 26 April 2004). ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero at a meeting in San Sebastián The Spanish Socialist Workers Party, commonly abbreviated by its Spanish initials, PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español), is a major party in Spain and the second oldest, exceeded only by the Partido Carlista, founded in 1833. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links COA_IRELAND.PNG Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Fianna Fáil - The Republican Party (IPA ; (mistranslated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though a literal translation is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland),¹ is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... Mariann Fischer Boel Mariann Fischer Boel is a Danish politician of the party Venstre. ... Image File history File links Denmark_coa. ... The Liberal Party (Liberale Parti, also known as Venstre) is a major free market liberal party in Denmark. ... The Commissioner for Competition is the member of the European Commission with responsibility for such matters as commercial competition, company mergers and anti-trust law. ... Neelie Kroes Neelie Kroes (born 19 July 1941 in Rotterdam) is a Dutch politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Competition. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_the_Netherlands. ... The Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD), literally Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy, is a free market liberal party in the Netherlands. ... The Commissioner for Trade is the member of the European Commission responsible for the European Unions external trade policy. ... The Rt Hon. ... Image File history File links UK_Royal_Coat_of_Arms. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... Joe Borg Joseph Borg (born March 19, 1952) is a politician and diplomat in Malta, associated with the Nationalist Party which is currently governing that country. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Malta. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Stavros Dimas Stavros Dimas (Σταύρος Δήμας) (born 30 April 1941) is a Greek politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for the Environment. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Greece. ... For different uses of the term, including political parties with the name New Democracy, see New Democracy (disambiguation). ... Markos Kyprianou Markos Kyprianou {pronounced ) (born 22 January 1960 in Limassol) is a Cypriot politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection. ... Cyprus coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The Democratic Party (Greek: Dimokratikon Komma) is a liberal political party in Cyprus, founded in 1976 by Spyros Kyprianou. ... Louis Michel Louis Michel (born September 2, 1947) was until July 2004 the Belgian foreign minister. ... Image File history File links Belgium_coa. ... The Mouvement Réformateur (MR) is a Belgian French-speaking liberal party, favoring a united Belgium. ... Olli Rehn Olli Rehn (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Finland. ... The Centre Party (Finnish: Suomen Keskusta) is a centrist political party in Finland. ... Vladimír Špidla Vladimír Špidla (born April 21, 1951 in Prague) is a Czech social democratic politician. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... The Czech Social Democratic Party (Czech: ÄŒeská strana sociálnÄ› demokratická or ÄŒSSD) is the Social Democrat political party in the Czech Republic. ... László Kovács László Kovács (pronounced ) (born 3 July 1939) is a Hungarian politician and diplomat, currently serving as European Commissioner for Taxation and Customs Union. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (410x739, 28 KB) Summary From [1]. Uploaded to replace Image:Hungary COA.jpg. ... The Hungarian Socialist Party (Hungarian: Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP) is a socialist party in Hungary. ... Dalia Grybauskaitė Dalia Grybauskaitė (born on 1 March 1956 in Vilnius) is a former Lithuanian Minister of Finance and currently European Union Commissioner for Financial Programming and Budget. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Lithuania. ... Benita Ferrero-Waldner Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs and an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Image File history File links Austria_Bundesadler. ... The Austrian Peoples Party (de:Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian political party. ... Ján Figeľ Ján Figeľ (born 20 January 1960) is a Slovak politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Multilingualism. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Slovakia. ... The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: KresÅ¥anskodemokratické hnutie) (KDH) is a political party in Slovakia. ... Danuta Hübner Danuta Hübner (born on 8 April 1948, in Nisko, Poland) was Polish Minister for European Affairs and is currently European Union Commissioner for Regional Policy. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1932x2407, 4465 KB) [edit] Summary Coat of arms of the Republic of Poland Made by Aotaearoa, based on the official specifications in Coat of arms, Colors and Anthem of the Republic of Poland, and State Seals Act (Dz. ... Andris Piebalgs Andris Piebalgs (born 17 September Latvian politician and diplomat, currently serving as European Commissioner for Energy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x636, 88 KB)Compressed Image:Latvijas lielais gerbonis. ... Latvian Way (Latvian: Latvijas Ceļš) is a very liberal party in Latvia. ... Janez Potočnik Janez Potočnik (born on 22 March 1958) is a former Slovenian Minister for European Affairs and currently European Union Commissioner for Science and Research. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (619x801, 46 KB) The Slovenian coat of arms. ... EU Commissioner of DG InfoSoc born in Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg on April, 27th 1951 married, 3 children PhD. in Human Sciences from the Sorbonne University in Paris 1978-1999 Reporter at the Luxemburger Wort, the leading newspaper in Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2300x2117, 1696 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg Gallery of sovereign state coats of arms Barroso Commission Coat of arms of Luxembourg User:Spanish Inquisition... The Christian Social Peoples Party (Luxembourgish: Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei - CSV) is the largest political party in Luxembourg. ... The Commissioner for Consumer Protection is the member of the European Commission responsible for Consumer protection. ... Meglena Kuneva Meglena Kuneva (Bulgarian: ) is a Bulgarian and European politician. ... Bulgarian coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The National Movement Simeon II (Bulgarian: Национално движение Симеон Втори; Nacionalno Dviženie Simeon Vtori) is a political party in Bulgaria, the vehicle of Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski, the deposed Tsar of Bulgaria and former Prime Minister. ... The European Commissioner for Multilingualism is the member of the European Commission responsible for multilingualism and language policy within the European Union. ... Leonard Orban Leonard Orban (born June 28, 1961 in BraÅŸov) is a Romanian independent technocrat, currently serving as a state secretary with the Ministry of European Integration, coordinating Romania’s preparation for accession to the EU in January 2007. ... Download high resolution version (783x1020, 51 KB)Coat of Arms of Romania - Large Version This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ...

Summary by political leanings

The colour of the row indicates the approximate political leaning of the office holder using the following scheme:

affiliation number of commissioners
right leaning / conservative 9 (nine)
liberal 9 (nine)
left leaning / socialist 6 (six)
unknown / independent 3 (three)

In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Left-Right politics. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ...

First proposed composition

The first announced list of portfolio holders was announced by President-designate Barroso on 12 August, but failed to be approved by the European Parliament. The difference between the first proposed composition and the final one were the following: August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

  • Rocco Buttiglione (of Italy) was proposed as Vice-President, and Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security, instead of Franco Frattini
  • Ingrida Udre (of Latvia) was proposed as a commissioner instead of Andris Piebalgs; she was to be responsible for Taxation and Customs Union, which in the final composition became the portfolio of László Kovács.
  • László Kovács (of Hungary) was proposed as Commissioner for Energy.

Hearings before the committees of the European Parliament questioned the suitability of several of the candidates; a dispute broke out over Rocco Buttiglione's reported views on homosexuality and women, and the committees also found fault with Rocco Buttiglione. ... Franco Frattini. ... Ingrīda Ūdre (born November 14, 1958) is a Latvian politician who belongs to the Latvian Farmers Union political party. ... László Kovács László Kovács (pronounced ) (born 3 July 1939) is a Hungarian politician and diplomat, currently serving as European Commissioner for Taxation and Customs Union. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual and romantic attraction between two individuals of the same sex. ... Diverse women. ...

  • László Kovács, for insufficient professional competence in the energy field
  • Neelie Kroes, for insufficient detailed grasp of certain specific subjects
  • Mariann Fischer-Boel, for insufficient determination to defend European farmer's interests, and an unwillingness to enter into a dialogue with the parliament
  • Ingrida Udre, over allegations of irregularities in the funding of her political party

The most controversial proposed commissioner was Buttiglione. Though he had the support of the European People's Party (the largest of the European Parliament party groups), the Socialists and the Liberals refused to vote for a commission that retained Buttiglione with the justice portfolio. The European Peoples Party (EPP) is the largest European political party. ... Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ...


With rejection by the European Parliament seeming likely, on 27 October 2004, Barroso withdrew his proposal for the new commission. Later Italy's government announced its withdrawal of Buttiglione as designate commissioner, nominating Franco Frattini in his place. At Barroso's request, Latvia's government likewise withdrew Ingrida Udre, nominating Andris Piebalgs in her place. Andris Piebalgs had previously served as chef de cabinet to Sandra Kalniete, Latvia's member of the Prodi Commission. Lastly Hungarian Laszlo Kovacs was moved to the taxation and customs position. October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... Franco Frattini. ... Andris Piebalgs Andris Piebalgs (born 17 September Latvian politician and diplomat, currently serving as European Commissioner for Energy. ... In politics, a chief of staff is the primary aide to a political leader or position. ... Sandra Kalniete (born December 22, 1952) is Latvias EU commisionner. ... The Prodi Commission was the European Commission from 1999 to 2004. ...


Barrot scandal

Barroso's Commission faced another scandal when, shortly before the Commission entered office, it was revealed by United Kingdom Independence Party MEP Nigel Farage that Jacques Barrot, the commissioner from France, had been convicted of fraud in 2000. After this, Barrot had received a presidential amnesty from Jacques Chirac, making it illegal in France to even mention his conviction. Members of the Socialist and Liberal groups in the European Parliament urged Barroso to suspend Barrot from the Commission for failing to disclose his conviction during the confirmation period. Barrot has been a commissioner since January 2000, having served as Commissioner for Regional Policy under Romano Prodi. The United Kingdom Independence Party (commonly known as UKIP, pronounced //) is a libertarian free market British political party. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... Nigel Paul Farage (born 3 April 1964 in Farnborough, Kent) is a British politician, and leader of the eurosceptic conservative United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP). ... Jacques Barrot Jacques Barrot (born 3 February 1937 in Yssingeaux, Haute-Loire) is a French politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Transport. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932 in Paris) is a French politician and the current President of the French Republic. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...   (born August 9, 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ...


See also

Third Delors Commission The Delors Commission was the European Commission that held office from 1985 until 1995, which consists of three terms. ... The Santer Commission was the European Commission that held office from 1995 until 15 March 1999. ... The Prodi Commission was the European Commission from 1999 to 2004. ...

References

    External links

    • Members of the Barroso Commission
    • Photo of the 25 Members of the European Commission presided by José Manuel Durão Barroso European NAvigator
    Preceded by
    Prodi Commission
    European Commission Succeeded by
    --

      Results from FactBites:
     
    Barroso Commission - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (776 words)
    The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009.
    A revised Commission was finally approved by Parliament on 18 November (449 votes in favour, 149 against and 82 abstentions).
    Barroso's Commission faced another scandal when, shortly before the Commission entered office, it was revealed by United Kingdom Independence Party MEP Nigel Farage that Jacques Barrot, the commissioner from France, had been convicted of fraud in 2000.
    Hard Nose - Newsweek: International Editions - MSNBC.com (2224 words)
    Barroso belonged to a Maoist group that had resisted the fascist regime, and he continued to fight what he saw as a new dictatorship of the left.
    Barroso chose a socialist, Vladimir Spidla of the Czech Republic, for Employment, and a businesswoman, Neelie Kroes of the Netherlands, for Competition.
    Barroso's political career took off in 1985 when the PDS won elections and tapped him as deputy minister of the Interior at the age of 29, and of Foreign Affairs at 31.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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