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Encyclopedia > Barracks Emperor

Barraks Emperor is the way Roman Emperors who ruled during 235268 are collectively known. The name comes from the fact that all of them (about 14 in 33 years) were generals who took power because of the help of their legions. Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ...

Barraks Emperors were generals who seized the throne with the help of their legions. These generals, guarding the Empire borders, all led their troops to Rome to take the purple, killing the previous Emperor. This high instability, each Emperor ruled two years in average, led to an almost complete collapse of the Empire. The first problem was that these generals, to take and keep the power, moved their legions from the borders, thus leaving gaps exploited by enemies of the Romans; German tribes attacked, for example, one of these gaps in 260s, and the fear of them obliged the Romans to build a wall aroung the capital of the Empire. Another problem was the dissolution of the statal structure, with the Emperors using public money to pay their troops and the unemployed mobs, and private benefactors building public infrastructures; the end result was an increased inflation. The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... Centuries: 2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century Decades: 210s - 220s - 230s - 240s - 250s - 260s - 270s - 280s - 290s - 300s - 310s Years: 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 Events Crisis of the Third Century Significant people Gallienus, Roman Emperor Claudius II, Roman Emperor Categories: 260s ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ...

The situation continued with the Illyrian Emperors. The Empire was on the edge of total collapse, when, in 284, Diocletian took the power, and with his reformations gave the Empire other two centuries of history. For other uses, see number 284. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (245-313 AD), born Diocles, was Roman Emperor from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ...

See also Crisis of the Third Century. The Crisis of the Third Century (also known as the Military Anarchy or the Imperial Crisis ) is a commonly applied name for the crumbling and near collapse of the Roman Empire between 235 and 284 caused by the three simultaneous crises of external invasion, internal civil war and economic collapse. ...

Reign Incumbent Notes
February/March 235 to March/April 238 Maximinus Thrax Murdered by troops
earlyJanuary/March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian I Committed suicide
earlyJanuary March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian II Killed in battle
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Pupienus Maximus Murdered by the Praetorians
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Balbinus Murdered by the Praetorians
May 238 to February 244 Gordian III Murdered
240 to 240 Sabinianus Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle
February 244 to September/October 249 Philip the Arab Killed in battle by Decius
248 to 248 Pacantius Proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers
248 to 248 Jotapian Claimant
248 to 248 Silbannacus Usurper
249 to June 251 Decius Killed in battle
249 to 252 Priscus Proclaimed himself emperor in the Eastern provinces
250 to 250 Licinianus Claimant
early251 to 1 July 251 Herennius Etruscus Killed in battle
251 to 251 Hostilian
June 251 to August 253 Gallus Murdered by his own soldiers
July 251 to August 253 Volusianus Murdered by his own soldiers
August 253 to October 253 Aemilian Murdered by his own soldiers
253 to June 260 Valerian I Co-emperor with Gallienus; captured by Persians: died in captivity
253 to September 268 Gallienus Co-emperor with Valerian 253 to 260; murdered
258 or June 260 Ingenuus Proclaimed himself emperor
260 Regalianus Proclaimed emperor
260 to 261 Macrianus Major Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Macrianus Minor Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Quietus Claimant
261 to 261 or 262 Mussius Aemilianus Proclaimed emperor
268 to 268 Aureolus Proclaimed himself emperor; surrendered to Claudius II Gothicus

  Results from FactBites:
Rome: The Calamitious Century (1060 words)
The two last "barracks emperors," Claudius II Gothicus (268-270) and Aurelian (270-275), stemmed the tide slightly by pulling back troops from the frontier and hiring mercenary soldiers, but Roman government and stability would not be restored and reconstructed until the imperiate of Diocletian (284-305).
Even the statues of the emperors show this fear; while imperial statuary of Augustus and the early emperors (all the way up to Commodus) show heroic and powerful individuals, the statues of the emperors in the third century show worry and resignation and their faces are deeply lined with wrinkles and furrowed brows.
However, the last of the barracks emperors, a shrewd and practical man named Diocletian, radically reconstructed the Empire and set the stage for the Christian Roman Empire in the fourth century.
Barracks emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (642 words)
Barracks emperors were especially common in the period from 235 through 284, during the Crisis of the Third Century.
Unlike previous emperors who had seized power in military coups d'├ętat (Vespasian and Septimius Severus, both from middle-class plebeian stock), the barracks emperors tended to be low-class commoners (often from disreputable parts of the empire); the first barracks emperor, Maximinus Thrax, had begun his military career as an enlisted soldier.
A barracks emperor could not boast of a distinguished family name or a successful career as a statesman or public servant; rather, he had only his military career to recommend himself, and his only influence was the points of his soldiers' swords.
  More results at FactBites »



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