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Encyclopedia > Barracks
A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden.
A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden.

Barracks are a type of military housing. They are typically very plain and all of the buildings in the housing unit are often uniform structures. The term can also be used to describe the building(s) in which convicts are housed. The Oxford English Dictionary suggests that the term barrack is derived from the French baraque or Italian baracca and originally meant a temporary hut or cabin. It may also be derived from the Valencian word barraca. It was not until 1690s that the word was used to describe a place of lodgement or residence for soldiers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 215 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Barracks Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 215 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Barracks Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Norrbotten Regiment, or Norrbottens regemente, also I 19, is a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traces its origins back to the 19th Century. ... Boden is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ... The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a comprehensive multi-volume dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP). ... A typical jungle hut in Brazilian Amazonia, made of straw and supported by stilts. ... 19th century Cottages in the small hamlet of Crafton, Buckinghamshire For other uses, see Cottage (disambiguation). ... Valencian (valencià) is the historical, traditional, and official name used in the Valencian Community (Spain) to refer to the language spoken therein, also known as Catalan (català) in the Spanish Autonomous Communities of Catalonia, Aragon and the Balearic Islands; in the country of Andorra; in the southern French region of...



There are a number of remains of Roman army barracks in frontier forts such as Houseteads and Vindolanda. From these and from contemporary Roman sources we can see that the basics of life in a military camp have remained constant for thousands of years. The Roman army was a set of land-based military forces employed by the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and later Roman Empire as part of the Roman military. ... Vindolanda was a Roman auxiliary fort located at Chesterholm, just south of Hadrians Wall in northern England, near the border with Scotland, guarding the Roman road from the River Tyne, to the Solway Firth, now known as the Stanegate. ...

Before 1780, these types of dwellings were not widely known in Britain. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Barracks blockhouses were used to house troops in forts in Upper Canada. The Stone Frigate, completed in 1820, served as a barracks briefly in 1837-38, and was refitted as a dormitory and classrooms to house the Royal Military College of Canada by 1876. The Stone frigate is a large stone building originally designed to hold gear and rigging from British warships dismantled to comply with the Rush-Bagot Agreement. Stone frigate is a nickname for a naval establishment on land. ... A typical American college dorm room Another typical not-so-clean college dorm room Watterson Towers, Illinois State University Potomac Hall, second-largest dormitory at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ... The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces and is a full degree-granting university. ... The Rush-Bagot Treaty signed in 1817 between the United States and the United Kingdom demilitarized the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, where many British naval armaments and forts still remained, and laid the basis for a demilitarized boundary between the US and British North America. ...


In many militaries, NCOs and enlisted personnel will frequently be housed in barracks for service or training. Many lower level enlisted are concentrated, while higher ranking NCOs and officers typically receive more space. "Garrison town" is a common expression for any town that has a military barracks, i.e., a permanent military presence. A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or Noncom, is an enlisted member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but...


U.S. Armed Forces

While in basic training and sometimes follow-on training, military members live in barracks. The U.S. Marine Corps have gender-separate basic training units. This differs from the U.S. Army, United States Coast Guard, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy, where male and female recruits train and share the barracks during the basic, but are separated during personal time and lights out. However, all the branches of service integrate male and female members following boot camp and first assignment. United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ...

The modern-day trend in the U.S. military is to house only the lowest-ranking bachelor enlisted in barracks unless required for reasons of military necessity. Unmarried NCOs and the highest ranking junior enlisted are generally expected to find off-base accommodations. Those that do reside in barracks are now generally housed in individual rooms conforming to modern U.S. Department of Defense guidelines. The Marine Corps is often the exception to this practice. The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ...

Unlike the other services, barracks in the U.S. Air Force are officially referred to as "dormitories."

During World War II, many U.S. barracks were made of inexpensive, sturdy and easy to assemble Quonset huts that resembled Native American long house (being semi-circular but made out of metal). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A typical Quonset hut A Quonset hut is a lightweight prefabricated structure of corrugated steel having a semicircular cross section. ... Later day Iroquois longhouse housing several hundred people Interior of a longhouse with Chief Powhatan (detail of John Smith map, 1612) Longhouses were built by native peoples in various parts of North America, sometimes reaching over 100 meters long (330 ft) but generally around 5 to 7 meters wide (16...

External links

  • Royal Engineers Museum Military Works (Barrack construction)

  Results from FactBites:
Barracks - WoWWiki (570 words)
Barracks are large, fortified structures that offer training and housing for the many warriors in the Alliance.
It is within the barracks’ walls that footmen are taught the art of shield defense.
Barracks were used by High Elves that helped fend off Arthas as he tried to attack theircapital Silvermoon and Quel'thalas in Warcraft III by producing fighting units.
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