Baron Brougham and Vaux is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was first created in 1830 for Henry Brougham so that he could sit in the House of Lords and serve as Lord Chancellor. In 1860, he was given a second barony of the same name, but with a special remainder to his brother William. At his death, the 1830 barony became extinct since he left no heirs, but the 1860 title passed to his brother and thereafter to his heirs.
Brougham conducted the lengthened inquiry which took place at the bar of the House, and he displayed on this occasion a mastery over the principles of political economy and international law which at that time was rare.
From that time, Brougham, in conjunction with Samuel Whitbread, became one of the princess's chief advisers; he was attached to her through an indignant sense of the wrongs and insults inflicted upon her by her husband.
Brougham's first act was to move for leave to bring in a bill to amend the representation of the people; but before the debate came on the government was defeated on another question; the duke resigned, and Earl Grey was commanded by William IV to form an administration.
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