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Encyclopedia > Barnacle
Barnacles
"Cirripedia" from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur (1904). The crab at the centre is nursing the externa of the parasitic cirripede Sacculina
"Cirripedia" from Ernst Haeckel's Kunstformen der Natur (1904). The crab at the centre is nursing the externa of the parasitic cirripede Sacculina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Maxillopoda
Subclass: Thecostraca
Infraclass: Cirripedia
Burmeister, 1834
Superorders

Acrothoracica
Thoracica
Rhizocephala Barnacle may refer to: Barnacle, a type of arthropod belonging to infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea The Barnacle Goose, a species of bird The Barnacle Historic State Park Nora Barnacle, wife of author James Joyce Pete Barnacle, a drummer for a variety of bands Barnacles, the first song on... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2351x3294, 1808 KB) Summary The 57th plate from Ernst Haeckels Kunstformen der Natur (1904), depicting organisms classified as Cirripedia. ... Ernst Haeckel. ... The 8th print, Discomedusae. ... Species S. andersoni Sacculina is a genus of barnacles that are parasitic on crabs. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Sub-classes Thecostraca Tantulocarida Branchiura Pentastomida Mystacocarida Copepoda Maxillopoda is a class of crustaceans, characterised by a reduction of the abdomen and its appendages. ... Infraclasses Facetotecta Ascothoracida Cirripedia Thecostraca are a group of marine invertebrates containing about 1,320 described species. ... Hermann Burmeister. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Orders Sessilia Pedunculata Thoracica is a superorder of crustaceans which contains the most familiar species of barnacles found on rocky coasts, such as Balanus balanoides and Chthalamus stellatus. ... Orders Kentrogonida Akentrogonida Rhizocephala are degenerate crustaceans, parasitic on decapod crustaceans. ...

A barnacle is a type of arthropod belonging to infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea and is hence distantly related to crabs and lobsters. Some authorities regard Cirripedia as a full class or subclass, and the orders listed at right are sometimes treated as superorders. Around 1,220 barnacle species are currently known. The name "Cirripedia" is Latin, meaning "curl-footed". Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... In zoology, an infraclass is a further subdivision of a subclass. ... In biology, a subphylum is a taxonomic rank intermediate between phylum and superclass. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Superfamilies Dromiacea Homolodromioidea Dromioidea Homoloidea Eubrachyura Raninoidea Cyclodorippoidea Dorippoidea Calappoidea Leucosioidea Majoidea Hymenosomatoidea Parthenopoidea Retroplumoidea Cancroidea Portunoidea Bythograeoidea Xanthoidea Bellioidea Potamoidea Pseudothelphusoidea Gecarcinucoidea Cryptochiroidea Pinnotheroidea * Ocypodoidea * Grapsoidea * An asterisk (*) marks the crabs included in the clade Thoracotremata. ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... A class is the rank in the scientific classification of organisms in biology below Phylum and above Order. ... In biology, a subclass is one level below a class. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ...


Barnacles were first fully studied and classified by Charles Darwin who published a series of monographs in 1851 and 1854. Darwin undertook this study at the suggestion of his friend Joseph Dalton Hooker, in order to understand at least one species before making the generalisations needed for his theory of evolution by natural selection [1]. For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Look up monograph in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Joseph Dalton Hooker Joseph Dalton Hooker Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, GCSI, OM, FRS, MD (June 30, 1817 – December 10, 1911) was an English botanist and traveller. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... For other uses, see Natural selection (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Life cycle

Chthamalus stellatus

When an appropriate place is found, the cyprid larva cements itself headfirst to the surface and then undergoes metamorphosis into a juvenile barnacle. Typical barnacles develop six hard armour plates to surround and protect their bodies. For the rest of their lives they are cemented to the ground, using their feathery legs (cirri) to capture plankton and gametes when spawning. They are usually found in the intertidal zone. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixels, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixels, file size: 6. ... A Pieris rapae larva An older Pieris rapae larva A Pieris rapae pupa A Pieris rapae adult Metamorphosis is a process in biology by which an individual physically develops after birth or hatching, and involves significant change in form as well as growth and differentiation. ... Plate has several meanings: A plate electrode in a vacuum tube. ... A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετης; translated gamete = wife, gametes = husband) is a cell that fuses with another gamete during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce sexually. ... A rock, seen at low tide, exhibiting typical intertidal zonation. ...


Once metamorphosis is over and they have reached their adult form, barnacles will continue to grow, but not moult. Instead, they grow by adding new material to the ends of their heavily calcified plates. Ecdysis is the molting of the cuticula in arthropods and related groups (Ecdysozoa). ...


Like many invertebrates, barnacles are hermaphroditic and alternate male and female roles over time. [2]. Invertebrate is an English word that describes any animal without a spinal column. ... In zoology, a hermaphrodite is a species that contains both male and female sexual organs at some point during their lives. ...


Barnacles often attach themselves to man-made structures, sometimes to the structure's detriment. Particularly in the case of ships, they are classified as fouling organisms. Other members of the class have quite a different mode of life. For example, members of the genus Sacculina are parasitic on crabs. Biofouling or biological fouling is the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms, plants, algae, and animals on submerged structures, especially ships hulls. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Species S. andersoni Sacculina is a genus of barnacles that are parasitic on crabs. ... Low Temperature Scanning Electron Microscope (LTSEM) image of Varroa destructor on a honey bee host Mites parasitising a harvestman Parasitism is one version of symbiosis (living together), a phenomenon in which two organisms which are phylogenetically unrelated co-exist over a prolonged period of time, usually the lifetime of one...


Some barnacles are edible by humans, and goose barnacles (e.g. Pollicipes polymerus) are treasured as a delicacy in Greece, Spain, and other Mediterranean countries. The resemblance of this barnacle's fleshy stalk to a goose's neck gave rise in ancient times to the notion that geese, or at least certain seagoing species of wild goose, literally grew from the barnacle. Most notably, the wild Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis), whose eggs and young were rarely seen by humans because it breeds in the remote Arctic, got its popular name because it was imagined to grow from gooseneck barnacles. Binomial name Pollicipes polymerus Ref: ITIS 89755 The Gooseneck Barnacle (Pollicipes polymerus) is a species of filter-feeding crustacean that lives attached to hard surfaces of rocks and flotsam in the ocean intertidal zone. ... Binomial name Branta leucopsis (Bechstein, 1803) The Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) belongs to the genus Branta of black geese, which contains species with largely black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey Anser species. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ...



A barnacle is a type of arthropod, Which means it has no back bone, being in the invertebrate group, and its body is segmented. ;cc.


Classification

Balanidae, Mission Beach National Park, Queensland, Australia, 2002
Balanidae, Mission Beach National Park, Queensland, Australia, 2002
Corrosion caused partly by barnacles
Corrosion caused partly by barnacles
Barnacles and limpets in the intertidal near Newquay, Cornwall.

This article follows Martin and Davis in placing Cirripedia as an infraclass of Thecostraca and in the following classification of cirripedes down to the level of orders [3]: Image File history File links Seepocke_fg1. ... Image File history File links Seepocke_fg1. ... Corrosion - Autor Rafal Konkolewski File links The following pages link to this file: Corrosion User:Rafikk Image:Corrosion. ... Corrosion - Autor Rafal Konkolewski File links The following pages link to this file: Corrosion User:Rafikk Image:Corrosion. ... For the hazard, see corrosive. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixels, file size: 1. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: See article: Limpet If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... It has been suggested that Intertidal ecology, Foreshore and Littoral be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Infraclasses Facetotecta Ascothoracida Cirripedia Thecostraca are a group of marine invertebrates containing about 1,320 described species. ...


Infraclass Cirripedia Burmeister, 1834 Hermann Burmeister. ...

  • Superorder Acrothoracica Gruvel, 1905
    • Order Pygophora Berndt, 1907
    • Order Apygophora Berndt, 1907
  • Superorder Rhizocephala Müller, 1862
    • Order Kentrogonida Delage, 1884
    • Order Akentrogonida Häfele, 1911
  • Superorder Thoracica Darwin, 1854
    • Order Pedunculata Lamarck, 1818
    • Order Sessilia Lamarck, 1818

Orders Kentrogonida Akentrogonida Rhizocephala are degenerate crustaceans, parasitic on decapod crustaceans. ... Orders Sessilia Pedunculata Thoracica is a superorder of crustaceans which contains the most familiar species of barnacles found on rocky coasts, such as Balanus balanoides and Chthalamus stellatus. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. ... Suborders Balanomorpha Brachylepadomorpha Verrucomorpha Wikispecies has information related to: Sessilia Sessilia is an order of barnacles, comprising the barnacles without stalks. ...

Synonyms

Other names for this group of crustaceans include Thyrostraca, Cirrhopoda (meaning "tawny-footed"), Cirrhipoda, and Cirrhipedia.


References

  1. ^ Étienne Benson. Charles Darwin. SparkNotes. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  2. ^ Barnacle general biology. Museum Victoria (1996).
  3. ^ Joel W. Martin & George E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. 

SparkNotes, originally part of a website called The Spark, is a company started by Sam Yagan, Max Krohn, and Chris Coyne in 1999 that provides free in-depth commentary, analysis and study guides for literature, poetry, history, film and philosophy. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Museum Victoria is the state museum of Victoria, Australia. ... The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County opened in Exposition Park in 1913 as the Museum of History, Science, and Art. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cirripedia
  • Rock barnacle at Aquascope
  • Barnacles from the Marine Education Society of Australasia
  • Barnacles in Spain Article on barnacles in Spain, and their collection and gastronomy.
  • [1] Newcastle University's barnacle and biofouling information site.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Barnacle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (493 words)
The crab at centre is nursing the externa of a parasitic cirripede of the genus Sacculina
A barnacle is a type of arthropod belonging to infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea and is hence distantly related to crabs and lobsters.
Barnacles were first fully studied and classified by Charles Darwin, at the suggestion of his friend Joseph Dalton Hooker, in his quest to further his ongoing development of the theory of evolution and natural selection.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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