FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Barisan Nasional
The dacing, symbol of Barisan Nasional

Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a major political coalition in Malaysia. Formed in 1973 as the successor to the Alliance (Parti Perikatan), it has ruled Malaysia uninterrupted (including the term of the Alliance) since independence. The coalition's headquarters is located in the nation's capital, Kuala Lumpur. The coalition holds several seats in every state in Malaysia, but was delivered a severe political blow in the aftermath of the 2008 General Elections when it formed the majority in 8 out of 13 States, with the exceptions being Kelantan, Kedah, Penang, Perak and Selangor, all of which fell to a loose alliance of opposition parties. The Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur is also under opposition control, led by the Democratic Action Party. Digital kitchen scales. ... A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead) State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita (For Our State) Capital George Town Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas  - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon History    - Ceded by... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... State motto: Maju dan Sejahtera State anthem: Maju dan Sejahtera Constituent Kuala Lumpur Labuan Putrajaya Administered by Ministry of the Federal Territories Minister Zulhasnan Rafique Made into Federal Territory    - Kuala Lumpur 1 February 1974   - Labuan 16 April 1984   - Putrajaya 1 February 2001   - Consolidated under the Ministry 27 March 2004  Total... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ...

Contents

Organisation

Malaysia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Malaysia
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Malaysia. ... The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



Other countries · Atlas
 Politics Portal
view  talk  edit

The vast majority of Barisan Nasional's seats are held by its three largest race-based parties — the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), and the Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) — each of which is sectarian in nature, though officially supporting racial harmony. In the view of some scholars, The social contract in Malaysia refers to the agreement made by the countrys founding fathers in the Constitution. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Duli Yang Maha Mulia Al-Wathiqu Billah Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah is the 16th Sultan of the state of Terengganu, Malaysia, and the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, or King, of Malaysia. ... The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysias government. ... The Prime Minister of Malaysia (in Malay Perdana Menteri) is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi[1] (born November 26, 1939 in Kepala Batas, Penang) is the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Timbalan Perdana Menteri in Malay) is the second highest political post in Malaysia. ... Dato Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born July 23, 1953, in Kuala Lipis, Pahang) is a Malaysian politician and has been the countrys Deputy Prime Minister since January 7, 2004. ... The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... The Dewan Negara is the Malaysian Senate. ... The Parliament of Malaysia consists of the lower house (Dewan Rakyat or literally Peoples Hall, in Malay) and upper house (Dewan Negara or Nations Hall in Malay). ... The Sultan Abdul Samad Building, as were surrounding colonial buildings near the Merdeka Square, had formerly housed all of the countrys judicial branches for decades. ... The Opposition in Malaysia is a term used to describe political parties represented in the Parliament of Malaysia that is not in government either on its own or as part of a governing coalition. ... Elections in Malaysia gives information on election and election results in Malaysia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Political parties in Malaysia lists political parties in Malaysia. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... This article concerns the Foreign relations of Malaysia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... The Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA or Persatuan Cina Malaysia) (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Cantonese: Ma Loi Saiya Wah Yen Koong Wui) is a political party in Malaysia, made up of Malaysian Chinese and one of the three major parties that make up the ruling Barisan Nasional (or National Front). ... The Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957. ...

Since its inception the Alliance remained a coalition of communal parties. Each of the component parties operated to all intents and purposes, save that of elections, as a separate party. Their membership was communal and their success was measured in terms of their ability to achieve the essentially parochial demands of their constituents.[1]

Although both the Alliance and Barisan Nasional registered themselves as political parties, membership was only possible indirectly through one of the constituent parties. In the Alliance, one could hold direct membership, but this was abolished with the formation of the Barisan Nasional. The Barisan Nasional defines itself as "a confederation of political parties which subscribe to the objects of the Barisan Nasional". Although in elections, all candidates stand under the Barisan Nasional symbol, and there is a Barisan Nasional manifesto, each individual constituent party also issues its own manifesto, and there is intra-coalition competition for seats prior to nomination day.[2] A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ...


As of May 2008, Barisan Nasional's member parties are:

The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... The Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA or Persatuan Cina Malaysia) (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Cantonese: Ma Loi Saiya Wah Yen Koong Wui) is a political party in Malaysia, made up of Malaysian Chinese and one of the three major parties that make up the ruling Barisan Nasional (or National Front). ... The Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957. ... The Malaysian Peoples Movement Party (Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ... The Peoples Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (United Traditional Bumiputera Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sarawak United Peoples Party (Parti Rakyat Bersatu Sarawak) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Majuh Sabah) is a political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Sabah (United Sabah Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik) is a Chinese minority political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (United Sabah Peoples Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation is a political party based in Sabah, east Malaysia. ... Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party is a political party in Malaysia. ...

Party loyalty in Parliament

In 2005, the issue of voting along party lines was brought up when two Barisan National Members of Parliament (MPs), Bung Moktar Radin and Mohamed Aziz, supported a motion by Opposition leader Lim Kit Siang of the Democratic Action Party (DAP) to refer International Trade and Industry Ministry secretary Sidek Hassan to the Committee of Privileges. Deputy Prime Minister Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak, who is also the BN whip in the Dewan Rakyat (lower house of Parliament) had the two MPs referred to the Cabinet for breaking the BN policy of never voting for motions proposed by the opposition. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... Lim Kit Siang (born February 20, 1941; Chinese: 林吉祥; pinyin: Lín Jíxiáng) is a prominent leader of the Democratic Action Party (DAP), a socialist opposition party in Malaysia. ... Democratic Action Party (DAP) logo The Democratic Action Party (DAP, Parti Tindakan Demokratik in Malay) is Malaysias largest secular and Socialist opposition party. ... Dato Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (born July 23, 1953, in Kuala Lipis, Pahang) is a Malaysian politician and has been the countrys Deputy Prime Minister since January 7, 2004. ... The Parliament of Malaysia consists of the lower house (Dewan Rakyat or literally Peoples Hall, in Malay) and upper house (Dewan Negara or Nations Hall in Malay). ...


According to Najib, the two MPs apologised for their actions once informed of their mistake. Eventually, the Cabinet settled on a reprimand and with no further action taken.


The National Front and Racial Polarisation

The National Front is sometimes seen as one of the main cause on why the multiracial society remain unintegrated. The racial based party coalition is the core to the other racial based organisation in the country. Race-based societies are even encouraged at school levels.


Though the UMNO (United Malay National Organisation) led National Front coalition implemented various projects and activities at all levels to strengthen racial integration but as long as racial politics are practiced in Malaysia, there does not seem any real inspiration within the society towards real integration.


The ultimate barrier from forming a single party to replace the coalition certainly is the Bumiputera (son of the soil or generally Malays) special rights which being strongly upheld by UMNO even after strong opposition by the non-Bumiputeras (mainly Chinese and Indian). This recently intensified after a government agency recently published a statistic which showed the Bumiputera have achieved the initial 30% economic equity target in the country as outlined in the first New Economic Policy (DEB) in 1971.


The National Front has been the government since the British granted Malaysia independence from British Colonial rule. However, it would appear that any move to dissolve the coalition to form a single party remains at the present time a very difficult task due to strong racial divides in the party system, which is reflective of the general sentiment of Malaysian society.


References

  1. ^ Rachagan, S. Sothi (1993). Law and the Electoral Process in Malaysia, p. 12. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press. ISBN 967-9940-45-4.
  2. ^ Rachagan, p. 21.
  • Chok, Suat Ling (Oct. 4, 2005). "MPs in the dock". New Straits Times, p. 1, 6.
  • Chin, James. 2002. Malaysia: The Barisan National Supremacy. In David Newman & John Fuh-sheng Hsieh (eds), How Asia Votes, pp. 210–233. New York: Chatham House, Seven Bridges Press. ISBN 1-889119-41-5.
  • Pillai, M.G.G. (Nov. 3, 2005). "National Front parties were not formed to fight for Malaysian independence". Malaysia Not TOday

Not to be confused with The Straits Times, the Singaporean newspaper. ...

External links

  • Barisan Nasional website
Political parties in Malaysia lists political parties in Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... The Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA or Persatuan Cina Malaysia) (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Cantonese: Ma Loi Saiya Wah Yen Koong Wui) is a political party in Malaysia, made up of Malaysian Chinese and one of the three major parties that make up the ruling Barisan Nasional (or National Front). ... The Malaysian Peoples Movement Party (Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ... The Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Se-Malaysia, MIC) is a Malaysian political party and is one of the founding members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional, previously known as the Alliance, that has been in power since the country achieved independence in 1957. ... The Peoples Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The United Traditional Bumiputera Party (Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sarawak United Peoples Party (Parti Rakyat Bersatu Sarawak) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Majuh Sabah) is a political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Sabah (United Sabah Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik) is a Chinese minority political party in Sabah, Malaysia. ... The Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (United Sabah Peoples Party) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation is a political party based in Sabah, east Malaysia. ... Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Sarawak Peoples Party (Parti Rakyat Sarawak) is a political party in Malaysia. ... Democratic Action Party (DAP) logo The Democratic Action Party (DAP, Parti Tindakan Demokratik in Malay) is Malaysias largest secular and Socialist opposition party. ... This article is about the Peoples Justice Party of Malaysia. ... The Malaysian Peoples Party (PRM, Parti Rakyat Malaysia in Malay) is a former Malaysian political party. ... The Malaysian Workers Party (Parti Pekerja-Pekerja Malaysia) is a leftist political party in Malaysia. ... Malaysian Dayak Congress (MDC) is a political party in Malaysia representing the Dayak indigenous population. ... The Pan Malaysian Islamic Front (Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia, often known by its acronym Berjasa) is a political party in Malaysia. ... The Parti Bangsa Dayak Sarawak (Sarawak Native Peoples Party) is a political party in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to a list of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country . ... The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
President's policy peech on 20 November 2000 (6220 words)
Dalam meneruskan perjuangan, kita tidak patut terpengaruh dengan propaganda pemimpin-pemimpin Barisan Nasional bahawa kononnya menuntut hak kita seperti yang termaktub dalam Perlembgaan Persekutuan adalah tindakan berkonfrantasi dengan Kuala Lumpur.
Semasa pilihanraya 1999, Barisan Nasional juga telah menabur berbagai janji pembangunan.
Kes ini hanyalah sebahagian kecil daripada kecurangan pentadbiran Barisan Nasional yand tidak diketahui oleh rakyat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m