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Encyclopedia > Barge
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Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone
Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone

A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. Most barges are not self-propelled and need to be moved by tugboats towing or pushing them. Barges on canals (towed by draft animals on an adjacent towpath) contended with the railway in the early industrial revolution but were outcompeted in the carriage of high value items due to the higher speed, falling costs, and route flexibility of rail transport. Barges are still used today for low value bulk items, as the cost of hauling goods by barge is very low. Self propelled barge carrying crushed stone near Wuhan, China. ... Self propelled barge carrying crushed stone near Wuhan, China. ... Jump to: navigation, search Lobster boat A boat is a watercraft, usually smaller than most ships. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Murray River in Australia. ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France Canals are man-made waterways, usually connecting existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the boat. ... A towpath is a road or track that runs alongside the banks of a river, canal or other inland waterway. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labor to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ... // Early history Evidence suggests that the first British canals were built in Roman times, often as irrigation canals or short connecting spurs between navigable rivers, such as Foss Dyke. ... Trains can travel at very high speed, are heavy, are unable to deviate from the track and require a great distance to stop. ...


Self propelled barges may be used as such when traveling downstream or upstream in placid waters and operated as an unpowered barge with the assistance of a tugboat when traveling upstream in faster waters.


Types of barges:

  • Barracks barge (living quarters)
  • Dry bulk cargo barge (coal, rock, grain, etc.)
  • Liquid cargo barge (fresh water, finished petroleum products)
  • Railcar barge (with tracks and using special loading/offloading facilities such as a barge slip)
  • Vehicular barge, often used to transport vehicles to natural shorelines such as beaches
  • Royal barge (ceremonial)
  • Lighter

On the UK canal system, the term barge is used to describe a boat wider than a narrowboat. A dry bulk cargo barge is a barge designed to carry freight such as coal, finished steel or its ingredients, grain, sand or gravel, and similar materials. ... A ferry slip is a specialized docking facility that receives a ferryboat. ... Jump to: navigation, search 90 mile beach Australia A Beach In United Kingdom A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, cobble, or even shell along the shoreline of a body of water. ... Lighter riding the current under Tower Bridge, London, circa 1928 A lighter is a type of flat-bottomed barge used to transfer goods to and from moored ships. ... For canals of Northern Ireland see the Canals of Ireland article // History See History of the British canal system for a more detailed history. ... A narrowboat is a boat or small barge used on narrow beam canals in Britain. ...


The people who move barges are often known as lightermen. Lighterman riding the current under Tower Bridge, circa 1928 Lightermen were workers who transferred goods between ships and quays, aboard flat-bottomed barges called lighters. ...


In the U.S. deckhands perform the labor and are supervised by a leadman and or the mate. The Captain and Pilot steer the towboat. The towboat pushes one or more barges that are held together with rigging and is called collectively the tow. The crew live aboard the towboat as it travels along the inland river system and or the intracoastal waterways. These towboats travel between ports and are also called line haul boats.


A barge pole is used by lightermen to fend off the barge as it nears other vessels or a wharf. These long poles have given rise to the saying, "I wouldn't touch that (subject/thing) with a barge pole." The meaning is that something is so unseemly or contentious that the person wants to avoid it or being associated with it at all costs. A common variation is to say, "I wouldn't touch that with a (insert length) barge pole." Typically the length for small avoidance is "ten foot": The greater the length, the more the sayer feels it is to be avoided.


The barge pole mentioned above is properly called a "pike pole."


Etymology

barge is attested from 1300, from Old French barge, from Vulgar Latin barga. The word originally could refer to any small boat, the modern meaning arose around 1480. bark "small ship" is attested from 1420, from Olf French barque, from Vulgar Latin barca (400 AD). The more precise meaning "three-masted ship" arose in the 17th century, and often takes the French spelling for disambiguation. Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... Jump to: navigation, search Old French is a term sometimes used to refer to the langue doïl, the continuum of varieties of Romance language spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland during the period roughly from 1000... Jump to: navigation, search Vulgar Latin (in Latin, sermo vulgaris) is a blanket term covering the vernacular dialects of the Latin language spoken mostly in the western provinces of the Roman Empire until those dialects, diverging still further, evolved into the early Romance languages — a distinction usually assigned to about... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... Jump to: navigation, search In the 18th century, the British Royal Navy used the term Bark for a nondescript vessel which did not fit any of its usual categories. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Events First invasion of Italy by Alaric (probable date). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Both are probably derived from a Latin *barica, from Greek baris "Egyptian boat", ultimately from m Coptic bari "small boat." Jump to: navigation, search Latin is an Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Coptic is an adjective referring to the original inhabitants of Egypt, the Copts. ...


External links

  • DBA - Dutch Barge Association Living aboard ex-commercial barges or any other type of broad-beam inland waterways craft

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