Barentsburg (Russian Баренцбург) is the second largest settlement on Svalbard, with about 850 inhabitants, almost entirely Russians and Ukrainians. The main economic activity is coal mining by the Arktikugol (Арктикуголь) company, although tourism is beginning to be developed since coal mining has always been unprofitable. Wyoming coal mine The most economical method of coal extraction from coal seams depends on the depth and quality of the seams, and also the geology and environmental factors of the area being mined. ...
The distance from Longyearbyen to Barentsburg is about 55 km, however there are no roads connecting the two settlements. Longyearbyen is the largest settlement on Svalbard, with about 1,500 inhabitants. ...
Although Svalbard is under Norwegian sovereignty, the unique Svalbard Treaty of 1920 allows citizens of signatory countries equal rights to exploit natural resources. Currently, Russia is the only country to maintain such a presence. The Russian Federation maintains a consulate in Barentsburg. The Svalbard Treaty of February 1920 placed the arctic islands of Svalbard under the governorship of Norway. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...
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