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Encyclopedia > Barelwi

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Barelvi (Hindi: बरेलवी, Urdu: بریلوی) is a movement of Sufism in South Asia that was founded by Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareilly, India (hence the term Barelvi). Barelvis compose a sizeable portion of the Hanafi Muslim communities in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and among British Asian Muslims. The movement is labelled by the name of the place of origin of it's founder "Bareilly" in Rohilkhand (western portion of present-day Uttar Pradesh), India. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the two central official languages of India, the other being English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Sayyidunna Mawlana Sanaadi Ala Hadrat Alshaykh Allamah Muhammad Mukhtar Ziauddin AÄ¥med Riđā Abdul Mustapha Khān al-BarelwÄ« al-Barkati al-Nuri al-Razwi al-Qadiri (1856–1921, sometimes transcribed as Ahmad Raza Khan) , was a prominent Muslim Alim from Bareilly, a city in Northern India during the late... , Bareilly   (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The Hanafi (Arabic حنفي) school is the oldest of the four schools of thought (Madhhabs) or jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... , Bareilly   (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Rohilkhand is a region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ...


As Ahmad Raza Khan was a central figure around which the movement was promoted in the Indian subcontinent between the 19th and 20th centuries, the fame of Ahmad Raza Khan developed and likewise his opposition also developed. The name Barelvi came into use to label the followers of Ahmad Raza Khan [citation needed]. Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ... Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ... Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ...


The 'Barelvi school' was founded to defend the existing beliefs of Muslims of South Asia. A common misconception is that the followers of this movement, in the Indian subcontinent indicate their attachment to Ahmad Raza Khan with words like Ahmadi, Raza, Razvi (or Razavi), Barakati, or Nuri. In reality the terms Nuri and Barkati refer to the Sufi Tariqa that Imam Ahmed Raza Khan followed; the Qadri Barkati tariqa of Marehra Shareef. The term razavi refers to those people who have been initiated into the Qadri Sufi Tariqa via the lineage of Imam Ahmed Raza Khan. e.g. Sheikh Abdul Qadir Gilani's followers are known as Qadri's and Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti's followers are called Chishti. These terms are used to show spiritual lineage and not to propgate sects. Followers of Ahmad Raza Khan in India are mainly Hanafi by Madhab (School of jurisprudence), but accept the other three Sunni schools to be valid. Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ... Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ... The Hanafi (Arabic حنفي) school is the oldest of the four schools of thought (Madhhabs) or jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam. ... Madhhab(مذهب) (Madhahib, pl) is an Islamic term that refers to a school of thought or religious jurisprudence (fiqh) within Sunni Islam. ...

Contents

Beliefs

Aqeeda

They follow the Maturidi school of Aqida, the Hanafi school of Fiqh, and one of the Chisti, Qadiri, Suhrawardi or Naqshbandi Sufi orders. According to Barelvi belief, Muhammad had "knowledge of the Unseen" and he saw all the deeds by Muslims, and also he had been given all the knowledges by Allah; he is omnipresent as well as 'Noor' or light. In Islam, one who follows Abu Mansur Al Maturidis theology, which is a close variant of Ashari school of thought. ... Aqidah is an Islamic creed. ... The Hanafi (Arabic حنفي) school is the oldest of the four schools of thought (Madhhabs) or jurisprudence (Fiqh) within Sunni Islam. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chishti Order was founded by Khwaja Abu Ishaq Shami (the Syrian) (d. ... Qadiriyyah, one of the oldest Sufi tariqa, derives its name from Abd al-Qadir al-Djilani (1077-1166), a native of the Iranian province of Gilan. ... Persian philosopher شهاب الدين يحيى سهروردى or Shihabuddin Yahya as-Suhrawardi (born 1153 in North-West-Iran; died 1191 in Aleppo) was the founder of School of Illumination, one of the most important islamic doctrine in Philosophy. ... Naqshbandi (Naqshbandiyya) is one of the major Sufi orders (tariqa) of Islam. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... Noor may refer to: An Arabic name, common among royalty The Arabic term for light (نور) Queen Noor of Jordan Noor Jahan, a Mughal Empress Noor Jehan, Pakistani actress/singer Noor Actress, actress Princess Noor Inyat Khan, a descendant of Tipu Sultan The city of Noor in northern Iran in the...


Practices

Dargah Hazrat Bal Kashmir, India.

During Mawlid, or the birthday of Muhammad, special recitations that have been written by scholars such as Ahmed Raza Khan are recited. The "salat o salam" with Durood and Hamd o Naat is recited after Fajr and Jumuah prayers, and are seen as a differentiating feature from others within Islam. The Miraj, Shaberat or Shab-e-Barat, Laylat al-Qadrand Gyarhanvi Sharif of Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani is celebrated. They bring out large processions on the occasion of Mawlid in the cities and towns. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Milad, Milad an-Nabi or Mawlid un-Nabi (Arabic: ) is the celebration of the birthday of Muhammad. ... Sayyidunna Mawlana Sanaadi Ala Hadrat Alshaykh Allamah Muhammad Mukhtar Ziauddin Aĥmed Riđā Abdul Mustapha Khān al-Barelwī al-Barkati al-Nuri al-Razwi al-Qadiri (1856–1921, sometimes transcribed as Ahmad Raza Khan) , was a prominent Muslim Alim from Bareilly, a city in Northern India during the late... Whenever a Muslim reads/speaks/hears the name of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, he prays a specific hadith called Darood or Durood described in the books of hadiths. ... A hamd (حمد) is a poem or song in praise of God. ... A Naat (Persian: نعت ) is poetry that specifically praises Muhammad. ... The Fajr prayer is the dawn daily prayer recited by practicing Muslims. ... The Friday prayer (or Jumuah) is a congregational prayer that Muslims hold Fridays just after noon. ... Although unrelated, Miraj can also refer to the Islamic doctrine of Prophet Mohammuds ascent to heaven, as documented in the Kitab al Miraj. ... Mid-Shaban is the 15th day of the month of Shaban in the Islamic calendar. ... Laylat al-Qadr (Arabic: لیلة القدر) (also known as Shab-e-Qadr), literally the Night of Decree or Night of Measures, is the anniversary of two [] very important dates in Islam that occurred in the month of Ramadan. ... Sheikh Muhyiddeen Abdul Qadir Gilani , Abdul Qadir al-Gilani , Abdul Qadir el-Gilani or Moulay Abdelkader Jilali (in Maghreb countries (Arabic: عبد القادر الجيلانى ); (1077 – 1166 CE) was a mystic scholar and saint of Islam. ... Milad, Milad an-Nabi or Mawlid un-Nabi (Arabic: ) is the celebration of the birthday of Muhammad. ...


Missionary Activities

More recently Barelvis have started their Movements in various countries of Asia, Europe, North America and South Africa by their missionary organization named Dawat-e-Islami. It was started by Maulana Ilyas Attar Qadri in 1981 in Karachi, Pakistan and it has now become an alternative to the Tablighi jamat. It has organised Ijtemas successfully in various cities of England, the U.S.A. and Africa. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Mawlana Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri Razavi Memon from Karachi, Pakistan is founder of a non-political Islamic movement Dawat-e-Islami [1]. He was born on the 26th day of the month of Ramadan. ...   (Urdu: , Sindhi: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ...


Their non-political and purely religious activities have contributed to a positive picture of the Barelvi Movement. In England, the movement is considered a moderating force in Islam.[1]


Controversy and Criticism

Adherents of Barelvi and Deobandi schools of thought disagree on some religious matters and have had disputes. Thus Deobandi and Salafi scholars among others, contend that the teachings of Ahmad Raza Khan Barelvi constitute as Bidah in gross contravention to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. The Deobandi (Urdu: دیو بندی devbandī) is a Sunni Islamic revivalist movement which started in South Asia and has more recently spread to other countries, such as Afghanistan, South Africa and the United Kingdom. ... This article is on the beliefs of the followers of the Salaf. ... Ahmad Raza Khan was a great scholor of Islamic World ... In the Arabic language, Bidah means innovation. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ...


Prominent Scholars

  • Sayyed Ahmad Saeed Kazmi
  • Syed Ameen Mian Qaudri
  • Ilyas Attar Qadri
  • Allama Syed Saadat Ali Qadri
  • Juctice Allama Dr Mufti Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri RH
  • Allama Ghulaam Rasool Saeedi

Ghazalli az-Zaman Razi ad-Dawran al-Muhaddith Shaykh al Hadith wal Tafsir Allamah al-Mawlana as-Shaykh as-Sayyid Ahmad Saeed Kazmi (Rahmatullah Alayhi) (Urdu: سید احمد سعید کاظمی) was a well known scholar and Sufi of international fame, living in Multan. ... // The propounder of more traditional Islam in India, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Barelwi who is also Known as Ala Hazrat, has his roots in Khankah-e-Marehra Sharif of Etah distt,U.P India. ... Mawlana Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri Razavi Memon from Karachi, Pakistan is founder of a non-political Islamic movement Dawat-e-Islami [1]. He was born on the 26th day of the month of Ramadan. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article2402973.ece

See also

Sayyidunna Mawlana Sanaadi Ala Hadrat Alshaykh Allamah Muhammad Mukhtar Ziauddin Aĥmed Riđā Abdul Mustapha Khān al-Barelwī al-Barkati al-Nuri al-Razwi al-Qadiri (1856–1921, sometimes transcribed as Ahmad Raza Khan) , was a prominent Muslim Alim from Bareilly, a city in Northern India during the late... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Kanzul Iman is the name of the 1910 Urdu translation of the Quran by Ahmad Raza Khan, founder of the Barelwi movement. ... Maulana Mustapha Raza Khan, commonly known among the Muslims of the Indian sub-continent as Mufti-e-Azam Hind was born in Bareilly (India) in 1892. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Raza Academy is the most prominent Sunni organization of Indian Muslims. ...

External links

Organizations

  • Dargah Ala hazrat Bareilly Sharif India
  • British Muslim Forum
  • Ahlesunnat Network Pakistan
  • Idara E Masoodiya Pakistan
  • Moinia Fakria Ajmer Sharif
  • Idara Tahqeeqat-E-Imam Ahmad Raza Karachi
  • Imam Ahmad Raza Academy Durban, South Africa
  • Sunni Dawat-E-Islami India
  • Sunni Razvi Society Port Louis

Imam Ahmad Raza Academy is most Prominent and Leading Organization of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat of South Africa. ...

Famous Madrasas

  • Jamia tul Madina, Pakistan
  • Sunni Markaz, Kerala India
  • ,Darul Uloom Naeemia Karachi
  • Aljamiatul Ashrafia, Mubarak pur Azamgarh, India
  • Darul Uloom Qadariya Gharib Nawaz, South Africa
  • Jamia Al Zahra Yorkshire
  • Jamia Al Karam

  Results from FactBites:
 
Barelwi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (271 words)
Barelwi Sunnism, the self-proclaimed Ahle Sunnah Movement, or just the Sunni movement, is a movement within Sunni Islam that was started by Imam Ahmed Rida Khan of Bareilly, India (hence the term Barelwi).
Barelwis in India are basically Hanafi by Madhab (School of Jurisdiction), but accept all the other three Sunni schools to be valid.
Some Islamic scholars have claimed that certain Barelwi teachings are incorrect and not in keeping with the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (see Sunnah) [2][3] [4].
Salaam (2249 words)
The doctrinal difference was that Barelwis encouraged visits to the tombs of saintly persons, while the Deobandis condemned such practices and the belief in the intercession of saints.
Moreover ideological differences between the Barelwis and Deobandis are likely to have been exacerbated and exploited by the Raj, in keeping with a policy of divide and rule.
The Barelwis could not see the issue in such fl-and-white terms, given Sherif Hussein's Hashemite ancestory and hence blood tie to the Prophet, peace be on him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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