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Encyclopedia > Bardsey Island
Ynys Enlli

Bardsey Island seen from Mynydd Mawr
Elevation: 167 m (548 ft)
Location: Lleyn Peninsula, Wales
Prominence: 167 m
Topo map: OS Landranger 123
OS grid reference: SH122218
Listing: Marilyn
Translation of name: Bardsey island (Welsh)
Pronunciation: ['mɐnɪð 'ɛnɬi]

Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli) lies off the Lleyn peninsula, in north Wales. The island is the site of a monastery founded by Saint Cadfan in the sixth century, and of Bardsey Bird and Field Observatory. Its highest point is the summit of Mynydd Enlli. Photo of bardsey island, taken July 2003 from Mynydd Mawr, by me. ... Mynydd Mawr is a mountain in Snowdonia, North Wales thats situated approximately 4-5 miles west of Snowdon itself. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The Lleyn peninsula also known by its Welsh name of the LlÅ·n extends from north west Wales. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom, England and Wales and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height, shoulder drop or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Topographic maps, also called contour maps, topo maps or topo quads (for quadrangles), are maps that show topography, or land contours, by means of contour lines. ... Image produced from the Ordnance Survey Get-a-map service. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Peak bagging (also hill bagging, mountain bagging, or among enthusiasts, just bagging) is a popular activity for hillwalkers and mountaineers in which they attempt to reach the summit of each peak in a region above some height, or having a particular feature. ... A Marilyn is a hill with a relative height of at least 150 metres, regardless of absolute height or other merit. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The Lleyn peninsula also known by its Welsh name of the LlÅ·n extends from north west Wales. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom, England and Wales and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... The Tikse monastery in Ladakh, India A monastery is the habitation of monks, derived from the Greek word for a hermits cell. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Bardsey Bird and Field Observatory is a bird observatory on Bardsey Island, off the Welsh coast. ...


It supports a small 'all the year' round population of less than 10 people which is swollen during summer months by visitors staying in the other houses on the island. Only one of the original 'crogloft' cottages survives as all the other cottages/houses were rebuilt during the 1870's with substaintial detatched & semi-detached farmhouses. They all have a set of farm buildings surrounded by high walls to keep out the weather. All the buildings are listed by CADW - the Welsh Historic & Ancient Monuments organisation. Little has changed on the island since then - the last building to be put up was the chapel in 1875. There is no permanent electricy supply, most houses relying on candles and small gas lamps. A telephone link to the rest of the public network was established in 2001 but the telephone system on the island still uses 'wind the handle' telephones with the (permanently occupied) houses all being on the same party line.


The Welsh colloquial term "tŷ bach" ("little house") still refers to an outhouse on Bardsey (many of which are situated within gardens).


The Island is owned and managed by the Bardsey Island Trust (see external link below) who acquired it in 1979 after raising the money by public subscription. For many years previously, it had formed part of the estates of the Newborough Family of Glynllifon near Caernarfon. At its maximum, it supported a population 92 at the time of the 1851 census. By 1935 the population had dropped to 33. As the population dropped, the small school on the island, run by the Council, closed circa 1950.

Contents


Pilgrimage

The island became a place of pilgrimage, especially popular with pilgrims who would come to die and be buried on the isle, hence giving rise to the tradition that twenty thousand saints are buried on the island. Three pilgrimages to Bardsey were rated as equivalent to one pilgrimage to Rome. Saint Deiniol and Merlin are both said to buried on the island. A pilgrimage is a term primarily used in religion and spirituality of a long journey or search of great moral significance. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Saint Deiniol (died c. ... Merlin Ambrosius (Welsh: Merlin Emrys (Merlin the Wise); also known as Myrddin Wyllt (Merlin the Wild), Merlin Caledonensis (Scottish Merlin), Merlinus, and Merlyn) is the personage best known as the mighty wizard featured in Arthurian legends, starting with Geoffrey of Monmouths Historia Regum Britanniae. ...


Attractions

Attractions on the island include a thirteenth century bell tower, several Celtic crosses, and a wealth of birds. Bardsey is a National Nature Reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The tallest square lighthouse in Britain built in 1821. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... The Belltower at University of California, Riverside, a center piece of the campus at UC Riverside. ... A Celtic cross For Celtic Cross, the ambient/dub band see Celtic Cross (band) A Celtic cross combines the cross with a ring surrounding the intersection. ... Orders Many - see section below. ... National Nature Reserve is a United Kingdom government conservation designation for a nature reserve of national significance. ... A Site of Special Scientific Interest or SSSI is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in the United Kingdom. ...


Occasional boats for day visitors sail to the island from Pwllheli and Aberdaron. Tel 0845 811 36554 for details. Pwllheli is the main market town of the Lleyn peninsula in northwestern Wales. ... The bridge at Afon Daron and Afon Cyll-y-felin Aberdaron is a small fishing village at the tip of Waless northern peninsula, the Lleyn. ...


Bardsey Island Apple

Bardsey is also home to the Bardsey Island Apple, an apple originally unique to the island, although saplings can now be purchased. It was originally described by the media as "The World's Rarest Apple". The apple tree is believed to have been grown there since the 1300s, when the Island was inhabited by monks. However, due to the island's isolated location, it was not officially identified and classified until Ian Sturrock sent a sample to the National Fruit Collection, in Brogdale, Kent in 1998. Binomial name Malus domestica Borkh. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1250s 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s Years: 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 Events and Trends MARF Categories: 1300s ... Brogdale is a hamlet in Kent, England, located beside the M2 motorway two miles south of Faversham. ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bardsey Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (276 words)
The island became a place of pilgrimage, especially popular with pilgrims who would come to die and be buried on the isle, hence giving rise to the tradition that twenty thousand saints are buried on the island.
Bardsey is also home to the Bardsey Island Apple, an apple originally unique to the island, although saplings can now be purchased.
However, due to the island's isolated location, it was not officially identified and classified until Ian Sturrock sent a sample to the National Fruit Collection, in Brogdale, Kent in 1998.
Islands (5279 words)
The islands are an important birdwatching centre with breeding sea birds in the summer and rare migrants in the spring and autumn.
The islands are the property of the Crown (with the exception of Hugh Town, St Mary's, the property in which was sold freehold to the occupiers in 1949) and are administered by the Duchy of Cornwall.
The island is served by passenger ferries from the port of Kinloch to Muck, Canna, Eigg, and Mallaig on the mainland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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