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Encyclopedia > Barbie
Barbie

Barbie logo, 1999 - present
First appearance March 9, 1959
Information
Occupation See: Barbie's careers
Family See: List of Barbie's friends and family
Created by Ruth Handler

Barbie is a best-selling fashion doll launched in 1959. The doll is produced by Mattel, Inc., and is a major source of revenue for the company. The American businesswoman Ruth Handler (1916-2002) is regarded as the creator of Barbie, and the doll's design was inspired by a German doll called Bild Lilli. Image File history File links Barbie_logo. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (69th in leap years). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... These are the careers that the Barbie Doll has had. ... // Skipper (1964) Tutti (1966-71) / Stacie (1992-) Todd (1966-68, 1991-94) Kelly (1995) Krissy (1999) Francie (1966-76) Jazzie (1989) Ken (boyfriend, 1961-) Midge (1963-65, 1989-) Christie (1968-) Stacey (1968-70) P.J. (1969-85) Jamie (1970-72) Steffie (1972-73) Kelley (1973-76) Cara (1975-78) Tracy... (November 4, 1916 - April 27, 2002) was an American businesswoman, the president of the toy manufacturer Mattel, Inc. ... Fashion dolls are typically small dolls (often 12. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mattel Inc. ... (November 4, 1916 - April 27, 2002) was an American businesswoman, the president of the toy manufacturer Mattel, Inc. ... The Bild Lilli Doll. ...


Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for nearly fifty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parody of the doll and her lifestyle. In recent years, Barbie has faced increasing competition from the Bratz range of dolls. It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... In contemporary usage, a parody is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... For other uses, see Brat. ...

Contents

History

The original Barbie was launched in March 1959

Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara at play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles. At the time, most children's toy dolls were representations of infants. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the Mattel toy company. He was unenthusiastic about the idea, as were Mattel's directors. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... (November 4, 1916 - April 27, 2002) was an American businesswoman, the president of the toy manufacturer Mattel, Inc. ... Mattel Inc. ...


During a trip to Europe in 1956 with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth Handler came across a German toy doll called Bild Lilli. [1] The adult-figured Lilli doll was exactly what Handler had in mind, so she purchased three of them. She gave one to her daughter and took the others back to Mattel. The Lilli doll was based on a popular character appearing in a comic strip drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for the newspaper Die Bild-Zeitung. Lilli was a working girl who knew what she wanted and was not above using men to get it. The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany in 1955, and although it was initially sold to adults, it became popular with children who enjoyed dressing her up in outfits that were available separately. World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Bild Lilli Doll. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... The Bild-Zeitung (often abbreviated Bild, lit. ...


Upon her return to the United States, Handler reworked the design of the doll (with help from engineer Jack Ryan) and the doll was given a new name, Barbie, after Handler's daughter Barbara. The doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9, 1959. This date is also used as Barbie's official birthday. Mattel acquired the rights to the Bild Lilli doll in 1964 and production of Lilli was stopped. The first Barbie doll wore a black and white zebra striped swimsuit and signature topknot ponytail, and was available as either a blonde or brunette. The doll was marketed as a "Teen-age Fashion Model," with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. The first Barbie dolls were manufactured in Japan, with their clothes hand-stitched by Japanese homeworkers. Around 350,000 Barbie dolls were sold during the first year of production. Jack Ryan, the designer, is noted for two brushes with fame: as the redesigner of the Barbie doll and, briefly, as the sixth husband of Zsa Zsa Gabor. ... The American International Toy Fair (the trademarked name uses all capitals for TOY FAIR) is one of a few major toy industry trade shows held around the world. ... NY redirects here. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (69th in leap years). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A childs first birthday party. ... The Bild Lilli Doll. ... A ponytail is a hairstyle in which most or all of the hair on the head is pulled away from the face, gathered and secured at the back of the head with a hair tie, clip or similar device, and allowed to hang freely from that point. ... One of the worlds most famous blondes Marilyn Monroe, who was in fact a natural brunette Blond (feminine, blonde) is a hair colour found in certain mammals characterised by low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin and higher levels of the pale pigment phæomelanin, in common with red... Brunette is the feminine of French brunet, which is a diminutive of brun, brune, meaning brown or dark-haired, ultimately from Latin BRVNVS (brown). ... Homeworkers or home workers are defined by the International Labour Organization as people working from their homes or from other premises of their chosing other than the workplace, for remuneration, which results of a product or service specified by the employer. ...


Ruth Handler believed that it was important for Barbie to have an adult appearance, and early market research showed that some parents were unhappy about the doll's chest, which had distinct breasts. Barbie's appearance has been changed many times, most notably in 1971 when the doll's eyes were adjusted to look forwards rather than having the demure sideways glance of the original model. Market research is the process of systematic gathering, recording and analyzing of data about customers, competitors and the market. ...


Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based extensively on television advertising, which has been copied widely by other toys. It is estimated that over a billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide in over 150 countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second.[2] A teddy bear A toy is an object used in play. ... Commercialism redirects here. ...


The standard range of Barbie dolls and related accessories are manufactured to approximately 1/6th scale, which is also known as playscale.[3] Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, but also a huge range of Barbie branded goods such as books, fashion items and video games. Barbie has appeared in a series of animated films and makes a brief guest appearance in the 1999 film Toy Story 2. 1:6 scale modeling [aka Playscale Miniaturism] is a hobby focusing on the customization of commercially produced 1:6 scale action figures, accessories and, even, dollhousing. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... Toy Story 2 is a CGI animation film and the sequel to Toy Story, and the third Disney/Pixar feature film, which featured the adventures of a group of toys that come to life when humans are not around to see them. ...


Almost uniquely for a toy fashion doll, Barbie has become a cultural icon and has been given honors that are rare in the toy world. In 1974 a section of Times Square in New York City was renamed Barbie Boulevard for a week, while in 1985 the artist Andy Warhol created a painting of Barbie.[4][5] This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Times Square Broadway at 42nd St. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Andy Warhol was a amazing artist (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987) was an American artist who became a central figure in the movement known as pop art. ...


Biography

Barbara Millicent Roberts

Barbie's full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts. In a series of novels published by Random House in the 1960s, her parents' names are given as George and Margaret Roberts from the fictional town of Willows, Wisconsin. Barbie has been said to attend Willows High School and Manhattan International High School in New York City, based on the real-life Stuyvesant High School. She has an on-off romantic relationship with her beau Ken (Ken Carson), who first appeared in 1961. Like Barbie, Ken shares his name with one of Ruth Handler's children. A news release from Mattel in February 2004 announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up, but in February 2006 they were back together again.[6][7] Image File history File links Barbie. ... Image File history File links Barbie. ... Random House is a publishing division of the German media conglomerate Bertelsmann based in New York City. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Stuyvesant High School, commonly referred to as Stuy, is a New York City public high school that specializes in mathematics and science. ... Ken (Ken Carson) is a toy doll in Mattels Barbie line of fashion dolls. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ...


Barbie has had over forty pets including cats and dogs, horses, a panda, a lion cub, and a zebra. She has owned a wide range of vehicles, including pink convertibles, trailers and jeeps. She also holds a pilot's license, and operates commercial airliners in addition to serving as a flight attendant. Barbie's careers are designed to show that women can take on a variety of roles in life, and the doll has been sold with a wide range of titles including Miss Astronaut Barbie (1965), Doctor Barbie (1988) and Nascar Barbie (1998). [8] It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Felis catus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis lybica invalid junior synonym The cat (or domestic cat, house cat) is a small carnivorous mammal. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Panda may refer to: // Giant Panda Panda (plant), a genus of the family Euphorbiaceae PANDAS or P.A.N.D.A.S. is Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptoccal infections Qinling Panda, a subspecies of the Giant Panda. ... Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Lions in Africa Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... Species Equus zebra Equus hartmannae Equus quagga Equus grevyi The Zebra is a part of the horse family, Equidae, native to central, eastern and southern Africa. ... Saab 900 Convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible is an automobile with a folding, retracting, or removable roof. ... Jeep is an automobile marque of DaimlerChrysler. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Flight attendant in an Embraer ERJ 145 LR (PBair, Thailand) Stewardess, circa 1949-50, American Overseas, Flagship Denmark, Boeing Stratocruiser In aviation, flight attendants—also known as sky girls, air hostesses, stewardesses or stewards—are members of a flight crew employed by airlines to ensure the safety of the passengers... These are the careers that the Barbie Doll has had. ...


Mattel has created a range of companions for Barbie, including Hispanic Teresa, African American Christie and Steven (Christie's boyfriend). For more details, see the List of Barbie's friends and family.  Countries where Spanish has official status. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... // Skipper (1964) Tutti (1966-71) / Stacie (1992-) Todd (1966-68, 1991-94) Kelly (1995) Krissy (1999) Francie (1966-76) Jazzie (1989) Ken (boyfriend, 1961-) Midge (1963-65, 1989-) Christie (1968-) Stacey (1968-70) P.J. (1969-85) Jamie (1970-72) Steffie (1972-73) Kelley (1973-76) Cara (1975-78) Tracy...


Controversies

Barbie facing comparison with the Middle Eastern doll Fulla

Barbie's popularity ensures that her effect on the play of Western children attracts a high degree of scrutiny. The criticisms leveled at her are often based on the assumption that children consider Barbie a role model and will attempt to emulate her. Image File history File links Fullaandbarbie. ... Image File history File links Fullaandbarbie. ... See Fulla for the figures in Norse mythology. ...

  • In September 2003 the Middle Eastern country of Saudi Arabia outlawed the sale of Barbie dolls, saying that she did not conform to the ideals of Islam. The Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and Prevention of Vice stated "Jewish Barbie dolls, with their revealing clothes and shameful postures, accessories and tools are a symbol of decadence to the perverted West. Let us beware of her dangers and be careful."[9] In Middle Eastern countries there is an alternative doll called Fulla who is similar to Barbie but is designed to be more acceptable to an Islamic market. Fulla is not made by the Mattel Corporation, and Barbie is still available in other Middle Eastern countries including Egypt. [10] In Iran, Sara and Dara dolls are available as an alternative to Barbie.[11]
  • The word Barbie has come to be used as a derogatory slang term for a girl or woman who is considered shallow, most notably in the 1997 pop song Barbie Girl (see Parodies and lawsuits below). In July 1992 Mattel released Teen Talk Barbie, which spoke a number of phrases including "Will we ever have enough clothes?", "I love shopping!", and "Wanna have a pizza party?" Each doll was programmed to say four out of 270 possible phrases, so that no two dolls were likely to be the same. One of these 270 phrases was "Math class is tough!" Although only about 1.5% of all the dolls sold said the phrase, it led to criticism from the American Association of University Women. In October 1992 Mattel announced that Teen Talk Barbie would no longer say the phrase, and offered a swap to anyone who owned the doll. [12]
Barbie's waist has been widened in more recent versions of the doll
  • One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a woman, leading to a risk that women who attempt to emulate her will become anorexic. A standard Barbie doll is 11.5 inches tall, giving a height of 5 feet 9 inches at 1/6 scale. Barbie's vital statistics have been estimated at 36 inches (chest), 18 inches (waist) and 33 inches (hips). According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the 17 to 22 percent body fat required for a woman to menstruate.[13] In 1965 Slumber Party Barbie came with a book entitled How to Lose Weight which advised: "Don't eat." The doll also came with pink bathroom scales reading 110lb, which would be around 35lbs underweight for a woman 5 feet 9 inches tall. In 1997 Barbie's body mold was redesigned and given a wider waist, with Mattel saying that this would make the doll better suited to contemporary fashion designs. [14]
Oreo Fun Barbie from 1997 became controversial due to a negative interpretation of the doll's name
Oreo Fun Barbie from 1997 became controversial due to a negative interpretation of the doll's name
  • "Colored Francie" made her debut in 1967, and she is sometimes described as the first African American Barbie doll. However, she was produced using the existing head molds for the white Francie doll and lacked African characteristics other than a dark skin. The first African American doll in the Barbie range is usually regarded as Christie, who made her debut in 1968.[15][16] Black Barbie and Hispanic Barbie were launched in 1980.
  • In 1997 Mattel joined forces with Nabisco to launch a cross-promotion of Barbie with Oreo cookies. Oreo Fun Barbie was marketed as someone with whom little girls could play after class and share "America's favorite cookie." As had become the custom, Mattel manufactured both a white and a black version. Critics argued that in the African American community Oreo is a derogatory term for a person like the chocolate sandwich cookie itself, meaning that the person is black on the outside and white on the inside. The doll was unsuccessful and Mattel recalled the unsold stock, making it sought after by collectors.[17]
  • In May 1997 Mattel introduced Share a Smile Becky, a doll in a pink wheelchair. Kjersti Johnson, a 17-year-old high school student in Tacoma, Washington with cerebral palsy, pointed out that the doll would not fit into the elevator of Barbie's $100 Dream House. Mattel announced that it would redesign the house in the future to accommodate the doll.[18][19]
  • In March 2000 stories appeared in the media claiming that the hard vinyl used in vintage Barbie dolls could leak toxic chemicals, causing danger to children playing with them. The claim was rejected as false by technical experts. A modern Barbie doll has a body made from ABS plastic, while the head is made from soft PVC.[20][21]
  • In December 2005 Dr. Agnes Nairn at the University of Bath in England published research suggesting that girls often go through a stage where they hate their Barbie dolls and subject them to a range of punishments, including decapitation and placing the doll in a microwave oven. Dr. Nairn said: "It's as though disavowing Barbie is a rite of passage and a rejection of their past."[22][23]

A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice is a Saudi Arabian police force meant to prevent religious crimes. ... Anthem: Hatikvah (The Hope) Capital  Jerusalem Largest city Jerusalem Official languages Hebrew, Arabic Government Parliamentary democracy  - President Moshe Katsav1  - Prime Minister Ehud Olmert  - Knesset Speaker Dalia Itzik Independence from the League of Nations mandate administered by the United Kingdom   - Declaration 14 May 1948 (05 Iyar 5708)  Area  - Total 20,770... See Fulla for the figures in Norse mythology. ... Sara and Dara dolls are popular Iranian toys. ... A word or phrase is pejorative or derogatory (sometimes misspelled perjorative) if it expresses contempt or disapproval; dyslogistic (noun: dyslogism) is used synonymously (antonyms: meliorative, eulogistic, noun eulogism). ... Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ... Two girls who are friends A girl is a female child, as opposed to a boy, a male child. ... Diverse women. ... Barbie Girl is a song in the bubblegum pop genre by the group Aqua, who released it in 1997 as a single and included it on the album Aquarium. ... For other uses, see Pizza (disambiguation). ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... The American Association of University Women (AAUW) is an organization championing womens rights and equity in education in the USA. The AAUW was founded in 1881 as the Association of Collegiate Alumnae, taking its present name in 1921 after merging with the Southern Association of College Women. ... Image File history File links Barbieswaistwidens. ... Image File history File links Barbieswaistwidens. ... For the symphonic black metal band, see Anorexia Nervosa (band) For other uses, see Anorexia Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes an eating disorder characterized by low body weight and body image distortion with an obsessive fear of gaining weight. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Lord Mayor Jussi Pajunen  - Mayor Pekka Korpinen  - Mayor Ilkka-Christian Björklund  - Mayor Pekka Sauri  - Mayor Paula Kokkonen Area  - City 187. ... The menstrual cycle is the periodic change in a womans body that occurs every month between puberty and menopause and that relates to reproduction. ... Image File history File links Oreo_Fun_Barbie. ... Image File history File links Oreo_Fun_Barbie. ... Mattel limited edition reproduction of 1966 Francie doll and Gad-Abouts outfit Francie was a fashion doll issued by Mattel from 1966 to 1976. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Whites redirects here. ... Nabisco logo Nabisco is an American manufacturer of cookies and snacks, including brands such as Chips Ahoy!, Fig Newtons, Mallomars, Oreos, Premium Crackers, Ritz Crackers, Teddy Grahams, Triscuits, Wheat Thins, and Chicken in a Biskit. ... Oreo cookies. ... A chocolate chip cookie In the United States and Canada, a cookie is a small, round, flat cake. ... Whites redirects here. ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... A wheelchair is a wheeled mobility device in which the user sits. ... Nickname: The City of Destiny Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: Country United States of America State Washington County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (NP) Area  - City 62. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Elevator surfing. ... Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely used thermoplastic polymer. ... Monomers in ABS polymer Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, or ABS, (chemical formula (C8H8· C4H6·C3H3N)n is a common thermoplastic used to make light, rigid, molded products such as piping, golf club heads (used for its good shock absorbance), automotive body parts, wheel covers, enclosures, protective head gear, and toys including... Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely used thermoplastic polymer. ... The University of Bath is a campus university located near Bath, England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... Decapitation (from Latin, caput, capitis, meaning head), or beheading, is the removal of a living organisms head. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Microwave oven and Microwave heating. ...

Parodies and lawsuits

The 1997 song Barbie Girl by Aqua led to a five year lawsuit
The 1997 song Barbie Girl by Aqua led to a five year lawsuit

Barbie has often been referenced in popular culture and is frequently the target of parody. Some of these occasions include: This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Barbie Girl is a song in the bubblegum pop genre by the group Aqua, who released it in 1997 as a single and included it on the album Aquarium. ... Aqua is the latin word for Water. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... Popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... In contemporary usage, a parody is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ...

  • A commercial by automobile company Nissan featuring dolls similar to Barbie and Ken was the subject of another lawsuit in 1997. In the commercial, a female doll is lured into a car by a doll resembling GI Joe to the dismay of a Ken-like doll, accompanied by Van Halen's version of the song You Really Got Me. According to the makers of the commercial, the dolls' names were Roxanne, Nick and Tad. Mattel claimed that the commercial had done "irreparable damage" to its products, but lost the copyright infringement lawsuit.[26]
  • Saturday Night Live aired a parody of Barbie commercials featuring the fictional "Gangsta Bitch Barbie" doll and a "Tupac Ken" doll.[27]
  • The Tonight Show with Jay Leno displayed a fictional "Barbie Crystal Meth Lab" which mocked how Barbie usually has a career that is "in keeping with the times or in this case, in keeping with society's current problems."
  • In 1999 Mattel sued the Utah artist Tom Forsythe over a series of photographs called Food Chain Barbie, which included a photograph of a Barbie doll in a blender. Mattel lost the lawsuit and was ordered to pay $1.8 million in costs to Mr. Forsythe.[28][29]
  • In November 2002 a New York judge refused an injunction against the British-based artist Susanne Pitt, who had produced a doll called Dungeon Barbie in bondage clothing. Judge Laura Taylor Swain stated: "To the court's knowledge, there is no Mattel line of S&M Barbie."[30]

Aqua was a Danish-Norwegian dance/pop group, best-known for their 1997 breakthrough single Barbie Girl. The group formed in 1989, and achieved huge success across the globe in the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Barbie Girl is a song in the bubblegum pop genre by the group Aqua, who released it in 1997 as a single and included it on the album Aquarium. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or services from those of other entities. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... The Music Corporation of America, commonly known as MCA, is a United States based corporation in the music business. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Judge Alex Kozinski Judge Alex Kozinski (born July 23, 1950) is a judge in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a popular essayist. ... The Bill of Rights in the National Archives The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. ... Image File history File links Barbie_girl_aqua. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero is a military-themed action figure (3 3/4 inches tall) that was supported by a Marvel Comic and a popular cartoon television show that ran in the 1980s. ... Van Halen is an American rock band formed in the 1970s. ... You Really Got Me is a rock song written by Ray Davies and performed by his band, The Kinks. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 91-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... May 26, 2006 opening monologue of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno The Tonight Show with Jay Leno is the full name of NBCs The Tonight Show hosted by Jay Leno, debuting on May 25, 1992. ... Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant drug which induces a strong feeling of euphoria and is highly psychologically addictive. ... Though The Simpsons is itself a fictional show of fictional characters, there are also several characters within the shows universe who are fictional to the Simpsons characters themselves (see show-within-a-show). ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Lisa vs. ... Sexism is discrimination between people based on their Sex rather than their individual merits. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practising the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... An electric blender. ... NY redirects here. ... Look up Injunction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dungeon Barbie was an adult doll produced by German-born, Gateshead-based artist Susanne Pitt, using the head of Mattels Superstar Barbie attached to a doll with large breasts, and dressed in BDSM fetish clothing which she described as Lederhosen-style Bavarian bondage dress and a helmet in rubber... A model in bondage cuffs with a leg spreader In the context of BDSM, bondage involves people being tied up or otherwise restrained for pleasure. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ...

Collecting

Vintage #7 Ponytail Barbie doll from 1964-66. The doll's hair has been restyled and she is wearing a different outfit from the red swimsuit of the original.
Vintage #7 Ponytail Barbie doll from 1964-66. The doll's hair has been restyled and she is wearing a different outfit from the red swimsuit of the original.

Mattel estimates that there are well over 100,000 avid Barbie collectors. Ninety percent are women, at an average age of 40, purchasing more than twenty Barbie dolls each year. Forty-five percent of them spend upwards of $1000 a year. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x1113, 114 KB) Summary Self-Scanned picture of Vintage #6 or #7 Ponytail Barbie doll. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x1113, 114 KB) Summary Self-Scanned picture of Vintage #6 or #7 Ponytail Barbie doll. ...


Vintage Barbie dolls from the early years are the most valuable at auction, and while the original Barbie was sold for $3.00 in 1959, a mint boxed Barbie from 1959 sold for $3552.50 on eBay in October 2004.[31] On September 26, 2006, a Barbie doll set a world record at auction of £9,000 sterling (US $17,000) at Christie's in London. The doll was a Barbie in Midnight Red from 1965 and was part of a private collection of 4,000 Barbie dolls being sold by two Dutch women, Ietje Raebel and her daughter Marina.[32] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... eBay headquarters in San Jose eBay North First Street satellite office campus (home to PayPal) eBay Inc. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom, Crown Dependencies Inflation 2. ... The Christies auction house in South Kensington, London Christies American branch in Rockefeller Center, New York Christies is a fine art auction house, the largest and by some accounts the oldest in the world. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


In recent years Mattel has sold a wide range of Barbie dolls aimed specifically at collectors, including porcelain versions and depictions of Barbie as a range of characters from television series such as The Munsters and Star Trek.[33][34] There are also collector's edition dolls depicting Barbie dolls with a range of different ethnic identities.[35] In 2004 Mattel introduced the Color Tier system for its collector's edition Barbie dolls, ranging through pink, silver, gold and platinum depending on how many of the dolls are produced.[36] This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... The Munsters was a 1960s American television sitcom depicting the home life of a family of horror movie monsters. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ...


Barbie versus Bratz

My Scene Barbie dolls are the subject of a lawsuit from the creators of Bratz dolls

In June 2001 MGA Entertainment launched the Bratz range of dolls, a move that would give Barbie her first serious competition in the fashion doll market. In 2004 sales figures showed that Bratz dolls were outselling Barbie dolls in the United Kingdom, although Mattel maintained that in terms of the number of dolls, clothes and accessories sold, Barbie remained the leading brand.[37] In 2005 figures showed that sales of Barbie dolls had fallen by 30% in the United States, and by 18% worldwide, with much of the drop being attributed to the popularity of Bratz dolls.[38] Image File history File links My_SCENE.JPG‎ Template:License This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game, and the copyright for it is most likely held by the company that developed the game. ... Image File history File links My_SCENE.JPG‎ Template:License This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game, and the copyright for it is most likely held by the company that developed the game. ... For other uses, see Brat. ... MGA Entertainment (Micro Games of America Entertainment) is a private manufacturer of childrens toys and family entertainment products founded in 1997. ... For other uses, see Brat. ...


In April 2005, MGA Entertainment filed a lawsuit against Mattel, claiming that the My Scene range of Barbie dolls had copied the doe-eyed look of Bratz dolls. The lawsuit is currently pending in the court system of California.[39] It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... the my scene logo My Scene is a line of fashion dolls introduced by Mattel in 2002. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Mattel is also suing MGA Entertainment and Carter Bryant, a former doll designer for Mattel, claiming that company secrets were stolen by MGA.[40][41]


See also

Barbie syndrome is a term used to loosely describe the desire to have a physical appearance and lifestyle representative of the famous Barbie doll. ... dear people, Barbie is the most stupid doll on tha planet . ...

Further reading

  • Lord, M.G., Forever Barbie: The Unauthorized Biography of a Real Doll. Paperback ISBN 0-8027-7694-9.
  • Rogers, Mary F., "Barbie Culture". Paperback ISBN 0-7619-5888-6.
  • Knaak, Silke, "German Fashion Dolls of the 50&60". Paperback www.barbies.de.
  • Beckham, Victoria (Foreword), John, Elton (Foreword), The Art of Barbie. Paperback ISBN 0-9537479-2-1
  • Essays, Guys'n'dolls: Art, Science, Fashion & Relationships. Paperback ISBN 0-948723-57-2

References

  1. ^ In an interview with M.G.Lord, the author of Forever Barbie, Ruth Handler said that she saw the doll in Lucerne, Switzerland. However, the book points out out that on other occasions Handler said that she saw the doll in Zurich or Vienna.
  2. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/5370398.stm
  3. ^ http://miniatures.about.com/od/playscale/
  4. ^ http://www.goodbyemag.com/apr02/handler.html
  5. ^ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/handler_hi.html
  6. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3484949.stm
  7. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2006/US/02/09/ken.barbie.reut/
  8. ^ http://groups.msn.com/BarbiesSecret/barbiesmanycareers.msnw
  9. ^ http://www.adl.org/main_Arab_World/barbie.htm
  10. ^ http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2006/797/li1.htm
  11. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/1856558.stm
  12. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE7DE103AF932A15753C1A964958260
  13. ^ http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=1006032310828
  14. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/32312.stm
  15. ^ http://www.mastercollector.com/articles/dolls/dollnews31301.shtml
  16. ^ http://kattisdolls.net/faces/christie.htm
  17. ^ http://www.authentichistory.com/diversity/african/images/2001_Oreo_Barbie.html
  18. ^ http://www.washington.edu/doit/Press/barbie.html
  19. ^ http://gallery.bcentral.com/GID4729088P1681774-COLLECTIBLES/BARBIE/SHARE-A-SMILE-BECKY.aspx
  20. ^ http://collectdolls.about.com/library/ucbarbieresponse.htm
  21. ^ http://www.webmd.com/news/20000825/malibu-barbie-holiday-barbie-toxic-barbie
  22. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/somerset/4539862.stm
  23. ^ http://www.bath.ac.uk/news/articles/releases/barbie161205.html
  24. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/2150432.stm
  25. ^ http://www.purelyrics.com/index.php?lyrics=fhjpacrk
  26. ^ After Aqua, Mattel goes after Car Ad MTV.com September 24, 1997
  27. ^ http://www.chillibomb.com/barbie/pages/gangsta-barbie_jpg.htm
  28. ^ http://www.out-law.com/page-4681
  29. ^ http://barbieinablender.org/
  30. ^ http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/international.cfm?id=1242812002
  31. ^ http://scoop.diamondgalleries.com/scoop_article.asp?ai=6539&si=123
  32. ^ http://au.news.yahoo.com/060926/15/10osv.html
  33. ^ http://www.barbiecollector.com/showcase/product.aspx?id=1001084&t=modern
  34. ^ http://www.barbiecollector.com/showcase/product.aspx?id=150303&t=modern
  35. ^ http://www.barbiecollector.com/showcase/gallery.aspx?t=modern&y=tmp1
  36. ^ http://www.barbiecollector.com/collecting/tiers/
  37. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3640958.stm
  38. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4350846.stm
  39. ^ http://promomagazine.com/news/mgaent_mattel_041905/
  40. ^ http://www.associatedcontent.com/pop_print.shtml?content_type=article&content_type_id=90322
  41. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/12/10/wdoll10.xml

External links

  • The Official Barbie Website — Owned By Mattel
  • "Renaissance Woman: Artist, Inventor, Developer" -- interview with an ex-Barbie designer first published in Fashion Doll Quarterly
  • New York Times: "The Barbie Way of Knowledge" by Dave Cullen
  • Washington Times: "Religious police take after Barbie" by Paul Martin
  • St. Petersburg Times Floridian: "The doll that has everything - almost", an article about the "Muslim Barbie" by Susan Taylor Martin
  • BBC News: "Vintage Barbie struts her stuff", September 22, 2006

  Results from FactBites:
 
Barbie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4637 words)
The doll was a Barbie in Midnight Red from 1965 and was part of a private collection of 4,000 Barbie dolls being sold by two Dutch women, Ietje Raebel and her daughter Marina.
Barbie of the Century for the bicentennial celebration is dressed in a red, white, and blue dress.
The "Art of Barbie" event and exhibition is held in London to commemorate her anniversary, raising funds for the Elton John AIDS Foundation [7].
Fifties Web Pop History - BARBIE! (422 words)
Barbie is doing much, much better in life than I am.
Barbie was the inspiration of Ruth Handler, founder with her husband Elliot, founders of Mattel.
With the Twist 'N Turn Barbie of 1967, she also could be twisted at the waist, thus the name.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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