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Encyclopedia > Barangay

A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as 'ba-rang-gai', gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. Municipalities and cities are composed of barangays. In place names barangay is sometimes abbreviated as "Brgy" or "Bgy". Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Barrio is a Spanish word meaning district. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Look up ward in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ...


The term barangay and its structure in the modern context was conceived during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the old barrios. The barangays were eventually codified under the 1991 Local Government Code. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...

Contents


History

Historically, a barangay is a relatively small community of around 50 to 100 families. Most villages have only thirty to one hundred houses and the population varies from one hundred to five hundred persons. According to Legazpi, he found communities with twenty to thirty people only. Many coastal villages in the Visayan region consisted of no more than eight to ten houses. The word itself is derived from an ancient Malayo-Polynesian boat called a balangay. It is commonly believed that in pre-colonial Philippines, each original coastal “barangay” formed as a result of settlers arriving by boat from other places in Southeast Asia. Miguel López de Legazpi (b. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Most were coastal or riverine in nature. This is because the principal sources of protein come from the seas and rivers, most of the people relying more on fishing for supply of food. Also, people travelled mostly by water. The movement of the population was up and down rivers and along the coasts, trails always followed river systems. Rivers were also a major source of water for bathing, washing, and drinking. Moreover, coastal villages are more accessible to traders where an economic activity is developed. Business with traders meant contact with other cultures and civilizations like the Chinese, Indian, and Arabian. Thus, the coastal communities in Manila, Cebu, Jolo, and Butuan attained a higher cultural level. Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... Cebu City is the provincial capital of Cebu in the Philippines and is the second most important metropolitan center in the country. ... Jolo is an island in the southwest Philippines. ... Butuan City is a highly urbanized city in the Caraga region. ...


Upon the arrival of the Spanish, several ancient barangays were combined to form towns. Every barangay within a town was headed by the cabeza de barangay (barangay chief). The post was at first inherited from the first datus who became cabezas de barangay, but then was made into an elected post. The primary job of the cabeza de barangay was to collect taxes from the residents.


When the Americans arrived, the term barrio went into prominence, as the barangays were called by that name. The term was kept for much of the twentieth century until President Ferdinand Marcos ordered the renaming of the barrios back to barangay. The name has stuck ever since, though some people still use the old term. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...


The Liga ng mga Barangay

There exists a union of barangays in the Philippines: the Liga ng mga Barangay (English: League of Barangays). Representing all 41,939 barangays, it is the largest grassroots organization in the Philippines. Its current president is James Marty Lim.


Other uses

A barangay may also refer to a very large number of people. An example is the name given to the supporters of the Ginebra San Miguel basketball team, Barangay Ginebra. On 1999, the team was renamed Barangay Ginebra Kings as homage to its fans. Barangay Ginebra Kings is a professional team of the Philippine Basketball Association founded in 1979. ...


References

Renato Constantino (March 10, 1919 - September 15, 1999) is a famous Filipino historian. ...

See also

Outrigger canoe at El Nido, Philippines The outrigger canoe (Tagalog: bangka; Maori: waka; Hawaiian: waa) is a type of canoe featuring one or more lateral support floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of the main hull. ... In the Maori language and New Zealand English, waka or Waaka are Maori watercraft, usually canoes. ...

External links

  • Liga ng mga Barangay (League of Barangays)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Barangay.ph | The Global Filipino Village Online (532 words)
It is an opportunity for all of us kababayans (Fellow Filipinos), wherever we are, to get together and form one community - a worldwide barangay!
In this portal, Filipinos and their friends can gather to do things with and for each other even if we are oceans apart.
Let's be in touch with our roots, share our heritage and keep our culture alive even online.
The Manila Times Internet Edition | TOP STORIES > Police charge barangay chief with murder of six workers (574 words)
Besides the barangay captain, Bataoil said, the police have also filed charges for multiple murder, before the Caloocan City Prosecutor’s Officer, against Fernando Naval, Alejandro Galupo, Roselio Flor and Richard Flor, all barangay watchmen; and Mark Anthony Estrella, a tricycle driver.
When they insisted all the same, the driver sought the help of a group of barangay watchmen, who then brought the workers to the barangay hall.
The Caloocan City police recovered a shotgun and a.38-caliber revolver as well as a blue tricycle (UW-9998) and a red Kawasaki motorcycle with license plates CA 7604 used by the suspects.
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