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Encyclopedia > Bar (law)

A bar association is a body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. In the law, the bar is also known as the community of persons engaged in the practice of law ("members of the bar").


In the United States, some state bar associations are operated by their respective state governments which make membership in their state's bar association a requirement to practice before that state's courts; such states are said to have a "mandatory" or "integrated bar". Membership in such associations is synonymous to being admitted to the bar or being licensed to practice law in that state or being admitted to practice before the courts of that state. In some places membership in a bar association is voluntary and in addition to any licensing that may be required by the state or the court system. Such associations often advocate for law reform, they may discipline the profession and they may provide information, referral or Canada and other Commonwealth countries one is called to the bar after undertaking a post law school training in a provincial law society program and undergoing an apprenticeship or taking articles as it is called. In these countries legal communities are called provincial law societies, except for Quebec where they are called the Barreau du Quebec.


Judges are not members of the bar. Rather, they sit "on the bench", and the cases which come before them are "at bar" or "at bench". These terms evolved from the English Inns of Court, where a bar separated the seats of the benchers or readers from the body of the hall, which was occupied by students. When one officially becomes a lawyer, he or she crosses this symbolic physical barrier and is "admitted to the bar". In modern courtrooms, a railing may still be in place to enclose the space which is occupied by legal counsel as well as the criminal defendants and civil litigants who have business pending before the court.


The name comes from the historic right of lawyers in London to pass the Temple Bar into Westminster without paying the usual toll.


See also

External links

  • Hong Kong Bar Association (http://www.hkba.org)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bar association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (472 words)
In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the "bar association" comprises lawyers who are qualified as barristers or advocates (collectively known as "the bar", or "members of the bar"), while the "law society" comprises solicitors.
In the United States, some state bar associations are operated by their respective state governments which make membership in their state's bar association a requirement to practice before that state's courts; such states are said to have a "mandatory" or "integrated bar".
Membership in such associations is synonymous to being admitted to the bar or being licensed to practice law in that state or being admitted to practice before the courts of that state.
Bar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (413 words)
Bar (establishment), a retail establishment which serves alcoholic beverages (in Britain, a pub; in continental Europe, a café; in Italy, the term Bar is largely used, and is generally equivalent to caffé);
Bar (heraldry), a fess-like charge sometimes stated to be a diminutive of the fess.
Bar, Ukraine, a fortress in the Podolia region of Ukraine that was once a part of Poland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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