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Encyclopedia > Baptists in Canada

Contents

Associations of Baptists in Canada

The following are the major groupings of Baptists in Canada (alphabetically):

The Association of Regular Baptist Churches is one of the smaller Canadian Baptist bodies. ... Baptist General Conference of Canada - a national body of evangelical Baptist churches introduced to Canada by Swedish Baptists late in the 19th century. ... Canadian Baptist Ministries (CBM) or Ministères Baptistes Canadienne - an association of four regional Baptist conventions in Canada - the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec, the Baptist Union of Western Canada, the Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches and lUnion dÉglises Baptistes Françaises au Canada. ... Canadian Convention of Southern Baptists - the Canadian ministries arm of the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC). ... The Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada is an outgrowth of the fundamentalist/modernist controversy in the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec, and a descendant of the Union of Regular Baptist Churches formed in 1928 as a result of the controversy. ...

Statistics and Changes

According to the Canada 2001 Census, the number of people in Canada who identify themselves as Baptist is 729,470, about 2.5% of the population, an increase of about 10% in the 10 years since the 1991 census (see Religion_in_Canada). The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Canada has a wide mix of religions, but it has no official religion, and support for religious pluralism is an important part of Canadas political culture. ...


A growing practice of existing and new churches in Canada and the United States is the dropping of the term "Baptist" from their church's name. Often, this practice is due to concern over what is perceived within the church to be a negative stereotype by the general population toward the name "Baptist", but not toward the church or Baptist beliefs in general. Keeping their distinct name and simply adding Community Church to the end is the most common change.


A name such as "Grace Community Church" is felt by these churches to be less likely to cause unnecessary negative stereotypes or offence, to signal and inspire a change in the mindset and vision of the church, and to fit in with the surrounding community better.


This change is a source of controversy, and seen in a negative light by many others. Those disagreeing with "rebranding" feel it is deceptive to the public, and abandoning the rich Baptist history, and worst of all, likely to lead churches to eventually compromise and abandon their Baptist beliefs in order to be even more inclusive.


This may also make it more difficult to determine the number of "Baptist" churches and those believing in the "Baptist distinctives" in the future.


History

Baptist missionary work began on the Atlantic coast in the 1760's but took around 100 years to reach the west coast.


A variety of assocations and affilations have occurred since then. Many of the original churches were established by specific missionary groups from the United States of America and by various ethnic or language groups, such as the Swedish Baptist Churches and the Ukranian Evangelical Baptist Convention of Canada The Ukrainian Evangelical Baptist Convention of Canada is a Baptist organization serving the Ukrainian Baptists in the country of Canada. ...


Two significant shifts in associations have occurred, one in 1927 and one in 1953. The Union of Regular Baptist Churches was formed in 1927 in Hamilton, Ontario by 77 churches who had withdrawn from the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec (BCOQ). This withdrawl was due to the Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy, centred around a professor at the Convention's official seminary at McMaster University, who held a liberal/modernist position of theology. Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec (BCOQ) - the oldest union of Baptist churches in central Canada. ... The Fundamentalist-Modernist Controversy was a religious controversy within the Presbyterian Church in the USA. It is conventionally dated as beginning with the preaching of Harry Emerson Fosdicks sermon Shall the Fundamentalists Win? in 1922 and ending with J. Gresham Machen and a number of other conservative Presbyterian theologians... McMaster University is a medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ...


In 1944, the BCOQ joined with the United Baptist Convention of the Maritimes and the Baptist Union of Western Canada to form the first national Canadian Baptist assocation, the Canadian Baptist Federation. In 1995, they merged with the Canadian Baptist International Ministries to form Canadian Baptist Ministries. The four conventions still exist within the assocation and counted over 1100 member churches in 1995. Canadian Baptist Ministries (CBM) or Ministères Baptistes Canadienne - an association of four regional Baptist conventions in Canada - the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec, the Baptist Union of Western Canada, the Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches and lUnion dÉglises Baptistes Françaises au Canada. ...


By 1953 some churches had dropped out of the Union of Regular Baptist Churches, but the remainder joined with the Fellowship of Independent Baptist Churches (founded 1933) and formed the Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada(FEBC). The Regular Baptist Missionary Fellowship of Alberta joined in 1963 and the Convention of Regular Baptist Churches of British Columbia (founded 1927) also joined in 1965. The Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada is an outgrowth of the fundamentalist/modernist controversy in the Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec, and a descendant of the Union of Regular Baptist Churches formed in 1928 as a result of the controversy. ...


Known as "The Fellowship", it claims to be the largest evangelical group in Canada, with at least 500 member churches in Canada from coast to coast.


A Regular Baptist church in British Columbia joined a Southern Baptist Convention affiliate in 1953. The first SBC assocation was formed in 1995 and there are now 233 churches, in most provinces and territories, with the largest concentration in western Canada.


Resources

  • This Dominion, His Dominion by Leslie K Tarr, 1968

External links

  • Baptist General Conference of Canada - official Web Site
  • Fellowship of Evangelical Churches in Canada - official Web Site
  • Canadian Convention of Southern Baptist Churches - official Web Site

Sources

  • needs references

 
 

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