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Encyclopedia > Banks Island
Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada
Closer look at Banks Island
Satellite photo montage of Banks Island

One of the larger members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Banks Island (73°0′N, 121°30′W) is situated in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is separated from Victoria Island to its east by the Prince of Wales Strait and from the mainland by Amundsen Gulf to its south. The Beaufort Sea lies to its west. To the northeast, McClure Strait separates the island from Prince Patrick Island and Melville Island. World map depicting Canadian Arctic Archipelago Polar projection map of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Reference map of Canadian Arctic Archipelago The Canadian Arctic Archipelago, also known as just the Arctic Archipelago, is an archipelago north of the Canadian mainland in the Arctic. ... Inuvik is a small town in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... The Prince of Wales Strait is a strait in the Northwest Territories of Canada, and separates Banks Island from Victoria Island. ... Amundsen Gulf Amundsen Gulf is a gulf located in the Canadian Northwest Territories at 70° North and 120° West. ... Approximate area of the Beaufort Sea, and the disputed waters The Beaufort Sea is a large body of water north of The Northwest Territories, the Yukon, and Alaska and west of Canadas arctic islands that is a part of the Arctic Ocean. ... The McClure Strait is a strait in the Arctic Ocean and part of the Northwest Passage. ... Prince Patrick Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Islands of Canada | Nunavut geography | Northwest Territories geography ...


It was named "Banks Island" in 1820 by Sir William Parry in honour of Sir Joseph Banks. However, during the exploration of the area by Robert McClure (1850-1854) the island was marked on their maps as "Baring Island"[1]. For clothing store, see JoS. A. Bank Clothiers. ... Robert John Le Mesurier McClure (or MClure) (28 January 1807 - 17 October 1873) was a British explorer of the Arctic. ...


The only permanent Inuvialuit settlement on the island, Sachs Harbour or Ikhuak, lies on the southwest coast. Two federal Migratory Bird Sanctuaries were founded on the island in 1961. The island is treeless, with the tallest plant, the arctic willow, growing occasionally to about the height of a person's knee but usually standing no taller than 10 cm. The Inuvialuit (Inuit language: real human beings) are Inuit people who live in the western Canadian Arctic region. ... Sachs Harbour is a small community on the southwestern coast of Banks Island, in Canadas Northwest Territories. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Salix arctica Pall. ...


Banks Island covers an area 70,028 km² (27,038 sq mi) and it is the world's 24th largest island and Canada's fifth largest island. It is approximately 380 km (236 mi) long, and at its widest point at the northern end, 290 km (180 mi) across. The highest point of the island is in the south, Nelson Head rising to about 610 m (2,001 ft). It is part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and had a population of 114 in 2001, all in Sachs Harbour. Banks Island is home to two thirds the worlds population of lesser snow geese, who make their way across the Amundsen Gulf from the mainland. There is an annual goose hunt in the spring out of Sachs Harbour. The island is part of the Tundra world biome, which has extremely cold winters. The island is home to Barren-ground Caribou, polar bears, musk-oxen, and birds such as robins and swallows. Islands by area. ... Satellite image of Baffin Island, the largest island in Canada. ... This article is about the year. ... Binomial name Anser caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) The Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) is a North American species of goose. ... Amundsen Gulf Amundsen Gulf is a gulf located in the Canadian Northwest Territories at 70° North and 120° West. ... For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... A biome is a climate and geographical area of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms, often referred to as ecosystems. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus (Linnaeus, 1758) Barren-ground Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) are a subspecies of caribou that are found mainly in the Canadian territories Nunavut and the Northwest Territories and western Greenland. ... This article is about the animal. ... Binomial name Ovibos moschatus (Zimmermann, 1780) The Musk Ox (Ovibos moschatus) is an arctic mammal of the Bovidae family, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor of pralines and cream. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. ... Genera Many, see text. ...

HMS Investigator, Baring Island, 1851

The Aulavik National Park of Canada, a fly-in park, protects approximately 12,274 km² (4,739 sq mi) of Arctic lowlands at the northern end of the island. The park has the highest concentration of musk-oxen on earth, and is home to the endangered Peary Caribou. The Thomsen River runs through the park, and is the northernmost navigable river (by canoe) in North America. Ptarmigan and ravens are considered the only year-round birds in the park, although 43 different species make seasonal use of the area. HMS Investigator Picture from the National Library of Canada. ... HMS Investigator Picture from the National Library of Canada. ... Aulavik National Park is a national park located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus pearyi The Peary Caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) is a caribou subspecies found in the high Arctic islands of Canadas Nunavut and Northwest territories. ... This article is about the boat. ... North American redirects here. ... Binomial name Lagopus mutus (Montin, 1781) The Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) is a small (31-35 cm) bird in the grouse family. ... For other uses, see Raven (disambiguation). ...


The first Grizzly-polar bear hybrid found in the wild, was on Banks Island in April 2006 near Sachs Harbour. A grizzly-polar bear hybrid is a rare ursid hybrid that has occurred both in captivity and in the wild. ... April 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Marcos Pontes, Brazils first astronaut, reaches the International Space Station. ... Sachs Harbour is a small community on the southwestern coast of Banks Island, in Canadas Northwest Territories. ...


See also

Aulavik National Park is a national park located in the Northwest Territories of Canada. ... Reference map of Canadian arctic islands. ...

Further reading

  • Canada. Banks Island, a Natural Area of Canadian Significance. Natural area of Canadian significance. Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1978.
  • Cotter, R. C., and J. E. Hines. 2001. "Breeding Biology of Brant on Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada". Arctic. 54: 357-366.
  • Gajewski, K, R Mott, J Ritchie, and K Hadden. 2000. "Holocene Vegetation History of Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada". Canadian Journal of Botany. 78: 430-436.
  • Holyoak, D. T. Notes on the Birds of Southwestern Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, Vol.103,No.2, June. 1983.
  • Manning, T. H., E. O. Höhn, and A. H. Macpherson. The Birds of Banks Island. 1956.
  • Stephens, L. E., L. W. Sobczak, and E. S. Wainwright. Gravity Measurements on Banks Island, N.W.T. Gravity map series, no. 150. Ottawa: Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Earth Physics Branch, 1972.
  • Struzik, Ed. 2000. "AND THEN THERE WERE 84,000 - The Return of Musk-Oxen to Canada's Banks Island in Recent Decades Is Just One Chapter of a Beguiling Arctic Mystery". International Wildlife. 30, no. 1: 28.
  • Will, Richard T. Utilization of Banks Island Muskoxen by Nineteenth Century Copper Inuit. [S.l.]: Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, 1983.

External links & References

  • Historical sites of the Northwest Passage
  • Chart of the Northwest Passage
  • Banks Island at civilization.ca

  Results from FactBites:
 
Banks Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (439 words)
Banks Island (Baring Island) (75°15′N 121°30′W) is one of the Canadian Arctic islands situated in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada.
It is separated from Victoria Island to its east by the Prince of Wales Strait and from the mainland by Amundsen Gulf to its south.
Banks Island is home to two thirds the worlds population of lesser snow geese, who make their way across the Amundsen Gulf from the mainland.
banking - Columbia Encyclopedia article about banking (2431 words)
Banking developed rapidly throughout the 18th and 19th cent., accompanying the expansion of industry and trade, with each nation evolving the distinctive forms peculiar to its economic and social life.
Congress chartered the first Bank of the United States Bank of the United States, name for two national banks established by the U.S. Congress to serve as government fiscal agents and as depositories for federal funds; the first bank was in existence from 1791 to 1811 and the second from 1816 to 1836.
Most banks in existence did take out national charters, but some, being banks of deposit, were unaffected by the tax and continued under their state charters, thus giving rise to what is generally known as the "dual banking system." The number of state banks expanded rapidly with the increasing use of bank checks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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