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Encyclopedia > Banja Luka
Banja Luka
Бања Лука

Coat of arms
Location of Banja Luka within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Banja Luka within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coordinates: 44°46′N 17°′E / <span class="geo-dec geo" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for 44.767 Expression error: Unexpected < operator">44.767, Expression error: Unexpected < operator
Country Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Area
 - City 1,232 km² (475.7 sq mi)
Population
 - City 175,000
 - Density 178.6/km² (462.6/sq mi)
 - Metro 220,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 51
Website: http://www.banjaluka.rs.ba
Kastel fortress and Vrbas river.
Kastel fortress and Vrbas river.

Banja Luka or Banjaluka (Cyrillic: Бања Лука, pronounced [ˌbaɲaˈluːka]) is the largest city in Republika Srpska entity and the second largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina after Sarajevo. It is also the capital of Republika Srpska . It has traditionally been the center of the Bosanska Krajina region located in the northwest of the country, on the Vrbas river. It is home to the University of Banja Luka, as well as other numerous Bosnian institutions. The city is well-known in the former Yugoslavia for being full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens, and parks.[1] This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The Vrbas (Serbian Cyrillic: Врбас) is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Bosanska Krajina Region Bosanska Krajina (lit Bosnian Frontier) is a geographical region of Bosnia and Herzegovina enclosed by three rivers - Sava, Una and Vrbas. ... The Vrbas (Serbian Cyrillic: Врбас) is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The University of Banja Luka (Serbian УнивeрзитeÑ‚a y БaÑšoj Лyци) is a university located in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...

Contents

Geography

Banja Luka covers some 96.2 km² (37.1 mi²) of land in northwestern Bosnia on the Vrbas River. The city is located at 44.78° N 17.19° E. Banja Luka's downtown is at 163 m above sea level, surrounded by hills. Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Vrbaš is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The source of the Vrbas River is about 90 km (56 mi) to the south. The tributary rivers of Suturlija, Crkvena, and Vrbanja flow into the Vrbas at Banja Luka. Banja Luka also has a number of springs close by. A natural spring on Mackinac Island in Michigan. ...


The area immediately around Banja Luka is woodland, although there are mountains a little further from the city. The city itself is built in the Banja Luka valley, which is located at the transition between high and low mountain areas. The most notable of these mountains are Manjača (1214 meters), Čemernica (1,338 meters), and Tisovac (,meters). These are all part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range. Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) Valbona pass, northern Albania. ...


Climate

Banja Luka has a continental climate, with harsh winters and warm summers. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 21.3 °C (70 °F). The coldest month of the year is January, when temperatures average near freezing at 0.8 °C (33 °F). Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Annual precipitation for Banja Luka is about 988 mm. Banja Luka has an average of 143 rainy days a year. Due to the city's high latitude, it snows in Banja Luka almost every year as well. Strong winds come from the north and northeast. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


History

The name "Banja Luka" was first mentioned in a document dated February 06, 1494, but Banja Luka's history dates back to ancient times. There is substantial evidence of a Roman presence in the region during the first few centuries AD, including an old fort "Kastel" in the center of the city. The area of Banja Luka was wholly in the Roman province of Illyricum, lying on important Roman roads between Dalmatia and Pannonia. February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article is about an ancient civilization in southeastern Europe; see also Illyria (software), Illyria (character in the TV series Angel). ... A Roman road in Pompeii The Romans, as a military, commercial and political expedient, became adept at constructing roads; many long sections of them are ruler-straight, but it should not be thought that all of them were. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... For other uses, see Pannonia (disambiguation). ...


Slavs settled the area in the 7th century A.D., although the exact nature of their migrations remains something of a mystery. What is known is that the first mention of the city dates to 1494, by Vladislav II. The name is of Hungarian origin and means "the hole of a mine", from the Hungarian words bánya ("mine"), and luka, lyuka ("his hole").<refTolnai Lexikon, Volume II, 41. (Budapest, 1926.)</ref> Ladislaus Jagellion (in Czech Vladislav II Jagellonský, in Hungarian II. Ulászló) was the king of Bohemia from 1471 and the king of Hungary from 1490, until his death in 1516. ...


One of the first public structures after Kastel was a Franciscan monastery, built in 1378 in Banja Luka’s neighborhood of Petrićevac by Bosnian Franciscans. It was the first of such buildings in Bosnia. The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Petrićevac is a part of the city of Banja Luka in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Banja Luka at the turn of 20th century.
Banja Luka at the turn of 20th century.

During the Ottoman rule in Bosnia, Banja Luka was the seat of the Bosnian pashaluk, and the lords of the region built what is nowadays the main street of the city. Between 1566 and 1574 Ferhat-paša Sokolović, one of the founders of the Banjaluka’s town core, built over 200 projects ranging from artisan and sales shops to wheat warehouses, baths and mosques. Among his more important constructions were Ferhadija and Arnaudija mosques, during which construction a plumbing infrastructure was laid that served surrounding residential areas. All this stimulated economic and urban development of Banja Luka, that soon after became one of the leading commercial and political centers in Bosnia. In 1688 the city was set to the torch by an Austrian army, but it quickly recovered. Later periodic intrusions by the Austrian army stimulated military developments in Banja Luka, which made it into a strategic military center. Serb churches and monasteries near Banja Luka were built in the 19th century. In the 19th century Sephardic Jews and Trappists migrated to the city, which contributed to the early industrialization of the region by building mills, breweries, brick factories, textile factories and other important structures. For all its leadership to the region however, Banja Luka as a city was not modernised until rule by Austria-Hungary in the late 19th century. Image File history File links Bl-1903. ... Image File history File links Bl-1903. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... Vilâyet (also eyalet or pashaluk) was the Turkish name for the provinces of the Ottoman Empire. ... Ferhat-paÅ¡a Sokolović was one of the founding fathers of Banja Luka. ... Ferhat-Pasha Ferhadija Mosque Ferhat-Pasha Mosque or more widely known as Ferhadija Mosque was a central building of the city of Banja Luka and one of the most successful achievements of the Islamic architecture of the 16th century Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Arnaudija mosque (built 1594) was a large mosque in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina before it was totally destroyed by Serb forces on 7 May 1993 [1]. Bosnia and Herzegovina Commission to Preserve National Monuments ^ Banja Luka u Snu - site visited 2006-12-04 Categories: | | | | | | ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: ספרד, Standard Hebrew Səfárad, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄áraḏ / Səp̄āraḏ), or whose ancestors were among the Jews expelled from... New Melleray Abbey, near Peosta, Iowa. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


Austrian occupation brought westernization to Banja Luka. Railroads, schools, factories, and infrastructure appeared, and were developed. This led to a modern city, that after World War I became the capital of the Vrbas Banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. This article is about the influence of western culture. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Map showing banovinas in 1929 (Vrbaska banovina is coloured green, in the left part of map) map of Vrbaska banovina The Vrbas Banovina (Serbian and Croatian: Vrbaska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander...


It owed its rapid progress to the first Ban Svetislav Milosavljević. During that time Banski dvor and its twin sister the Administration building, the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity, theatre and museum were built, Grammar school was renovated, Teachers College enlarged, city bridge was also built and the park renovated. 125 elementary schools worked in Banja Luka in 1930. Revolutionary ideas of the time along the city were allocated by the association "Pelagić" and Student's Club. Banjaluka naturally became the organizational centre of anti-fascist work in the region.



During World War II, Banja Luka was occupied by the mostly Nazi regime. Most of Banja Luka's noble Serbs, Bosniaks and Sephardic Jewish families were deported to nearby concentration death camps such as Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška. On February 7, 1942 the Ustaše forces, led by a Franciscan monk, Miroslav Filipović (aka Tomislav Filipović-Majstorović) killed 2,500 Serbs (among them 500 children) in Drakulići, Motike and Sargovac (part of the Banja Luka municipality). The town's Orthodox church of the Holy Trinity was razed to the ground by the Nazi German occupation authorities [1]. The city was finally liberated on April 22, 1945. Banja Luka gave its many WWII heroes, like sister and brother Vahida and Osman Maglajlic. The nursing school in Banja Luka had her name, but during the ethnic cleansing in Banja Luka, local Serbs removed her statue and her name from the school despite of her heroic acts during the WWII. Other WWII heroes were: Esad Midzic (Bosniak), Brothers Pavlic (Croats), Kasim Hadzic (Bosniak), Milan Radman (Croat), Ajsa Karabegovic (Bosniak), Paula Kogut (Croat), and many others. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “Jasenovac” redirects here. ... Stara GradiÅ¡ka was the fifth subcamp of the Jasenovac concentration camp, established in 1941 to the east of the main camp near the village of Stara GradiÅ¡ka. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Miroslav Filipović (1915 - 1946) was a Franciscan friar from Bosnia and Herzegovina who commanded the Jasenovac concentration camp in Yugoslavia during World War II. As a Croatian extreme nationalist and a fascist, Miroslav Majstorović (as he would become known) combined his religion with his extremist political ideology. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Banski dvor in Banja Luka
Banski dvor in Banja Luka

In 1969, a devastating earthquake damaged many buildings in Banja Luka. A large building called Titanik in the center of the town was razed to the ground, and the area was turned into a central public square.With contributions from all Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia regions, Banja Luka was repaired and rebuilt. That was the period when a large Serb population moved to the city from the surounding areas, and distant areas in Herzegovina. However, much of the old city center that had many small buildings and shops from Austrian-Hungarian and Ottoman periods were damaged beyond repair and were subsequently razed. Image File history File links Unibl2. ... Image File history File links Unibl2. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ...


The city underwent considerable changes during the Yugoslav wars. Upon the declaration of Bosnian-Herzegovinian independence and establishment of Republika Srpska, Banja Luka became the de facto center of the entity's politics. During that time of ethnic cleansing almost 95% of all Bosniaks and Croats had to leave their homes in fear of their lives. Unfortunately, many were killed in the surounding concentration camps such are Manjaca, Omarska, Trnopolje and Mali Logor. Many Serb refugees who left or were forced to leave formerly Republika Srpska Krajina, Croatia and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (mostly from Sanski Most and Kljuc) moved to the city and its surroundings in the mid-1990s taking over the property of those Bosniaks and Croats who were forced to leave. As of 2004, many of its current inhabitants are said to be refugees or displaced persons - according to some as many as a third of them, even though the authorities have only registered some 18,000. A number of former residents of Banja Luka currently reside in the city of Hamtramck, Michigan (5 miles from downtown Detroit), St. Louis MO, Chicago IL, San Francisco CA, Louisville KY, Bowling Green KY, Jacksonville FL. Largest number of Banjaluka's citizens abroad live in Sweden with large population in Göteborg (5000-6000). Belligerents Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo Liberation Army, NATO, UCPMB SFR Yugoslavia, Republic of Srpska Serbian Krajina FR Yugoslavia, Paramilitary forces from Serbia Commanders Milan Kučan Janez JanÅ¡a, Franjo TuÄ‘man, Mate Boban Janko Bobetko, Alija Izetbegović, Sefer Halilović, Hashim Thaci, Wesley Clark, Javier Solana Bill Clinton... BIH may mean: Benign intracranial hypertension Bihari language (ISO 639 alpha-3, bih) the ISO 3-letter country code for the European country Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... The Republic of Serbian Krajina (Republika Srpska Krajina, RSK) was an internationally unrecognized Serbian republic in Croatia. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 781 km2 Population (1991 census) 60,307 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Sanjin Halimović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Ključ is a town and municipality by the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with forced migration. ... Hamtramck is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg  listen? ) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. ...


Demographics

Today, it has been estimated that the population of the municipality of Banja Luka is about 198,000 (slightly above 227,000 if those registered in Banja Luka but residing abroad are counted).[2] Although there is a lack of more recent official statistics on ethnic distribution, there is little doubt that Serbs make up an overwhelming majority in the city. Much of the non-Serb population was forced to leave Banja Luka into other areas such as(Tuzla, Zenica, Zagreb, etc) which resulted in today's estimated ethnic distribution.More and more people are moving back and finding their peace again in Banja Luka,especially the Bosniaks. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Tuzla (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms [[Image:{{{image_coat_of_arms}}}|100px|Coat of arms]] Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina [[Image:{{{image_map}}}|150px|center|Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location]] General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area 499,7 km² Population 170,000 (estimate) Population density 293/km... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...

  • Serbs (86%)
  • Bosniaks (11%)
  • Croats (2%)
  • Others (1%)

From the Census in 1910 the national structure was this:

  • Banja Luka total: 14.800
  • Bosniaks - 6.593 (44,55%)
  • Croats - 3.939 (26,61%)
  • Serbs- 3.698 (24,99%)
  • Jews - 421 (2,84%)
  • Others - 149 (1,01%)

Government

The building of the Assembly of the City of Banja Luka
The building of the Assembly of the City of Banja Luka

Banja Luka plays an important role on different levels of Bosnia and Herzegovina's government structures. Banja Luka is the center of government for the Municipality of Banja Luka. Image File history File linksMetadata Uprava. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Uprava. ...


A number of entity and state institutions are seated in the city. The Republika Srpska Government and the National Assembly are based in Banja Luka. The BiH State Agencies based in the city include the Indirect Taxation (VAT) Authority, the Deposit Insurance Agency as well as a branch of the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly the National Bank of Republika Srpska). National Assembly of Republika Srpska is the legislative body of the Republika Srpska (Serbian Cyrillic: Народна Скупштина Републике Српске, Serbian Latin: Narodna Skupština Republike Srpske or NSRS). ... The Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the central bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the capital city, Sarajevo. ...


Austria, Croatia, France, Germany, Serbia, United Kingdom and the United States maintain diplomatic representation through consulate-generals in Banja Luka. Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... The rule of Napoleon Bonaparte after his coup detat in France had conducted the manners of French governmant under dictatorship and in a consulate. ...


Economy

Government of Republika Srpska building
Government of Republika Srpska building

Although the city itself was not directly affected by the war in the early 1990s, Banja Luka's economy was. For four years, Banja Luka fell behind the world in key areas such as technology, resulting in a rather stagnant economy today.


In recent years, financial services sector has gained in importance in the city. In 2002, trading began on the newly-established Banja Luka Stock Exchange. Since then, the stock exchange has gone from strength to strength. The number of companies listed, the trading volume and the number of investors have increased significantly. A number of big companies such as Telekom Srpske, Rafinerija ulja Modriča, Banjalučka pivara and Vitaminka are all listed on the exchange and are traded regularly. Investors, apart from those from Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia, now include a number of investment funds from the EU, Norway, USA, Japan and China. The Banja Luka Stock Exchange or BLSE (Serbian Cyrillic: Бањалучка берза, Serbian Latin: Banjalučka berza) is a stock exchange which operates in Banja Luka in the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A telecoms company based in Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosnia-Herzegovina. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


A number of financial services regulators, such as the Republika Srpska Securities Commission and the RS Banking Agency are headquartered in Banja Luka. This, along with the fact that some of the major banks in Bosnia, the Deposit Insurance Agency and the Value-added tax (VAT) Authority are all based in the city, has helped Banja Luka establish itself as one of the main financial centres of the country. Republika Srpska Securities Commission (KOHV RS) The Republika Srpska Securities Commission or KHOV RS is a financial services regulator in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Value added tax (VAT) is a sales tax levied on the sale of goods and services. ...


Culture

Museum of Modern Art of Republika Srpska
Museum of Modern Art of Republika Srpska

Due to its long history, Banja Luka has a rich culture. A number of museums can be found in the city, including the Museum of Republika Srpska also known as the Museum of Bosanska Krajina, and the Ethnographic Museum, established in 1930. Banja Luka also has a national theatre, and library, both dating from the first half of the 20th century. There are numerous other museums and theatres in the city including the Museum of Modern Art of Republika Srpska. Bosanska Krajina Region Bosanska Krajina (lit Bosnian Frontier) is a geographical region of Bosnia and Herzegovina enclosed by three rivers - Sava, Una and Vrbas. ...

Gospodska street
Gospodska street

One of the most famous cultural sites in Banja Luka is the cultural centre "Banski Dvor" (Halls of the Ban), built in the 1930s as a spot of residence for the Bans of the Vrbas Banovina. It is a beautiful building in the very center of the city. The National Assembly is inside, along with a concert hall, gallery, state television, and restaurant. Most of the main cultural and political leadership nowadays takes place inside of the building. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ban is a title of either Avar or Illyrian origin, the title was used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century. ... Map showing banovinas in 1929 (Vrbaska banovina is coloured green, in the left part of map) map of Vrbaska banovina The Vrbas Banovina (Serbian and Croatian: Vrbaska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ...


The relatively poorly preserved fortress Kastel is found in the center of the city. This medieval castle is one of Banja Luka’s main attractions but has recently become a dangerous place at night. Located on the bank of the Vrbas River, it gave specific charm to the city. During the summer some concerts took place in the fortress.


In the city there are many Cultural Artistic Associations. The oldest is RKUD "Pelagić" (1927), and it is one of the oldest institution of this kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina [2].


Events

In the summer, there are many festivals going on, with live bands playing outdoor venues, DJ’s and dances put on. The main festivals include: Banja Luka Choir Gathering (April - May), Theater Festival "Teatar Fest" (May), International Short Film Festival "Kratkofil" (June), The Month of Rock Music (June), Folklore Days Banja Luka (July - August, every Thursday), Summer on the Vrbas (July) Banja Luka Summer Games (August) as well as the Banja Luka Fashion Week.


Sport

Banja Luka has one major football stadium and several indoor sports halls. The local handball and football teams bear the traditional name Borac (fighter), though the basketball club was recently renamed to Banjalučka pivara, after the Banja Luka brewery. The three football teams from Banja Luka are Borac Banja Luka (Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina), FK BSK Banja Luka, and FK Omladinac Banja Luka (both in the First League of the Republika Srpska), and FK Naprijed Banjaluka. Soccer redirects here. ... Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ... Borac (Cyrilic: Борац) is a sports society with several teams, from the city of Banja Luka in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This article is about the sport. ... Kettles in a modern Trappist brewery A brewery can be a building or place that produces beer, or a business (brewing company) whose trade is the production and sale of beer. ... Borac (Cyrilic: Борац) is a sports society with several teams, from the city of Banja Luka in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Premier League is the top football league in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... BSK Banja Luka is a football club from the city of Banja Luka, in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... FK Omladinac is a football club from the city of Banja Luka, in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Prva liga Republike Srpske or Прва лига Републике Српске (First league of the Republika Srpska) is a second level football competition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. ...


The city has a long tradition of good handball players and teams. RK Borac Banjaluka was the European Champion in 1976, the European Vice-Champion in 1975 and the winner of the IHF Cup in 1991.


Recently, tennis has taken on a bigger role in the city. The local tennis tournament, "Memorijal Trive Vujića", has become professional and has been awarded ATP status in 2001, with the rank of a Challenger. The Banja Luka Challenger takes place in September each year. Also, in 2006, the Davis Cup matches of the Europe/Africa Zone Group III took place in the city. Apart from Bosnia and Herzegovina, the teams included Monaco, Estonia, Turkey, Lithuania, Moldova, Armenia and Andorra. For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... The ATP Challenger Series is a series of international mens professional tennis tournaments that allow players to win enough ranking points to earn an entry into an ATP-level main draw or qualifying draw. ... The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ...


In 2005, the European Championships in Rafting were held on the river Vrbas. According to the International Rafting Federation: "The event was hugely successful and the hosts are to be praised for the exemplary manner in which they ran the event, managed the media and looked after the competitors, staff and spectators...". Many nations took part, with the Czech Republic being the most successful. Rafting in Brazil. ...


Tourism

Panoramic view of Banja Luka
Panoramic view of Banja Luka

The natural beauties of the surrounding area guarantee the city of Banja Luka a good position in tourism. Banja Luka has a number of hotels, the oldest one dating back to 1885. One of hotels is Hotel Merriot, wich is right on the river Vrbas. The city and surrounding area have a number of popular tourist attractions. Among the most famous are the pools, thermal springs, and spas in the region. Banja Luka was once nicknamed the "Green City", due to its parks, and over 10,000 trees. The area is popular among nature lovers, while the city center is attractive to tourists due to its historical structures and many restaurants. Another attractive sights of Banja Luka are the Sehitluci Hill and a waterfall of the river Vrbas near Krupa. Rafting on the Vrbas is currently getting more appreciated among local tourists. Vrbas may refer to: Vrbas, a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina Vrbas, a town in Serbia and Montenegro This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Transportation

Busy west transit road
Busy west transit road

Public transportation within Banja Luka is exclusively operated by bus services. Over 30 bus lines which connect downtown with the rest of the city and suburbs. The oldest bus link in the city is No 1.


Banja Luka International Airport (IATA: BNX) is located 23 km from Banja Luka. Three airlines fly to the airport at present, B&H Airlines, Jat Airways and Austrojet with regular flights to Zurich, Salzburg, Belgrade and Sarajevo. Charter flights also operate from the airport, and the airport can be used as a back-up to Sarajevo Airport. Banja Luka International Airport (IATA: BNX, ICAO: LQBK) (Cyrillic: Међународни аеродром Бања Лука, Latin: MeÄ‘unarodni aerodrom Banja Luka), also known as Mahovljani Airport, after the nearby village of the same name, is an airport located 23km (14. ... B&H Airlines is an airline based in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina operating scheduled and charter passenger services. ... Jat Airways is the national airline of Serbia and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade. ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... This article is about the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Sarajevo International Airport (IATA: SJJ, ICAO: LQSA) is the main international airport in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located just a few kilometers southwest of the capital city of Sarajevo. ...


Banja Luka is the hub of the railway services of the Željeznice Republike Srpske (tr. Railways of Srpska), one half of the railway network of Bosnia and Hercegovina. Services operate to most northern Bosnian towns, Zagreb (twice daily), and Belgrade, (and from there on to the rest of Europe), though due to the recent conflict and the restoration of much of the rail network and a lack of carriages, services remain slow and infrequent compared with neighbouring countries.


A wide range of bus services are available to most neighbouring towns and every large city in BiH, and international bus services are available to and from Austria, Croatia, Germany, France, Italy, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland and Slovakia.


Sister Cities and international cooperation

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Banja Luka

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Bitonto is a city and comune in the province of Bari (Apulia region), Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Kranj (German: Krainburg) is the fourth largest city of Slovenia, approximately 20 km north west from Ljubljana with a population of 51,225 (2002). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... “Lvov” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Patras (Demotic Greek: Πάτρα, Pátra, IPA: , Classical Greek: Πάτραι, Pátrai, Latin: ) is Greeces third largest city and the capital of the prefecture of Achaea, located in northern Peloponnese, 215 kilometers west of Athens. ...

People

  • Abas Arslanagic, handball player/coach
  • Adem Cejvan, actor
  • Ismet Bekric, poet
  • Nasiha Kapidzic- Hadzic, poet
  • Mersad Berber, painter
  • Anton Josipovic, boxer
  • Abid Kovacevic, soccer player
  • Zrinko Tutic, composer
  • Petar Kocic, novelist
  • Tomislav Knez, football player
  • Milorad Karalić, handball player
  • Krstan Malesevic, sociologist
  • Dr. Nebojsa Popović, handball player
  • Sladjana Golić, basketball player
  • Ivan Ljubičić, tennis player
  • Zdravko Radjenovic, handball player
  • Sasa Losić, singer, composer
  • Dragan Šajnović, violinist, professor
  • Marijan Beneš, boxer and poet
  • Aleksandar Ravlić, journalist, photographer and writer
  • Vlado Milošević, composer
  • Radovan Bisić, boxer
  • Aleksandar Knezevic, handball player
  • Mladen Bojinovic, handball player
  • Marija Šestić, singer
  • Maja Tatić, singer
  • Nebojša Malešević, Mr Bosnia & Herzegovina (Mr World 2007 representative)
  • Boris Rezak , singer

Mersad Berber Mersad Berber was born on 1 January 1940 in a western Bosnian township of Bosanski Petrovac. ... Anton Ante Josipović (born October 22, 1962 in Banja Luka) was an Bosnian boxer from Croatian heritage, who won the light heavyweight gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics. ... Petar Kočić Petar Kočić (Cyrillic - Петар Кочић) (1877 — 1916) was Bosnian poet and writer. ... Ivan Ljubičić ([], born March 19, 1979) is a Croatian tennis player. ... Marijan BeneÅ¡ (born 11 June 1951 in Belgrade[1][2]) is a former Yugoslavian boxer from Bosnia and Herzegovina, still considered one of the best in the Yugoslavian history. ... Vlado MiloÅ¡ević (Владо Милошевић) (1901-1990) was a Serbian composer and ethnomusicologist from Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina, a part of Yugoslavia for most of his life. ... Marija Å estić (born May 5, 1987, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina, then Yugoslavia) is a singer and musician. ... Maja Tatić (Serbian Cyrillic: Маја Татић) (born October 30, 1970 in Belgrade, Serbia, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Serbian and Bosnian singer. ... NebojÅ¡a MaleÅ¡ević (born May 29, 1983) was born in Banja Luka, capital of Republika Srpska (Bosnia & Herzegovina). ...

Gallery

References

  1. ^ http://www.banjaluka.rs.ba/vijesti/newsDetail.aspx?newsID=4774&catID=9
  2. ^ Prostorni plan Republike Srpske do 2015. Banja Luka, April 2008. p. 67 & 69

External links

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Official language Serbian, Bosnian (Serbo-Croation) and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital Brčko Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  208 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density  80,000  ? Ethnic groups (current est. ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Main city Livno Head of canton Nediljko Rimac Municipalities Livno, Tomislavgrad, Kupres, Glamoč, Bosansko Grahovo, Drvar Area 4934,1 km² Population  - Total  - Density 90,000 ? Map of Canton 10 Canton 10 is the tenth canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the western part of Bosnia. ... Map showing the location of this canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bosnia Canton is one of the 10 cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... 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Map showing Canton within Bosnia and Herzegovina West Herzegovina Canton is one of the 10 cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Main city Zenica Head of canton Miralem GalijaÅ¡ević Municipalities Breza, Doboj Jug, Kakanj, Maglaj, Olovo, TeÅ¡anj, VareÅ¡, Visoko, Zavidovići, Zenica, Žepče, Usora Area 3,343. ... In Bosnia and Herzegovina the smallest administrative unit is the municipality or (Opcina). ... Banovići is a municipality in northweastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 900 km2 Population (est. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 58,320 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 35 Mayor Hamdija GroÅ¡ić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 15,621 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Dragan Kecman (SNSD) Website A post-war postcard from Bosanski Petrovac Bosanski Petrovac (Босански Петровац) is a town in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bosansko Grahovo is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bugojno Bugojno (Cyrillic: Бугојно) is a town and municipality of the same name in central Bosnia and Herzegovina on the river Vrbas. ... Busovača is a small town in the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area 129 km² Population (1991 census) 5,398 Population density 150 inhabitants per km² Area code +387 37 Mayor Jasmin Emrić Website http://www. ... Location of ÄŒapljina in BiH Coat of arms of ÄŒapljina ÄŒapljina is a town and the seat of its municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 356 km² Population (2006 census) 22,832 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Nermin OgreÅ¡ević (SDA) Website http://www. ... The municipality of ÄŒelić is located in the northeastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (2002 census) 68,151 Population density Area code +387 33 Mayor Dževad Bećirević (SDP) Website http://www. ... ÄŒitluk Coat of Arms ÄŒitluk is a town located in southern Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, at 43°29′ N 17°17′ E. It is a municipality of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Drvar is a town and a municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, located on the road between Bosansko Grahovo and Bosanski Petrovac, also near Glamoč. It is administratively part of the West Bosnia Canton of the Federation. ... Doboj East (Doboj Istok/Добој Исток) is a small rural municipality in the Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population Population density Area code +387 32 Mayor Izudin Aličić (ZA BiH) Website http://www. ... The municipality of Domaljevac-Å amac is one of the newly created municipalities of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area Population (1991 census) 24,232 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Mayor Arif Magrdžija (ZA BiH) Website http://www. ... The municipality of Foča-Ustikolina is one of three municipalities forming the Bosnian Podrinje Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 16,227 Population density Area code +387 30 Mayor Salkan Merdžanić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Glamoč Glamoč is a town and municipality of the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Bosnian Podrinje Canton Land area 252 km² Population 1999 36496 Population density 144,8/km² Coordinates Area code +387 38 Mayor Mustafa Kurtović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Municipality president Vahid BuÅ¡atlić (SDA) Land area Population (1991 census) 25,130 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Subdivisions Website Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located between Bugojno, Prozor, Kupres, Novi Travnik and... Gradačac (Serbian: Градачац) is a small town in the northeastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Tuzla Canton about 40 km south of the Sava river. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Mayor Mate Å imunović (HDZ) Land area Population (1991 census) 15,976 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 39 Subdivisions Website http://www. ... Hadžići is a town and a municipality located south west of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mayor Amer Ćenanović Area  - Total 143. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (2002 census) 15,277 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 33 Mayor Nusret MaÅ¡ić (SDA) Website IlijaÅ¡ (Илијаш) is a town and municipality located north east of the inner city of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Coat of Arms Municipality of Jablanica Jablanica is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 45,007 Population density Area code +387 30 Mayor Nisvet Hrnjić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Kakanj is a city in Bosnia. ... Coat of Arms Kalesija is a town and municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 164 km² Population (1991 census) 24,426 Population density Area code +387 30 Mayor Mladen MiÅ¡urić (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Kladanj is a town and municipality in Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For the village in Bulgaria also transliterated as Ključ, see Klyuch. ... Shield of Konjic with the Neretva river Municipality of Konjic (marked green) Konjic is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina situated on the Neretva river. ... KreÅ¡evo is a town and the seat of its municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 13,028 Population density Area code +387 34 Mayor Stjepan Herceg (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation Canton 10 Land area 994 km² Population (2003 census) 32,454 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 34 Mayor Luka ÄŒelan (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 289 km² Population (1991 census) 27,182 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 39 Mayor Nevenko Barbarić (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Location of Lukavac within Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population Population density Coordinates Area code +387 32 Mayor Mehmed MustabaÅ¡ić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Mostar (Мостар) is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the center of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area Population (1991 census) 4,268 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 36 Mayor Đure Obradović (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Novi Grad (translated New Town) is the westernmost of the four municipalities that make up the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (2002 census) 74,493 Population density Area code +387 33 Mayor Nedžad Koldžo (SDA) Website http://www. ... Novi Travnik is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 30,651 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 31 Mayor Luka Jurić (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population 7,000 Population density Area code +387 32 Mayor Alija Abazović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 28,211 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 31 Mayor Đuro Topić (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Pale-Prača is one of three municipalities of the Bosnian Podrinje Canton located in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... PosuÅ¡je is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina which is located in the West Herzegovina Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Municipality president Jozo Vukoja (HDZ) Land area Population (1991 census) 19,601 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 36 Subdivisions Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 447km² Population (1991 census) 527 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 36 Mayor Andrija Å imunović (HDZ) Website Ravno is a town and the seat of its municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 781 km2 Population (1991 census) 60,307 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Sanjin Halimović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 3761 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 35 Mayor Ismet Omerović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Å iroki Brijeg is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in northern Herzegovina. ... Shield of Srebrenik with the medieval Fort of Srebrenik dating from 1333 Municipality of Srebrenik (marked green) Srebrenik is a town and municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Stari Grad Municipality is the oldest and most historically significant part of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Stolac is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in southern Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Teočak (marked green) located in northeastern Bosnia Teočak is a town and municipality in the northeastern part Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Location of TeÅ¡anj within Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 29,321 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 34 Mayor Zdravko Prka (HSP) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 35 km² Population 75,000 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Mayor Tahir Lendo (SDA) Website http://www. ... Trnovo is marked with number 8 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton. ... For other uses, see Tuzla (disambiguation). ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population 5,000 Population density Area code +387 32 Mayor Anto ÄŒičak (NHI) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (2001 census) 13,293 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 32 Mayor Hamdo Fatić (SDP) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 176 km² Population (1991 census) 52,908 Population density 300/sq kilomile Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Admil Mulalić (DNZ) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Federation Canton Zenica - Doboj Land area 232 km² Population (1991 census) 46,130 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 32 Mayor Munib Alibegović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Shield of Vitez Vitez (Serbian: Витез) is a town in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 72 km² Population (2002 census) 19,894 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 33 Mayor Asim Sarajlić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 57,164 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 32 Mayor Izet BaÅ¡ić (SDA) Website http://www. ... Coat of arms [[Image:{{{image_coat_of_arms}}}|100px|Coat of arms]] Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina [[Image:{{{image_map}}}|150px|center|Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location]] General Information Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Land area 499,7 km² Population 170,000 (estimate) Population density 293/km... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area ZE-DO kanton Population (1991 census) 22,840 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 32 Mayor Mato Zovko (HDZ) Website http://www. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Mayor Hasan Muratović (SDP) Land area Population (1991 census) 44,063 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 35 Subdivisions Website http://www. ... Berkovići is a municipality in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bijeljina (Serbian Cyrillic: Бијељина) is a town and municipality in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bileća (Serbian Cyrillic: Билећа) is a town and municipality in the southeast of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kostajnica (Костајница) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bosanski Brod (Serbian: Босански Брод or Bosanski Brod; Bosnian: Bosanski Brod; Croatian: Bosanski Brod) also known as Brod (Брод), formerly known as Srpski Brod (Српски Брод), is a town and municipality located on the right bank of the river Sava in the north of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Coat of Arms Bratunac (Братунац) is a town located at the east border of Bosnia, southwest of the Drina river and north of Srebrenica. ... ÄŒajniče (Чајниче) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Celinac lies cca. ... Derventa (Cyrillic: Дервента) is a town and municipality in the northern part of Republika Srpska which is part of Bosnia-Herzegovina, located just northwest of Doboj, in the Posavina region. ... View of Doboj from the fortress 14th Century Doboj Fortress, reconstructed in 2006, with a wooden stage added during reconstruction Doboj (Cyrillic: Добој) is a city and a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated on the river Bosna. ... Donji Žabar (Доњи Жабар) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Foča (Serbian: Фоча), known from 1992 to 2004 as Srbinje (Србиње), is a town in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina near Drina river, in the Herzegovina region of Republika Srpska entity. ... Gacko (Cyrillic: Гацко) is a town and municipality by the same name in southeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Istočno Sarajevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Источно Сарајево, English: East Sarajevo) is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina adjacent to its capital Sarajevo to its northeast. ... City area Bosanska GradiÅ¡ka (Cyrillic: Босанска Градишка), is a town and municipality in northwestern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Han Pijesak (Хан Пијесак) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Istočni Drvar (Источни Дрвар) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Istočna Ilidža (Источна Илиџа) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Istočni Mostar (Источни Мостар) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Istočni Stari Grad (Источни Стари Град) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Jezero (Језеро) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kalinovik (Калиновик) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kneževo (Кнежево), formerly known as Skender Vakuf, is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bosanska Dubica/Kozarska Dubica (Serbian Cyrillic: Босанска Дубица/Козарска Дубица) is the official name of the municipality located in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kotor VaroÅ¡ (Котор Варош) is a town and the seat of its municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Krupa na Uni (Крупа на Уни) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kupres (Cyrillic: Купрес), also known as Srpski Kupres (Српски Купрес) and Kupres Republike Srpske (Купрес Републике Српске), is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Ljubinje (Љубиње) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Lukavica (former Srpsko Novo Sarajevo/Istočno Novo Sarajevo) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Milići (Милићи) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Modriča (Serbian: Модрича) is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mrkonjić-Grad (Cyrillic: Мркоњић-Град) is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Shield of Nevesinje Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in eastern Herzegovina between Mostar and Gacko. ... Novi Grad Novi Grad (Cyrillic: Нови Град), formerly Bosanski Novi (Cyrillic: Босански Нови), is a town and municipality in northwestern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Novo Goražde (Ново Горажде), also known as Srpsko Goražde (Српско Горажде), is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Osmaci is a municipality located in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... OÅ¡tra Luka is a newly formed municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Pale (Пале) is a small town in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Pelagićevo is a municipality from Bosnia and Herzegovina formed from the Dayton Agreement. ... Petrovac (Петровац) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Petrovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Петрово, Serbian Latin: Petrovo) is a village and relatively young municipality located in northern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Prijedor (Serbian Cyrillic: Приједор) is a town and municipality in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Republika Srpska entity. ... Prnjavor (Cyrillic: Прњавор) is a town and municipality in northwest of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location]] General Information Mayor  ? Land area  ? Population (1991 census) 2,183 (village) Population density (1991)  ? Coordinates  ? Area code  ? Time zone  ? Website  ? Ribnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Рибник) is a village and a municipality in Republika... Ja živim u Rogatica. ... Rudo is a municipality in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina near the border of Sandžak, Serbia. ... Å amac (Serbian: Шамац/Å amac, Bosnian: Å amac/Шамац, Croatian: Å amac), also known as Bosanski Å amac, is a town in the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located on the right bank of the Sava river. ... Å ekovići (Cyrillic: Шековићи) is a municipality and town in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Å ipovo (Cyrillic: Шипово) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, central Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Sokolac (Cyrilic: Соколац) is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Srbac is a town and municipality in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina near the border of Croatia. ... Location of Srebrenica within the Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Settlements 81 Government  - Mayor Abdurahman Malkić (SDA) [1] Area  - Total 527 km² (203. ... Teslić (Теслић) is a town and a municipality in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located southwest of Doboj, west of TeÅ¡anj and southeast of Banja Luka. ... Trebinje (Cyrillic: Требиње) is the southern-most municipality and town in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Trnovo (RS) (Cyrillic: Трново (РС)) is a town and municipality in the city of Istočno Sarajevo, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Location of Ugljevik within Bosnia and Herzegovina Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Vasilije Perić (SDS) [1] Area  - Total 164 km² (63. ... Not to be confused with VyÅ¡ehrad, Visegrád, or Visegrad. ... Location of Vlasenica within Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Government  - Mayor Dragomir Stupar (SNSD) [1] Population (1991)  - Total 33,817  - Municipality ? Time zone CET (UTC+1)  - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Area code(s) 56 Serbian Orthodox church Vlasenica (Cyrillic: Власеница) is a municipality and town in the northeastern part of Republika... Vukosavlje (Serbian Cyrillic: Вукосавље) is a municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Zvornik Monument in Zvornik dedicated to the Serbian soldiers and civilians of the 1992-95 war Zvornik (Cyrillic: Зворник) is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, located south of Bijeljina. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Banja Luka | Definition | Information | Explanation | Review | WikiCity.com - Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, Free ... (1328 words)
Banja Luka is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina with a population of 196,500 (metro population 220,000).
Banja Luka is famous for it's culture and history, which dates back to the high middle ages.
The area of Banja Luka was wholly in the Roman province of Illyricum, lying on important Roman roads between Dalmatia and Pannonia.
Banja Luka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3263 words)
Banja Luka or Banjaluka (Cyrillic: Бања Лука, pronounced: /ˌbaɲaˈluːka/) is the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the largest city and de facto capital of the Republika Srpska entity, as well as a major centre of the region known as the Bosanska Krajina.
During Ottoman rule, Banja Luka was the seat of the Bosnian pashaluk, and the lords of the region built what is nowadays the main street of the city.
Upon the declaration of establishment of Republika Srpska, Banja Luka became the de facto center of the entity's politics, and in 2003 it officially became the capital of Republika Srpska.
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