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Encyclopedia > Bangkok
Bangkok
กรุงเทพมหานคร
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
Bangkok
Bangkok

Seal
Location
Coordinates: 13°45′8″N 100°29′38″E / 13.75222, 100.49389
Country Thailand
Settled Ayutthaya Period
Founded as capital 21 April 1782
Government
 - Type Special administrative area
 - Governor Apirak Kosayothin
Area
 - City 1,568.737 km² (605.7 sq mi)
 - Metro 7,761.50 km² (2,996.7 sq mi)
Population (2007)[citation needed]
 - City 8,160,522
 - Density 4,051/km² (10,492/sq mi)
 - Metro 10,061,726
 - Metro Density 1,296.36/km² (3,357.6/sq mi)
Time zone Thailand (UTC+7)
ISO 3166-2 TH-10
Website: http://www.bma.go.th

Bangkok, known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (pronounced [krūŋtʰêːp máhǎːnákʰɔn], กรุงเทพมหานคร ) or Krung Thep (กรุงเทพฯ ) for short, is the capital, largest urban area and primate city of Thailand. It was a small trading post in the mouth of the Chao Phraya River during the Ayutthaya Kingdom and came to the forefront of Thailand when made capital in 1768 after the burning of Ayuthaya. However, the current Rattanakosin Kingdom began in 1782 when the capital was moved across the river after being sacked by the Burmese. The Rattanakosin capital is now more formally called "Phra Nakorn", pertaining to the ancient boundaries in the metropolis' core and the name Bangkok now incorporates the urban build-up since the 18th century which has its own public administration and governor. Seal of the province Bangkok, Thailand This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Map of Thailand highlighting the Bangkok province File links The following pages link to this file: Bangkok Categories: GFDL images ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), and one metropolitan municipality - the capital Bangkok Metropolis (กรุงเทพมหานคร, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon). ... Apirak Kosayothin (Thai อภิรักษ์ โกษะโยธิน, born March 30, 1961) is a Thai manager and the current governor of Bangkok. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for Thailand describe the 75 provinces (changwat) and the city of Bangkok, which is both a province and a municipality. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Insert non-formatted text here A spectacular sunset in Bangkok, showing the skytrain and modern skyline, taken from the corner of Thanon Silom. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Insert non-formatted text here A spectacular sunset in Bangkok, showing the skytrain and modern skyline, taken from the corner of Thanon Silom. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... Image File history File links Th-Krung_Thep_Maha_Nakhon. ... Image File history File links Th-Krung_Thep. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... A primate city is a major city that works as the financial, political, and population center of a country and is not rivaled in any of these aspects by any other city in that country. ... Origin of the Chao Phraya River in Nakhon Sawan A view of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok The Chao Phraya (Thai: ) is a major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial river plain marking the mainland of the country. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... Ayutthaya (also spelled Ayudhya or Ayuthia) refers to The old capital of Thailand, see Ayutthaya (city) The province around the city, Ayutthaya province The ruins of the old palace, see Ayutthaya historical park Ayutthaya kingdom as the period of Thai history (1365-1768) in which Ayutthaya was capital This is...


In the span of over two hundred years, Bangkok has been the political, social and economic center of not only Thailand but for much of South East Asia and Indochina as well. Its influence in the arts, politics, fashion, education, entertainment as well as being the business/financial and cultural center of Asia has earned its name as a global city. The city's mix of Thai, Chinese, Indian, Buddhist, Muslim and Western culture combined with the driving force of the Thai economy makes it increasingly attractive to foreigners both for business and pleasure and has made the city the world's top tourist destination. Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... “World city” redirects here. ...


Bangkok is the world's 22nd largest city by population with approximately 6,704,000 but due to large unregistered influxes of migrants from the North East of Thailand and many nations across Asia, the population of Greater Bangkok is estimated at nearly 15 million people. This has in turn shifted the country from being a rather homogenous Thai population to increasingly a more vibrant mix of Western, Indians and Chinese. The Bangkok Province borders six other provinces: Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Chachoengsao, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon and Nakhon Pathom and all six provinces are joined in the conurbation of the Bangkok Metropolitan Area. Nonthaburi (Thai นนทบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Pathum Thani (Thai ปทุมธานี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Chachoengsao (Thai ฉะเชิงเทรา) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Prakan (Thai  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Sakhon (Thai สมุทรสาคร) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Pathom (Thai นครปฐม) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... The Bangkok Metropolitan Area (Thai: ) is the urban area of Bangkok, Thailand and its surrounding provinces. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Bangkok

The town of Bangkok(บางกอก ) began as a small trading center and port community on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River serving the Ayutthaya Kingdom, the precursor of modern Thailand which existed from 1350 to 1767. It is believed that the town's name derived from either Bang Makok, bang being the Central Thai name for towns or villages situated on the bank of a river, and makok (มะกอก) being the Thai name of either Spondias pinnata, Spondias mombin or Elaeocarpus hygrophilus (plants producing olive-like fruits), or Bang Koh, koh meaning "island," a reference to the area's landscape which was carved by rivers and canals. The Wat Phra Kaew temple complex Before the 1780s the vicinity of Bangkok consisted of small principalities which existed without official status. ... Image File history File links Th-Bangkok. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... Species See text Spondias is a genus of flowering plants of the family Anacardiaceae. ... Binomial name Spondias mombin L. Synonyms Spondias lutea L. Spondias mombin is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae. ... Species see text Elaeocarpus is a genus of tropical and subtropical evergreen trees and shrubs. ...

Wat Phra Kaew was constructed as part of the Grand Palace complex at the founding of the capital.
Wat Phra Kaew was constructed as part of the Grand Palace complex at the founding of the capital.

After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Kingdom in 1767, the newly declared King Taksin established a new capital in the area of then-Bangkok, which became known as Thonburi. When Taksin's reign ended in 1782, King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke reconstructed the capital on the east bank of the river and gave the city a ceremonial name (see below) which became shortened to its current official name, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (which, similarly to "Los Angeles" means "city of angels"). The new city, however, also inherited the name Bangkok, which continued to be used by foreigners to refer to the entire city and became its official English name, while in Thai the name still refers only to the old district on the west bank of the river. The city has since vastly modernized and undergone numerous changes, including the introduction of transportation and utility infrastructure in the reigns of King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn, and quickly developed into the economic center of Thailand. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 576 KB) Photographer: Paul Brockmeyer from Chicago, USA Title: Grand Palace Description: The square building in the middle is the Phra Mondop, the library in the Wat Phra Kaeo, the Thai buddhist temple attatched to the Grand Palace in Bangkok. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 576 KB) Photographer: Paul Brockmeyer from Chicago, USA Title: Grand Palace Description: The square building in the middle is the Phra Mondop, the library in the Wat Phra Kaeo, the Thai buddhist temple attatched to the Grand Palace in Bangkok. ... Western side of Wat Phra Kaew, viewed from within the grounds of the Grand Palace The Wat Phra Kaew (English Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Thai: ; full official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram, Thai: ) is regarded as the most sacred Buddhist temple in Thailand. ... Chakri Mahaprasad Hall The Grand Palace (Thai: , Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings in Bangkok, Thailand. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about a Siamese king. ... Thon Buri (ธนบุรี) was capital of Thailand for a short time during the reign of King Taksin, after the previous capital Ayutthaya was sacked by the Burmese. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ... King Mongkut (Rama IV), (October 18, 1804 – October 1, 1868) was king of Siam from 1851 to 1868. ... King Chulalongkorn the Great or Rama V (royal name: Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua; Thai: ) (September 20, 1853 – October 23, 1910) was the fifth king of the Chakri dynasty of Thailand. ...


Full name

The full ceremonial name of the city given by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, and later edited by King Mongkut, is Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit (Thai: กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยามหาดิลกภพ นพรัตน์ราชธานี บุรีรมย์อุดมราชนิเวศน์มหาสถาน อมรพิมานอวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะวิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์, listen ). This ceremonial name is composed in combination of two ancient Indian languages, Pāli and Sanskrit. According to the romanisation of these languages, it can actually be written as Krung-dēvamahānagara amararatanakosindra mahindrayudhyā mahātilakabhava navaratanarājadhānī purīramya utamarājanivēsana mahāsthāna amaravimāna avatārasthitya shakrasdattiya vishnukarmaprasiddhi. It translates to "The city of angels, the great city, the eternal jewel city, the impregnable city of God Indra, the grand capital of the world endowed with nine precious gems, the happy city, abounding in an enormous Royal Palace that resembles the heavenly abode where reigns the reincarnated god, a city given by Indra and built by Vishnukam". Image File history File links Th-Bangkok_ceremonial_name. ... Pāli is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... Vishwakarma is the presiding deity of all craftsmen and architects. ...


Local school children are taught the full name, although few can explain its meaning because many of the words are archaic, and unknown to all but a few. Most Thais who do recall the full name do so as a result of its use in a popular song, Krung Thep Mahanakhon (1989) by Asanee-Wasan Chotikul and will often recount it by recalling the song at the same time, much in the same way that English speakers might sing the alphabet song while reciting the English alphabet. This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Asanee-Wasan (Thai: อัสนี-วสันต์ โชติกุล or Asanee & Wasan) is a Thai rock band fronted by brothers Asanee Pom and Wasan Toe Chotikul. ... The alphabet song is a popular tool used to help teach children the English alphabet, commonly known by children as the A-B-Cs. ...


The full name of the city is listed by Guinness Book of Records as the world's longest place name.[1] Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ... The longest word in English depends upon the definition of what constitutes an English word. ...


Geography

Topography and climate

A satellite image showing Bangkok's urban sprawl and its many suburbs.
A satellite image showing Bangkok's urban sprawl and its many suburbs.
Climate chart for Bangkok
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source: Weatherbase [2]

The Bangkok special administrative area covers 1,568.7 km² (606 sq mi), making it the 68th largest province in Thailand. Much of the area is considered the city of Bangkok, therefore making it one of the largest cities in the world.[citation needed] The Chao Phraya River, which stretches 372 km (231 mi), is Bangkok's main geographical feature. The Chao Phraya River basin, the area surrounding Bangkok, and the nearby provinces comprise a series of plains and river deltas that lead into the Bay of Bangkok about 30 km (19 mi) south of the city center. This gave rise to Bangkok's appellation as the "Venice of the East" due to the number of canals and passages that divide the area into separate patches of land. The city once used these canals, which were plentiful within Bangkok itself, as divisions for city districts. However, as the city grew in the second half of the 20th century, the plan was abandoned and a different system of division was adopted. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x958, 827 KB) Satellite image of Bangkok; the area of the city is highlighted and bordered. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x958, 827 KB) Satellite image of Bangkok; the area of the city is highlighted and bordered. ... This is a list of the provinces of Thailand in order of their area. ... Origin of the Chao Phraya River in Nakhon Sawan A view of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok The Chao Phraya (Thai: ) is a major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial river plain marking the mainland of the country. ...


Bangkok lies about two meters (6.5 ft) above sea level, which causes problems for the protection of the city against floods during the monsoon season. Often after a downpour, water in canals and the river overflows the banks, resulting in massive floods. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) has recently installed higher planks alongside some canals to keep water levels from reaching street level. There are however some downsides for Bangkok's extensive canal routes, as the city is rumored to be sinking an average of two inches a year as it lies entirely on a swamp.[3] Some reports say that the city is sinking as much as four inches (102 mm) a year, and this combined with the rising sea level will leave Bangkok under 50 cm (20 in) to 100 cm (39 in) of water by 2025.[citation needed]


Bangkok has a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification system. Average temperatures in the city are about 2 °C (36 °F) higher than the ones shown for the Don Mueang Airport at 1960-1990 period. Absolute maxima is 40.8 °C (105.4 °F) and absolute minima is 9.9 °C (49.8 °F). The coldest temperatures were recorded in January 1924, January 1955, January 1974 and December 1999. The coldest daytime maximum temperature was 22.3 °C (72 °F), recorded in December 1999. Hailstorms are virtually unheard of in the city, with only one having been recorded in the past fifty years[4] Naples beach in Florida lined with coconut trees is an example of a tropical climate. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map[1] The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...


Districts

Chinatown
Chinatown
Bangkok as seen from Baiyoke Tower II
Bangkok as seen from Baiyoke Tower II
The Baiyoke Tower II, the tallest building in Bangkok and Thailand
The Baiyoke Tower II, the tallest building in Bangkok and Thailand
See also: List of districts in Bangkok

Bangkok has 50 districts or khet, which mark the administrative subdivisions under the authority of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. However, these district areas might not accurately represent functional divisions of Bangkok's neighborhoods. Throughout the years, Bangkok has grown from a city scattered along the river to a metro area that spans as many as six provinces. The city's main business districts and residential areas are continuously expanding. The influx of foreigners from Western countries as well as immigrants from neighboring Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and many other Asian countries along with the growth of the Thai population has stemmed hundreds of housing projects around the metro area, developing communities along the outskirts. Within years, these communities are engulfed by the greater Bangkok and become another part of this urban jungle. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 442 KB) Summary From Chinatown, Bangkok. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 442 KB) Summary From Chinatown, Bangkok. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 557 KB) Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 557 KB) Baiyoke Tower II in Bangkok, Thailand. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... Map of Khet Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes called amphoe as in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 154 kwaeng (แขวง), roughly equivalent to tambon in the other provinces. ... The Bangkok Metropolitan Area (Thai: ) is the urban area of Bangkok, Thailand and its surrounding provinces. ... Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw , Largest city Yangon (Rangoon) Official languages Burmese Recognised regional languages Jingpho, Shan, Karen, Mon, Rakhine Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Senior General Than Shwe  -  Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Vice-Senior General... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


The most important business districts of Bangkok include Silom, Bangrak, Pinklao, Sathon, Phra Ram 2, Phetchaburi, Phra Nakhon, Pathumwan, Chatuchak (New CBD), and Phra Ram 3 (New Financial Centre). Si Lom (Thai สีลม) is a MRTA subway system stop in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Bang Rak or Bangrak (Thai บางรัก) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chaufat Krommakhun Izaret, Prince Chudamani (September 4, 1808 - January 7, 1866) was a younger brother and the vice-king of King Mongkut. ... This artical is about Sathon district, see below for information about Sathon Road. ... Phetchaburi is a town in Thailand, capital of the Phetchaburi province. ... Phra Nakhon (Thai พระนคร) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chatuchak (Thai จตุจักร) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ...


As the city expanded on the outskirts, the inner city has nowhere to grow but up. The city has a registered 1,000 skyscrapers and ranks 17th as the world's tallest city.[5] This does not include hundreds of new buildings predicted as part of the construction boom in 2007 and the coming years. Areas such as Silom-Sathon and Asok have for decades been Thailand's business center. From 1985 to 1996, Thailand experienced the world's highest growth rates and underwent an economic transformation, Bangkok went through dramatic changes.[citation needed] The Ratchadaphisek area was turned into a business district which continued through the Asok area up north for five kilometers (3 mi). The Sukhumvit area, stretching 15-20 km (9–12 mi), gradually turned into a mixed commercial and residential area. Wireless Road and Chitlom are where some of Bangkok's most expensive land plots exist. Part of the British Embassy on the corner of Wireless and Rama I Roads, nine rai or approximately 14,400 m² (155,000 sq ft) in area, were sold for USD 92 million or THB 3.24 billion, and is the most expensive single sale of land in Thai record.[citation needed] Si Lom (Thai สีลม) is a MRTA subway system stop in Bangkok, Thailand. ... This artical is about Sathon district, see below for information about Sathon Road. ... Dibert Dilbert#Asok Asok, Asoke Bangkok Asoke, Asoka Buddhism ... Sukhumvit can either refer to: Sukhumvit Road, one of the main arteries in Bangkok, Thailand; Sukhumvit Line of the BTS in Bangkok. ...


Bangkok's Phra Nakhon district alongside Dusit is where most governmental agencies and ministries have their offices. Most of the well-known tourist attractions are also in this particular area due its cultural & historical heritage. It is a no-skyscraper designated zone to preserve the area where some buildings are as old as Thailand itself.[citation needed] This part of Bangkok is perhaps the most popular for tourists as most notable attractions such as the Grand Palace, Wat Pho, the Democracy Monument, the Giant Swing, Sanam Luang and other venues are located here. Thon Buri also has its fair share of historic monuments mainly located near the river, such as Wat Arun. The Victory Monument in Bangkok is one of the city's biggest bus destinations. Although not officially a bus depot, its location in the centre of city transits as many as 20 bus lines as well as a BTS Skytrain station. Phra Nakhon (Thai พระนคร) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Dusit (Thai ดุสิต) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chakri Mahaprasad Hall The Grand Palace (Thai: , Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings in Bangkok, Thailand. ... The head of the Reclining Buddha The Reclining Buddhas mother-of-pearl feet School for monks, Tukgawee, Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho (Thai: ), also known as Wat Phra Chetuphon วัดพระเชตุพน) or The Temple of the Reclining Buddha, is a Buddhist temple in Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok, Thailand... The Democracy Monument, Bangkok The Democracy Monument (in Thai: อนุสาวรีย์ประชาธิปไตย Anusawari Prachathipatai) is a public monument in the centre of Bangkok, capital of Thailand. ... The Giant Swing in front of Wat Suthat The Giant Swing (Thai: เสาชิงช้า, Sao Ching Cha) is a building in Bangkok, Thailand, Phra Nakhon district, located in front of the temple Wat Suthat. ... Sanam Luang Sanam Luang (Thai: ) is an open field in front of Wat Phra Kaew and the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Thonburi (ธนบุรี) was capital of Thailand for a short time during the reign of King Taksin, after the previous capital Ayutthaya was sacked by the Burmese. ... Wat Arun at Chao Phraya River Wat Arun (Thai: , Temple of the Dawn) is a buddhist temple (wat) in Bangkok, Thailand. ... The Victory Monument, Bangkok The Victory Monument: showing the military statues around the base The Victory Monument (Thai: อนุสาวรีย์ชัยสมรภูมิ, Anusawari Chai Samoraphum) is a large military monument in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Bangkok's north and eastern areas are primarily residential areas for middle class residents of Bangkok. Whereas the inner city often has small apartments and low rises for poor immigrants, Lat Phrao and Si Nakharin offer residential compounds and townhouses. The two areas cover as much as 100 km² (40 sq mi) to 150 km² (60 sq mi) each, and have turned into what is now part of Bangkok as more suburban housing developments sprawl further out to the east and north. The west of Bangkok in Thon Buri is another growing area, approaching the degree of development experienced by the north and east. Suvarnabhumi Airport in the east is seen as a jump start for the eastern expansion of Bangkok as Don Mueang was for the north. Lat Phrao (Thai ลาดพร้าว) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Ratchaprasong is at the forefront of Bangkok's shopping scene. The newly renovated Central World Plaza intends to serve as a square to Bangkokians. Just up the street is Siam Square, similar to Shinjuku in Tokyo and Oxford Street and Piccadilly Circus in London. The Sukhumvit area also serves as a shopping district for foreigners. The popular Chatuchak Weekend Market in the north of the city is where many people head for cheap, used and high quality products. The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... CentralWorld is a large shopping mall and office complex in Bangkok owned by the Central Group. ... Siam Square is a shopping and entertainment area in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Categories: Wards of Tokyo | Japan geography stubs ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Oxford Street, with Centre Point in the background Oxford Street in 1875, looking west from the junction with Duke Street. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Template:Infobox market A view of the massive market The clocktower the central point of the market Fish for sale in the animal section Traditional Thai silk at the market Fake football shirts Chatuchak (or Jatujak; Thai: ) weekend market in Bangkok is the largest market in Thailand, and largest of...


Bangkok's poorest districts are spread throughout the city. However, the most concentrated area is just north of the Port of Bangkok at the turn of the Chao Phraya River. For an area of 10 square kilometres (4 sq mi), the Khlong Toei district houses one of the poorest areas in the country with half-built houses and midrises for immigrants and workers from the northeast Isan provinces. Khlong Toei (also Klong Toey, Thai คลองเตย) is a district in central Bangkok, long known for substandard housing and its port facilities nearby. ... For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). ...


Green zones and major parks

Bangkok has large sections of greenery either preserved by the Department of National Forestry or designated as green zones. The city however, continues to lack a green belt development as economic activity continues to pour into the capital, resulting in massive housing projects along the suburbs. However, in recent years, there has been a stronger voice towards preserving the environment containing population within the city.[citation needed]


Bangkok is known for its large green sections within the city centre, including the large forest park between Yannawa and Samut Prakan. This part of the city covers an area of over 50 km² (19 sq mi). and is intended to buffer the CBD from the large industries of the west and south of Metropolitan Bangkok. Other areas include Bung Makkasan, an urban city buffer for residences, sections of many major roads which have unbuilt swamps and green fields. Some of these areas are intentionally undeveloped for protecting against urbanization, while others are land lost during the Asian Financial Crisis. Yan Nawa or Yannawa (Thai ยานนาวา) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Amphoe Mueang Samut Prakan is the capital district of Samut Prakan province in Thailand. ...

Lumphini Park appears as an oasis of greenery among Bangkok's skyscrapers.
Lumphini Park appears as an oasis of greenery among Bangkok's skyscrapers.

Lumphini Park is regionally famous. Renowned as Bangkok's Central Park, it was built in the early 1920s by Rama VI with this intent. It has since been used to hold grand pageants, ceremonies of the Thai constitution, and was a camp for Japanese soldiers during World War II. The park's primary function is now for recreational purposes, and it is one of the most visited parks, especially on weekdays.[citation needed] On Sundays, the western gates are open for runners to run on to Silom Road. The park is normally closed at night due to the incidences of vandalism, robberies and murders reported. Chatuchak Park and Rama IX Park are two of Bangkok's largest parks. The two, built in the past 50 years cater to Bangkok's suburban population are enormous and include botanic gardens, sports clubs and complexes, English/French/Japanese gardens and parks as well as large ponds and lakes. Other famous parks include Queen Sirikit Park near Lat Yao, Benchasiri Park on Sukhumvit, Saranrom Park across the Grand Palace, Sanam Luang, Suan Romaneenat, and Dusit Park. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1362 × 920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1362 × 920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Lumphini Park is a 140-acre park in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Chatuchak Park Chatuchak Park (Thai สวนจตุจักร) is the name of a public park in Chatuchak district, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Sanam Luang Sanam Luang (Thai: ) is an open field in front of Wat Phra Kaew and the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Economy

Bangkok is the economic center of Thailand, dominating the country's economy and dwarfing other urban centers. Development continues to pour in to Bangkok mostly neglecting the rest of the nation. In 2005, it produced a GDP (PPP) of about USD 220 billion, which accounts for 44 percent of the country's GDP. Its GDP (PPP) per capita is well over USD 20,000, one of the highest in Southeast Asia, although statistics do not reveal the extent of the vast differences in wealth between haves and have nots. The Stock Exchange of Thailand is located in Bangkok with over 536 listed companies and combined market capitalization of about THB 6 trillion (USD 200 billion) as of January 31, 2007. Due to the large amount of foreign representation, Thailand has for several years been a mainstay of the Southeast Asian economy and a key center in Asian business. In the recent mini-crash known as Black Tuesday, the SET lost over THB 800 billion or USD 25 billion in value, causing markets in the Asia-Pacific to fall and causing a global impact on December 17, 2006. The loss of market valuation evoked fears of a repeat of the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997; however, a partial policy reversal saw market gaining back nearly all of the value lost. The economy of Thailand is lower middle income industrial developing nation, heavily export-dependent, with exports accounting for 60% of GDP. The exchange rate has reached 37. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... USD redirects here. ... The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is the national stock exchange of Thailand. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is the national stock exchange of Thailand. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ...


Bangkok is home to the headquarters of all Thailand's large commercial banks and financial institutions; 27 financial institutions hold at least USD 1 billion in total assets. Their bank deposits totaled approximately THB 9.6 trillion (USD 314 billion) at the end of the third quarter in 2007. Many transnational companies operate regional headquarters in Bangkok because the cost of operation in the city is less than in most cities in Asia. Thirteen Bangkok-based companies are on the Forbes 2000 list, including the largest Thai bank, Bangkok Bank, and the country's largest energy company PTT. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with transnationalism. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Bangkok Banks trademark Bangkok Bank Public Company Limited (Thanakan Krung Thep), is a Thai commercial bank, with approximately US$43 billion in total assets. ... PTT Public Company Limited is a Thai state-owned SET-listed oil and gas company. ...


Tourism is a significant contributor to Thailand's economy, providing about 5 percent of GDP. Bangkok is Thailand's principal international gateway and a destination in its own right.


Income inequality of Bangkok's residents is significant, especially between relatively unskilled lower-income immigrants from rural provinces in Thailand and neighboring countries and middle class professionals (45% of registered residents), business elites, and retired and working foreign expats. About 7 percent of Bangkok's population (excluding illegal immigrants who constitute about 5-8 percent of population) lives below the poverty line compared to the national average of 9 percent.


Demographics

The 2005 Statistics report by the BMA Data Center notes a registered population of 5,658,953.[6] However, this figure does not take into account the many unregistered residents. Recently, Bangkok has experienced a large influx of foreign immigrants, long-term residents, and expatriates. The number of expatriate executives stood at 78,000 as of June, 2007, with an average of more than 1,800 permits per month.[citation needed] Long-term foreign residents include 250,000 mainland Chinese, 85,000 Indians (most of whom are Sikh), of whom more than 80% have dual Thai citizenship [7], 30,000 Japanese (the largest Japanese population in Asia outside Japan), 25,000 Americans, 45,000 Europeans (the second largest number in any Asian city after Singapore),[citation needed] 15,000 Taiwanese, 20,000 South Koreans, 6,000 Nigerians, 7,500 Australians, 12,000 people of Arabic speaking countries, 20,000 Malaysians, 4,000 Singaporeans, 5,000 Filipinos, and 800 New Zealanders. There are approximately 400,000–600,000 illegal immigrants from Cambodia, Myanmar, Russia, Ukraine, Pakistan, Nigeria, India, Bangladesh, China, and other countries.[citation needed] A vast majority of the population, 92%, is Buddhist. The rest are Muslim (6%), Christian (1%), Jewish (300 residents), Hindu/Sikh (0.6%), and others. There are some 400 Buddhist temples, 55 mosques, 10 churches, 2 Hindu Temples, 2 synagogues and 1 Sikh gurudwara in Bangkok. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw , Largest city Yangon (Rangoon) Official languages Burmese Recognised regional languages Jingpho, Shan, Karen, Mon, Rakhine Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Senior General Than Shwe  -  Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Vice-Senior General... Buddhism, a Dharmic faith, is usually considered one of the worlds major religions, with between 230 to 500 million followers. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... The synagogue Scolanova Trani in Italy. ... A Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship. ...

Date Population
1880 255,000
1910 365,000
1 April 1919 437,294
15 July 1929 713,384
23 May 1937 890,453
25 April 1947 1,178,881
Date Population
25 April 1960 2,136,435
1 April 1970 3,077,361
1 April 1980 4,697,071
1 April 1990 5,882,411
1 April 2000 6,320,174
1 January 2005 6,642,566
1 July 2007 8,160,522

is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Administration

Bangkok is one of two special administrative areas in Thailand, the other being Pattaya, in which citizens vote to choose their governor, unlike in Thailand's 75 other provinces (changwat). In the 2004 gubernatorial election, Apirak Kosayothin was elected governor. Beach Pattaya along the beach Pattaya (Thai: , RTGS: Phatthaya) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand ( ), about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chon Buri. ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (Thai: , changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Gubernatorial elections were held on 29 August, 2004 to determine the governor of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. ... Apirak Kosayothin (Thai อภิรักษ์ โกษะโยธิน, born March 30, 1961) is a Thai manager and the current governor of Bangkok. ...


The urban sprawl of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area extends beyond the borders of Bangkok province, spilling into the neighbouring provinces of Nonthaburi, Samut Prakan, Pathum Thani, Nakhon Pathom and Samut Sakhon. The province as it is today was created in 1972 when the previous Bangkok province, changwat Phra Nakhon, merged with Thonburi province. The Bangkok Metropolitan Area (Thai: ) is the urban area of Bangkok, Thailand and its surrounding provinces. ... Nonthaburi (Thai นนทบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Prakan (Thai  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Pathum Thani (Thai ปทุมธานี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Pathom (Thai นครปฐม) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Sakhon (Thai สมุทรสาคร) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...

Bangkok Khet map
Bangkok Khet map

The seal of the city shows the god Indra riding in the clouds on Erawan, a mythological elephant-shaped creature. In his hand Indra holds a lightning bolt, which is his weapon to drive away drought. The seal is based on a painting done by Prince Naris. The tree symbol of Bangkok is Ficus benjamina. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... In Hinduism, Airavata (ऐरावत) is a white elephant who carries Lord Indra. ... HRH Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs(Thai: ) (April 28, 1863 - March 10, 1947) he was a son of King Mongkut and Pricess Consort Phannarai (พระสัมพันธวงศ์เธอ พระองค์เจ้าหญิงพรรณราย), born in the name Prince Chitracharoen (พระองค์เจ้าจิตรเจริญ). He was called the Divine Guru, Siams Great Artist. ... Binomial name L. The Weeping Fig or Benjamins Fig (Ficus benjamina, Ficus benjamini) is a species of fig tree, native to south and southeast Asia south to northern Australia. ...


Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet, also sometimes called amphoe in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 154 kwaeng (แขวง, equivalent to tambon in other provinces). Each district is managed by a district chief appointed by the governor. District councils, elected to four-year terms, serve as advisory bodies to their respective district chiefs. Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes called amphoe as in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 154 kwaeng (แขวง), roughly equivalent to tambon in the other provinces. ... Tambon (Thai: ตำบล) is a local government unit in Thailand. ...


There is also an elected Bangkok Metropolitan Council, which has power over municipal ordinances and the city's budget. The last elections for local councils in Bangkok were held on July 23, 2006. is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also: Thailand local elections, 2006


Elections for local councils in Bangkok were held in 2006. ...

Skyline of Bangkok, Thailand

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 800 pixel, file size: 390 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bangkok Four Asian Tigers Skyline ...

Transportation

Boats and ferries near the Rama VIII Bridge.
Boats and ferries near the Rama VIII Bridge.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1240x992, 367 KB) Summary Bangkok, Thailand: Chao Phraya Express Boats and Ruea Hang Yao (longtail boat - common water transport in Thailand), in front of Rama VIII. Bridge, own photo August 2004 Fotograf / Photographer: Heinrich Damm (User:Hdamm, Hdamm at de. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1240x992, 367 KB) Summary Bangkok, Thailand: Chao Phraya Express Boats and Ruea Hang Yao (longtail boat - common water transport in Thailand), in front of Rama VIII. Bridge, own photo August 2004 Fotograf / Photographer: Heinrich Damm (User:Hdamm, Hdamm at de. ... On September 20, 2002, the Rama VIII Bridge was officially opened in Bangkok, Thailand. ...

River and canals network

An elaborate network of canals known as khlongs gave Bangkok the nickname "Venice of the East" at a time when most transportation was by boat. Today, nearly all of the canals have been filled in and converted into streets. While many khlongs still exist with people living along them and markets often being operated along the banks, most are severely polluted.[8] A notable khlong market is the floating market in Taling Chan district. Through downtown Bangkok runs the Khlong Saen Saeb, which has a canal boat service, the most extensive of which is the Chao Phraya Express Boat with as many as thirty stops along the both banks of the Saen Saeb. However, there are limitations as the further north the route is the farther apart the stations are, impeding the ability of this water taxi to function as a true mass transit system. Categories: Water-transport stubs | Canals | Water transport ... Floating market of Damnoen Saduak, Ratchaburi province A khlong (also commonly but less correctly called a klong; Thai คลอง) is a canal in the central plain of Thailand spawned by the Chao Phraya, the Ta Chi and the Mae Klong rivers. ... Taling Chan (Thai ตลิ่งชัน) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Bridge Saphan Chaloem La 56 at Phaya Thai Road over Khlong Saen Saep, built in 1908 by King Chulalongkorn. ... The Chao Phraya Express Boat is a boat service that operates on the Chao Phraya River, providing express transportation in traffic-congested inner Bangkok, Rattanakosin (old city) and Nonthaburi. ...


Roads

Several elevated highways, newly rebuilt intersections, and many partially finished road and rail projects dot the landscape around greater Bangkok, but have done little to overcome the notorious traffic jams on Bangkok's surface roads as private vehicle usage continues to outstrip infrastructure development. Many city residents complain that they spend more than half their waking day on the streets on an open-air city bus.[citation needed]


Bangkok also includes many shopping and business roads like the Sukhumvit Road which includes highrise business buildings, apartments, and shopping malls, Sukhumvit Road is where many foreigners like to come shopping. The Wireless Road or Thanon Wittayu include the Stock Exchange of Thailand and many business buildings like the All Seasons Place Complex which includes the Conrad Bangkok, a shopping mall, and many other business offices. The Thanon Khaosan or Khaosan Road is also well-known by foreigners. One of the popular shopping roads for teenagers is Rama I road, which has the Siam Paragon, Siam Square, and the Siam Discovery Center.


Bangkok may be known as one of the worst cities in the world for traffic, but it has built an expressway or second-level road on almost every road in the city center, and there continue to be plans for new expressways monthly. The government has also tried many times to improve the state of the traffic in the city center, which can sometimes take an hour just to move one kilometer.[citation needed]


Rail systems

Route Map of BTS, MRT and Airport Link SRT in the near future.
A Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station.
A Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station.

In 1999 an elevated two-line Skytrain (officially called BTS) metro system was opened. The remains of a failed elevated railroad project (the Hopewell project) can still be seen all the way from the main railroad station out towards Don Mueang Airport. Due to the Asian financial crisis of 1997 construction was halted and the concrete pillars were left unused. Image File history File links Bangkok Skytrain, BTS Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station near the famous Patpong district of Bangkok, 2004-10-30 by Gcom File links The following pages link to this file: Si Lom ... Image File history File links Bangkok Skytrain, BTS Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station near the famous Patpong district of Bangkok, 2004-10-30 by Gcom File links The following pages link to this file: Si Lom ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... Hopewell Holdings Limited (合和實業有限公司), established on 17th October, 1972, is a Hong Kong-listed infrastructure and property firm headed by Sir Gordon Wu. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Don Muang International Airport (also Don Mueang, Thai ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง) is an airport in Bangkok, Thailand. ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ...


The MRT subway system opened for use in July 2004. The MRT connects the northern train station of Bang Sue to the Hua Lamphong central railway station near the city center, while also going through the eastern part of Bangkok. It connects to the BTS system at BTS stations Mo Chit, Asok, and Sala Daeng. Many stations have various designs and concepts with many to install retail shops and transit malls to draw more income from commuters.[citation needed] The Bangkok Metro, officially called the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), is Bangkoks underground metro system. ... Bang Sue (Thai บางซื่อ) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Hua Lamphong Inside Hua Lamphong Hua Lamphong (Thai: หัวลำโพง) is the main railway station in Bangkok. ...


Political bickering and profiteering also has stalled many promised and planned urban rail projects including Skytrain and subway extensions, initially planned to open by the end of 2002 (for Skytrain), and projects that are completed often are very much delayed.[citation needed] Currently, transit and development projects initiated by ousted former Prime Minister Thaksin is gaining popularity with the current election government, and have a possibility of being resume and extend. Statue in Wat Welurachin, Thonburi Taksin the Great (鄭昭; pinyin: Zhèng Chāo; April 17, 1734 - April 7, 1782) was king of Thailand from 1767-1782. ...


A new high speed elevated railroad called the Suvarnabhumi Airport Link, currently under construction, will link the city with the new Suvarnabhumi Airport. The announced opening date has been pushed to back to 2009. Along with the airport itself, the Suvarnabhumi Express was a Thaksin pet project.[citation needed] The Airport Express railway is to be operated by the State Railway of Thailand. It will provide a 28.5 km (17.7 mi) link between the new airport and the City Air Terminal (CAT) at Makkasan with connections to the BTS at Phaya Thai and MRT at Petchburi. There are plans to extend the line to Don Mueang and Rangsit, but again, this is very dependent on the political situation. The Suvarnabhumi Airport Link is an airport rail link under construction from Suvarnabhumi International Airport to the planned City Air Terminal in Makkasan, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... The State Railway of Thailand (การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย) is the state-owned rail operator of Thailand. ... City Air Terminal, Makkasan, Bangkok ( under construction) The Suvarnabhumi Airport Link is an airport rail link under construction from Suvarnabhumi International Airport to the planned City Air Terminal in Makkasan, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Rangsit (Thai รังสิต) may refer to Rangsit, Prince of Chainat (1885 - 1951), Thai prince Rangsit town, Pathum Thani Province, Thailand Rangsit University Rangsit Center, Thammasat University This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...

The Bangkok MRT.
The Bangkok MRT.

Plans have been approved for a further extension of the BTS Silom line from Wong Wian Yai to Bangwah (4.5 km/2.8 mi), Sumrong to Samut Prakarn (8 km/5.0 mi), Mo Chit to Saphan Mai (11.9 km/7.4 mi) and the National Stadium to Phran Nok (7.7 km/4.8 mi). This includes five underground stations in the Rattanakosin area. The State Railway of Thailand has also been given approval to complete the Dark Red and Light Green lines. Alongside, MRT has also begun construction on two new lines, the Purple line from Bang Yai to Bang Sue, and the Blue line from Hua Lampong to Bang Khae and Ta Pra. Much of this is part of a government effort to reduce reliance on personal vehicles in the hope of linking the city within ten years by a ring road of rail systems.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 194 KB) ファイルの概要 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bangkok Bangkok Metro ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 194 KB) ファイルの概要 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bangkok Bangkok Metro ...


For intercity travel by train, most passengers begin their trips at Hua Lamphong at the southern end of the MRT. Here, trains connect Bangkok to Malaysia in the south, Chiang Mai to the north, and Nong Khai and beyond to the northeast. Hua Lamphong Inside Hua Lamphong Hua Lamphong (Thai: หัวลำโพง) is the main railway station in Bangkok. ... A street scene in Chiang Mai, showing (centre right), a gate of the old city wall. ... Nong Khai (หนองคาย) is a city in North-East Thailand, capital of the Nong Khai province. ...


Bus service

Virtually all cities and provinces are easily reached by bus from Bangkok. For destinations in the southwest and the west, buses leave from the Southern Bus Terminal, west of the city in the Thonburi area. For destinations in the southeast, such as Pattaya, Ko Samet and Ko Chang, buses leave from the Eastern Bus Terminal at Ekkamai. For all destinations north and northeast, the Northern Bus Terminal is at Mo Chit. Long distance bus service has become safer as drivers are changed and most no longer take methamphetamines such as Ya Baa to stay awake, which often caused excessive speeding and passing on dangerous undivided roads.[citation needed] Bangkok's less accessible southern terminal was recently moved even farther out. Though Bangkok is well connected to other cities, getting to the bus terminals often are a challenge in themselves. Thon Buri (ธนบุรี) was capital of Thailand for a short time during the reign of King Taksin, after the previous capital Ayutthaya was sacked by the Burmese. ... Beach Pattaya along the beach Pattaya (Thai: , RTGS: Phatthaya) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand ( ), about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chon Buri. ... Ko Samet (เกาะเสม็ด), also Koh Samet or Koh Samed, is an island off the eastern coast of the Thai province of Rayong. ... Ko Chang (Thai: ) is the second largest island of Thailand, located on the Thai east coast 310 km away from Bangkok near the border to Cambodia in the Gulf of Thailand. ... Methamphetamine is a synthetic stimulant drug which induces a strong feeling of euphoria and is highly addictive. ... Yaba (ยาบ้า; also Ya Ba or Ya Baa; crazy medicine in Thai) are tablets containing a mixture of methamphetamine and caffeine, often candy-flavored and brightly colored. ...


Airports

Suvarnabhumi International Airport as seen from the sky.
Suvarnabhumi International Airport as seen from the sky.
Suvarnabhumi main terminal
Suvarnabhumi main terminal

Bangkok is one of Asia's most important air transport hubs. In 2005, more than ninety airlines served Don Mueang International Airport (IATA: DMK; ICAO: VTBD) and over 38,000,000 passengers, 160,000 flights and 700,000 tons of cargo were handled at this airport per year.[citation needed] It was the 18th busiest airport in the world, second busiest in Asia by passenger volume, 15th busiest in the world and fourth busiest in Asia in international passenger volume. Don Mueang consistently ranked 19th in the world in cargo traffic, and seventh in the Asia-Pacific region. Don Mueang is considered to be one of the world's oldest international airports, its opening in March 1914 making it almost twenty years older than London Heathrow. It has three terminals and is located about 30 km (19 mi) north from the heart of Bangkok. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai:ท่าอากาศยานสุวรรณภูมิ), also New Bangkok International Airport is the long-delayed new international airport of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Don Mueang (International) Airport (IATA: DMK, ICAO: VTBD) (or also (Old) Bangkok International Airport) (Thai: , also Don Muang) is an airport in Bangkok, Thailand. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Don Mueang (International) Airport (IATA: DMK, ICAO: VTBD) (or also (Old) Bangkok International Airport) (Thai: , also Don Muang) is an airport in Bangkok, Thailand. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... FedEx DC-10 Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines dedicated to the transport of cargo. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Map showing general definition of Asia-Pacific The term Asia-Pacific or APAC generally applies to littoral East Asia, Southeast Asia and Australasia near the Pacific Ocean, plus the states in the ocean itself (Oceania). ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA:LHR, ICAO:EGLL), often referred to simply as Heathrow, is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ...


On September 28, 2006, Suvarnabhumi Airport (IATA: BKK; ICAO: VTBS), became Bangkok's official international airport, replacing Don Mueang. Pronounced Suwannaphum (RTGS), or loosely Su-wan-na-poom, the airport is located southeast of the city center in Bang Phli district, Samut Prakan Province. is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Amphoe Bang Phli is a district of Samut Prakan province in Thailand. ... Samut Prakan (Thai  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...


The progress of Suvarnabhumi Airport dates back to the early 1970s when a large plot of land 8,000 acres (32 km²) was bought. A student uprising in October of the same year prevented further progress with the development when the military government of Thanom Kittikachorn was subsequently overthrown. After several military coups and the Asian financial crisis of 1997, construction finally began in 2002, after five years of clearing the site. The first flights landed in September 2006, shortly after another military coup. Its two parallel runways are connected by the five concourses of the main terminal building. The airport features a 132.2-metre (434 ft)-tall control tower, the tallest in the world and one meter (3.2 ft) taller than Kuala Lumpur International Airport control tower.[citation needed] Airports of Thailand Plc. (AoT) have announced another terminal to accommodate a further fifteen million passengers. This will be part of Phase 2 of the airport, which is expected to begin construction in three to five years. The main airline of Suvarnabhumi is Thai Airways International. Thanom Kittikachorn Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn (August 11, 1912 -June 16, 2004, Thai ถนอม กิตติขจร) was a Thai military leader and former prime minister of Thailand. ... A runway is a strip of land on an airport, on which aircraft can take off and land. ... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ... The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... For other uses, see Kuala Lumpur International Airport (disambiguation). ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ...


Much of the construction of Suvarnabhumi Airport took place during the premiership of Thaksin Shinawatra, who took personal responsibility for its timely completion. Despite a "ceremonial" opening on the planned date, construction was over a year late. Continuing controversy surrounds the quality of planning and construction; accusations include cracks in the runway, overheated buildings, a severe shortage of toilet facilities and lengthy passenger walks to departure gates. The fact that the airport is already overcrowded and near its maximum capacity less than a year after opening is another concern. Thaksin redirects here. ...


Don Mueang remains in use as a base of the Royal Thai Air Force. Thai Airways and most of the low-cost airlines now use the airport for domestic flights, in an effort to ease congestion at Suvarnabhumi, until the next terminal is opened.[9] The Royal Thai Air Force (Thai: กองทัพอากาศไทย, Kong Thab Akat Thai) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand. ... This article is about the defunct airline in Thailand. ...


Transport network

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chao Phraya Express Boat is a boat service that operates on the Chao Phraya River, providing express transportation in traffic-congested inner Bangkok, Rattanakosin (old city) and Nonthaburi. ... A new express boat service operates on the Chao Phraya, providing fast, inexpensive transportation in traffic-congested between inner Bangkok and northern part of the city. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... The Bangkok Metro, officially called the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), is Bangkoks underground metro system. ... The State Railway of Thailand (การรถไฟแห่งประเทศไทย) is the state-owned rail operator of Thailand. ... BRT Bus Rapid Transit is a new transit system in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (Thai:องค์การขนส่งมวลชนกรุงเทพ), also known as BMTA (Thai:ขสมก.), is the main operator of public transit buses within Greater Bangkok area. ... The Suvarnabhumi Airport Link is an airport rail link under construction from Suvarnabhumi International Airport to the planned City Air Terminal in Makkasan, Bangkok, Thailand. ... The Master Plan of Bangkok Transport System On the 16th of october 2007 the Thai cabinet approved the construction of the 26-km Red line [[(Bangsue - Rangsit section) in Bangkok, Thailand with a price tag of 59. ...

Education

See also: List of Bangkok universities

The majority of the country's universities, both public and private, are located in and/or around the capital. Chulalongkorn University and Thammasat University are at the forefront of secondary education. The two are both public universities and have been a foundation for young thinkers for nearly a century. Over the past few decades however, the general trend of pursuing a secondary degree has prompted new universities to crop up and meet the needs of the Thai people. Bangkok became not only a place where immigrants and provincial Thais flocked to for just job opportunities, but a chance to receive a university degree. Ramkhamhaeng University emerged in 1971 as the only open university then, it has the highest enrolment of students compared with any other Thai university. Ramkhamhaeng was one of the Thai governments ways to deal with the rise in a demand for secondary education. The growth of universities has stemmed tens and hundreds of other universities and colleges in the metropolitan area. Vocational/technical colleges have recently seen their fair share of success. In recent years, a large number of private institutions primarily with western ties and exchange programs have made their way to the capital. The rise in the number of schools offering English have raised the bar for many state-owned institutions to meet up with private standards. This is a list of colleges and universities in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chulalongkorn University is the oldest university in Thailand [1] and has long been considered one of the countrys most prestigious universities. ... Thammasat redirects here. ... Ramkhamhaeng University (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยรามคำแหง) is one of the two open universities in Thailand. ...


Despite such competition, Chulalongkorn and Thammasat remain the nation's leading institutions. Kasetsart University, Mahidol University, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi,Assumption University among others were ranked in the top 500 of THES - QS World University Rankings for 2007. Bangkok also plays host to the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), built as an international co-operative institute between Asia-Pacific nations. There are also many Buddhist universities branching into the realm of religious studies in which Bangkok has taken a leading role. Kasetsart University (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยเกษตรศาสตร์) the first agricultural university in Thailand, was established on February 2, 1943 with the prime aims in promoting subjects related to agricultural science. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Main gate of the KMUTT King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT, มหาวิทยาลัยเทคโนโลยีพระจอมเกล้าธนบุรี) is one of leading technology academy in Thailand, focusing on teaching and researching in engineering & technology as well as serving industrial. ... Assumption University (AU, Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยอัสสัมชัญ) is a university with two campuses in the Hua Mak and Bang Na areas of Bangkok, Thailand. ... The THES - QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings around the world, published by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) and Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). ... Asian Institute of Technology environment The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is an international institution for higher education in engineering, advanced technologies, and management and planning. ...


Amidst all this however, the secondary scene in Bangkok is still over swamped with non-Bangkokian's. Officials currently stress the need for a revamping of the Thai educational system. Education has long been a prime factor in the centralization of Bangkok and will play a vital role in the government's efforts to decentralize the country.


Health care and medical centers

See also: List of hospitals in Bangkok
The Royal Siriraj Hospital
The Royal Siriraj Hospital

Bangkok has a large number of hospitals and medical centers, which include eight of the country's fifteen medical schools. Many hospitals in Bangkok act as tertiary care centers, receiving referrals from distant parts of the country. Lately, especially in the private sector, there has been much growth in medical tourism, with many hospitals providing services specifically catering to foreigners. Bangkok, Thailand has many hospitals: Siriraj Hospital (The oldest public hospital in Thailand) (University) Ramathibodi Hospital (University) Queen Sirikit Medical Center (University) Chulalongkorn Hospital (University and Red Cross) Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital (Military) Phramongkutklao hospital (Military) Bangkok Adventist Mission Hospital (Christian Org. ... A tertiary referral hospital or teriary referral centre is a major hospital that has a full complement of services including pediatrics, general medicine, various branches of surgery and psychiatry. ... Medical tourism (also called medical travel or health tourism) is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling to another country to obtain health care. ...


Bumrungrad Hospital is the main international class hospital near Sukumvit Road, and is popular with expats and tourists in particular. The close rival, Bangkok General Hospital, which is private is renowned as having the best heart unit in Thailand.


Tourism

Bangkok is considered to be one of the world's top tourist hotspots. According to Travel and Leisure magazine[10] it is Asia's best tourist destination - the third in the world in 2006. It is also voted the best city in Asia according to Conde Nast Traveler magazine.[11] Bangkok is Thailand's major tourist gateway, which means that the majority of foreign tourists arrive in Bangkok. The Tourism Authority of Thailand hopes to draw 15 million tourists in 2007, up from 11.6 million in 2005. [12] The city boasts some of the country's most visited historical venues such as the Grand Palace, Wat Pho, and Wat Arun. There are numerous projects to maintain Bangkok's historic sites in the Rattanakosin area and river districts. Travel+Leisure Magazine Publisher: American Express Publishing Address: 1120 Avenue of the Americas, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10036 Phone: 212-382-5600 Editor-in-Chief: Nancy Novogrod Executive Editor: Jennifer Barr Design Director: Emily Crawford Managing Editor: Michael S. Cain T+L is the worlds leading travel magazine... Condé Nast Traveler is an American magazine published by Condé Nast Publications, started in 1987, specializing in travel, principally recreational for tourism, but also for business travellers. ... Chakri Mahaprasad Hall The Grand Palace (Thai: , Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings in Bangkok, Thailand. ... The head of the Reclining Buddha The Reclining Buddhas mother-of-pearl feet School for monks, Tukgawee, Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho (Thai: ), also known as Wat Phra Chetuphon วัดพระเชตุพน) or The Temple of the Reclining Buddha, is a Buddhist temple in Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok, Thailand... Wat Arun at Chao Phraya River Wat Arun (Thai: , Temple of the Dawn) is a buddhist temple (wat) in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Palaces and Wats

A panoramic view of the Grand Palace
A panoramic view of the Grand Palace
Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall, a 19th century styled building with a traditional Thai stucco roof, located within the Grand Palace compound.
Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall, a 19th century styled building with a traditional Thai stucco roof, located within the Grand Palace compound.
Wat Arun, one of the most visited temples in Bangkok.
Wat Arun, one of the most visited temples in Bangkok.
Main article: List of palaces in Bangkok

The Bangkok Metropolitan Area is home to two capitals of Thailand: the area historically known as Rattanakosin, and the modern Bangkok. There are a large number of palaces in Bangkok. Several are still in use by the Thai royal family, while others are now open to the public and some have become government buildings or universities. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 117 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 150 pixel, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photographer: Maryam Ashoori, I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 117 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 150 pixel, file size: 41 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photographer: Maryam Ashoori, I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2133x1601, 664 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bangkok ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2133x1601, 664 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bangkok ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (829x585, 142 KB) Wat Arun at Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (829x585, 142 KB) Wat Arun at Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chakri Mahaprasad Hall at the Grand Palace Suan Pakkad Palace: The Lacquer Pavillon Bangkok, Thailand has many palaces: Thai royal family private residences Grand Palace Chitralada Palace (New Palace) Sukhothai Palace Srapratum Palace Nonthaburi Palace Chakri Bongkot Palace Le Dis Palace Dusit Palace Former private residences of the Thai royal... Rattanakosin (Thai: ) may refer to Rattanakosin Island, the center of Bangkok Rattanakosin era, the times since 1782 when Bangkok was capital of Siam/Thailand Category: ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... The Chakri dynasty have ruled Thailand since king Taksin was declared mad in 1782. ...


The king's official residence is the Grand Palace, which dates to 1782 and has housed Thailand's monarchs for over 150 years. Up to the early 20th century and before the 1932 Revolution, the complex was key in Thai government: it included royal courts, administrative branches, and was similar in layout to that of previous Thai capitals. Today, it is one of the most visited locations in Bangkok.[citation needed] Within the complex is the Chakri Mahaprasat Hall and Wat Phra Kaew, which houses the Emerald Buddha and is considered the most important temple in Thailand. Chitralada Palace is the Bangkok residence of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) and Queen Sirikit. Chakri Mahaprasad Hall The Grand Palace (Thai: , Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings in Bangkok, Thailand. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Western side of Wat Phra Kaew, viewed from within the grounds of the Grand Palace The Wat Phra Kaew (English Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Thai: ; full official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram, Thai: ) is regarded as the most sacred Buddhist temple in Thailand. ... Chitralada Palace (Thai: ) is the Bangkok residence of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) and Queen Sirikit. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born Saturday,December 5, 1927 in the Year of the Rabbit), is the current King of Thailand. ... King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit on their coronation day This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Of the hundreds of wats located in Bangkok, only a few are notable. When King Taksin led his troops out of Ayutthaya and into Thon Buri, they took refuge in Wat Arun. This pre-Thon Buri era structure rises to 85 metres (279 ft) and has held the status of tallest structure in Bangkok for longer than any other modern skyscraper[citation needed]. This article is about a Siamese king. ... Wat Arun at Chao Phraya River Wat Arun (Thai: , Temple of the Dawn) is a buddhist temple (wat) in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Wat Pho, which houses the Temple of the Reclining Buddha or Wat Phra Chetuphon, is located behind the Temple of the Emerald Buddha in the Grand Palace. It is the largest temple in Bangkok and named for its huge reclining Buddha measuring 46 metres (151 ft) long and covered in gold leaf. The Buddha's feet alone are 3 metres (10 ft) long. The head of the Reclining Buddha The Reclining Buddhas mother-of-pearl feet School for monks, Tukgawee, Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho, Bangkok Wat Pho (Thai: ), also known as Wat Phra Chetuphon วัดพระเชตุพน) or The Temple of the Reclining Buddha, is a Buddhist temple in Phra Nakhon district, Bangkok, Thailand...


Wat Suthat is one of the oldest temples and the site of the original Giant Swing. A huge teak arch, all that remains of the original swing, stands on the grounds in front of the temple. The swing was used in a ceremony to give thanks for a good rice harvest. Wat Suthat and the Giant Swing Wat Suthat Thepwararam (Thai: ) is a royal temple of the first grade, one of six such temples in Thailand. ... The Giant Swing in front of Wat Suthat The Giant Swing (Thai: เสาชิงช้า, Sao Ching Cha) is a building in Bangkok, Thailand, Phra Nakhon district, located in front of the temple Wat Suthat. ...


Within Wat Saket is the Golden Mount, or Phu Khao Thong, an unusual temple that houses Buddha relics within its 58-metre-high chedi surmounted by a golden cupola. Built by King Rama I just outside the new city walls, the late-18th century temple served as the capital's crematorium. During the next hundred years, the temple became a dumping ground for some 60,000 plague victims.[citation needed] Golden mount Wat Saket Ratcha Wora Maha Wihan (Thai: , usually short Wat Saket) is a Buddhist temple (Wat) in Pom Prap Sattru Phai district, Bangkok, Thailand. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ...


Hotels

A number of deluxe hotels can be found in Bangkok, such as the Peninsula Bangkok, which recently made the top 10 in Travel and Leisure magazine's top 100 hotels list, coming in at #4, while the Oriental Hotel claimed the ninth spot.[13] Sukhumvit Road hosts a series of international chains such as JW Marriott, The Landmark, Intercontinental, Sheraton, and many boutique hotels such as The Davis, Unico Grande Sukhumvit. The Banyan Tree on Sathon, one of Bangkok's tallest hotels, featured the tallest bar and restaurant in the city, Vertigo, up until the launch of Sirocco on top of State Tower, 247 m (810 ft) up from the bustling street set of Bang Rak. Street sign depicting the name of Sukhumvit Road (Thanon Sukhumvit) in Thai and English Sukhumvit Road (Thai: ), or National Highway 3, is a major highway in Thailand. ... Marriott International, Inc. ... InterContinental The Grand, New Delhi, 2006. ... Sheraton Hotels and Resorts is Starwood Hotels & Resorts largest and second oldest brand (Westin is the oldest). ... This artical is about Sathon district, see below for information about Sathon Road. ... Bang Rak or Bangrak (Thai บางรัก) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Bangkok also offers a number of smaller boutique hotels for discerning travelers seeking uniquely designed lodgings and personalized service. There are large numbers of inexpensive hotels scattered throughout the city such as Yaowarat Road, most notably in the backpackers' paradise of Khao San Road. Unlike Western cities, motels are uncommon in Bangkok. However, a fast and growing business is bed and breakfasts adapted to suit the Asian lifestyle. A variety of these small houses can be found in Phloenchit, Watthana and Khlong Toei. Yaowarat Road during daytime Yaowarat Road at night Bangkoks Chinatown is located on Yaowarat Road (เยาวราช) in Samphanthawong district. ... Khaosan Rd. ... Watthana (or Vadhana, Thai: วัฒนา) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ... Khlong Toei (also Klong Toey, Thai คลองเตย) is a district in central Bangkok, long known for substandard housing and its port facilities nearby. ...


Shopping

See also: Bangkok Markets and List of shopping malls in Bangkok
Siam Paragon, one of the biggest shopping malls in Asia and it's the most luxurious shopping centers in Southeast Asia.
Siam Paragon, one of the biggest shopping malls in Asia and it's the most luxurious shopping centers in Southeast Asia.
Central World is the largest shopping center in southeast Asia at 8.6 million square feet.
Central World is the largest shopping center in southeast Asia at 8.6 million square feet.

Thailand has a variety of shopping experiences from street markets to world class luxury malls. Tourists have historically always preferred markets and bazaars to the other forms of shopping. The Chatuchak weekend market is one of the largest shopping destinations in Bangkok. Water markets are gradually disappearing, but remain strong tourist attractions as many tours are offered through the canals the markets are located on. There are a lot of markets in Bangkok, Thailand, the most notable are Chatuchak weekend market (The Mother of All Markets) Suan Lum Night Bazaar (next to Lumpini Park) Pratunam Market (Bangkoks largest wholesale clothing market) Patpong Night Market Sampeng Lane and Pahurat Textile Market (Wholesale Market) Bo-bae... Following are the list of shopping malls in Bangkok Big C Central Department Store, Chitlom-Ratchaprasong CentralWorld, Ratchaprasong(The Largest Lifestyle Shopping Complex) Zen, Ratchaprasong (Asia 1ST Ever Lifestyle Trend Mega Store) Isetan, Ratchaprasong Big C Metropolis, Ratchaprasong Narayana Phand, Ratchaprasong Gaysorn, Ratchaprasong Erawan Bangkok, Ratchaprasong Amarin Plaza, Ratchaprasong The... There are a lot of markets in Bangkok, Thailand, the most notable are Chatuchak weekend market (The Mother of All Markets) Suan Lum Night Bazaar (next to Lumpini Park) Pratunam Market (Bangkoks largest wholesale clothing market) Patpong Night Market Sampeng Lane and Pahurat Textile Market (Wholesale Market) Bo-bae... Chichicastenango, Guatemala traditional market Market stall in internally displaced persons camp in Kitgum, northern Uganda Mercado dos Lavradores, Funchal (Madeira Islands) A market is a mechanism which allows people to trade, normally governed by the theory of supply and demand. ... A bazaar is a market, often covered, typically found in areas of Muslim culture. ... Template:Infobox market A view of the massive market The clocktower the central point of the market Fish for sale in the animal section Traditional Thai silk at the market Fake football shirts Chatuchak (or Jatujak; Thai: ) weekend market in Bangkok is the largest market in Thailand, and largest of...


The huge new shopping complex known as Siam Paragon and CentralWorld on Rama I Road in Bangkok's city center are among the biggest and most luxurious malls in Southeast Asia.[citation needed] Bangkok also includes over 15 world class malls situated around Bangkok, many centered around Sukhumvit Road. There are approximately 25 shopping malls, 35 lifestyle shopping centers, 40 department stores, 55 superstores, and 1,100 convenience stores around Bangkok. Siam Paragon is an upscale shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. ... CentralWorld is a large shopping mall and office complex in Bangkok owned by the Central Group. ...


The adjacent MBK Center (Ma boon krong) shopping center and Siam Square area are targeted towards bargain shoppers. Inside MBK Center MBK Center, also known as Mahboonkrong or Mabunkrong (Thai: ), is an enormous marble shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Siam Square is a shopping and entertainment area in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Culture

Life in
Thailand
Cuisine
Culture
Dance
Puppet
Instruments
Demographics
Economy
Education
Film
Holidays
Languages
Literature
Media
Monarchy
Music
Politics
Religion
Society
Sport
edit box

Thai seafood curry Tom yam gung Thai cuisine is known for its balance of five fundamental flavors in each dish or the overall meal - hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty and bitter (optional). ... The Culture of Thailand is heavily influenced by Buddhism. ... Khon performance in 2006 in Germany. ... Thailands population is relatively homogeneous. ... The cinema of Thailand has a history that stretches back to early days of filmmaking, when King Chulalongkorns 1897 visit to Berne, Switzerland was recorded by Francois-Henri Lavancy-Clarke. ... Public holidays in Thailand UN Thailand: Official Holidays in 2006 Thai Calendar of Events Categories: | | ... Literature in Thailand was traditionally heavily influenced by Indian culture. ... Thailand retains cultural connections with the two great centers of Asian civilizations, India and China. ... Click here to visit Thailand The politics of Thailand currently takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. ...

Media

See also: List of television stations in Bangkok

There is an average of four million readers for more than 25 Bangkok based newspapers, one of which, Thai Rath, sells over a million copies a day.[14][15] Bangkok also has two major English-language dailies, the Bangkok Post and The Nation. The Asian Wall Street Journal and International Herald Tribune are printed in Bangkok and have high distribution numbers. There are also a number of weekly publications normally published on Fridays that deal with political issues. Other publications, such as lifestyle and entertainment magazines are also plentiful. Thai Rath (Thai ไทยรัฐ) is a Thai language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand and distributed nationwide. ... The Bangkok Post is a broadsheet English-language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand. ... External Links: MangoDaily. ... The Asian Wall Street Journal is a version of The Wall Street Journal that provides news and analysis of global business developments for an Asian audience. ... The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international newspaper. ...


Many gossip and fashion magazines are also published in Bangkok, especially after the launch of the Bangkok Fashion City project in 2004. Since then, United Broadcasting Corporation (UBC, or now True Visions), the Thai cable operator, has launched a new channel devoted to Thai fashion as well as a Thai edition of E! Entertainment television. Bangkok Fashion City project is a campaign under the Ministry of Industry of Thailand. ... United Broadcasting Corporation, a former company of True Visions, widely known as UBC, is Thailands leading cable satellite television operator. ...


There is a large amount of television media in Bangkok. Six television stations operated and controlled by the government and many major cables TV operators such as True Visions (formally UBC) , MTV, TTV, PTV, ASTV are based in Bangkok. They broadcast a total of 100 channels to viewers with including many Thai television stations such as TITV, Nation Channel, ETV, DLTV, Royal TV, Money Channel, SMe TV, six sports channels, and Channel V, among others. There are more than 50 FM radio stations within the Bangkok metro vicinity and 50 AM channels including international brands such as Virgin Radio. Radio stations mainly broadcast in Thai, although some broadcast solely in English due to the growing expat population. United Broadcasting Corporation, a former company of True Visions, widely known as UBC, is Thailands leading cable satellite television operator. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Channel [V] is an international music channel chain. ... For the French radio station, see Virgin Radio (France). ...


There are a variety of ways to enjoy Bangkok through the performing arts. Clubs featuring jazz and other live music line major districts of town, Victory Monument, the entire BTS Sukhumvit line, and Phra Nakorn. Chalerm Krung Theater and the National Theater have been in operation since the early 20th century whereas the newer Thailand Cultural Center hosts a variety of plays and events. Thailand Cultural Centre (Thai ศูนย์วัฒนธรรมแห่งประเทศไทย, or Thailand Cultural Center) is a performing-arts venue in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


The Bangkok Symphony Orchestra and Bangkok Opera are gradually earning recognition among international critics and regularly host performances of international performers. There is also a large number of "cafes", or nightclubs, which host comedy acts along Rama IX Road.


Bangkok has dozens of cinema multiplexes, and the city hosts two major film festivals annually, the Bangkok International Film Festival and the World Film Festival of Bangkok. The Scala theater in Siam Square. ... Ofiicial poster for the 2005 Bangkok International Film Festival The Bangkok International Film Festival (BKKIFF) is one of the largest international film festivals in Asia, held yearly in Bangkok, Thailand, since 2003. ... The World Film Festival of Bangkok is an annual film festival held in October in Bangkok. ...


Art

Main article: List of museums and art galleries in Bangkok
Main article: List of theatres in Bangkok

The arts in Bangkok have well developed almost exclusively and anonymously in the services of Theravada Buddhism since the golden age in Ayutthaya period and continuing to the present day by incorporating Western elements which is called the Rattanakosin or Bangkok style. Nowadays, modern art scene is centred around Bangkok as the capital of contemporary art in the region while, traditional art can be found in many commercial areas in the old city as well as temples and palaces throughout the city, there are a number of artists who prefer to live and work outside the metropolis. The number of artists is constantly on the rise, so an increasing variety of works are available on the art market. Many art galleries in Bangkok tend to sell work restricted to traditional rural motifs. The artists creating this type of art are often influenced by traditional Buddhist beliefs and motifs, and are popular among the general Thai public. Nevertheless, some Thai artists are breaking away from these norms by addressing more controversial issues in their work. For examples, there are the loss of traditional values and the obsession with money in today's society. Bangkok is home to the National Gallery of Thailand as well as many museums, concert halls, theatres, and art galleries. ... Bangkok is home to a number of theatres and concert halls. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda (cf Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda); literally, the Teaching of the Elders, or the Ancient Teaching) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... Rattanakosin (Thai: ) may refer to Rattanakosin Island, the center of Bangkok Rattanakosin era, the times since 1782 when Bangkok was capital of Siam/Thailand Category: ... Contemporary art can be defined variously as art produced at this present point in time or art produced since World War II. The definition of the word contemporary would support the first view, but museums of contemporary art commonly define their collections as consisting of art produced since World War... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Several of Bangkok’s Universities have prominent art schools with a high reputation and international recognition. Silpakorn University stands out as the most reputable of them all. It was established at the beginning of the 19th century by the inspiration from the Italian teacher and artist, Corrado Feroci. Feroci was invited to Thailand by the Thai Government in 1923. He eventually remained in Thailand taking on the Thai name Silpa Bhirasri. Professor Bhirasri is regarded as the one who paved the way for Thai modern art and constructed a framework for it by promoting westernisation and at the same time striving to preserve the traditional Thai arts. Cee is one of the most impressive artist and biggest of Bangkok. Silpakorn University (Thai: มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร) is a university located in Thailand. ... Silpa Bhirasri (Thai: ศิลป์ พีระศรี), the father of modern arts in Thailand, (born Corrado Feroci 15 September 1892 in Florence, died 14 May 1962) was an Italian sculptor invited to Thailand to teach western scuplture at the Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Palace Affairs in 1923 founding what would become... Silpa Bhirasri (Thai: ศิลป์ พีระศรี), the father of modern arts in Thailand, (born Corrado Feroci 15 September 1892 in Florence, died 14 May 1962) was an Italian sculptor invited to Thailand to teach western scuplture at the Fine Arts Department of the Ministry of Palace Affairs in 1923. ...


Bangkok is home to the National Gallery of Thailand, Bangkok Metropolitan Museum of Contemporary Art and Thailand Creative & Design Center or TCDC as well as many other museums, concert halls, theatres, and art galleries. It is home to the Thailand Cultural Centre and the National Theatre. The National Gallery of Thailand is an art gallery located in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Thailand Cultural Centre is a underground station on the Bangkok Metro. ... Several countries have a National Theatre. ...


Sport

Main article: List of sport venues in Bangkok

Modern sports have been introduced to the people of Bangkok dating back a century by King Chulalongkorn. Horse racing following with golf began in Bangkok 100 years ago when the king bestowed land for the first race course. The objective of His Majesty was to introduce and promote the quality of horse racing and breeding in Thailand, while providing sporting facilities of international standards for Thais and expatriates. Today, horse racing and golf in Bangkok is one of the most popular sports in the capital and one of the most famous sport events in the region. Bangkok has hosted the Asian Games four times, in 1966, 1970, 1978 and 1998. Bangkok was also the host of the first SEA Games in 1959 and Summer Universiade in 2007. His Majesty King Rama V of Siam, with his son, later King Rama VI (portrait in National History Museum, Bangkok) King Chulalongkorn the Great or Rama V (royal name Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua) (September 20, 1853 - October 23, 1910) was the fifth king of the Chakri dynasty of Thailand. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... This article is about the game. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... Asian Games Logo The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. ... The South East Asian Games, or SEA Games for short, is a biannual multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. ... The Universiade is an International multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). ...


Bangkok's popular modern sports are football, golf, bowling and horse racing, the city has many famous league football clubs with a number of international class football stadiums as well as many golf courses and bowling alleys throughout the city, while the popular traditional sports are Muay Thai which is held in two major boxing stadiums in the city: Rajadamnern Stadium along with Lumpini Stadium, Takraw which is played in open spaces throughout the city and kite fighting which is easy to see in the centre of the old city, Sanam Luang on the north side of Wat Phra Kaew, is transformed each year around February from a sedate little patch of greenery in the midst of a concrete jungle into an ongoing kite festival as locals come to the park to practice the art of flying kites. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For the drink with a similar-sounding name, see Mai Tai. ... Rajadamnern Boxing Stadium (Thai: ) is an indoor sporting arena located in Bangkok, Thailand. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sepak Takraw. ... Yokaichi Giant Kite Festival held on the fourth Sunday every May in Higashiomi, Shiga, Japan Kite flying is the activity of flying kites, light, man-made objects designed to fly in wind. ... Sanam Luang Sanam Luang (Thai: ) is an open field in front of Wat Phra Kaew and the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Western side of Wat Phra Kaew, viewed from within the grounds of the Grand Palace The Wat Phra Kaew (English Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Thai: ; full official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram, Thai: ) is regarded as the most sacred Buddhist temple in Thailand. ...


Food

Main article: List of food venues in Bangkok

In Bangkok, it is common to greet with the phrase "Gin khao ru yang?" (Have you eaten?) that is simply the equivalent of "How are you?". Food is as much an integral part of Thai culture as Muay Thai or traditional Thai massage. In the city of Bangkok you do not have to walk very far to find something to eat, food carts can be found in every street corner as well as in many small Soi (lanes) which are full of varieties of food stalls. There are many of restaurants in Bangkok, there are noodle stands, fruit stalls, curry shops, Pad Thai stalls, road-side barbecues and even carts selling fried insects; and then there are countless superb restaurants serving international as well as Thai and other Asian cuisine to suit most tastes and budgets. The range of options is quite staggering and very few visitors or expats can claim to have tried everything Bangkok restaurants have to offer. For the drink with a similar-sounding name, see Mai Tai. ... For sexual massage, see erotic massage. ... SOI might be an acronym or abbreviation for: Technology: Silicon on Insulator Signal operating instructions Service Oriented Infrastructure Start of Injection [1] Science: Southern Oscillation Index Sphere of influence (astrodynamics), a term in astrodynamics Saturn orbit insertion Structure of Intellect model of human intelligence originally described by J. P. Guilford... For other uses, see Noodle (disambiguation). ... This article is about the dish. ... A closeup of Pad Thai Pad Thai (or Phad Thai, Thai: , IPA: , Thai style frying) is a dish of stir-fried rice noodles with eggs, fish sauce (Thai น้ำปลา), tamarind juice, red chilli pepper, plus any combination of bean sprouts, shrimp, chicken, or tofu, garnished with crushed peanuts and coriander. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - extinct Thysanura (common bristletails) Subclass Pterygota Diaphanopteroidea - extinct Palaeodictyoptera - extinct Megasecoptera - extinct Archodonata - extinct Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Blattodea (cockroaches) Mantodea (mantids) Isoptera (termites) Zoraptera Grylloblattodea Dermaptera (earwigs) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets... Asian cuisine is a term for the various cuisines of South, East and Southeast Asia and for fusion dishes based on combining them. ...


Nightlife

Bangkok offers a widely varied nightlife. Like nearby Pattaya, the city is notorious for some concentrations of massage parlours, go-go bars and karaoke places, with Patpong, Soi Cowboy and Nana Plaza being the main areas catering to male tourists. This has led Bangkok to be called 'The World's Biggest Whorehouse'. There are, however, many other venues available to enjoy other pursuits. There are Westernized clubs and cafes for the rich, and lower-cost bars and pubs that are very popular with the locals. The city's Phra Nakhon district is home to probably the most profound worldwide example of a "backpackers' ghetto", Khaosan Road. Sukhumvit Road boasts some of Asia's most crowded clubs along the 5 km (3 mi) section between Ekamai and Withayu. Beach Pattaya along the beach Pattaya (Thai: , RTGS: Phatthaya) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand ( ), about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chon Buri. ... A view of Patpong at sunset Patpong (Thai: , Phatphong) is an entertainment district in Bangkok, Thailand, catering mainly, though not exclusively, to foreign tourists and expatriates. ... Soi Cowboy at night Soi Cowboy is a red-light district in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Nana Plaza (officially Nana Entertainment Plaza; shortened NEP) is a red-light district in Bangkok. ... Khaosan Rd. ... Street sign depicting the name of Sukhumvit Road (Thanon Sukhumvit) in Thai and English Sukhumvit Road (Thai: ), or National Highway 3, is a major highway in Thailand. ...


Urban lifestyle

MBK or Mahboonkrong, one of Bangkok's oldest shopping malls, has also been a tourist hotspot and a hangout for young Thais.
MBK or Mahboonkrong, one of Bangkok's oldest shopping malls, has also been a tourist hotspot and a hangout for young Thais.

Although it is one of Asia's most important cities economically, the urban pace of Bangkok is somewhat relaxed, as the city offers enormous amounts of getaway locations. Most residents tend to stress over the amount of traffic in the city. Peak hours are between 6:30 am to 9:30 am and 4:30pm to 8:00 at night on weekdays, with a general state of traffic on Monday morning and Friday night. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 845 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bangkok MBK Center Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 845 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bangkok MBK Center Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Inside MBK Center MBK Center, also known as Mahboonkrong or Mabunkrong (Thai: ), is an enormous marble shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


A good number of Bangkokians leave town on weekends to visit seaside resorts such as Hua Hin and Pattaya. Others return home to visit elderly relatives in Isan and the northern provinces. Bangkokian youth tend to stay within the city and use the weekends to relax. A good majority of them however, utilize Saturdays like their parents as a work day, visiting a large amount of extra learning centers open on Saturdays as well as private tutors.[citation needed] Saturday is somewhat considered a work day to a good number of Bangkokians. Waterfront of Hua Hin Hua Hin beach on a cloudy morning Hua Hin (Thai หัวหิน) is a famous beach resort town in Thailand, located in the northern part of the Malay Peninsula. ... Beach Pattaya along the beach Pattaya (Thai: , RTGS: Phatthaya) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand ( ), about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chon Buri. ... For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). ...


Religion does not play a very influential role in the capital as it would compared to other cities. However, a good proportion of the population remains devout and daily offers the monks who walk their neighbourhoods alms. Muslims are often either assimilated entirely by the Thai or live in remote parts of the city such as the Nong Chok district where tradition Thai Muslims still live. Nong Chok (Thai หนองจอก) is one of the 50 districts (Khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Current issues

A traffic jam in Bangkok
A traffic jam in Bangkok
Air pollution in Bangkok
Air pollution in Bangkok

With more than five and a half million registered vehicles, Bangkok has long been notorious for its massive traffic jams, which are still a serious problem. The recent construction of the elevated second-level, third-level and fourth-level expressways, many tunnels and flyovers, BTS and MRT systems, four new SRT lines and BRT Bangkok has eased some of the congestion along specific corridors, but has done little to alleviate overall congestion. The major reason is the continued popularity of private automobiles, and extensive consumer credit for automobile purchases. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Traffic jams are common in heavily populated areas. ... BRT Bus Rapid Transit is a new transit system in Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Environmental issues such as air pollution, a large part of which is caused by the traffic and dirt left on streets from construction projects, was a major problem. However, with cooperation between the local government and the residents and the increase in new parks, gardens and open spaces around the city, today Bangkok has cleaner air quality than in the past.[citation needed] Industrial pollution has also contributed to poor air and water quality. Though sulfur dioxide and ozone levels have fallen substantially, PM (particulate matter) still exceeds health standards in some areas. There have been efforts to clean up Bangkok's canals, many of which are dangerously polluted, through biological means, such as by using water hyacinths, a plant commonly found in the waterways, to cleanse the water of pollutants.[citation needed] However, the large volume of trash in the canals must be cleaned out by other means. Mold growth is ubiquitous in Bangkok, as the wet tropical climate makes it grow, and many residents simply ignore it. Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... Sulfur dioxide (or Sulphur dioxide) has the chemical formula SO2. ... For other uses, see Ozone (disambiguation). ... Particulates, alternately referred to as Particulate Matter (PM) , aerosols or fine particles are tiny particles of solid or liquid suspended in the air. ... Species Seven species, including: - Anchored Water Hyacinth E. crassipes - Common Water Hyacinth - Variableleaf Water Hyacinth - Brazilian Water Hyacinth The seven species of water hyacinths comprise the genus Eichhornia of free-floating perennial aquatic plants native to tropical South America. ... This article is about the fungi known as molds. ...


As in many other Asian cities, the sale of illegally copied copyright-protected material, mostly software and DVD movies, is widespread in Bangkok, but technically illegal. One of the most popular locations in Bangkok for purchasing unauthorized copies of software is Pantip Plaza. Although many "go through the motions" attempts have been made at cracking down on illegal copying over the years, as with the sex industry, police corruption and cooperation have made it largely ineffective and illegal copying of copyrighted material is still a booming business.[citation needed] The Cathach of St. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Pantip Plaza Bangkok Inside Pantip Plaza Pantip Plaza is an indoor IT shopping mall located on New Phetchaburi Road in Ratchathewi district, Bangkok, Thailand. ...


Another issue which has given the city a reputation is the sex industry. Prostitution in Thailand is technically illegal, but can be found all over Bangkok in vast numbers of massage parlors, saunas, parks, and hourly hotels, serving foreign tourists as well as locals. Organized sex work in Bangkok alone involves a minimum of many thousands of workers, and possibly in the tens of thousands. Although in rural Thailand prostitution holds a strong stigma, in Bangkok locals, hotel workers, and officials often turn a blind eye towards such behavior and allow it to continue to flourish. Prostitution in Thailand first was mentioned in the West in reports by European sailors visiting what was then called Siam as early as the 16th and 17th centuries. ...


Crime

Foreign residents and tourists alike complain of widespread scams and blatant price gouging. Elaborate gem store scams involving earning the trust of a Westerner who is in cooperation with locals have robbed tourists of thousands of dollars,[16] although overcharging is more of a common occurrence. Commission-based profiteering is common for restaurants, hotels, and just about any kind of business. Tuk-tuks will normally try to overcharge and though taxis are metered, some will try to charge more than the meter after midnight. Pickpocketing is now a common crime in Bangkok.[citation needed] Petty theft often accompanies prostitution and other crimes, with many reports of laptops, mobile phones, cash, and other items of value stolen, and the lack of rule of law and police and business complicity complicate matters, abetted by ubiquitous pawn shops where thieves can anonymously sell stolen goods. The Tourist Police lack police powers and are largely responsible for writing out reports for insurance companies for victims of theft. In more serious cases, they will translate reports to be passed on the normal police in Bangkok. Another issue, is that in spite of its stringent drug laws, the illegal drug trade continues to thrive. Price gouging is a term of variable, but nearly always pejorative, meaning, referring to a sellers asking a price that is much higher than what is seen as fair under the circumstances. ... The Thai Gem Scam is a confidence trick performed in Bankok, Thailand. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Everyday instance of theft: the bike which fits on this wheel has disappeared In the criminal law, theft (also known as stealing) is the wrongful taking of someone elses property without that persons freely-given consent. ... Laptop with touchpad. ... A stylised representation of a mobile phone A mobile phone is a device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area ( cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... This article is about the occupation of a pawnbroker. ... A police officer of the Royal Thai Police The Royal Thai Police (Thai: ) is the federal police force of Thailand. ...


Armed robbery and violence against tourists is rare, but murders involving tourists and long term foreign residents do occur. A dramatic increase in the number of illegal immigrant workers in Thailand has resulted in many of the crimes being committed by these illegal immigrants.[17] However, Bangkok is generally considered safe from the standpoint of violent crime. The rates for violent crimes such as murders and muggings are fairly low when compared to other large Asian and international cities.[citation needed]


Sister cities

Bangkok has a number of sister cities. They are: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

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See also

The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ...

References

  1. ^ Bangkok Post, "Maori claims world's longest place name", 1 September 2006
  2. ^ Weather averages for Bangkok. Retrieved on Jan 6, 2008.
  3. ^ Rising seas, sinking land threaten Thai capital - CNN.com:. CNN International. Retrieved on 2007-10-24.
  4. ^ Bangkok climate and weather, Thailand, Rainfall Temperature Climate and Weather
  5. ^ "Calculated Average Height of the Ten Tallest (CAHTT), UltrapolisProject.com. Accessed on March 26, 2007.
  6. ^ Area, population, density and houses in Bangkok Metropolis by districts: 2005 (HTML). 2005 Statistics, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Data Center. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  7. ^ Area, Indian in Thailand: 2005 (HTML). 2005 Statistics, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Data Center. Retrieved on 2007-09-08.
  8. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/southeast/08/17/thailand.canals.ap/index.html Accessed June 17, 2007.
  9. ^ "In With the Old", Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 1, 2007.
  10. ^ World's Best Awards 2006, Top 10 Cities Overall Travel + Leisure. Accessed June 15, 2007.
  11. ^ [1] Thailand Travel Notes. Accessed November 2007.
  12. ^ Coup unlikely to dent Thai tourism USA TODAY, Accessed November 6, 2007.
  13. ^ World's Best Awards 2006, Top 100 Hotels Overall Travel + Leisure. Accessed June 18, 2007.
  14. ^ About Thai Rath
  15. ^ The Nation
  16. ^ 2Bangkok.com - The Gem Scam
  17. ^ [2] The Effective Administration of Criminal Justice to Tackle Trafficking in Human Beings and Smuggling of Migrants in Thailand, Pongson Kongtreekaew

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Aviation Week & Space Technology (often abbreviated as Aviation Week or AW&ST) is a weekly magazine. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

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This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... For the puzzle, see Tower of Hanoi. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Location in Azerbaijan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - Total 260 km² (100. ... Bahrain from space, June 1996 Manama (Arabic: المنامة Al-Manāmah) is the capital city of Bahrain and is the countrys largest city with a population of approximately 155,000, roughly a quarter of countrys entire population. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Established c. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area 3,500 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 606,024 [2] 184. ... For other uses, see Doha (disambiguation). ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Building in San‘a’ Clay houses in San‘a’ The residence of Imam Yahya in the Wadi Dhar near San‘a’. Backstreet in Yemen (Arabic: ‎ , sometimes spelled Sanaa or Sanaa) is the capital of Yemen and the centre of San‘a’ Governorate. ... Israel has de facto control over all of Jerusalem. ... This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Constantinople Ottoman period 1453 as Constantinople (internationally) and various other names in local languages Turkish Republic period 1923 as Constantinople, officially renamed as Istanbul in... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Karachay-Cherkessia. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bangkok Travel Information | Lonely Planet Destination Guide (443 words)
Bangkok has dominated Thailand's urban hierarchy as well as its political, commercial and cultural life since the late 18th century.
Distinctly modern and Westernised, Bangkok is still a sleepy Thai village with a louder soundtrack of traffic and nightlife.
The tourists flock to Bangkok in December and August, while the least crowded months tend to be May, June and September.
Bangkok - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1588 words)
Bangkok began as a small trading center and port community, called Bang Makok ("place of olive plums"), serving Ayutthaya, which was the capital of the nation (then known as Siam) until it fell to Burma in 1767.
Bangkok has a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification system and was recently named the world's hottest city by the World Meteorological Organization.
Bangkok is one of two special administrative areas in Thailand (the other being Pattaya) in which citizens vote to choose their Governor, unlike in Thailand's 75 other provinces (changwat).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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