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Encyclopedia > Bangalore
  ?Bangalore
Bengalūru (ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು)
Karnataka • India
Vidhana Soudha
Coordinates: 12°58′00″N 77°34′00″E / 12.966667, 77.566667
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
741 km² (286 sq mi)[1]
• 920 m (3,018 ft)
Region Bayaluseeme
District(s) Bangalore Urban
Population
Density
6,200,000 (3rd) (2007)
• 8,367 /km² (21,670 /sq mi)
Commissioner Dr.S. Subramanya
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 560 xxx
• +91-(0)80
• IN BLR
• KA 01, KA 02, KA 03, KA 04, KA 05, KA 41, KA 50, KA 51, KA 53

Coordinates: 12°58′00″N 77°34′00″E / 12.966667, 77.566667 This article is about the Indian region. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bangalore (anglicised from Bengalooru) is the capital of Karnataka, located in South India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Karnataka_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... What follows is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official regions of India. ... Bayaluseeme is the area lying to the east of Malnad, a region of Karnataka state in South India, or east of the western ghats. ... The divisions of a district. ... Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Bangalore, officially Bengaluru (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು, ['beŋgəɭuːru] , Indian English: [ˈbæŋgəloːɾ] ), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city[2] and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. The term Bangalore has multiple meanings. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Image File history File links Bengaluru-Kannada-Pronunciation. ... Indian English comprises several dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India, and/or by first generation Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... Deccan redirects here. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ...


It is home to numerous public sectors such as heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, machine tools, heavy equipment, and defence establishments. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India owing to its pre-eminent position as the leading contributor to India's IT industry.[3] Bangalore has developed into one of India's major economic hubs and was mentioned by CNN as one of the "best places to do business in the wired world".[4] Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... Hai I have created a website ( http://indiahotjobs. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... The defense industry refers primarily to: Defense contractors: business organizations or individuals that provide products or services to a defense department of a government. ... The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bangalore. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...


Though historically attested at least since 900 CE, Kempe Gowda I, is widely regarded as the founder of modern Bangalore, he built a mud fort and established it as a province of the Vijayanagara Empire. During the British Raj, it became a centre for colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from other parts of the country. Since independence in 1947, Bangalore grew to become the capital of Karnataka state. Today, as a large and growing metropolitan in the developing world, Bangalore is home to some of the most well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India, and has the second-highest literacy rate in the nation. Kempe Gowda I was a chieftain of the Vijayanagar kingdom and is credited with having established the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... The British India flag. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... This article is about the Indian region. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...

Contents

Etymology

The name Bangalore is an anglicised version of the city's name in the Kannada language, Bengalūru. The earliest reference to the name "Bengaluru" was found in a 9th century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra kallu" (ವೀರ ಗಲ್ಲು) (literally, "hero stone", a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengaluru" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890. It states that the place was part of the Ganga kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Old Kannada.[5] An article, published in The Hindu, states:[6] Anglicisation is a process of making something English. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... The Gangas of Talakad, like the Kadambas of Banavasi, rose to political eminence in the middle of the fourth century A.D., and ruled over the southern parts of Karnataka, in southern India. ... Hero stone is a term for a memorial commemorating the death of a hero in India. ... Begur There may be several places with this name across the globe, please choose the relevant one below. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ...

An inscription, dating back to 890 CE, shows Bengaluru is over 1,000 years old. But it stands neglected at the Parvathi Nageshwara Temple in Begur near the city...written in Hale Kannada (Old Kannada) of the 9th century CE, the epigraph refers to a Bengaluru war in 890 in which Buttanachetty, a servant of Nagatta, died. Though this has been recorded by historian R. Narasimhachar in his Epigraphia of Carnatica (Vol. 10 supplementary), no efforts have been made to preserve it.

An apocryphal, though popular, anecdote recounts that the 11th-century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place "benda kaal-ooru" (Kannada: ಬೆಂದಕಾಳೂರು) (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which was eventually colloquialised to "Bengalūru".[7][8] The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... Profile, Amritheshwara temple (1196 C.E.) in Amrithapura, Chikmagalur District Veera Ballala II (1173 - 1220) was the greatest monarch of the Hoysala dynasty. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ...


On December 11, 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengaluru, which is its name in Kannada.[9] On September 27, 2006, the Bruhath Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change,[10] which was accepted by the Government of Karnataka and it was decided to officially implement the name change from November 1, 2006.[11] However, this process has been currently stalled due to delays in getting clearances from the Union Home Ministry.[12] is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... The Jnanpith Award (ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार) is the highest literary honour conferred in the Republic of India. ... Udupi Rajagopalacharya Ananthamurthy (Kannada: ಯು. ಆರ್. ಅನಂತಮೂರ್ತಿ; born december 21, 1932), is a leading contemporary writer, critic and philosopher in Kannada language. ... The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to change the names of Indian cities from the names used during the British imperial period, back to regional or Indian names. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Home Minister, or more properly the Minister for Home Affairs, is a position in the Indian Cabinet, at both State and Union levels. ...


History

Lady Curzon hospital in the Bangalore Cantonment was established in 1864 and later named after the first wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.
Lady Curzon hospital in the Bangalore Cantonment was established in 1864 and later named after the first wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.
Main article: History of Bangalore

After centuries of the rule of the Western Gangas, Bengaluru was captured by the Cholas in 1024 which later passed on to the Chalukya-cholas in 1070. In 1116 the Hoysala Empire, overthrew the Cholas and extended its rule over Bangalore. Modern Bangalore was founded by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, Kempe Gowda I, who built a mud fort and a Nandi Temple in the proximity of modern Bangalore in 1537. Kempe Gowda referred to the new town as his "gandu bhoomi" or "Land of Heroes".[8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Curzon line was a boundary line proposed in 1919 by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon of Kedleston, as a border between Poland, to the west, and Lithuania, Russia and Ukraine, to the east. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (January 11, 1859 - March 20, 1925), was a conservative British statesman and sometime Viceroy of India. ... Bangalore (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) (pronounced // in Kannada and // in English) is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Chola redirects here. ... Extent of Hoysala Empire, 1200 CE Capital Belur, Halebidu Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 1026 – 1047 Nripa Kama II  - 1292 – 1343 Veera Ballala III History  - Earliest Hoysala records 950  - Established 1026  - Disestablished 1343 The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: in Kannada) was a prominent South Indian empire that... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Temple interior with Nandi idol. ...


Within the fort, the town was divided into smaller divisions called "pētēs" (IPA[peɪteɪ]). The town had two main streets: Chickkapētē Street, which ran east-west, and Doddapētē Street, which ran north-south. Their intersection formed the Doddapētē Square — the heart of Bangalore. Kempe Gowda's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four famous towers that marked Bangalore's boundary.[13] During the Vijayanagara rule, Bangalore was also referred to as "Devarāyanagara" and "Kalyānapura" ("Auspicious City"). After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, Bangalore's rule changed hands several times. In 1638, a large Bijapur army led by Ranadulla Khan and accompanied by Shahji Bhonsle defeated Kempe Gowda III and Bangalore was given to Shahji as a jagir. In 1687, the Mughal general Kasim Khan defeated Ekoji, son of Shahji, and then sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704) of Mysore for 300,000 rupees.[14][15] After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of Mysore. The kingdom later passed to Hyder Ali's son Tippu Sultan, known as the Tiger of Mysore. Bangalore was eventually incorporated into the British Indian Empire after Tippu Sultan was defeated and killed in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799). The British returned administrative control of the Bangalore "pētē" to the Maharaja of Mysore, choosing only to retain the Cantonment under their jurisdiction. The 'Residency' of Mysore State was first established at Mysore in 1799 and later shifted to Bangalore in the year 1804. It was abolished in the year 1843 only to be revived in 1881 at Bangalore and to be closed down permanently in 1947, with Indian independence. The British, found it easier to recruit employees in the Madras Presidency and relocate them to cantonment area during this period. The Kingdom of Mysore relocated its capital from Mysore city to Bangalore in 1831.[16] Two important developments during this period contributed to the rapid growth of the city: the introduction of telegraph connections and a rail connection to Madras in 1864. Chickpete Street and Dodpete Street were two of the main streets at the time of the founding of the Indian city of Bangalore in 1537. ... Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a district headquarters of the Bijapur district in the state of Karnataka. ... Shahaji Bhosale was the eldest son of Maloji Bhonsale of Verul in present day Maharashtra. ... A Jagir is a small territory granted by a ruler to an army chieftain (called a sardar in Marathi language) in recognition of his military service. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Sultan Fateh Ali Tipu, also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798–1799) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company under Lord Wellesley. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters, typically in South India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ...

Bangalore Palace, built in 1887, was home to the rulers of Mysore
Bangalore Palace, built in 1887, was home to the rulers of Mysore

In the 19th century, Bangalore essentially became a twin city, with the "pētē", whose residents were predominantly Kannadigas, and the "cantonment" created by the British, whose residents were predominantly Tamils. [17] Bangalore was hit by a plague epidemic in 1898 that dramatically reduced its population. New extensions in Malleshwara and Basavanagudi were developed in the north and south of the pētē. Telephone lines were laid to help co-ordinate anti-plague operations, and a health officer was appointed to the city in 1898. In 1906, Bangalore became the first city in India to have electricity, powered by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra. Bangalore's reputation as the Garden City of India began in 1927 with the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. Several projects such as the construction of parks, public buildings and hospitals were instituted to beautify the city. After Indian independence in August 1947, Bangalore remained in the new Mysore State of which the Maharaja of Mysore was the Rajapramukh. Public sector employment and education provided opportunities for Kannadigas from the rest of the state to migrate to the city. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades 1941–51 and 1971–81 , which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka. By 1961, Bangalore had become the sixth largest city in India, with a population of 1,207,000.[13] In the decades that followed, Bangalore's manufacturing base continued to expand with the establishment of private companies such as Motor Industries Company (MICO; a subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH), which set up its manufacturing plant in the city. Bangalore experienced a boom in its real estate market in the 1980s and 1990s, spurred by capital investors from other parts of the country who converted Bangalore's large plots and colonial bungalows to multi-storied apartments.[18] In 1985, Texas Instruments became the first multinational to set up base in Bangalore. Other Information Technology companies followed suit and by the end of the 20th century, Bangalore had firmly established itself as the Silicon Valley of India. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Bangalore Palace Bangalore Palace is a palace located in the city of Bangalore, India and is built to look like a smaller replica of the Windsor Castle in England. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ... Kannadiga is the term for a native speaker of Kannada. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known manifestation of the bacterial disease plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. ... Malleswaram (Malleshwaram/Malleshwara), located in the north-west of Bangalore, derives its name from the famous Kadu Malleshwara temple. ... Basavanagudi is a residential and commercial locality in the Indian city of Bangalore. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Shivanasamudra (or Shivasamudram) is a small town in the Mandya District in southern Karnataka, India near Mysore. ... A Silver Jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 25th anniversary. ... Who was this philosopher-king, who was seen by Paul Brunton as living the ideal described in Plato’s Republic, who had been compared to the Emperor Ashoka by the English statesman Lord Samuel, and who was termed Rajarishi by Mahatma Gandhi? H.H. Maharaja Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, known... The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. ... Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India which existed from Indias independence in 1947 until 1956. ... Mico may refer to: a Bulgarian tsar - see Mitso Asen a type of monkeys, a subgenus of the marmoset genus Callithrix - see Mico (subgenus) a Canadian melodic rock band - see Mico (band) a city in Texas - see Mico, Texas a private limited company in India, subsidiary of Robert Bosch GmbH... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... [Image:Bungalows. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ...


Geography and climate

The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore
The Hesaraghatta Lake in Bangalore

Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is in the heart of the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger Precambrian Deccan Plateau) at an average elevation of 920 m (3,018 feet). It is positioned at 12.97° N 77.56° E and covers an area of 741 km² (286 mi²).[1] The majority of the city of Bangalore lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka and the surrounding rural areas are a part of the Bangalore Rural district. The Government of Karnataka has carved out the new district of Ramanagaram from the old Bangalore Rural district. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 597 pixel, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Flickr User: happyhorizons Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 597 pixel, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Flickr User: happyhorizons Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://www. ... Bangalore, is situated in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... The Precambrian (Pre-Cambrian) is an informal name for the supereon comprising the eons of the geologic timescale that came before the current Phanerozoic eon. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bangalore Rural District is one of the 27 districts in Karnataka. ... The Anna-Thama rock formation on the left, Handi-Gundi on the right Ramanagara is a town and a city municipal council in Bangalore Rural district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ...


The topology of Bangalore is flat except for a central ridge running NNE-SSW. The highest point is Doddabettahalli, which is 962 m (3,156 ft) and lies on this ridge.[19] No major rivers run through the city, though the Arkavathi and South Pennar cross paths at the Nandi Hills, 60 km (37 mi.) to the north. River Vrishabhavathi, a minor tributary of the Arkavathi, arises within the city at Basavanagudi and flows through the city. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore's sewage. A sewerage system, constructed in 1922, covers 215 km² (133 mi²) of the city and connects with five sewage treatment centers located in the periphery of Bangalore.[20] This article is about the use of the term in geography and physical geology. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... Doddabettahalli is the highest point in Bangalore, India (962 m). ... Arkavathy River or Arkavathi River, is a river originating at Nandi Hills of Kolar District and is an offshoot of the Cauvery River. ... The South Pennar river, also known as Dakshina Pinakini in Kannada is a distributary of the Kaveri and flows through the districts of Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... River Vrishabhavathi is a minor river that flows north of the Indian city of Bangalore. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ... Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ...


In the 16th century, Kempe Gowda I constructed many lakes to meet the town's water requirements. The Kempambudhi Kere, since overrun by modern development, was prominent among those lakes. In the earlier half of 20th century, the Nandi Hills waterworks was commissioned by Sir Mirza Ismail (Diwan of Mysore, 1926–41 CE) to provide a water supply to the city. Currently, the river Kaveri provides around 80% of the total water supply to the city with the remaining 20% being obtained from the Thippagondanahalli and Hesaraghatta reservoirs of the Arkavathi river.[21] Bangalore receives 800 million litres (211 million US gallons) of water a day, more than any other Indian city.[22] However, Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during the summer season in the years of low rainfall. A random sampling study of the Air Quality Index (AQI) of twenty stations within the city indicated scores that ranged from 76 to 314, suggesting heavy to severe air pollution around areas of traffic concentration.[23] Bangalore has a handful of freshwater lakes and water tanks, the largest of which are Madivala tank, Hebbal lake, Ulsoor lake and Sankey Tank. Groundwater occurs in silty to sandy layers of the alluvial sediments. The Peninsular Gneissic Complex (PGC) is the most dominant rock unit in the area and includes granites, gneisses and migmatites, while the soils of Bangalore consist of red laterite and red, fine loamy to clayey soils.[23] Vegetation in the city is primarily in the form of large deciduous canopy and minority coconut trees. Though Bangalore has been classified as a part of the seismic zone II (a stable zone), it has experienced quakes of magnitude as high as 4.5.[24] Sewage is domestic, municipal, or industrial liquid waste products. ... Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail (1883-1959) was a diwan of the Kingdom of Mysore. ... At various points in Indian history, the title of diwan has designated differing, though similar functions. ... The Cauvery (sometimes written as Kaveri) is one of the major rivers of southern India. ... The liter (spelled liter in American English and litre in Commonwealth English) is a unit of volume. ... The gallon is a unit of volume used for measuring liquids (as well as dry matter). ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An air quality measurement station in Edinburgh, Scotland The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a standardized indicator of the air quality in a given location. ... Chemical, Elevated, Hydropneumatic and Ground Storage Water Tanks shown together in one installation. ... Hebbal is an area of Bangalore, India which in many ways indicates the northern most point of the city. ... Sankey Tank is a lake situated in the middle of Malleshwaram, Aranya Bhavan, Vyalikaval and Sadashiva Nagar in Bangalore, India. ... For other uses, see Silt (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Gneiss Gneiss (pronounced ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... Ptygmatic folding in migmatite Migmatite on the coast of Saaremaa. ... Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ... Loam field Loam is soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively). ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ... Aerial view of mixed aspen-spruce forest in Alaska Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover life forms, structure, spatial extent or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics. ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... Look up Canopy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ...


Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys salubrious climate throughout the year, although freak heat waves can make things very uncomfortable in the summer.[25] The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 33.6 °C.[26] The highest temperature ever recorded in Bangalore is 38.9 °C and the lowest ever is 7.8 °C (on January 1884).[27][28] Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C (54 °F), and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36–37 °C (100 °F). Bangalore receives rainfall from both the northeast and the southwest monsoons and the wettest months are September, October and August, in that order.[26] The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms, which occasionally cause power outages and local flooding. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 179 millimetres (7.0 in) recorded on 1 October 1997.[29] For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Civic Administration

See also: Infrastructure in Bangalore
Bangalore City officials
Administrator S. Dilip Rau
Municipal Commissioner Dr. S. Subramanya
Police Commissioner N. Achuta Rao

The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP, Greater Bangalore Municipal Corporation) is in charge of the civic administration of the city.[30] It was formed in 2007 by merging 100 wards of the erstwhile Bangalore Mahanagara Palike, with the neighbouring 7 City Municipal Councils (CMC), one Town Municipal Council and 110 villages around Bangalore.[30] Bangalore (Kannada: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು) (pronounced // in Kannada and // in English) is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) (Kannada: ಬೃಹತ್ ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ಮಹಾನಗರ ಪಾಲಿಕೆ) (Translation: Greater Bangalore Municipal Body), is the new administrative body responsible for the civic and infrastructural assets of the city of Bangalore, India. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ...


Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike is run by a city council. The city council comprises elected representatives, called "corporators", one from each of the wards (localities) of the city. Elections to the council are held once every 5 years, with results being decided by popular vote. A mayor and commissioner of the council are also elected through a quota system from a Scheduled Castes and Tribes candidate or to an Other Backward Class female candidate. Members contesting elections to the council represent one of more of the state's political parties. However, elections to the newly-created body are yet to be held, due to delays in delimitation of wards and finalising voter lists. There are expected to be about 150 wards, up from the 100 wards of the old Bangalore Mahanagara Palike. Elections are tentatively scheduled to be held in early 2008. This article is about the political process. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... In India, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are communities that are accorded special status by the Constitution of India. ... The Other Backward Classes (or OBCs) in India are a group of castes officially recognized as having been traditionally subject to exclusion. ...

The Karnataka High Court is the supreme judicial body in Karnataka and is located in Bangalore.
The Karnataka High Court is the supreme judicial body in Karnataka and is located in Bangalore.

Bangalore's rapid growth has created several problems relating to traffic congestion and infrastructural obsolescence that the Bangalore Mahanagara Palike has found challenging to address. A 2003 Battelle Environmental Evaluation System (BEES) evaluation of Bangalore's physical, biological and socioeconomic parameters indicated that Bangalore's water quality and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems were close to ideal, while the city's socioeconomic parameters (traffic, quality of life) scored poorly.[31] The BMP has been criticised by the Karnataka High Court, citizens and corporations for failing to effectively address the crumbling road and traffic infrastructure of Bangalore.[32] The unplanned nature of growth in the city resulted in massive traffic gridlocks that the municipality attempted to ease by constructing a flyover system and by imposing one-way traffic systems. Bangalore High Court. ... Bangalore High Court. ... Karnataka High Court The Karnataka High Court is the High Court of the state of Karnataka. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Quality of life is the degree of well-being felt by an individual or group of people. ... Gridlock is a term describing an inability to move on a transport network. ... Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, India, Hong Kong flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ...


Some of the flyovers and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to adequately address the disproportionate growth of city traffic.[31] In 2005 both the Central Government and the State Government allocated considerable portions of their annual budgets to address Bangalore's infrastructure.[33] The Bangalore Mahanagara Palike works with the Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) and the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) to design and implement civic projects. Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. The remaining solid waste collected by the municipality is dumped in open spaces or on roadsides outside the city.[34] Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... The Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) of Bangalore, India, oversees the development of infrastructure, provision of devlopment-related sites and services and the housing needs of underpriviliged citizens. ... The Bangalore Agenda Task Force is meant to be a partnership between the citizens, corporates and the administrative agencies – the BMP, BDA, BMTC, BWSSB, BESCOM, BSNL, and Police. ... For other uses, see Waste (disambiguation). ... A handful of compost A double-width bin with compost at different stages of decomposition First step of compost Compost (pronounced or US ) also known as brown manure, is the aerobically decomposed remnants of organic matter. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...


The Bangalore City Police (BCP) has six geographic zones, includes the Traffic Police, the City Armed Reserve, the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations, including two all-women police stations.[35] As capital of the state of Karnataka, Bangalore houses important state government facilities such as the Karnataka High Court, the Vidhana Soudha (the home of the Karnataka state legislature) and Raj Bhavan (the residence of the Governor of Karnataka). Bangalore contributes two members to India's lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, and 24 members to the Karnataka State Assembly.[36] In 2007, the Delimitation Commission of India reorganised the constituencies based on the 2001 census, and thus the number of Assembly and Parliamentary constituencies in Bangalore has been increased to 28 and 3 respectively.[37] These changes will take effect from the next elections. Electricity in Bangalore is regulated through the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL). Like many cities in India, Bangalore experiences scheduled power cuts, especially over the summer, to allow electricity providers to meet the consumption demands of households as well as corporations. Bangalore City Police (or BCP) is the premier enforcer of law and order in the city of Bangalore, India. ... Bangalore (anglicised from Bengalooru) is the capital of Karnataka, located in South India. ... Raj Bhavan is the name of the official residence of the Governor of Karnataka as in other states of India. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... This article is about the legislative institution. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... A power outage is the loss of the electricity supply to an area. ...


Economy

The Public Utilities Building is located on MG Road, a major commerical center in Bangalore.
The Public Utilities Building is located on MG Road, a major commerical center in Bangalore.
Main article: Economy of Bangalore

Bangalore's Rs. 260,260 crore (USD 60.5 billion) economy (2002–03 Net District Income) makes it a major economic centre in India.[38] With an economic growth of 10.3%, Bangalore is the fastest growing major metropolis in India [39]. Additionally, Bangalore is India's fourth largest fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. [40] The city is the third largest hub for high net worth individuals and is home to over 10,000 dollar millionaires and about 60,000 super-rich people who have an investable surplus of Rs. 4.5 crore (US$ 1.15 million) and Rs. 50 lakh (US$ 127,360) respectively.[41] As of 2001, Bangalore's share of Rs. 1660 crore (US$ 3.7 billion) in Foreign Direct Investment was the fourth highest for an Indian city.[42] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for heavy industries such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Indian Telephone Industries (ITI), Hindustan Machine Tools and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) after India gained independence from Great Britain in 1947. ... “INR” redirects here. ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... CPG redirects here. ... A millionaire is a person who has a net worth or wealth of more than one million United States dollars, euros, UK pounds or units of a comparably valued currency. ... “INR” redirects here. ... USD redirects here. ... “INR” redirects here. ... USD redirects here. ... This article is about economics. ...


In the 1940, industrial visionaries such as Sir Mirza Ismail and Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya played an important role in the development of Bangalore's strong manufacturing and industrial base. Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail (1883-1959) was a diwan of the Kingdom of Mysore. ... Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (also spelled Visweswaraiah) (September 15, 1861–April 12, 1962), popularly known as MV, was an eminent Indian engineer. ...

The headquarters of Infosys, India's second largest IT company, is located in Bangalore
The headquarters of Infosys, India's second largest IT company, is located in Bangalore

The headquarters of several public sector undertakings such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Electronics Limited, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) and Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) are located in Bangalore. In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Taken by: Flickr user: Proxygeek http://www. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Taken by: Flickr user: Proxygeek http://www. ... Infosys Software Development Center in Pune. ... A Public Sector Undertaking is a corporation in the public sector in India, where management control of the company rests with the Government, it can be Central Government or the State Governments. ... Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is a major aerospace company under the Ministry of Defence headquartered in Bangalore, India. ... NAL campus at Bangalore National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) is an Indian R&D establishment dealing with civil aeronautics and allied disciplines. ... Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. ... HMT can mean Her Majestys Treasury His Majestys Theatre Hindustan Machine Tools Histone methyltransferase, an enzyme important in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ...


Bangalore is called the Silicon Valley of India because of the large number of Information Technology companies located in the city which contributed 33% of India's Rs. 144,214 crore (US$ 32 billion) IT exports in 2006-07.[43] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main "clusters" — Software Technology Parks of India, Bangalore (STPI); International Technology Park Bangalore (ITPB), formerly International Technology Park Ltd. (ITPL); and Electronics City. UB City, the headquarters of the United Breweries Group, is a high-end commercial zone.[44] Infosys and Wipro, India's second and third largest software companies are headquartered in Bangalore as are many of the global SEI-CMM Level 5 Companies. The growth of Information Technology has presented the city with unique challenges. Ideological clashes sometimes occur between the city's IT moguls, who demand an improvement in the city's infrastructure and the state government, whose electoral base is primarily the people in rural Karnataka.[45] Bangalore is a hub for biotechnology related industry in India and in the year 2005, around 47% of the 265 biotechnology companies in India were located here; including Biocon, India's largest biotechnology company.[46][47] “INR” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Cluster effect be merged into this article or section. ... Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is a government agency in India, established in 1991 under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, that manages the Software Technology Park scheme. ... The International Tech Park Limited, Bangalore, or simply ITPL, is one of Indias first world-class plug-and-play IT parks. ... Electronics City is an electronics industrial park spread over 330 acres (1. ... A Kingfisher beer advertisement in Goa United Breweries Group, based in Bangalore, is the worlds 2nd largest brewer and the largest in India. ... Infosys Software Development Center in Pune. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wipro Technologies. ... Insulin crystals Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Biocon is Indias leading biotechnology enterprise. ...

See also: List of IT companies in Bangalore

Hai I have created a website ( http://indiahotjobs. ...

Transport

The Bengaluru International Airport is located in Devanahalli, 34 km north of the city centre.
The Bengaluru International Airport is located in Devanahalli, 34 km north of the city centre.
KSRTC buses connect Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka.
KSRTC buses connect Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka.

Bangalore is served by the newly-built Bengaluru International Airport (IATA code: BLR) which started operations from 24 May 2008. The city was earlier served by the HAL Airport which was India's fourth busiest airport.[48][49][50] Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines have their headquarters in Bangalore.[51] A rapid transit system called the Namma Metro is being developed and is expected to be operational by 2011. Once completed, this will encompass a 33 km (20.5 mi) elevated and underground rail network, with 32 stations in Phase I and more being added in Phase II.[52] Bangalore is well connected to the rest of the country through the Indian Railways. The Rajdhani Express connects Bangalore to New Delhi, the capital of India. The city is also connected to Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad, as well as other major cities in Karnataka.[53] Image File history File links Bangalore_Airport. ... Image File history File links Bangalore_Airport. ... Devanahalli, Bangalore, Karnataka State, India - Located 30 km outside the city limits of Bangalore, India - Birthplace of Tipu Sultan - Proposed site for Bangalores much touted Kempegowda International Airport At the time of writing this article, Devanahalli is known only as the birthplace of Tipu Sultan and as the proposed... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Image File history File links Bangalore_Bus. ... Image File history File links Bangalore_Bus. ... The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) was set up in the year 1961 with 1792 buses and is wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka, South India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... HAL Airport or Hindustan Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBG) is the domestic and international airport for the city of Bangalore, India. ... Air Deccan is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Namma Metro (Our metro) / The Bangalore Metro (Kannada:ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ಮೆಟ್ರೊ) is the proposed mass-transit rail system for the Indian city of Bangalore. ... Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as (Hindi भारे ) IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Comfortable interiors of a First Class AC bedroom Rajdhani Express is a passenger train service in India introduced in 1969 providing high-speed connections (up to 140 km/h / 87 mph, speed varies depending upon the particular track section) from various railway stations in the capital city of New Delhi... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Madras redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ...


Three-wheeled, black and yellow auto-rickshaws, referred to as autos, are a popular form of transport.[54] They are metered and can accommodate up to three passengers. Taxi service within Bangalore is provided by several operators commonly referred to as Citi taxis which can carry up to four passengers and are usually metered and more expensive than auto-rickshaws.[54] An Auto rickshaw on the streets of Mumbai, India. ...


Buses operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) are also a means of public transport available in the city.[55] While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses, BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. BMTC also runs air-conditioned, red-coloured Volvo buses on major routes.[55] The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation runs 10,400 buses, connecting Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka as well as other states.
B.M.T.C. stands for Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation. ... The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) was set up in the year 1961 with 1792 buses and is wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka, South India. ...


Demographics

Shiva Temple at Kempfort
Shiva Temple at Kempfort

With an estimated population of 5,281,927 in the year 2007, Bangalore is the third most populous city in India and the 27th most populous city in the world.[57] With a decadal growth rate of 38%, Bangalore was the fastest-growing Indian metropolis after New Delhi for the decade 1991–2001. Residents of Bangalore are referred to as Bangaloreans in English or Bengaloorinavaru in Kannada. Kannadigas formed about 39% of the population, by some estimates[58][59], while non-Kannadigas form the rest of the population. The cosmopolitan nature of the city has caused people from other states of India to migrate to Bangalore and settle there [60] Scheduled Castes and Tribes account for 14.3% of the city's population. Apart from English and Kannada, other major languages spoken in the city are Tamil , Telugu and Hindi, .[61] According to the 2001 census of India, 79.37% of Bangalore's population is Hindu, roughly the same as the national average.[62] Muslims comprise 13.37% of the population, which again is roughly the same as the national average, while Christians and Jains account for 5.79% and 1.05% of the population, respectively, double that of their national averages. Anglo-Indians also form a substantial group within the city. Women make up 47.5% of Bangalore's population. Bangalore has the second highest literacy rate (83%) for an Indian metropolis, after Mumbai. Roughly 10% of Bangalore's population lives in slums[63] — a relatively low proportion when compared to other cities in the developing world such as Mumbai (42%) and Nairobi (60%).[64] The 2004 National Crime Records Bureau statistics indicate that Bangalore accounts for 9.2% of the total crimes reported from 35 major cities in India. Delhi and Mumbai accounted for 15.7% and 9.5% respectively.[65] Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Map showing the population density of each state in India Although India occupies only 2. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Kannadiga is the term for a native speaker of Kannada. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... -1... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Population growth, from 443 million in 1960 to 1,004 million in 2000 Map showing the population density of each district in India Map showing the population growth over the past ten years of each district in India Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India Chart showing... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... Anglo-Indians are persons who have descended from a mix of British and Indian parentage. ... Slums in Delhi, India. ... Location of Nairobi Coordinates: , Country Province HQ City Hall Founded 1899 Constituencies of Nairobi List Makadara Kamukunji Starehe Langata Dagoretti Westlands Kasarani Embakasi Government  - Mayor Geoffrey Majiwa Area  - City 684 km² (264. ... NCRB or the National Crime Records Bureau is a governmental agency of India responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC). ...


Culture

The Lal Bagh Glass House, famous for its flower shows, is now a heritage monument
The Lal Bagh Glass House, famous for its flower shows, is now a heritage monument
Brigade Road is one of the commercial centers of Bangalore
Brigade Road is one of the commercial centers of Bangalore
Main article: Culture of Bangalore

Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" [66] because of its greenery and the presence of many public parks, including the Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. Dasara, a traditional celebratory hallmark of the old Kingdom of Mysore, is the state festival and is celebrated with great vigour. Deepavali, the "Festival of Lights", transcends demographic and religious lines and is another important festival. Other traditional Indian festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Sankranthi, Eid ul-Fitr, and Christmas are also celebrated. Bangalore is home to the Kannada film industry, which churns out about 80 Kannada movies each year.[67]. One of the most notable contributors to Sandalwood, as the Kannada Movie Industry is referred to, was the late Dr. Rajkumar. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Lal Bagh Botanical Garden Lal Bagh Botanical Garden is a well known botanical garden in Bangalore, India. ... Cultural heritage (national heritage or just heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1050 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on May 16, 2006 by gaurang http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1050 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on May 16, 2006 by gaurang http://www. ... Bangalore is the capital and largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Lal Bagh Botanical Garden Lal Bagh Botanical Garden is a well known botanical garden in Bangalore, India. ... Cubbon Park is a park in Bangalore, India. ... A lit up Mysore Palace, the epicenter of all Dasara festivities held in Mysore Dasara is the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state of Karnataka. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Diwali taking place in a rural area Dīpãvali (also transliterated Deepavali; Sanskrit: row of lights) or Diwãli (contracted spelling) is the Hindu festival of lights, held on the final day of the Vikram calendar, one type of a Hindu calendar that is followed by North Indians. ... India, being a multicultural and multireligious society, celebrates holidays and festivals of various faiths and special interest groups. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... Sankranthi, or Sankranti, is a festival that signifies the beginning of the harvest season for the farmers of India. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... ... A request has been made on Wikipedia for this article to be deleted. ...


The diversity of cuisine available is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. Roadside vendors, tea stalls, and South Indian, North Indian, Chinese and Western fast food are all very popular in the city. Udupi restaurants are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian, regional cuisine. Tea stalls are small-time vendors who primarily sell tea, coffee and milk along small road-side shops in India. ... China has one of the richest culinary heritages on Earth. ... Occident redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Bangalore is also a major center of Indian classical music and dance. Classical music and dance recitals are widely held throughout the year and particularly during the Ramanavami and Ganesha Chaturthi festivals. The Bengaluru Gayana Samaja has been at the forefront of promoting classical music and dance in the city. The city also has a vibrant Kannada theater scene with organisations like Ranga Shankara leading the way. Bangalore is also known as the "Rock city of India" and sometimes called as the "Pub Capital of India".[68][69] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ganesh Chaturthi. ... Bangalore Gayana Samaja (Kannada:ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ಗಾಯನ ಸಮಾಜ) is one of the oldest cultural organization in Bangalore and was established in the year 1905. ... Ranga Shankara is acknowledged as the theatre that Arundhati Nag has built in memory of her husband, the late theatre-television-film personality Shankar Nag, partly as a tribute to his extraordinary talent and drive, and partly as a realisation of a dream that was his too - the dream to... This article is about the genre. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada...


Sports

An India vs. Pakistan cricket match at the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore.

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Bangalore. A significant number of national cricketers have come from Bangalore, including former Indian cricket team captain Rahul Dravid, current test captain Anil Kumble and Robin Uthappa (others). Many children play gully cricket on the roads and in the city's many public fields. Bangalore's main international cricket stadium is the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 40,000[70] and has hosted matches during the 1987 Cricket World Cup and 1996 Cricket World Cup. The Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise Bangalore Royal Challengers and the Premier Hockey League (PHL) franchise Bangalore Hi-fliers are based in the city. India's Davis Cup team members, Mahesh Bhupathi[71] and Rohan Bopanna[72] also reside in Bangalore. The city hosts the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Bangalore Open tournament annually. Beginning September, 2008, Bangalore will also host the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open ATP tournament annually.[73] Bangalore has a number of elite clubs, like the Bangalore Golf Club, the Bowring Institute and the exclusive Bangalore Club, which counts among its previous members Winston Churchill and the Maharaja of Mysore.[74] The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... M. Chinnaswamy Stadium is Bangalores test cricket venue. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... Rahul Sharad Dravid (Kannada:ರಾಹುಲ್ ಶರದ್ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ,Marathi:राहुल शरद द्रविड )   (b. ... For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-day International and Test matches. ... Robin Venu Uthappa (Kodava Takk-Kannada: ರಾಬಿನ್‌ ವೆನು ಉತ್ತಪ್ಪ)   (born 11 November 1985 in Kodagu, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... In cricket, other than Test matches, One-Day International matches, Twenty20 matches and First class matches, other forms of the sport do exist. ... M. Chinnaswamy Stadium is Bangalores test cricket venue. ... The Cricket World Cup in 1987 (aka Reliance World Cup) was the fourth edition of the tournament. ... The 1996 Cricket World Cup was won by Sri Lanka who beat Australia by 7 wickets at the final in Lahore. ... The Indian Premier League (also known as the DLF Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons; often abbreviated as IPL), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). ... The Premier Hockey League (PHL) is a new domestic field hockey competition introduced in India. ... The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ... Mahesh Shrinivas Bhupathi (born June 7, 1974, Chennai, India) is a professional tennis player from India. ... Rohan Bopanna (born 4 March 1980) is an Indian professional tennis player. ... The Womens Tennis Association, formed in 1973, is the principal organizing body of womens professional tennis. ... The Bangalore Open is a tennis tournament held in Bangalore, India. ... WTA stands for Womens Tennis Association, and is also known as the WTA Tour, and is to womens tennis what the ATP is to mens tennis. ... The Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open is a tennis tournament held in Mumbai, India. ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... Bowring may be Charles R. Bowring Eva Bowring John Bowring Bowring Brothers Limited Bowring Institute in Bangalore, India This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Located in Bangalore, India, the The Bangalore Club is the oldest club in the city, founded in 1868. ... Churchill redirects here. ...

Education

Indian Institute of Science - the premier institute of science in India
Indian Institute of Science - the premier institute of science in India
See also: Education in India and List of Bangalore colleges

Till the early 19th century, education in Bangalore was mainly undertaken in schools that were run by religious leaders and restricted to pupils of that religion.[75] The western system of education came into vogue during the rule of Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar when two schools were established in Bangalore. This was followed by a school established by the Wesleyan Mission in 1851 and the Bangalore High School which was started by the Government in 1858.[76] The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ... This is a list of Educational Institutions in Bangalore, India. ... Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, GCSI (1794-27 March 1868) (Kannada: ಮುಮ್ಮಡಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾಜ ಒಡೆಯರ್) was the Maharaja of the Mysore Kingdom in India. ...


In the present day, schools for young children in Bangalore are mainly based on the kindergarten form of education.[77] Primary and secondary education in Bangalore is offered by various schools which are affiliated to any one of the boards of education like the Karnataka state board, ICSE, CBSE, National Open School (NOS), IGCSE and IB.[78] There are three kinds of schools in Bangalore viz. government (run by the government), aided (financial aid is provided by the government) and un-aided private (no financial aid is provided).[79] After completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in Junior College (also known as Pre-University) in one of three streams—Arts, Commerce or Science.[80] Upon completing the required coursework, students enroll in general or professional degrees. For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... The International General Certificate of Secondary Education, or IGCSE, is an international qualification for school students. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into International Baccalaureate Organization. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...


Bangalore is also the home of the Bangalore University which was established in 1964. Around 500 colleges, having a total student strength of 300 thousand are affiliated to this university. The university has two campuses within Bangalore; Jnanabharathi and Central College.[81] Bangalore University is a public university located in Bangalore, Karnataka State, India. ...


Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore which was established in 1909 is the premier institute for scientific research and study in India.[82] Bangalore is also the home of colleges like the National Law School of India University (NLSIU) which is one of the most sought after law colleges in India,Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore which is one of the premier management schools in India and the Indian Statistical Institute, which is one of the top schools of India in the fields of statistics, mathematics, economics, operations research and information science.[82] The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... The National Law School of India University (NLSIU or NLS) is an institution for under-graduate and graduate legal education. ... Logo of the IIMB The Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB) was established in 1973. ... Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), is a unique institution devoted to the research, teaching and application of statistics, natural sciences and social sciences. ...


Media

Vijaya Karnataka is the largest circulating Kannada newspaper in Bangalore.

The first printing-press was established in Bangalore in the year 1840.[83] In 1859, Bangalore Herald became the first English bi-weekly newspaper to be published in Bangalore[84] and in 1860, Mysore Vrittanta Bodhini became the first Kannada newspaper to be circulated in Bangalore.[83] Currently, Vijaya Karnataka and The Times of India are the most widely circulated Kannada and English newspapers in Bangalore respectively, closely followed by the Praja Vani and Deccan Herald both owned by the Printer's (Mysore) Limited - the largest print media house in Karnataka.[85][86] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 784 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 784 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Vijaya Karnataka is a Kannada newspaper. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Vijaya Karnataka is a Kannada newspaper. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ...


Bangalore got its first radio station when All India Radio, the official broadcaster for the Indian Government, started broadcasting from its Bangalore station on November 2, 1955.[87] The radio transmission was AM, till in 2001, Radio City became the first private channel in India to start transmitting FM radio from Bangalore.[88] In recent years, a number of FM channels have started broadcasting from Bangalore.[89] The city also has various clubs for HAM radio enthusiasts.[90] For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... Radio City can refer to several things: Radio City (album), 1974 album by Big Star of power pop Radio City (pirate radio station) Radio City (Liverpool radio station) Radio City Music Hall, home of the Rockettes NBC Radio City Studios in New York, the broadcast complex in Rockefeller Center that... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... Amateur radio, commonly called ham radio, is a hobby enjoyed by many people throughout the world (as of 2004 about 3 million worldwide, 70,000 in Germany, 5,000 in Norway, 57,000 in Canada, and 700,000 in the USA). ...


Bangalore got its first look at television when Doordarshan established a relay centre here and started relaying programs from November 1, 1981.[91] A production center was established in the Doordarshan's Bangalore office in 1983, thereby allowing the introduction of a news program in Kannada on November 19, 1983.[91] Doordarshan also launched a Kannada satellite channel on August 15, 1991 which is now christened DD Chandana.[91] The advent of private satellite channels in Bangalore started in September 1991 when Star TV started to broadcast its channels.[92] Though the number of satellite TV channels available for viewing in Bangalore has grown over the years[93], the cable operators play a major role in the availability of these channels, which has led to occasional conflicts.[94] Direct To Home services are also available in Bangalore now.[95] Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... DD Chandana (ಡಿಡಿ ಚಂದನ) is a Kannada channel owned and operated by Prasar Bharathi under Doordarshan; supported by Doordarshan studios in Bangalore and Gulbarga. ... Star TV can refer to the following: Star TV (Ukraine): An electronic/club music channel in Ukraine Star TV (Turkey): A general entertainment channel in Turkey Star TV (Tanzania): A television station in Tanzania STAR TV (Asia): An Asian satellite service owned by News Corporation Startv (Canada): A Canadian weekly... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ...


The first internet service provider in Bangalore was STPI, Bangalore which started offering internet services in early 1990s.[96] This internet service was however restricted to corporates, till VSNL started offering dial-up internet services to the general public at the end of 1995.[97] Currently, Bangalore has the largest number of broadband internet connections in India.[98] “ISP” redirects here. ... Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL) is Indias phone carrier for international calls. ... Dial-up access is a form of Internet access via telephone line. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ...


Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... For other uses, see Kharkiv (disambiguation). ... Kharkiv Oblast (Харківська область, Kharkivs’ka oblast’ or Харківщина, Kharkivshchyna in Ukrainian; Харьковская область, Khar’kovskaya oblast’ in Russian) is an oblast of eastern Ukraine. ...

See also

  • Tourist attractions in Bangalore

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  96. ^ Rakesh Basant. Bangalore Cluster: Evolution, Growth and Challengers. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  97. ^ A short recap on Internet developments in India. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  98. ^ A highly net-savvy city. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-12-29. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.
  99. ^ The official visit of the Republic of Belarus parliamentary delegation to the Republic of India is over. Website of the National assembly of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved on 2008-03-10.
  100. ^ Bangalore, San Francisco are sister cities. The Hindu. May 11, 2007
  101. ^ Online Directory: India, Asia. Sister Cities International.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Hasan, Fazlul. Bangalore Through The Centuries. Bangalore: Historical Publications, 1970.
  • Plunkett, Richard. South India. Lonely Planet, 2001. ISBN 1864501618
  • Vagale, Uday Kumar. "Public Space in Bangalore: Present and Future Projections"PDF (773 KiB). Digital Libraries and Archives. 2006. Virginia Tech. 27 April 2004.
  • "Environmental Impact Analysis"PDF. Bangalore Metropolitan Rapid Transport Corporation Limited.. 2006. Government of Karnataka. 2005.
  • Hunter, Cotton, Burn, Meyer. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India". 2006. Oxford, Clarendon Press. 1909.
  • "Bangalore." Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911 ed.
  • Hayavadana Rao, The Mysore State Gazetteer, 1929

Lonely Planet logo Lonely Planet Publications (usually known as Lonely Planet or LP for short) claims to be the largest independently owned travel guidebook publisher in the world. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ...

External links

  • Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike - (Municipal government)
  • Bangalore one service portal
  • Bangalore at the Open Directory Project
  • Bangalore travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Bangalore's satellite map from Wikimapia


The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... // WikiMapia is an online map and satellite imaging resource that combines Google Maps with a wiki system, allowing users to add information (in the form of a note) to any location on Earth. ...

The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Madras redirects here. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Amritsar (Punjabi: , Hindi: ), meaning: The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality,[1] is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Faridabad,   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ... This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Karachay-Cherkessia. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


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