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Encyclopedia > Bandung
Bandung
The Pasupati Bridge on top of resident houses.
Flag of Bandung
Flag
Official seal of Bandung
Seal
Nickname: Kota Kembang (City of Flowers)
Motto: Bermartabat ('dignity')
Bandung (Indonesia)
Bandung
Location of Bandung in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°57′S 107°34′E / -6.95, 107.567
Country Indonesia
Province West Java
Government
 - Mayor Dada Rosada
Area
 - Total 167.67 km² (64.74 sq mi)
Elevation 768 m (2,520 ft)
Population (2004)
 - Total 2,510,982
 - Density 14,976/km² (5,782/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website: www.bandung.go.id

Bandung (pronounced [bʌndʊŋ]) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia, and the country's fourth largest city. Located 768 m (2,520 ft) above sea level, Bandung has relatively year-around cooler temperature than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin and surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topology provides the city with a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason of Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung. Image File history File links Bandung_pasopati. ... Image File history File links Municipal_Flag_of_Bandung,_Indonesia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Indonesia_blank_map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Dada Rosada (born in Ciparay, Bandung, April 29, 1947) is a Bandungs city mayors in office for his term from 2004 to 2009. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cities of Indonesia. ... For the term related to television programmes, see watershed (television). ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Dutch colonials first opened tea plantantions around the mountains in the eighteenth century, followed by a road construction connecting the plantation area to the capital (180 km or 112 miles to the northwest). The European inhabitants of the city demanded the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906 and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for the plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened of which the city was dubbed as Parijs van Java.


After Indonesian independence, the city experienced a rapid development and urbanization that has transformed Bandung from idyllic town into a dense 15,000 people/km² metropolitan area, a living space for over 2 million people. Natural resources have been exploited excessively, particularly in the conversions of protected upland area into highland villa and real estates. Although the city has encountered many problems, ranging from waste disposal, floods to chaotic traffic system, Bandung however still has its charm to attract people flocking into the city, either as weekend travellers or living in. The independece declaration announced by Sukarno The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10. ...

Contents

Geography

Mount Tangkuban Perahu
Mount Tangkuban Perahu

Bandung, the capital of West Java province, located about 180 km (112 miles) southeast of Jakarta, is the third largest city in Indonesia [1] with over 2.6 million population in 2006 and over 6.7 million people on the greater Bandung regency & metropolitan area. It's rated the fastest growing city / urban region in Indonesia [2]. Its elevation is 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) high Late Tertiary and Quarternary volcanic terrain. [3] The 400 km² flat of central Bandung plain is situated in the middle of 2,340.88 km² wide of the Bandung Basin; the basin comprises Bandung, the Cimahi satellite city, part of Bandung Regency, and part of Sumedang Regency.[4] The basin's main river is the Citarum; one of its branches, the Cikapundung, divides Bandung from north to south before it merges with Citarum again in Karawang. The Bandung Basin is an important source of water for drinking water, irrigation and fisheries, and its 6,147 million m³ of groundwater is a major reservoir for the city.[4] Image File history File links TangkubanPerahu. ... Image File history File links TangkubanPerahu. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Tertiary geological time interval covers roughly the time span between the demise of the non-avian dinosaurs and beginning of the most recent Ice Age, approximately 65 million to 1. ... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... Cimahi is a city located west of Bandung, West Java. ... Bandung Regency (Kabupaten Bandung) is the suburban area surrounding the city of Bandung. ... Sumedang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Karawang is the capital of the Karawang Regency of West Java, Indonesia. ...


The northern part of the city is hillier than the rest; the distinguished truncated flat-peak shape of the Tangkuban Perahu volcano (Tangkuban Perahu literally means 'up-turned boat') can be seen from the city to the north. Long-term volcanic activity has created fertile andisol soil in the north, suitable for intensive rice, fruit, tea, tobacco and coffee plantations. In the south and east, alluvial soils deposited by the Cikapundung river are mostly found. Tangkuban Perahu, or Tangkuban Parahu in local sundanese dialect, is an active volcano 30 km north of the city of Bandung, the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia. ... In USA soil taxonomy, Andisols are soils formed in volcanic ash and defined in terms of the dominance of glass and poorly crystalline colloidal materials such as allophane, imogolite, and ferrihydrite (andic properties). ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ...


Geological data shows that the Bandung Basin is located on an ancient volcano, known as Mount Sunda, erected up to 3,000–4,000 metres (9,850–13,100 ft) during the Pleistocene age.[5] Two large scale eruptions took place; the first formed the basin and the other (est. 55,000 Before Present) blocked the Citarum river, turning the basin into a lake known as "the Great Lake of Bandung".[6] The lake drained away; the reason for which is the subject of ongoing debate among geologists.[7][8] The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... Before Present (BP) years are the units of time (counted backwards to the past) used to report raw radiocarbon ages and dates referenced to the BP scale origin in the year AD 1950 (identical to 1950 CE). ...


Due to its elevation, the climate in Bandung is cooler than most Indonesian cities and can be classified as humid; the average temperature is 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) throughout the year.[9] The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 millimetres in the central and southeast regions to 3,500 millimetres in the north of the city.[4] The wet season conforms with other Indonesian regions, around November to April. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cities of Indonesia. ... Humidity is the quantity of moisture in the air. ... A wet season or rainy season is a season in which the average rainfall in a region is significantly increased. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperature (°C)
(°F)
23.9
75.0
23.3
73.9
23.4
74.1
24.1
75.4
24.2
75.6
23.5
74.3
22.9
73.2
23.4
74.1
23.6
74.5
23.7
74.7
23.7
74.7
23.7
74.7
23.6
74.5
Precipitation (mm) 72.1 265.6 365.0 136.0 117.7 37.4 40.5 74.7 76.3 314.2 185.9 197.2
1182.6
Evaporation (mm) 3.7 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.2 2.5 2.7
3.3
Rel. humidity (%) 75 82 82 78 75 71 67 69 71 77 80 81
76
Air pressure (mb) 922.5 921.7 922.2 921.9 921.9 922.3 922.8 922.5 923.0 922.6 922.0 922.1
922.3
Source: Bandung Dalam Angka (Bandung in Numbers), 2003.[9]

For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... Vaporization redirects here. ... A hygrometer used to measure the humidity of air. ... Atmospheric pressure is the pressure at any given point in the Earths atmosphere. ...

History

Main article: History of Bandung
The Dutch-built Gedung Sate
The Dutch-built Gedung Sate
The Historical Asia-Afrika Street, Bandung
The Historical Asia-Afrika Street, Bandung

The earliest reference to the city dates back to 1488, but archaeological findings suggest a type of Homo erectus species had lived on the banks of the Cikapundung River and around the old lake of Bandung.[10] During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) opened plantations in the Bandung area. A supply road connecting Batavia (now Jakarta), Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, Sumedang and Cirebon was built in 1786. In 1809, Louis Napoleon, the ruler of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and its colonies, ordered the Dutch Indies Governor H.W. Daendels to increase the defensive systems of Java against the British from India. Daendels built a road, stretching approximately 1,000 km (621 miles) from the west to the east coast of Java, and passing through Bandung.[11][12] In 1810, the road was laid down in Bandung and was named De Groote Postweg (or the 'main post road'), the present-day site of Asia-Afrika Street. Under Daendels' orders, R.A. Wiranatakusumah II, the chief administration of the Bandung regency at that time, moved its office from Krapyak, in the south, to a place near a pair of holy city wells (sumur Bandung), the present-day site of the city square (alun-alun). He built his dalem (palace), masjid agung (the grand mosque) and pendopo (public-official meeting place) in the classical orientation.[13] The pendopo faces Tangkuban Perahu mountain, which was believed to have a mystical ambience. This article details the history of Bandung from the first settlement until the 21st century. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Binomial name (Dubois, 1892) Synonyms † Pithecanthropus erectus † Sinanthropus pekinensis † Javanthropus soloensis † Meganthropus paleojavanicus Homo erectus (Latin: upright man) is an extinct species of the genus Homo. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Nickname: Kota Hujan (City of Rain) Location of Bogor in Indonesia Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Diani Budiarto Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Area code(s) 0251 Website: www. ... Cianjur is a city west of Bandung, the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cirebon (formerly Cheribon) is a city on north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. ... ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... View of the Puncak area in West Java Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is the most populous of Indonesias islands, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Tangkuban Perahu is an active volcano at 6. ...


In 1880, the first major railroad between Batavia and Bandung was built,[14] boosting light industry in Bandung. Chinese who had previously never lived in the city flocked to help run facilities, services and selling vendor machines. The old Chinatown district in Bandung is still recognisable in the railroad station vicinity. In 1906, Bandung was given the status of gemeente (municipality) and then later as stadsgemeente (city municipality) in 1926.


In the beginning of the 1920s, the Dutch East Indies government made plans to move the capital of Dutch East Indies from Batavia to Bandung. Accordingly, during this decade, the Dutch colonial government started building military barracks, the central government building (Gouvernments Bedrijven, the present-day Gedung Sate) and other government buildings. This plan, however, was cut short by World War II after which the Dutch were not able to re-established their colony. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The fertile area of the Parahyangan Mountains surrounding Bandung supports productive tea plantations. In the nineteenth century, Franz Junghuhn introduced the cinchona (kina) plant.[15] With its cooler elevated landscape, surrounded by major plantations, Bandung became an exclusive European resort area.[16] Rich plantation owners visited the city on weekends, attracting girls and businessmen from the capital, Batavia. Braga Street grew into a promenade street with cafes, restaurants and boutique shops. Two art-deco style hotels, Savoy Homann and Preanger, were built in the vicinity of the Concordia Society, a club house for the wealthy with a large ballroom and a theatre.[14] The nickname "Parijs van Java" was given to the city. For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Photograph taken in 1860. ... Species See text Cinchona L., is the name of a genus in Rubiaceae family, large evergreens that can grow over 10 metres tall. ... Braga Street (Indonesian: Jalan Braga, Dutch: Bragaweg) is a small street in the center of Bandung which was famous in the 1920s as a promenade street. ...

Gedung Merdeka during the Asian-African Conference in 1955
Gedung Merdeka during the Asian-African Conference in 1955

After the Indonesian Independence in 1945, Bandung was determined as the capital of West Java province. During the 1945–1949 independence struggle against the Dutch when they wanted to reclaim their colonies, Bandung was one of the heaviest battle places. The Dutch military commander set an ultimatum for the Indonesian combatants in Bandung to leave the city. In response, on 24 March 1946, much of the southern part of Bandung was deliberately set alight as the combatants left; an event known as the Bandung Lautan Api or 'Bandung Sea of Flame'.[17] Image File history File links Gedung. ... Image File history File links Gedung. ... The independece declaration announced by Sukarno The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1955, the first Asian-African Conference was held in Bandung, attended by head of states representing twenty-nine countries and colonies from Asia and Africa. The conference venue was at the Gedung Merdeka, the former Concordia Society building. The conference announced 10 points of declaration on world peace promotion and oppositions against colonialism, known as the Declaration of Bandung, which followed by wave of nationalism movements around the globe and remapped the world politics.[18] The conference was also the first international conference of colored people in the history of mankind.[19] Richard Wright in his book, The Color Curtain, captured the epic meanings of the conference for people of color around the world.[19] Even black freedom movement activists in the United States referred Bandung as Afro-Asian solidarity in 1960s.[20] The Asian-African Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, organized by Egypt, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other persons of the same name, see Richard Wright. ...


In 1987, the city boundary was expanded with the Greater Bandung (Bandung Raya) plan; a relocation of higher concentration development outside the city in an attempt to dilute some of population in the old city. During its development, however, the city core is often uprooted, old faces are torn down, lot sizes regrouped, and what was idyllic residence is bustling chain supermarkets and rich banks.[16]


Administration

List of Mayors
Flag of the Netherlands Dutch-Indies
E.A. Maurenbrecher (exofficio) 1906-1907
R.E. Krijboom (exofficio) 1907-1908
J.A. van Der Ent (exofficio) 1909-1910
J.J. Verwijk (exofficio) 1910-1912
C.C.B. van Vlenier (exofficio) 1912-1913
B. van Bijveld (exofficio) 1913-1920
B. Coops 1920-1921
S.A. Reitsma 1921-1928
B. Coops 1928-1934
Ir. J.E.A. van Volsorgen Kuhr 1934-1936
Mr. J.M. Wesselink 1936-1942
N. Beets 1942-1942
Flag of Japan Japanese Occupation
Raden A. Atma dit Nata 1942-1945
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia
Ir. Ukar Bratakusumah 1946-1949
R. Enoch 1949-1956
R. Priatna Kusumah 1956-1966
R. Didi Jukardi 1966-1968
Hidayat Sukarmadijaya 1968-1971
R. Otje Djundjunan 1971-1976
Ucu Junaedi 1976-1978
R. Husein Wangsaatmaja 1978-1983
Ateng Wahyudi 1983-1993
Wahyu Hamidjaja 1993-1998
Aa Tarmana 1998-2003
Dada Rosada 2003-...
Source: official website[21]

The city area in 1906 was only 19.22 square kilometres and it has been expanded several times until the 1987 expansion into 167.2965 km².[9] The city administration is divided into 26 subdistricts (kecamatan) and 139 villages (kelurahan). A mayor (walikota) leads the city administration. Since 2005, the city residents directly voted for a mayor, while previously mayors were nominated and selected by the city council members or known as the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD). As of 2003, the total number of city administration personnel, including the mayor, is 20,163.[9] Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Ateng Wahyudi (Cililin, Bandung, March 16, 1936) is the mayor of Bandung, Central Java, Indonesia. ... Aa Tarmana was the mayor of Bandung from 1998 to 2004. ... Dada Rosada (born in Ciparay, Bandung, April 29, 1947) is a Bandungs city mayors in office for his term from 2004 to 2009. ... A subdistrict (kecamatan) is a subdivision of a regency (kabupaten) or city (kota) in Indonesia. ... A village (kelurahan/desa) is the lowest level of administrative division in Indonesia. ...


Demographics

Most of Bandung population are of Sundanese descent. Javanese is largest minority, from nearby provinces and eastern part of Java. Notable minorities include Chinese Indonesians, Indian Indonesians, and Korean Indonesians. [22]


Architecture

See also: Indonesian architecture
Institut Teknologi Bandung. Ceremonial Hall by architect Henri Maclaine-Pont
Institut Teknologi Bandung. Ceremonial Hall by architect Henri Maclaine-Pont

Bandung is renowned for its large stock of Dutch colonial architecture; most notably the tropical Art Deco architectural style. Henri Maclaine-Pont is among the first Dutch architects who realized how important to combine each architectural style with culture of local people. He stressed that modern architecture should be evolved from local history and native elements.[23] In 1920, Pont planned and designed buildings for the first technical university in the Dutch East Indies, Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (the present-day Institut Teknologi Bandung), after which he was named as a professor in architecture at the university. A striking local Javanese roof style is noticeably seen on top of the campus' ceremonial hall, embedded in his artwork.[23] Indonesian Architecture reflects the same diversity of cultural, historical, and geographic influences that have shaped Indonesia as a whole. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x633, 337 KB) Bandung Institute of Technology. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x633, 337 KB) Bandung Institute of Technology. ... Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) (English: Institute of Technology, Bandung / Bandung Institute of Technology) was established in 1920 as Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (THB). ... Asheville City Hall. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) (English: Institute of Technology, Bandung / Bandung Institute of Technology) was established in 1920 as Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (THB). ...

Bandung Cathedral

In the same year, another Dutch architect, J Gerber, designed Gouverments Bedrijven (Government Companies) in line with the colonial government plan to move the capital from Batavia to Bandung. The building is an example of harmonical mixture between West and East architectural styles, particularly the Italian Renaissance style of arch structures in the west wing and Thailand's pagoda-like structures in the middle section.[citation needed] The building is known as Gedung Sate, named after the distinguished small satay shaped structure on the roof, and used as the head office of West Java provincial government and West Java's house of representative. For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Arch (disambiguation). ... Myanmars Shwedagon Pagoda is one of the most recognizable and revered pagodas in the Buddhist World A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia For other uses, see Pagoda (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Grilled beef satay. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ...


The modern and native architectural blending was followed by several Dutch architects that have shaped the city landmarks. In the 1930s, Bandung was known also as the city of architecture laboratory because of many Dutch architects made some experiments with new architectural designs. Albert Aalbers added the expressionist architecture style to the Art Deco by designing the DENIS bank (1936) and renovated the Savoy Homann Hotel (1939). C.P.W. Schoemaker was one of celebrated architects who strongly added native elements in his artworks, including the Villa Isola (1932), Hotel Preanger (1929), the regional military headquarter (1918), Gedung Merdeka (1921) and ITB Rectorate Building (1925).[23] Expressionist architecture occurs in architecture when an architect distorts a building or design for an emotional effect. ...


Culture

Bandung is the capital of West Java, a province of which most of its residents are mainly Sundanese people. Sundanese language is spoken a second language after Indonesian and it is commonly used as an informal language for communication in streets and markets. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (920x1600, 320 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bandung Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (920x1600, 320 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bandung Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Angklung Musical Instrument Angklung is a musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. ... Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java The Sundanese are an ethnic group in the western part of the island of Java in Indonesia, numbering approximately 31 million. ... Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27 million people from the western third of Java or about 15% of the Indonesian population. ...


A popular traditional musical instrument is angklung, made of parallel bamboo tubes tuned to specific frequencies with a hammer and is shaken to produce certain notes. Music is performed by a choir of angklung players, each of whom are responsible for sounding certain notes. Its melody is only slightly different from that of Central Java's gamelan ensembles. Angklung Musical Instrument Angklung is a musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. ... Javanese gamelan ensamble with two female sinden (choral singer) during traditional Javanese wedding at Sasono Utomo, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta, Indonesia A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesia typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked...


Tourism industry

Bandung has served for popular weekend-break destination for people living in Jakarta for many reasons. The cooler climate of highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the friendliness of local people have become the main attraction of the city.[24] Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...

Denim store, Cihampelas Street
Denim store, Cihampelas Street

In the 1990s, local designers opened denim clothing stores along Cihampelas Street which gave Bandung another nickname, the "Tourist Shopping City" (Kota Wisata Belanja). It was a success as the-then residential street had been fully transformed into a "jeans street". The city attracts people from other big cities to buy local fashion wears, as they are cheaper than branded items.[25] This article is about the material denim. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...

The city gained more shoppers to come when textile factories in the outskirt of Bandung opened a fashion store that sells their products directly from the factory. The products are tagged as sisa export (rejected or over-produced export quality items) and these shops are called factory outlets. The trend was followed by another factory outlets.[26] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 464 KB) Description: Martabak telur with duck egg, minced meat and lots of green onion. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 464 KB) Description: Martabak telur with duck egg, minced meat and lots of green onion. ... Martabak Murtabak, or Martabak, is an Indian Muslim (Mamak) dish commonly found in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei and Yemen where it is called Motabbag (Arabic: المطبّق) which means The Folded so the name could be of Arabic origin. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ...


Sports

Bandung is the home town of the soccer team Persib Bandung. Another soccer team Persikab is based in neighbouring city of Cimahi, part of Bandung Regency. The most popular football stadium is Siliwangi Stadium. Soccer redirects here. ... Persib (acronym for Persatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Bandung) is an Indonesian soccer club located in Bandung, West Java. ... Cimahi is a city located west of Bandung, West Java. ... Siliwangi Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Bandung, Indonesia. ...


Other popular sports in Bandung include badminton (see Taufik Hidayat, gold medal winner at the 2004 Summer Olympics) and basketball. The roads leading up to Lembang and Dago are popular routes for mountain cycling during the weekend. In the hillside around Bandung, there are a couple of golf courses. This article is about the sport. ... Taufik Hidayat (born August 10, 1981, Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia) is an Indonesian badminton player and his height is 176 cm. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... This article is about the sport. ... Cycling is the use of bicycles, or - less commonly - unicycles, tricycles, quadricycles and other similar wheeled human powered vehicles (HPVs) as a means of transport, a form of recreation or a sport. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ...


Transport

Bandung can be accessed through 3 highways from Jakarta. An intercity toll highway, named as Cipularang toll road, connecting Jakarta, Karawang, Purwakarta, Padalarang and Bandung, has recently been completed in May 2005. It is currently the fastest way to go to Bandung from the capital. Driving time is about 1.5 hours on average. There are 2 other options: the Puncak route (Jakarta-Cianjur/Sukabumi-Bandung) or the Subang route (Jakarta-Cikampek-Subang-Lembang-Bandung). From eastern part of the cities (Cirebon, Tasikmalaya and Central Java province), Bandung can be accessed through the main provincial road. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Karawang is the capital of the Karawang Regency of West Java, Indonesia. ... Purwakarta is the capital of the Purwakarta Regency of West Java, Indonesia. ... Cianjur is a city west of Bandung, the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia. ... Sukabumi is a city and regency in the highlands of West Java, Indonesia, about 80 km (50 miles) south of Jakarta. ... Cikampek is a subdistrict (kecamatan) of Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia. ... Subang is a small town in Petaling district in Selangor, Malaysia. ... Cirebon (formerly Cheribon) is a city on north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. ... Tasikmalaya is a city and regency in southeastern West Java, Indonesia, between Bandung and Purwokerto on the southerly of the two major road routes across Java. ... Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ...


The Pasupati bridge recently opened to the public, relieving traffic jams in the city for east-west transport. The 2.8 km cable-stayed bridge lies through the valley of Cikapundung. It is 30 to 60 metres wide and after extensive delays, its construction finally completed in June 2005, following financial investment from Kuwait.[27] The bridge is part of Bandung's comprehensive inner-city highways plan. A cable-stayed bridge is a bridge that consists of one or more columns (normally referred to as towers or pylons), with cables supporting the bridge deck. ...


Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called angkot (from angkutan=transportation and kota=city). They serve certain routes throughout the city and are operated privately. To find exact angkot routes, information are available through the drivers or at terminals. City-owned buses, called DAMRI, operates on larger relatively long routes. Bandung has 2 intercity bus terminals: Leuwipanjang, serving buses from the west, and Cicaheum, serving buses from the east. For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... Autobus redirects here. ...


Bandung Husein Sastranegara International Airport serves direct flights to Batam, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Denpasar, Palembang and Padang and also international services from Kuala Lumpur. The airport is located nearby the Dirgantara aerospace complex and Dirgantara Fairground. Husein Sastranegara International Airport is an airport in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia (IATA: BDO, ICAO: WICC). ... The Batam island in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia, known for a free trade zone as a part of the Sijori Growth Triangle, is located 20 km (12. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Gajah Mada Street Denpasar is the capital city of the province of Bali, Indonesia. ... Location of Palembang Palembang is a city in the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Padang is the main capital of West Sumatra in Indonesia. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ...


Railway connects Bandung to Jakarta, Purwakarta, Bekasi, Karawang and Cikampek to the west, and Surabaya, Yogyakarta and Solo to the east. It is also the major means of transportation for people living in suburb areas of Cimahi, Padalarang, Rancaekek, Cicalengka and Cileunyi. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Purwakarta is the capital of the Purwakarta Regency of West Java, Indonesia. ... Bekasi is a city to the east of Jakarta, Indonesia in the Jabotabek region. ... Karawang is the capital of the Karawang Regency of West Java, Indonesia. ... Cikampek is a subdistrict (kecamatan) of Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... For the abstract strategy board game, see Surakarta (game). ... Cimahi is a city located west of Bandung, West Java. ...


Science and education

There are hundreds of public and private schools in Bandung. Like in other Indonesian cities, Bandung has several state-funded and administered junior high and high schools, called State Junior High Schools (SMPN) and State High Schools (SMA), respectively. At least sixteen universities — three of which are state-owned universities — and 45 professional schools are scattered throughout the city. Education from social sciences, technology until tourism education can be found in one of those universities. The Institut Teknologi Bandung is the oldest technical university in Indonesia having been established since 1920, and the Universitas Padjadjaran is the best university that West Java owned and also one of the most prestigious universities in Indonesia. And both institutions are located close to each other at the Dago Area. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) (English: Institute of Technology, Bandung / Bandung Institute of Technology) was established in 1920 as Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (THB). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universitas Padjadjaran (Padjadjaran University or UNPAD) is located in Bandung,which is the provincial capital of West Java, Indonesia. ...


In the north of Bandung, Bosscha Observatory has been the only and the oldest observatory in Indonesia. Construction of the observatory began in 1923 and was completed in 1928. In 1922, the first international publication from Bosscha Observatory was published and in 1959, the observatory was included as a part of the department of astronomy in the Institut Teknologi Bandung. Bosscha Observatory is the oldest observatory in Indonesia. ... This article is about scientific observatories. ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ...


Economy

Fresh products at a market in Bandung
Fresh products at a market in Bandung

Bandung economy is mainly built upon tourism, manufacturing, textile/apparel, education institutions, technology, retail, services, financial, pharmaceutical, food, among others. Those are the major investments and most popular fields/industries being sought here.[28] Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 777 KB)A fresh produce market in Bandung File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 777 KB)A fresh produce market in Bandung File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Bandung has nearly 50 higher educational institutions and is among the most popular destination for education in Indonesia. Creative-based culture has shaped the basis of Bandung economy. The once quiet residential district of Dago has become an important business and entertainment centre. Chic cafes and restaurants are spreading out along Dago Street. In the early 1990s Cihampelas Street became a popular clothing store location.


The distro sell stylish non-trademarked products, made by local designers. Books, indie label records, magazines, fashion products and other accessories are typical distro products. After their products receive large teenagers attention, then these local designers make their own clothing company. Now, there are more than 200 local brand names in Bandung. Distro distance itself from factory outlet in term of its philosophy. Distros come from individual designers and young entrepreneurs, while factory outlet products come from a garment factory.[29]


Environmental issues

A mountain of trash at Pagarsih Street

The north of the city serves as a water reservoir for Bandung's 2 million people, however, the area has seen much residential development. Several attempts to reserve this area have been made, including the creation of reserves, such as the Juanda National Park and Puncrut, but the development continues. The real danger has come in the form of several floodings in Bandung's south.[30] Image File history File links PagarsihTrash. ... Image File history File links PagarsihTrash. ... The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It supplies New York City with drinking water. ...


In the middle of 2006, Bandung faced another environmental disaster, as the city's land fill site was reevaluated after a landslide in 2005.[31] Collection of 8,000 m3/day domestic garbage piled up, causing air pollution, spreading of diseases, and water contamination. The provincial government eventually stepped in to solve the garbage issues.[32][33] This article is about geological phenomenon. ... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ...


Sister Cities

Bandung has sister relationships with a number of towns worldwide: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Braunschweig may also refer to the administrative region of Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant, Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City 298. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Suwon (Suwon-si) is the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. ...

Awards

  • The Dirtiest of Indonesia's metropolitan areas.[34]
  • 1997: Adipura Award — for the achievement of the most beautiful city in Indonesia.

The Adipura consists of a trophy and an award.

Panoramic view over Bandung from the northern hills.
Panoramic view over Bandung from the northern hills.
Downtown Bandung North View
Downtown Bandung North View
Crossing Braga street
Crossing Braga street

Download high resolution version (4303x1148, 860 KB)Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (4303x1148, 860 KB)Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1674x599, 156 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1674x599, 156 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

See also

  • List of radio stations in Bandung, Indonesia

References

  1. ^ "Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia. Melbourne: Lonely Planet, pp.139, 181, 251, 435. ISBN 1-74059-154-2." . 
  2. ^ Bandung Tourism & Investment Council http://discoverbandung.solsticex.com
  3. ^ W.A. van der Kaars and M.A.C. Dam (1995). "A 135,000-year record of vegetational and climatic change from the Bandung area, West-Java, Indonesia". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 117 (1-2): 55–72. doi:10.1016/0031-0182(94)00121-N. 
  4. ^ a b c Setiawan Wangsaatmaja, Arief D. Sutadian and Maria A.N. Prasetiati. "Groundwater Resource Management in Bandung". Sustainable Groundwater Management in Asian Cities, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies. Retrieved on 2006-08-21. 
  5. ^ M.N. Kartadinata, M. Okuno, T. Nakamura and T. Kobayashi (2002). "Eruptive History of Tangkuban Perahu Volcano, West Java, Indonesia: A Preliminary Report" (PDF). Journal of Geography 111 (3): 404-409. Retrieved on 2006-08-21. 
  6. ^ Dam, M.A.C. (1994). "The Late Quaternary Evolution of the Bandung Basin, West Java, Indonesia". Ph. D. Thesis. Universiteit van Amsterdam.
  7. ^ van Bemmelen, R.W. (1949). The Geology of Indonesia, Vol. 1A, General Geology. 
  8. ^ "Sangiangtikoro is not The Leaking Point of The Old Bandung Lake", Pikiran Rakyat, 2005-10-27. Retrieved on 2006-07-20. (Indonesian) 
  9. ^ a b c d Bureau of Statistics (2003). "Bandung Dalam Angka (Bandung in Numbers)" (in Indonesian). Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  10. ^ B. Brahmayanto, E. Yulianto and Sudjatmiko (2001). "On the geomorphological development of Pawon Cave, west of Bandung, and the evidence finding of prehistoric dwelling cave". JTM. Retrieved on 2008-08-21. 
  11. ^ "Pramoedya sheds light on dark side of Daendels highway", The Jakarta Post, 2006-01-08. 
  12. ^ Peter .J.M Nas; Pratiwo (2001). "Java and De Groote Postweg, La Grande Route, The High Military Road" (PDF). University of Leiden.
  13. ^ Kunto, Haryanto (1984). Wajah Bandung Tempoe Doeloe. Granesia. 
  14. ^ a b Soemardi, Ahmad R.; Radjawali, I (2004). "Creative culture and urban planning: The Bandung Experience" (PDF). The eleventh International Planning History Conference 2004. Retrieved on 2006-08-21. 
  15. ^ "If Only Junghuhn Knows How Cinchona in Indonesia Becomes...", Pikiran Rakyat, 2004-06-07. Retrieved on 2006-08-21. (Indonesian) 
  16. ^ a b An Extremely Brief Urban History of Bandung. Institute of Indonesian Architectural Historian. Retrieved on 2006-08-20.
  17. ^ Sitaresmi, Ratnayu. "Social History of Bandung Lautan Api (Bandung Sea of Fire) 24 March 1946" (PDF). Retrieved on 2008-08-22.
  18. ^ Jason Parker (2006). "Cold War II: The Eisenhower Administration, the Bandung Conference, and the Reperiodization of the Postwar Era". Diplomatic History 30 (5): 867–892. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7709.2006.00582.x. 
  19. ^ a b Richard Wright (1995). The Color Curtain: A Report on the Bandung Conference. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 087805748X. 
  20. ^ A. Burton, A. Espiritu and F.C. Wilkins (2006). "Introduction: The Fate of Nationalisms in the Age of Bandung". Radical History Review 2006 (95): 145–148. doi:10.1215/01636545-2006-95-145. 
  21. ^ Sekilas Kota Bandung (About Bandung) (Indonesian). Official Website. Bandung City Government. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  22. ^ Bandung Tourism & Investment Council http://discoverbandung.solsticex.com
  23. ^ a b c W. Wangsadinata and T.K. Djajasudarma (1995). "Architectural Design Consideration for Modern Buildings in Indonesia". INDOBEX Conf. on Building Construction Technology for the Future: Construction Technology for Highrises & Intelligence Buildings. Retrieved on 2007-01-18. 
  24. ^ Java Experience http://travel.ciao.co.uk/Java_Experience_5297272_5
  25. ^ Asia Travel http://www.asiatravel.com/bandinfo.html
  26. ^ The Lively Pulse of Bandung http://www.thingsasian.com/goto_article/article.2543.html
  27. ^ "Kuwait invested USD 1.5 billion in Indonesia", 2002-10-14. Retrieved on 2006-08-23. (Indonesian) 
  28. ^ Bandung Tourism & Investment Council http://discoverbandung.solsticex.com
  29. ^ "From Indie to Magic", Kompas, 2003-08-22. Retrieved on 2006-08-21. (Indonesian) 
  30. ^ Fahmudin, Agus; Wahyunto. "Evaluation of Flood Mitigation Function of Several Land Use Systems in Selected Areas of West Java, Indonesia" (PDF). Japan / OECD Expert Meeting on Land Conservation Indicators, OECD. 
  31. ^ SP 18 May 2006 http://www.sp18.com/2006/05/
  32. ^ "Trash in Bandung Fears Uncollected", Pikiran Rakyat, 2005-02-23. (Indonesian) 
  33. ^ "From Bandung Ocean of Flame to the Ocean of Trash", Kompas, 2005-03-25. (Indonesian) 
  34. ^ "Bandung and Bekasi the Dirtiest Metropolitan", Antara, 2006-08-21. (Indonesian) 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... For other persons of the same name, see Richard Wright. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bandung
Indonesia Portal
  • Official site
  • Official tourism site
  • Bandung travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Bandung Heritage Society
  • Bandung is at coordinates 6°54′39″S 107°36′32″E / -6.9107, 107.6089 (Bandung)Coordinates: 6°54′39″S 107°36′32″E / -6.9107, 107.6089 (Bandung)

Want to know the best place to relax, have fun, and enjoy they beautiful views? A place when you could hear fine music and hot spring for you to swim... A place where it has all the things you need and want... A place where it is cool and 768 meters above sealevel... BANDUNG is the perfect place, the country's fourth largest city, where you could relax and have all the things you need. Go to Bandung and you will be smilling when you are arrived! In Bandung, great performances of musics soar through the air. Performances such as "Wayang Kulit", a wooden puppet show. And wait until you hear the bamboo orchestra. It is wonderful! "What will i see when we drive through Bandung?" People asked a lot about that. There a wonderful hot springs resort for people to swim in warm minerals water pool, and it is good for healing skin problems. In the resort, the owner had prepared Bar, restaurants,tennis courts, and even cabin style hotels with the view of a beautiful mountain-scape. Bring some coats, but skinny ones, because the weather is cool and 768 meters above sea level. Image File history File links Portal. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

v  d  e
Administrative areas in West Java
West Java Emblem

Cities: Bogor | Sukabumi | Bandung | Cirebon | Bekasi | Depok | Tasikmalaya | Banjar | Cimahi Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Nickname: Kota Hujan (City of Rain) Location of Bogor in Indonesia Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Diani Budiarto Time zone WIB (UTC+7) Area code(s) 0251 Website: www. ... Sukabumi is a city and regency in the highlands of West Java, Indonesia, about 80 km (50 miles) south of Jakarta. ... Cirebon (formerly Cheribon) is a city on north coast of the Indonesian island of Java. ... Bekasi is a city to the east of Jakarta, Indonesia in the Jabotabek region. ... Depok is a city adjacent to the south of Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Tasikmalaya is a city and regency in southeastern West Java, Indonesia, between Bandung and Purwokerto on the southerly of the two major road routes across Java. ... Cimahi is a city located west of Bandung, West Java. ...


Regencies: Bogor | Sukabumi | Cianjur | Bandung | Garut | Tasikmalaya | Ciamis | Kuningan | Cirebon | Majalengka | Sumedang | Indramayu | Subang | Purwakarta | Karawang | Bekasi Bogor Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Sukabumi Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Cianjur Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Bandung Regency (Kabupaten Bandung) is the suburban area surrounding the city of Bandung. ... Garut (Dutch: Garoet) is one of the regencies in Indonesias southern West Java province. ... Tasikmalaya Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Locator map of Ciamis in West Java Ciamis is a regency in West Java, Indonesia. ... Kuningan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Cirebon Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Majalengka Regency is one of 16 regencies (kabupaten) in West Java, Indonesia. ... Sumedang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Indramayu Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Subang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Purwakarta Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Karawang Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ... Bekasi Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ...

See also: Provinces of Indonesia
The province (Indonesian: provinsi) is the highest tier of local government subnational entity in Indonesia. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bandung travel guide - Wikitravel (6789 words)
The main bus terminals in Bandung are Leuwipanjang, serving buses from the west (Bogor, Jakarta, etc.) and Cicaheum, serving buses from the east (Cirebon and eastern Java cities).
Bandung is two hours away from Jakarta by car, thanks to the new Cipularang toll road that completes the inter-city highway between Jakarta and Bandung.
As Bandung highland is surrounded by a string of mountains, activities in the outskirt of the city are mainly mountain resorts, adventures and outdoor sports.
Bandung - Wikipédia (677 words)
Bandung (Ejaan Basa Indonesian heubeul: Bandoeng) ngarupakeun ibukota propinsi Jawa Barat, Indonésia.
Taun 1488, wewengkon nu kiwari disebut Bandung téh mangrupakeun wewengkon kakawasaan karajaan Sunda-Pajajaran.
Bandung ogé mangrupakeun ngaran hiji inuman Malayu nu dijieun tina susu nu dicampur ermawar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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