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Encyclopedia > Banbury
Banbury

Banbury shown within Oxfordshire
Population 43,867 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SP4540
 - London 77.8mi
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BANBURY
Postcode district OX16
Dialling code 01295
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
European Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
List of places: UKEnglandOxfordshire

Coordinates: 52°03′38″N 1°20′10″W / 52.0605, -1.3362 Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Cherwell is a local government district in northern Oxfordshire, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The OX postcode area, also known as the Oxford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Abingdon, Bampton, Banbury, Bicester, Burford, Carterton, Chinnor, Chipping Norton, Didcot, Kidlington, Oxford, Thame, Wallingford, Wantage, Watlington, Witney and Woodstock in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Thames Valley Police is one of the largest Home Office police services in England and the largest non-metropolitan one, covering 2200 sq mi (5,700 km²) and a population of 2. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service, is the Fire Service serving the county of Oxfordshire. ... The South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth, and Southampton, in the South East England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency within England. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Banbury is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements in both the non-metropolitan shire and ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Banbury is a market town located on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. It had a population of 43,867 at the 2001 census.[1] Banbury is part of the Cherwell district. The Member of Parliament for Banbury is Tony Baldry. The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... The River Cherwell is a river which flows through the midlands of England. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Cherwell is a local government district in northern Oxfordshire, England. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Anthony Brian Tony Baldry (born July 10, 1950) is a British politician, and member of Parliament for Banbury (UK Parliament constituency), first being elected in 1983. ...


Banbury is a significant commercial and retail centre for the surrounding area, which is predominantly rural. Banbury has a shopping centre called Castle Quay. Banbury's main industries include car components, electrical goods, plastics, food processing, and printing. Banbury is home to the world's largest coffee-producing facility (Kraft Foods), built in 1964. The town is famed for Banbury cakes – similar to Eccles cakes but oval in shape. Since July 2000 it has hosted a unique gathering of traditional mock animals, from around the UK and beyond, at the annual Banbury Hobby Horse Festival. Kraft Foods Inc. ... Banbury cakes are a kind of spiced, currant-filled, flat pastry cake similar to an Eccles cake - although they are more oval in shape - once made and sold exclusively in Banbury. ... An Eccles cake is a small, round cake filled with currants. ... A hobby horse (or hobbyhorse) can be several things: A toy horse, consisting of a model of a horses head, usually wooden, attached to a stick. ...


The surrounding area is known informally by some as Banburyshire and covers the north half of the Cherwell district and neighbouring areas. It has one of fastest growing populations in the country. As Banbury lies near the Oxfordshire border, "Banburyshire" includes parts of Northamptonshire and Warwickshire. Banburyshire is an informal area of England that is centred on the market town of Banbury. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced // or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ...

Contents

History

Banbury Town Hall (December 2005).
Banbury Town Hall (December 2005).

During excavations for the building of an office in Hennef Way in 2002, the remains of an Iron Age settlement with circular buildings, dating back to 200 AD were found. The site contained around 150 pieces of pottery and stone. Later, there was a Roman villa at nearby Wykham Park. Image File history File links Banbury_town_hall_1. ... Image File history File links Banbury_town_hall_1. ... A Roman villa is a villa that was built or lived in during the Roman Empire. ...


Banbury itself developed in the Anglo-Saxon period under strong Danish influence, starting in the latter half of the fifth century. The name Banbury may have derived from "Banna", a Saxon chieftain said to have built his stockade there in the sixth century - "bury" meaning settlement, a Saxon spelling of Banesbyrig. The name appears as "Banesberie" in the Domesday Book. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


The Saxons built Banbury on the west bank of the River Cherwell. On the opposite bank they built Grimsbury, which was later incorporated into Banbury.


Banbury stands at the junction of two ancient roads: Salt Way (still used as a bridle path to the west and south of the town), its primary use being the transportation of salt; and Banbury Lane, which began near Northampton and closely followed the modern 22-mile-long road before running through Banbury's High Street and on towards the Fosse Way at Stow-on-the-Wold. Banbury's mediæval prosperity was based on wool. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Banbury Castle was built from 1135 by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and survived into the Civil War, when it was besieged. Due to its proximity to Oxford, the King's capital, Banbury was a Royalist town, but the inhabitants were known to be strongly Puritan. The castle was demolished after the war. Banbury Castle stood near the centre of the town of Banbury, Oxfordshire (grid reference SP454404). ... Alexander of Lincoln (Latin: Alexander Lincolniensis) (died 1147), bishop of Lincoln, one of the most magnificent prelates of his day, was born in Blois, France, and was nephew to the famous Roger, bishop of Salisbury. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ...


Banbury played an important part in the Civil War as a base of operations for Oliver Cromwell, who purportedly planned the Battle of Edge Hill in the back room (which can still be visited) of a local inn, The Reindeer, a noted hostelry to this day. [1] Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Battle of Edgehill (or Edge Hill) was the first major engagement of the First English Civil War. ...


For centuries, trading in wool, ale, cakes and cheese created wealth for the town. Wool was first referred to in 1268, and cheese was manufactured from the 15th to the 18th centuries. Communications have always played a major role in the town's prosperity and prevented it from being just a quiet rural market town. It was a notable stagecoach stop and both the Red Lion and White Lion were coaching inns of note. Wealthy travellers would leave well supplied with Banbury Cakes. Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... In the United Kingdom, from approximately the mid-seventeenth century for a period of about 200 years, the Coaching Inn was a vital part of the inland transport infrastructure. ...


Banbury was ravaged by fire in 1628. Although some buildings have survived to the present day, many were destroyed.

The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury alongside the Oxford Canal, with Banbury Museum in the background.
The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury alongside the Oxford Canal, with Banbury Museum in the background.

The construction of the Oxford Canal in 1790 greatly aided the town's growth. Later the railways also helped its expansion: in 1850 the first rails reached Banbury, one line from the Great Western Railway and one from the London and North Western Railway, giving Banbury two stations side by side: the Great Western station, always the town's main station, later became known as Banbury Bridge Street, while the London & North Western became Banbury Merton Street. Merton Street closed in 1959 to allow all traffic to be concentrated on the main station. The railway lines to Brackley and Woodford Halse (both in Northamptonshire) closed in 1961 and 1966 respectively, but the main station, now simply called Banbury, still flourishes as a popular commuter and tourist station, served by trains running between London Paddington and Birmingham via Reading, Oxford and Leamington Spa, and from London Marylebone via High Wycombe and Bicester, the fastest non-stop train taking 68 minutes to get into London Marylebone (and 62 minutes for the return journey). The former mineral line from Banbury to the nearby ironstone quarry beside Wroxton village opened in about 1900 and closed in 1967 after the ironstone ran out. The small opencast mine was heavily used during World War II. Image File history File links Banbury_1. ... Image File history File links Banbury_1. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) was formed in 1846 by the merger of three railway companies - the Grand Junction Railway, London and Birmingham and Manchester and Birmingham. ... Map sources for Brackley at grid reference SP5837 Brackley is a town in south Northamptonshire, England. ... Woodford Halse is a village in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire in England, and is situated approximately 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Daventry and 15 miles (24 km) north-east of Banbury. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station is a major National Rail station in the Paddington area of London, England. ... This article is about the British city. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Leamington Spa, properly Royal Leamington Spa but commonly just Leamington, (pronounced Lemmington — IPA: ) is a spa town in central Warwickshire, England. ... Marylebone station or London Marylebone station is a National Rail and London Underground station in central London. ... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... , Bicester ( ; IPA ) is a town in the Cherwell district of north-eastern Oxfordshire in England, with a population of 28,672 (2001 census). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Marylebone station or London Marylebone station is a National Rail and London Underground station in central London. ... Wroxton is a village in the Cherwell district of Oxfordshire. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Until its closure in June 1998, Banbury was home to the largest livestock market in western Europe.


The town saw rapid expansion during the 1960s as housing was built for the overspill from London. Banbury's continued growth was accelerated by the completion of the M40 motorway which gave faster access by road to London and Birmingham. London overspill is the term given to the communities created - largely consisting of council houses - as a result of the policy of moving residents out of London, England into other towns. ... The M40 motorway is a motorway in the English transport network that connects London to Birmingham. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ...


Banbury was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act 1835. It retained a borough council until 1974, when under the Local Government Act 1972 it became part of the Cherwell district, an unparished area with Charter Trustees. A civil parish with a town council was set up in 2000. The Municipal Reform Act 1835 required members of town councils to be elected by ratepayers and councils to publish their financial accounts. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... In the United Kingdom, Charter Trustees are set up to maintain the continuity of a town charter or city charter after a district with the status of a borough or city has been abolished, until such time as a parish council is established. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ...


Transport and infrastructure

Banbury from the north-west
Banbury from the north-west

Due to the building of the M40 motorway, Banbury is now a sizeable, prosperous town with good industry, although the town has not expanded quite as rapidly as some had anticipated. It is now one of the major commuter towns for both London, Solihull and Birmingham. The M40 also provides local residents great access to both the Midlands and the southeast. The M40 motorway is a motorway in the English transport network that connects London to Birmingham. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Solihull (IPA: , or ) is a large town in the West Midlands of England, with a population of 94,753. ... This article is about the British city. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Banbury also has rail services run by Chiltern Railways to Warwick, Birmingham and London Marylebone via the non-electrified Chiltern Main Line that runs from London Marylebone. It also has services run by First Great Western to Oxford, Reading and London Paddington. Services to other parts of the country are provided by CrossCountry via Birmingham New Street, to Cardiff, Bristol, Stansted, as well as direct services to Reading, Bournemouth, Brighton, Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. Chiltern Railways is a train operating company in England. ... Warwick (pronounced or War-ick (silent w in middle)) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census). ... This article is about the British city. ... The main entrance to Marylebone station. ... First Great Western is the operating name of First Greater Western Ltd,[1] a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup, which operates services in the west and south west of England and South Wales. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... This article is about the learning activity. ... Paddington station or London Paddington is the name of a major railway station in the Paddington area of London, which is the London terminus for long distance trains to the West of England and South Wales and some West London commuter services. ... This article is about CrossCountry trains. ... Birmingham New Street could refer to: Birmingham New Street Station New Street, Birmingham This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... This article is about the English city. ... This article refers to the Kent parish of Stansted. ... , Bournemouth ( ) is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ...


Banbury has an intra-urban bus service provided by Stagecoach Group which also feeds the outlying villages and provides transport to towns such as Oxford, Chipping Norton and Brackley. Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Chipping Norton is a town in Oxfordshire, England, located north west of Oxford. ... Map sources for Brackley at grid reference SP5837 Brackley is a town in south Northamptonshire, England. ...


The Oxford Canal snakes its way through Banbury, providing a stopping point for narrowboat owners, and although the canal is no longer used for freight, it remains a busy and bustling waterway as it joins to the main Grand Union Canal further north. Moored narrowboats near Tardebigge, Worcestershire, England Horse drawing a narrowboat on the Kennet and Avon Canal. ... The canal at Braunston The Grand Union Canal is a canal in England and part of the British canal system. ...


Hennef Way (A422) was upgraded to a dual carriageway easing traffic on the heavily congested road and providing better links to north Banbury and the town centre from the M40. The project was planned to take 85 weeks but was finished 6 weeks overdue. The A422 is a minor road for east/west journeys in south central England, connecting the county towns of Bedford and Worcester by way of Milton Keynes, Buckingham and Stratford upon Avon. ...


There have been recent suggestions to build a ring road around Banbury or add a relief road from Bodicote to ease town centre traffic although none of these plans have yet gone forth.


Expansion timeline of Banbury

  • 1790 — Oxford Canal built, making access to Banbury easier for industry
  • 1850 — Railway built through Banbury, making commuting to London and Birmingham much easier
  • 1960 — London overspill greatly increases town's population and leads to the construction of the Bird's factory (now Kraft Foods) and the Bretch Hill estate
  • 1991 — M40 construction complete, further improving links to London and Birmingham
  • 2000 — Hanwell Fields estate construction starts (still being expanded today)
  • 2004 — Cherwell Centre construction complete (with bowling alley, Matalan and car park)
  • 2006 — College Fields estate construction is approved (1,070 houses adjacent to Bankside/Bodicote). The town's Tesco store is expanded into a two-storey Tesco Extra.

Matalan is a discount clothing and homeware store in the United Kingdom. ... , For other uses, see Tesco (disambiguation). ...

Shopping

Banbury has many shops in suburban local centres and in the town centre along the High Street, Parsons Street, Broad Street and in the market place. There is also a market held on Thursdays and Saturdays in the market place. Banbury also has an average size retail park (Banbury Cross Retail Park). Banbury Cross Retail Park is a medium sized retail park on the outskirts of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...


Castle Quay

Castle Quay is a shopping centre located in the centre of Banbury. It opened as the Castle Shopping Centre in 1977 before being expanded in the 1990s. It has six entrances; three along the canal, one on Bridge Street and two in the market place. The centre has over 30 shops including well-known names such as Woolworths, Marks & Spencer, Bhs, Debenhams and many more. Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This article is about the British Woolworths Group plc, and its stores. ... Marks & Spencer (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ... For other uses of the abbreviation, see BHS Bhs (also trading as British Home Stores and formerly BHS and BhS) is a stalwart department store of the British High Street, selling clothing and household items (such as bedlinen, cutlery, crockery and lighting). ... Debenhams plc (LSE: DEB) is a retailer with a chain of department stores based in the United Kingdom, and franchised stores in a number of other countries. ...


Market

Every Thursday and Saturday, a market is held in the market place, as well as a farmers' market on the first Friday of every month. For the free-jazz group, see Farmers Market (band). ...


Polish and East European immigration

Banbury has one of the UK's lowest unemployment rates (less than 1%), with a resultant high demand for labour. Once Poland joined the European Union in 2004, a number of Banbury-based employment agencies began advertising for staff in major Polish newspapers. According to an estimate by the Banbury Polish Association, there are between 5,000 and 6,000 Poles in the town.[2] The influx of the largely Catholic Polish workers has had a revitalising effect on Banbury's Catholic churches, to the extent that at least one now offers a Mass said partially in Polish. Additionally specialist Polish food shops have opened as well as supermarkets such as Tesco opening specialist food counters for the new population. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


The town also has significant numbers of other Eastern European populations, notably Hungarians and Lithuanians.


Banbury Cross

At one time Banbury had many crosses (The High Cross, The Bread Cross and The White Cross), but these were destroyed by Puritans on 26 July 1600. Banbury remained without a cross for another 250 years until the current Banbury Cross was erected in 1859 at the centre of the town to commemorate the marriage of Queen Victoria's eldest daughter to Prince Frederick of Prussia. The current Banbury Cross is a stone, spire-shaped monument decorated in Gothic form. Statues of Queen Victoria, Edward VII and George V were added in 1911. The cross is fifty-two feet six inches high, and topped by a gilt cross. is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1600 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The English nursery rhyme "Ride a cock horse to Banbury Cross" - known world-wide for many years as a continuity theme on BBC World Service - refers to a cross destroyed by Puritans in 1602. In April 2005, Princess Anne unveiled a large bronze statue depicting the Fine Lady upon a White Horse of the nursery rhyme. It stands on the corner of West Bar and South Bar, just yards from the present Banbury Cross. A nursery rhyme is a traditional song or poem taught to young children, originally in the nursery. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Princess Anne may refer to more than one person: Anne, Princess Royal (born 15 August 1950), daughter of Elizabeth II of the UK Anne, Princess of Orange (1709‑1759), daughter of George II of Great Britain Anne (1637‑1759), daughter of Charles I of England Princess Anne may refer to...


Cattle Market

Banbury is a historic market town that used to be home to Western Europe's largest cattle market,[2] situated on Merton Street in Grimsbury where trading took place with a variety of farm animals. Since its closure in June 1998 a new housing development has been built on its site (that may soon include a school). The council rejected planning permission for a new smaller cattle market on the grounds that it would increase traffic congestion. The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury is built alongside the Oxford Canal Map sources for Banbury at grid reference SP4540 Banbury is a market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. ...


Local Newspapers

Banbury has four local newspapers:

The Banbury Guardian is published on Thursdays and goes on sale the same day. The Banbury Cake is published on Wednesdays and is released for delivery on Thursday. The Banbury & District Review is published Thursdays and released for delivery on Friday. The Commuter is released for delivery on Monday. The Banbury Guardian is a local broadsheet newspaper for Banbury (in Oxfordshire, England) and the surrounding area. ... The Banbury & District Review is the local, weekly, free newspaper distributed to Banbury and the Surrounding area usually on a Friday. ... The Banbury Cake is a free, weekly, newspaper distubuted to houses in Banbury and the surrounding area usually on a Thursday. ... Banbury railway station serves the town of Banbury in Oxfordshire, England. ...


Banbury Museum

Banbury has a new modern museum in the town centre near Spiceball Park, replacing the old museum near the Bnabury Cross. [3] It cost appoximatly £5,000,000 to build and is accessable over a bridge from the Castle Quay Shopping Centre or via Spiceball Park road. Admission to the museum is free. The towns tourist Information centre is located in the Museum entrance in Castle Quay. With an area just over half the size of Poets Corner Spiceball is the largest Park in Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...


Schools and colleges

Colleges

Oxford and Cherwell Valley College is a college is the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...

Secondary schools

Banbury School is a mixed, multi-heritage, fully comprehensive school with 1650 students (including sixth form. ... Blessed George Napier Roman Catholic School and Sports College is a Roman Catholic Secondary school which was recently awarded sports college status. ... North Oxfordshire Academy in association with United Learning Trust Has offically opened. ... Drayton School is a comprehensive school with 650 students. ...

Primary schools

The Primary schools in the area are:

Dashwood School is a Primary school situated on Dashwood road, in the Calthorpe ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... The Grange School is a relatively large primary school located on Avocet Way, in the Cherwell Heights ward of Banbury. ... Hardwick School is a primary school which is situated on Ferriston in Banbury, Oxfordshire, was opened in 1977 and serves the growing community of Hardwick. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Hill View School is a primary school situated on Hill View Crescent in the Ruscote ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Hanwell Fields Community School is a school situated on Rotary Way in the Hanwell Fields estate of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Orchard Fields Community School is a large primary school situated on Prescott Close in the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Johns Roman Catholic Primary School is a primary school on Avocet Way in the Cherwell Heights ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Johns Priory School is a relatively small independent primary school, situated on St Johns Road, in the Calthorpe ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Josephs Roman Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary school situated on Fiennes Road in the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Leonards School is a primary school situated on Causeway in the Grimsbury estate of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Marys is an average sized primary school in Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... William Morris School is a primary school on Bretch Hill (road) in the Bretch Hill ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...

Geography

Co-ordinates

Banbury's latitude and longitude are 52°03′36″N, 1°20′25″W (at Banbury Cross, which is usually considered the centre).


Banbury is located in the Cherwell Valley therefore there are many hills in and around the town. Apart from the town centre much of Banbury is on a slope and each entrance into the town is downhill, estates such as Bretch Hill and Hardwick are built on top of a hill and much of the town can be seen from both. Other hills include Crouch Hill and many others to the east of the town. Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Hardwick is a common place name in the United Kingdom. ...


Banbury is located at the bank of the River Cherwell, and it sweeps through the town, going just east of the town centre with Grimsbury being the only estate east of the river. The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury is built alongside the Oxford Canal Map sources for Banbury at grid reference SP4540 Banbury is a market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. ...


Churches and Places of Worship

There are many churches in Banbury as well as a mosque. Below is a list of them: A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...

  • St Paul's Church
  • St Mary's Church of England and United Reformed Church
  • Marlborough Road Methodist Church
  • The Salvation Army Church, George Street
  • Grimsbury Baptist Church
  • The People's Church, (formerly known as Baptist Church Centre)
  • St. John's Evangelist, Roman Catholic Church
  • St. Joseph the Worker, Roman Catholic Church
  • Grimsbury Mosque
  • St. Leonards, Anglican
  • The Church Of Jesus Christ Of Latter Day Saints, (Mormon)

Parks and Recreational areas

Banbury is a town with many Parks and other recreational areas. Some of these are:

General Info Cherwell Heights is a Housing Estate in Banbury, which was built during the late 1960s and Early 1970s. ... Poets Corner is an Estate that falls within the Easington ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Easington is the name of several places in England: Easington, Buckinghamshire Easington, County Durham Easington (district), County Durham Easington, Oxfordshire Easington, East Riding of Yorkshire Easington, North Riding of Yorkshire Easington, West Riding of Yorkshire Easington Colliery, County Durham Easington Lane, County Durham This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Easington is a ward in the South West, of the old market town of Banbury. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... The Horton View Sports Ground, situated on Horton view in the Easington ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire is a large open space of grass. ... Hardwick is an estate at the northern end of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Hardwick School is a primary school which is situated on Ferriston in Banbury, Oxfordshire, was opened in 1977 and serves the growing community of Hardwick. ... Kings Field Park is a large open park in Bodicote just south of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Bodicote is a village and civil parish in the Cherwell district of Oxfordshire, England, on the southern fringe of the Banbury urban area. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... The River Cherwell is a river which flows through the midlands of England. ... General Info Cherwell Heights is a Housing Estate in Banbury, which was built during the late 1960s and Early 1970s. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Orchard Fields Community School is a large primary school situated on Prescott Close in the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...

Wards, neighbourhoods, and suburbs

A map of the areas of Banbury (industrial areas in blue). Hanwell fields North of 1/C. College Fields Proposed to be East and South of 9

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 719 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (871 × 726 pixel, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/png) a rough guide to the estates , suburbs and wards of banbury. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 719 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (871 × 726 pixel, file size: 33 KB, MIME type: image/png) a rough guide to the estates , suburbs and wards of banbury. ... Neithrop is a housing estate and ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Calthorpe is a ward in the town of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Cherwell Heights is a housing estate in Banbury, which was built during the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... College Fields is an Estate that will be built in Banbury, Oxfordshire, England in the next few years. ... Easington is a ward in the south-west of the old market town of Banbury. ... The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury is built alongside the Oxford Canal Map sources for Banbury at grid reference SP4540 Banbury is a market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. ... Hardwick is an estate at the northern end of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ...

Other areas

Oxford and Cherwell Valley College is a college is the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Peoples Park is the second largest park in Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Beaumont Industrial Estate is located north of Southam road industrial estate and east of Ruscote in Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. ... Southam Road Industrial Estate unlike the other industrial estates in Banbury has a main road running through it which is not just used for acsessing the industrial estate alone. ...

Local sport

Rugby

Banbury has a thriving sporting culture and is home to many teams who play at both local and national levels. Banbury Rugby Union Football Club play at Bodicote Park, in Bodicote. Banbury Cricket Club also has its homeground in Bodicote, at White Post Road Pavillion.

Football

Banbury is also home to a football team known formally as Banbury United F.C. who play at the Spencer Stadium located within Banbury, and informally as The Puritans, a reminder of Banbury's strong historical link to Puritanism. They play in the Southern League Premier Division, one tier below the Conference South and three tiers below full Football League status. Banbury are one of the most northerly teams in this division. Banbury United is a football club currently playing in the Southern League. ... The Puritans were members of a group of radical Protestants which developed in England after the Reformation. ... The Southern League Premier Division is a football league covering central and south western England. ... Conference South (currently billed as Blue Square Southern for sponsorship reasons) is one of the second divisions of the Football Conference in England, taking its place immediately below the Conference National. ... The Football League is an organisation representing 72 professional football clubs in England and Wales, and runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. ...

Canoeing

Banbury is home to two thriving Canoe clubs. Banbury & District Canoe Club which is based on the Oxford Canal at Cropredy Wharf is one of England's most successful clubs and was voted "Club of the Year" by the British Canoe Union in 2006. Primarily a competition club, BDCC focuses on flatwater racing (sprint and marathon) and wildwater racing. There is also a strong touring side to the club. The club has a number of past and present international paddlers and national champions at various age groups and the junior section is currently very strong, with a number of potential Olympians for 2012. The club has a robust coaching system and runs regular courses for beginners and for experienced paddlers. Cherwell Canoe Club which caters mainly for canoe polo, playboating and slalom and is based at Woodgreen. It is one of the parties involved in the fight to re-open Woodgreen Swimming Pool. The club's teams play canoe polo in the national leagues.

Golf

Banbury Golf Club is situated five miles south of Banbury on the B4100 at Adderbury and under 15 minutes from Junction 10 of the M40. Opened in 1993, it now has 3 separate 9-hole loops. Banbury Golf Club has been open since 1993 it now has 3 separate 9 hole loops the Golf Club is situated five miles south of Banbury on the B4100 at Adderbury. ...

Cricket

Re-formed in 1949 Banbury Cricket Club has developed into the leading club side in Oxfordshire, winning the inaugural Home Counties Premier League in 2000.


The club runs several sides of varying age groups and abilities with four Saturday sides. The First XI play in the ECB Home Counties Premier League, the highest standard of club cricket. The Second, Third and Fourth XI play in the Cherwell League competing against other club sides in the county. The club also manages a Sunday side, which competes in ECB National Club Championship, which has seen the club, reach the last 16 in recent years. A midweek side play in the Brackley & District Midweek League a 20 over competition on Wednesday evenings throughout the summer.


Banbury Cricket Club also has a comprehensive youth set up coached by qualified coaches including club professional and Director of Cricket, Paul Taylor (Northants & England) offering cricket at under 11, 13, 15, 17 levels. Several of the players from the youth set up have gone on to represent their counties at their age group and the club has now seen a few of these youth players go on to play in the clubs First XI. The club has also been the breeding for some of this talent to go onto play senior county cricket at Minor Counties and First Class level.



Banbury Twenty Club was formed in 1932 by an original twenty members. It is a founder member of the Cherwell Cricket League and still competes in the League's highest division.


The Club run three Saturday sides which compete in Cherwell League Divisions one, four and nine respectively. The club also play in the Brackley & District Midweek League on a Wednesday evening.


The Club runs two youth teams (U13/U15) who compete in Oxfordshire and South Northants competitions and are coached by ECB qualified coaches. The Club's youth policy is proud to have produced players such as Rob Cunliffe who played for the all-conquering Gloucestershire side that won the treble in 2000.


Two other notable names from the Club include Keith Arnold and Mike Wedderburn. Arnold is an Oxfordshire seam bowler and 2nd highest minor counties wicket taker ever, while Sky Sports News presenter Wedderburn used to play county cricket for Hampshire and rugby for Harlequins.


Many of these sporting clubs have close ties with local schools, encouraging children of all abilities to participate. Blessed George Napier RC Secondary School in Banbury was recently granted specialist status as a sports college.


People associated with Banbury

Anthony Burgess (February 25, 1917 – November 22, 1993) was a British novelist, critic and composer. ... Alan Lloyd Hodgkin photo: taken 1963 Nobel prize photo Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, OM, KBE, FRS (February 5, 1914 – December 20, 1998) was a British physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Andrew Fielding Huxley on the basis of nerve... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Lancelot Ernest Holland (September 13, 1887–May 24, 1941) was an admiral who commanded the British force in the Battle of Denmark Strait in May, 1941 against the German battleship Bismarck. ... Three ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Hood after members of the Hood family, which produced several notable Navy officers: HMS Hood (1859) - 91-gun second-rate ship of the line, launched as Edgar. ... Gordon James Ramsay, OBE (born November 8, 1966 in Johnstone, Scotland) is a Scottish chef, television personality and entrepreneur. ... Larry Grayson (21 August 1923 – 7 January 1995), born William White, was an English stand-up comedy and gameshow host of the late 1970s and 1980s. ... , Nuneaton is the largest town in the English county of Warwickshire, and the borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (April 13, 1732–August 5, 1792), more often known by his earlier title, Lord North, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782, and a major actor in the American Revolution. ... Richard (Richie) Hawtin (born June 4, 1970, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England) is a English-Canadian electronic musician and internationally-touring DJ who was an influential part of Detroit technos second wave of artists in the early 1990s. ... John Philip Rudolph Dominic Aloysius Mary Brooke-Little[1] CVO, KStJ, FSA, FSG, FHS, FHG (Hon), FRHSC (Hon), FHSNZ (6 April 1927–13 February 2006) was an influential and popular British writer on heraldic subjects and a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. ... Banners bearing heraldic badges of several officers of arms at the College of Arms in London. ... Dermot Gallagher Dermot J. Gallagher (born May 20, 1957[1]). is an English referee who represents Oxfordshire FA. Currently refereeing in the Premier League of English football. ... Christopher Chris Hutchings (born 5 July 1957 in Winchester, England) is an English former footballer and a manager. ... Wigan Athletic Football Club are a football team based in Wigan, England. ... Benjamin Geen is a former nurse convicted of murdering two patients and causing grievous bodily harm to 15 others while working at Horton General Hospital in Oxfordshire. ... General The Horton general is a National Health Service run hospital, located on the Oxford road, in Banbury. ... The Banbury Guardian is a local broadsheet newspaper for Banbury (in Oxfordshire, England) and the surrounding area. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... Gary Glitter (born May 8, 1944) is an English rock and pop singer and songwriter who had a string of chart successes with a collection of 1970s glam rock hits including Rock and Roll parts 1 & 2, I Love You Love Me Love, Im the Leader of the Gang... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... Helen Anker, born in 1972 in Banbury, Oxfordshire, is an actress and singer who trained at the Royal Ballet School and Bird College of Dance, Music & Theatre Performance. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Original poster For the novel see The Beautiful and Damned Beautiful and Damned is a musical with a book by Kit Hesketh Harvey and music and lyrics by Les Reed and Roger Cook. ...

Companies based in Banbury

Kraft Foods Banbury Kraft Foods in Banbury, Oxfordshire is a large food and coffee producing factory in the north of the town. ...


Westminster group plc Westminster Group Plc is a world-wide company, with headquarters in Banbury, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, that specialises in Fire, Safety, Security and Defence. ...


Banbury PC People - www.banburypcpeople.com


Twinnings

Banbury is twinned with: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Hennef (also: Hennef (Sieg)) is a town and a municipality in the Rhein-Sieg district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ermont is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. ...

References

  1. ^ 2001 urban areas headcounts
  2. ^ http://www.banburyguardian.co.uk/ViewArticle2.aspx?SectionID=687&ArticleID=1510960

External links

  • A history of Banbury
  • Banbury town council
Dashwood School is a Primary school situated on Dashwood road, in the Calthorpe ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... The Grange School is a relatively large primary school located on Avocet Way, in the Cherwell Heights ward of Banbury. ... Hanwell Fields Community School is a school situated on Rotary Way in the Hanwell Fields estate of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Hardwick School is a primary school which is situated on Ferriston in Banbury, Oxfordshire, was opened in 1977 and serves the growing community of Hardwick. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Hill View School is a primary school situated on Hill View Crescent in the Ruscote ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Orchard Fields Community School is a large primary school situated on Prescott Close in the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Leonards School is a primary school situated on Causeway in the Grimsbury estate of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Johns Roman Catholic Primary School is a primary school on Avocet Way in the Cherwell Heights ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Marys is an average sized primary school in Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... William Morris School is a primary school on Bretch Hill (road) in the Bretch Hill ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Johns Priory School is a relatively small independent primary school, situated on St Johns Road, in the Calthorpe ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... St Josephs Roman Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary school situated on Fiennes Road in the Neithrop ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... General The Horton general is a National Health Service run hospital, located on the Oxford road, in Banbury. ... The Foscote Private Hospital is a BMI run private hospital situaed on Foscote Rise in the Calthorpe ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... The Banbury Guardian is a local broadsheet newspaper for Banbury (in Oxfordshire, England) and the surrounding area. ... The Banbury & District Review is the local, weekly, free newspaper distributed to Banbury and the Surrounding area usually on a Friday. ... The Banbury Cake is a free, weekly, newspaper distubuted to houses in Banbury and the surrounding area usually on a Thursday. ... Banbury cakes are a kind of spiced, currant-filled, flat pastry cake similar to an Eccles cake - although they are more oval in shape - once made and sold exclusively in Banbury. ... Banbury Cross Retail Park is a medium sized retail park on the outskirts of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Kings Field Park is a large open park in Bodicote just south of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... The Horton View Sports Ground, situated on Horton view in the Easington ward of Banbury, Oxfordshire is a large open space of grass. ... Banbury railway station serves the town of Banbury in Oxfordshire, England. ... Banbury United are a football club based in Banbury, Oxfordshire, who currently play in the British Gas Business Southern League. ... Grimsbury Reservoir is a relatively small reservoir owned by Thames Water just off Hennef Way, near the Grimsbury estate of Banbury, Oxfordshire. ... Kraft Foods in Banbury, Oxfordshire is a large food and coffee producing factory in the north of the town. ... Touch FM is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to the town of Banbury and northern Oxfordshire, in the English Midlands. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Banbury.eu (2647 words)
Banbury was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act 1835.
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