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Encyclopedia > Banat
Location of Banat in Europe
Location of Banat in Europe
Map of the Banat region with largest cities shown

The Banat (Romanian: Banat, Serbian: Банат or Banat, Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság, German: Banat, Slovak: Banát, Bulgarian: Банат) is a geographical and historical region of Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the eastern part lies in Romania (the counties of Timiş, Caraş-Severin, Arad, and Mehedinţi), the western part in Serbia (the Serbian Banat, mostly included in the Vojvodina region, except for a small part included in Central Serbia), and a small northern part in Hungary (Csongrád county). Image File history File links Banat_location. ... Image File history File links Banat_location. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (694x703, 161 KB)Map of Banat region (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (694x703, 161 KB)Map of Banat region (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ... Facts Development region: Vest Historic region: Transylvania Population:  â€¢ As of 2002:  â€¢ Population density: 461,791 60/km² Area: 7,754 km² Codes:  â€¢ Car numbers  â€¢ ISO 3166-2:RO AR RO-AR Telephone code: (+40) x57 (1) Web:   County Council Prefecture 1. ... MehedinÅ£i is a county (judeÅ£) in southwestern Romania, in the western portion of the historical province of Oltenia, within the region of Wallachia. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... This article is about the county. ...


The Banat is a part of the Pannonian plain bordered by the River Danube to the south, the River Tisza (Theiss, Tissa, Tisa) to the west, the River Mureş to the north, and the Southern Carpathian mountains to the east. Its historical capital was Timişoara (Hungarian: Temesvár, Serbian: Temišvar), now in Timiş county in Romania. The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... The Mureş (in Romanian, in Hungarian: Maros, in German: Mieresch / Marosch) is an approx. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ...

Contents

Name

The term Banat designated a frontier province governed by a ban. The -at suffix is Latinate (from Romanian, cf. Voievod/Voievodat and Cneaz/Cnezat or from Medieval Latin -atus). Ban is a title of either Avar or Illyrian origin, the title was used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... For the heavy metal music band see Voivod (band). ... Kniaz’ or knyaz is a word found in some Slavic languages. ... Medieval Latin refers to the Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church. ...


There were several banats in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, such as the banats of Dalmatia, of Slavonia, of Bosnia and of Croatia; these disappeared during the course of the Turkish Wars. But when the word is used without any other qualification, it indicates the Timişoara Banat, which strangely acquired this title after the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), though it was never governed by a ban. The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The wars of the Ottoman Empire in Europe marked the better part of the history of southeastern Europe, notably, giving infamy to the Balkans. ... Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739 The Banat of Temeswar (German: Temeswarer Banat, Romanian: Banatul TimiÅŸoarei, Serbian: TamiÅ¡ki Banat or Тамишки Банат, Hungarian: Temesi Bánság) was an Habsburg province that existed between 1718 and 1778. ... The Treaty of Passarowitz was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, Serbia (German: Passarowitz, Turkish Pasarofça, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ...


Geography

Romanian Banat

Map of Romania with Romanian Banat highlighted
Map of Romania with Romanian Banat highlighted

In 1938, the counties of Timiş-Torontal, Caraş, Severin, Arad, and Hunedoara were joined to form Ţinutul Timiş, which encompassed the Romanian Banat. Image File history File links Romanian map with Banat region highlighted Made by me File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Romanian map with Banat region highlighted Made by me File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Coat of Arms Å¢inutul TimiÅŸ was one of the ten Romanian Å£inuturi founded in 1938, after King Carol II initiated an institutional reform by modifying the 1923 Constitution and the law of territorial administration. ...


On 6 September 1950, the province was replaced by the Timişoara Region (formed by the present-day counties of Timiş and Caraş-Severin). September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ...


In 1956, the southern half of the existing Arad Region was incorporated to the Timişoara Region.


In December 1960, the Timişoara Region was named the Banat Region. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


On 17 February 1968, a new territorial division was made and today's Timiş, Caraş-Severin and Arad counties were formed. February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ... Facts Development region: Vest Historic region: Transylvania Population:  â€¢ As of 2002:  â€¢ Population density: 461,791 60/km² Area: 7,754 km² Codes:  â€¢ Car numbers  â€¢ ISO 3166-2:RO AR RO-AR Telephone code: (+40) x57 (1) Web:   County Council Prefecture 1. ...


Since 1998, Romania has been split into eight development regions, which act as a form of territorial autonomy divisions. The Vest development region is composed of four counties: Arad, Timiş, Hunedoara, and Caraş-Severin; thus it has almost same borders as the Timiş Province of 1929. The Vest development region is also a part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa Euroregion. Vest (West) is a development region in Romania. ... map of DKMT Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa (Romanian: Dunare-Criş-Mureş-Tisa, Hungarian: Duna-Körös-Maros-Tisza, Serbian: Dunav-Kriš-Moriš-Tisa) is a euroregion located in Hungary, Romania and Serbia. ... In European politics, a Euroregion is a form of transfrontier co-operation structure between two (or more) European countries. ...


The Romanian Banat is mountainous in the south and southeast, while in the north, west and south-west it is flat and in some places marshy. The climate, except in the marshy parts, is generally healthy. Wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, flax, hemp and tobacco are grown in large quantities, and the products of the vineyards are of a good quality. Game is plentiful and the rivers swarm with fish. The mineral wealth is great, including copper, tin, lead, zinc, iron and especially coal. Amongst its numerous mineral springs, the most important are those of Mehadia, with sulphurous waters, which were already known in the Roman period as the Termae Herculis (Băile Herculane). The present "Banat Region" of Romania includes some areas that are mountainous and were not part of the historical Banat or of the Pannonian plain. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the product manufactured from Tobacco plants (Nicotiana spp. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Standard atomic weight 118. ... For Pb as an abbreviation, see PB. General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Staue of Hercules from Băile Herculane Băile Herculane (Hungarian: HerkulesfürdÅ‘, German: Herkulesbad, Latin: Aqua Herculis) is a town in Romanian Banat, in CaraÅŸ-Severin county, situated in the valley of the Cerna River, between the MehedinÅ£i Mountains to the east and the Cerna Mountains to the...

Serbian Banat

Proclaimed borders of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848 (including Western Banat)
Proclaimed borders of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848 (including Western Banat)
Serbian Banat within Vojvodina
Serbian Banat within Vojvodina

The Serbian Banat (Western Banat) was part of Serbian Vojvodina (1848-1849) and part of the Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat (1849-1860). After 1860, the Serbian Banat was part of Torontál and Temes counties of Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. The center of Torontál county was Veliki Bečkerek (Hungarian: Nagybecskerek, Romanian: Becicherecul Mare), the current Zrenjanin. Image File history File links Vojvodina03. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina03. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (756x639, 40 KB)Vojvodina map (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (756x639, 40 KB)Vojvodina map (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Torontál (in Hungarian: Torontál, in Serbian: Torontal or Торонтал) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... Zrenjanin (Serbian: Зрењанин or Zrenjanin, Hungarian: Nagybecskerek, Romanian: Becicherecul Mare, Slovak: Zreňanin, Rusin: Зрењанин, Croatian: Zrenjanin) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro (in Serbian northern province of Vojvodina) at 45. ...


The region was a county of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between 1918 and 1922, and from 1922 to 1929 it was divided between Belgrade oblast and Podunavlje oblast. In 1929, most of the region was incorporated into the Danube Banovina (Danubian Banat), a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, while the city of Pančevo was incorporated into self-governed Belgrade district. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Belgrade (Serbian:  ) is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. ... Freedom Bridge across the Danube, Novi Sad Podunavlje (Подунавље) is the name of the Danube river basin parts located in Serbia (Vojvodina and Central Serbia) and Croatia (Slavonia, Srijem, and Baranja). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dunavska banovina map The Danube Banovina (or Danube Banate; Serbian and Croatian: Дунавска бановина Dunavska banovina) was a province (banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Church of Assumption in Pančevo Pančevo Banatsko Novo Selo Kačarevo Jabuka Glogonj Dolovo Starčevo Omoljica Ivanovo Banatski Brestovac Municipality of Pančevo ● Pančevo (Панчево) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 44. ...


Between 1941 and 1944, the Serbian Banat was occupied by the Axis powers. Formally it was part of Serbia, but it actually was a virtually separate autonomous region ruled by its German minority. Since 1945 the Serbian Banat (together with Bačka and Syrmia), has been part of the Serbian Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Banat region, 1941-1944 The Banat was an autonomous region within German-occupied Serbia between 1941 and 1944. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ...


In Serbia, the Banat is mostly plains. Wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, hemp and sunflower are grown, and mineral wealth consists of oil and natural gas. A popular tourist destination in the Banat is Deliblatska Peščara. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Helianthus annuus L. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant native to the Americas in the family Asteraceae, with a large flowering head (inflorescence). ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... Foggy morning on the Deliblato Sands. ...


The districts of Serbia in Banat are: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Subdivisions of Serbia. ...

Serbian Banat also include area known as Pančevački Rit, which belong to Belgrade municipality of Palilula. Map of North Banat District North Banat District (Serbian: Severnobanatski okrug or Севернобанатски округ, Hungarian: Észak Bánsági Körzet, Croatian: Sjevernobanatski okrug, Slovak: Severobanátsky okres, Romanian: Districtul Banatul de Nord, Rusyn: Сивернобанатски окрух) is a northern district of Serbia. ... Ada (Ада) is a town and municipality in the North Banat District of Vojvodina province near the river Tisa, in Serbia and Montenegro. ... Senta, City Hall The tower of the City Hall The bridge across Tisa River in Senta Senta (Serbian: Сента or Senta, Hungarian: Zenta) is a town and municipality on the bank of the Tisa river in the Vojvodina province, Serbia. ... Kanjiža (-Serbian: Кањижа; Hungarian: Magyarkanizsa) is a town and municipality in the North Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Central Banat (Srednji Banat) District within Vojvodina Map of Central Banat District Central Banat District (Serbian: Srednjebanatski okrug or Средњебанатски округ, Croatian: Srednjebanatski okrug, Hungarian: Közép Bánsági Körzet, Slovak: Sredobanátsky okres, Romanian: Districtul Banatul de Central, Rusyn: Стредобанатски окрух) is a northeastern district of Serbia. ... South Banat (Juzni Banat) District within Vojvodina South Banat District (Serbian: Južnobanatski okrug, Croatian: Južnobanatski okrug, Hungarian: Dél Bánsági Körzet, Slovak: Juhobanátsky okres, Romanian: Districtul Banatul de Sud) is a northeastern district of Serbia with the seat of the district in Pančevo. ... Pančevački Rit (Панчевачки Рит) is a small geographical area in south-western Banat, Serbia. ... Belgrade (Serbian:  ) is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. ... Coat of Palilula Palilula (Палилула) is one of the municipalities in Belgrade. ...


See also: Geographical regions in Serbia Geographical regions in Serbia This is a list of some of Geographical regions in Serbia. ...


Hungarian Banat

This consists of a small northern part of the region, which is part of the Csongrád County of Hungary. Here (e.g. in Deszk, Szőreg) live some Serbs besides Hungarians as well. This article is about the county. ... Deszk (Serbian: Деска / Deska) is a village near the city of Szeged, in county Csongrád, in Hungary. ... SzÅ‘reg (Serbian: Сириг or Sirig) is a settlement which forms a part of Szeged in the Csongrád County, Banat (Hungarian: Bánát), Hungary. ...


History

Duchy of Glad
Duchy of Glad
Duchy of Ahtum
Duchy of Ahtum

Before the Roman Empire under Trajan conquered the region of the Banat in 106, the land was inhabited by Dacians. Roman rule was eventually overextended, however, and Emperor Aurelian (270-275) withdrew Roman forces to south of the Danube, leaving behind a Romanized population. Image File history File links Salan_glad01. ... Image File history File links Salan_glad01. ... Dukedom of Glad Glad was, according to the Gesta Hungarorum, a Dux, ruler in the territory of Banat, during the 9th and 10th centuries. ... Image File history File links Ahtum_sermon01. ... Image File history File links Ahtum_sermon01. ... Ahtum (also spelled Ohtum or Achtum) was an early 11th century duke of Banat (now divided between Romania and Serbia) and a descendant of Glad, another local duke. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Template:Infobox boobies the Roman emperor This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... For other uses, see number 106. ... Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ...


During the early medieval migrations, Slavs settled today's Banat in the 6th century. The region was incorporated into the First Bulgarian Empire at the beginning of the 9th century. The Hungarian historical chronicle Gesta Hungarorum speaks of a duke called Glad, a ruler of territory of Banat who came from Vidin and was a vassal of Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria. His descendant was Ahtum, the last ruler, who was opposed to the establishment of the Hungarian Kingdom. Ahtum was an Orthodox Christian. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... The First Bulgarian Empire was founded in 681 AD in the lands near the Danube delta and disintegrated in 1018 AD by annexion to the Byzantine Empire. ... There are two works with the name Gesta Hungarorum. ... Dukedom of Glad Glad was, according to the Gesta Hungarorum, a Dux, ruler in the territory of Banat, during the 9th and 10th centuries. ... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ... Simeon (also Symeon)[1] I the Great (Bulgarian: , transliterated Simeon I Veliki;[2] IPA: ) ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927,[3] during the First Bulgarian Empire. ... Ahtum (also spelled Ohtum or Achtum) was an early 11th century duke of Banat (now divided between Romania and Serbia) and a descendant of Glad, another local duke. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ...


The region was incorporated into the feudal Kingdom of Hungary in the early 11th century (around 1008 or 1028) by Stephen I forming the prime-Csanad county which was divided latter into the counties Arad, Keve, Temes, Krassó and Csanád. The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Arad may refer to: the following places in the Transylvania Arad, Romania, the main city of Arad County. ... The Orthodox church The Saint Teresa of Avila Catholic Church The Romanian Orthodox church Kovin (Ковин) is a town and municipality in South Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin, Serbian: KaraÅ¡-Severin or Караш-Северин) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Csanád is the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. ...


The Banat was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1552, and became an Ottoman eyalet (province) named the Eyalet of Temeşvar. Since the 16th century, the Banat was mainly populated by Serbs (Rascians) and Romanians (Vlachs); thus in some historical sources it was mentioned under name Rascia and in some other as Wallachia. In 1594 Serbs in Banat started a large uprising against Ottoman rule. The Romanians also participated in this uprising. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... Ottoman Empire, 1481-1683 The Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1922 and, at the height of its power in the 16th century, it included nearly 20 million km² in Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. ... Eyalet of TemeÅŸvar The Province of TemeÅŸvar or Eyalet of TemeÅŸvar was a first-level administrative unit (eyalet) of the Ottoman Empire located in the Banat region of Central Europe. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Raci (Раци, Rác, Ratzen, Ratzians, Rasciani) was a name used to designate Serbs and Bunjevci. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Raci (Раци, Rác, Ratzen, Ratzians, Rasciani) was a name used to designate Serbs and Bunjevci. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...

Eyalet of Temeşvar
Eyalet of Temeşvar

In the 17th century, parts of the Banat were incorporated into the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria. In 1716, Prince Eugene of Savoy took the last parts of the Banat from the Ottomans. It received the title of the Banat of Temeswar after the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), and remained a separate province of Habsburg Monarchy under military administration until 1751, when Empress Maria Theresa of Austria introduced a civil administration. The Banat of Temeswar province was abolished in 1778. The southern part of the Banat region remained within the Military Frontier (Banat Krajina) until the Frontier was abolished in 1871. Image File history File links Elayet_of_temesvar. ... Image File history File links Elayet_of_temesvar. ... Eyalet of Temeşvar The Province of Temeşvar or Eyalet of Temeşvar was a first-level administrative unit (eyalet) of the Ottoman Empire located in the Banat region of Central Europe. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... Prince Eugen von Savoyen in a contemporary painting François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen von Savoyen in German and Eugenio, Principe di Savoia in Italian (October 18, 1663 – April 24, 1736) was arguable the greatest general to serve the Habsburgs. ... Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739 The Banat of Temeswar (German: Temeswarer Banat, Romanian: Banatul Timişoarei, Serbian: Tamiški Banat or Тамишки Банат, Hungarian: Temesi Bánság) was an Habsburg province that existed between 1718 and 1778. ... The Treaty of Passarowitz was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, Serbia (German: Passarowitz, Turkish Pasarofça, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ... The Banat Krajina was a section of the Austro-Hungarian Military Frontier (Krajina) located in the Banat (now split between Romania). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


During the Ottoman rule, parts of Banat had a low population density after years of warfare, and much of the area was left almost desolate in marsh, heath, and forest. Count Claudius Mercy (1666-1734), who was appointed governor of the Banat of Temeswar in 1720, took numerous measures for the regeneration of the Banat. The marshes near the Danube and Tisza rivers were cleared, roads and canals were built at great expense of labour, German artisans and other settlers were attracted to colonize the district, and agriculture and trade encouraged. Count Claudius Florimund de Mercy Count Claudius Florimund de Mercy (Longwy, 1666 - Parma, 1734), was an Imperial field marshal, born at Longwy in Lorraine, now in France. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ...

Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739
Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739
Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat (1849-1860)
Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat (1849-1860)
Counties in Banat, Bačka and Srem after 1881, the five counties, which were formed in the territory of former Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat
Counties in Banat, Bačka and Srem after 1881, the five counties, which were formed in the territory of former Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat

Maria Theresa also took a great interest in the Banat; she colonized the region with large numbers of German peasants, encouraged the exploitation of the mineral wealth of the country, and generally developed the measures introduced by Mercy. German settlers arrived from Swabia, Alsace and Bavaria, as well as people from Austria. Many settlements in the eastern Banat thus were mostly German-inhabited. The ethnic Germans in the Banat region became known as the Danube Swabians, or Donauschwaben. Hungarians were not allowed to settle down in Banat after the colonization for a long time. Image File history File links Banat03. ... Image File history File links Banat03. ... Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739 The Banat of Temeswar (German: Temeswarer Banat, Romanian: Banatul TimiÅŸoarei, Serbian: TamiÅ¡ki Banat or Тамишки Банат, Hungarian: Temesi Bánság) was an Habsburg province that existed between 1718 and 1778. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina_map. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina_map. ... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina10. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina10. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ... Image File history File links Banat_republic. ... Image File history File links Banat_republic. ... Banat Republic in 1918 The Banat Republic was proclaimed in Timisoara, on October 31, 1918, as the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed. ... Germany. ... (New région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The Danube Swabians (German: Donauschwaben, Hungarian: Dunai-Svábok or Dunamenti németek, Romanian: Åžvabi or Åžvabi Dunăreni, Serbian: Dunavske Å vabe or Дунавске Швабе, Croatian: Podunavski Å vabe) is a collective term for Germans who lived in the former Kingdom of Hungary, especially in the Danube (Donau) River valley. ...


In 1779 the Banat region was incorporated into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary, and the three counties Torontál, Temes and Krassó were created. In 1848, the western Banat became part of the Serbian Vojvodina, a Serbian autonomous region within the Habsburg Monarchy. During the 1848/1849 revolution, the Banat was respectively held by Serbian and Hungarian troops. 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... Torontál (in Hungarian: Torontál, in Serbian: Torontal or Торонтал) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin, Serbian: KaraÅ¡-Severin or Караш-Северин) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ...


After the Revolution of 1848-1849, the Banat (together with Srem and Bačka) was made into a separate Austrian crownland known as the Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat (German: Woiwodschaft Serbien und Temescher Banat), but in 1860 this province was abolished and incorporated again into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as... Map of the Syrmia region Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


After 1871, the former Military Frontier located in southern parts of the Banat came under civil administration and was incorporated into the Banat counties. Krassó and Szörény were united into Krassó-Szörény in 1881. 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ... Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin, Serbian: KaraÅ¡-Severin or Караш-Северин) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény, Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin, Serbian: KaraÅ¡-Severin or Караш-Северин) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bács-Bodrog, Szerém, Torontál, Temes and Krassó-Szörény counties after 1881 Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian, in Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In 1918, the Banat Republic was proclaimed in Timişoara in October, and the government of Hungary recognized its independence. However, it was short-lived. After just two weeks, Serbian troops entered into the Banat region, and that was the end of the Banat Republic. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Banat Republic in 1918 The Banat Republic was proclaimed in Timisoara, on October 31, 1918, as the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed. ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ...


In 1918-1919 (confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and Treaty of Trianon of 1920), most of the Banat became part of Romania (Krassó-Szörény completely, 2/3 of Temes, and a small part of Torontál). The southwestern part (most of Torontál, 1/3 of Temes) became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (which became Yugoslavia). A small area near Szeged became part of newly independent Hungary. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The negotiations on June 4, 1920. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Bács-Bodrog, Szerém, Torontál, Temes and Krassó-Szörény counties after 1881 Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian, in Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Torontál (in Hungarian: Torontál, in Serbian: Torontal or Торонтал) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Torontál (in Hungarian: Torontál, in Serbian: Torontal or Торонтал) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Szeged and the Tisza river. ...


The territory of the Banat is presently in the Romanian counties Timiş, Caraş-Severin, Arad and Mehedinţi, the Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina and Belgrade City District, and the Hungarian Csongrád County. TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ... Facts Development region: Vest Historic region: Transylvania Population:  â€¢ As of 2002:  â€¢ Population density: 461,791 60/km² Area: 7,754 km² Codes:  â€¢ Car numbers  â€¢ ISO 3166-2:RO AR RO-AR Telephone code: (+40) x57 (1) Web:   County Council Prefecture 1. ... MehedinÅ£i is a county (judeÅ£) in southwestern Romania, in the western portion of the historical province of Oltenia, within the region of Wallachia. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Belgrade (Serbian:  ) is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. ... This article is about the county. ...


Demographics

1660-1666

In 1660-1666, Serbs lived in western (flat) part of the Banat, while Romanians lived in the eastern (mountainous) part. [1] Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


1743-1753

In 1743-1753, ethnic composition of Banat looked as follows: [2]

Lugoj (-Romanian, Hungarian: Lugos, German: Lugosch) (postal code: 305500) is a city in TimiÅŸ county, Transylvania, Romania, situated on both banks of the TimiÅŸ River, which divides the town in two quarters, the Romanian on the right and the German on the left bank. ... CaransebeÅŸ (-Romanian, German: Karansebesch; Hungarian: Karánsebes) is a town in CaraÅŸ-Severin county in southwestern Romania. ... OrÅŸova (Hungarian: Orsova, German: Orschowa) is a port town on the Danube river in southwestern Romanias Mehedinti county. ... Zrenjanin (Serbian: Зрењанин or Zrenjanin, Hungarian: Nagybecskerek, Romanian: Becicherecul Mare, Slovak: Zreňanin, Rusin: Зрењанин, Croatian: Zrenjanin) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro (in Serbian northern province of Vojvodina) at 45. ... Church of Assumption in Pančevo Pančevo Banatsko Novo Selo Kačarevo Jabuka Glogonj Dolovo Starčevo Omoljica Ivanovo Banatski Brestovac Municipality of Pančevo ● Pančevo (Панчево) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 44. ... District of Velika Kikinda (1774-1876) The District of Velika Kikinda (Serbian: Velikokikindski privilegovani diÅ¡trikt or Великокикиндски привилеговани диштрикт) was an administrative unit of the Habsburg Monarchy between 1774 and 1876. ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Lipova is city in Romania, Arad county. ... Location in Serbia [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia highlighting the settlement or municipality location]] General Information Mayor Jovica Zarkula Land area 10 km² Population (2002 census) 36,623 (54,369 municipality) Population density (2002) 5,437/km² Coordinates 45. ... Banatska Palanka (Банатска Паланка) is a village in Serbia. ...

1774

According to 1774 data, the population of the Banat of Temeswar numbered 375,740 people and was composed of: [3] Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Banat of Temeswar, province of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1739 The Banat of Temeswar (German: Temeswarer Banat, Romanian: Banatul Timişoarei, Serbian: Tamiški Banat or Тамишки Банат, Hungarian: Temesi Bánság) was an Habsburg province that existed between 1718 and 1778. ...

Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...

1910

According to the 1910 census, the population of the Banat region (counties of Torontál, Temes, and Krassó-Szörény) numbered 1,582,133 people, including: [4] [5] [6] Torontál (in Hungarian: Torontál, in Serbian: Torontal or Торонтал) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bacs-Bodrog, Szerem, Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny counties after 1881 Temes (Hungarian, in Romanian: Timiş, in Serbian: Tamiš) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Bács-Bodrog, Szerém, Torontál, Temes and Krassó-Szörény counties after 1881 Krassó-Szörény (Hungarian, in Romanian: CaraÅŸ-Severin) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ...

In Serbia the German population mostly fled or was expelled from the region after World War II, as a consequence of war time events. In Romania they mostly migrated after 1989 from economic reasons. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


1921

According to the 1921 census, the population of Serbian Banat numbered 561,958 people, including 240,213 (42.75%) Serbs and Croats, 126,530 (22.52%) Germans, 98,471 (17.52%) Hungarians, and 67,897 (12.08%) Romanians. By religion, the population included 306,414 (54.53%) Orthodox Christians, 209,370 (37.26%) Roman Catholics, 39,226 (6.98%) Protestants, and 6,948 (1.24%) others. [7] Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


Of the 169 communes in the Serbian Banat, 61 were predominantly South Slav-speaking, 29 German, 27 Magyar, 24 Romanian, 3 Slovak-Czech and 25 mixed.


1971

In 1971, the population of Serbian Banat numbered 666,559 inhabitants, including: [8]

Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Yugoslav (Bosnian, Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ...

2002

According to 2002 census, the population of Serbian Banat (excluding its part near Belgrade) was composed of Serbs (70.69%), Hungarians (10.21%), Romanians, Slovaks, and others. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...


According to the 2002 census, in the Romanian Banat (the Timiş [9] and Caraş-Severin [10] counties) the ethnic composition was as following: TimiÅŸ (Hungarian: Temes) is a county (judeÅ£) in Western Romania, in Western Transylvania - Banat region, with the capital city at TimiÅŸoara (population: 305,977 as of 2004). ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ...

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Romanians 859,690 85.02%
Hungarians 56,380 5.58%
Roma 23,998 2.37%
Germans 20,323 2%
Serbs 19,355 1.91%
Ukrainians 10,847 1.07%
Others 20,552 2.03%
TOTAL 1,011,145 100%

Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ...

Historical population

Population of Banat in various time periods:

  • 1717: 85,166
  • 1743: 125,000
  • 1753: 210,992
  • 1774: 375,740
  • 1797: 667,912
  • 1910: 1,582,133

Symbols

The traditional heraldic symbol of the Banat is a lion, which is nowadays present in both the Coat of Arms of Romania and the Coat of Arms of Vojvodina. Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Lions in Africa Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... Coat of Arms of Romania The Coat of Arms of Romania consists of an eagle holding a cross in its beak and a sceptre and a sword in its claws. ... Coat of Arms of Vojvodina The Parliament of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Northern Serbia) adopted the coat of arms of the province on 28 June 2002. ...


Cities

The largest cities in the Banat are:

County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County CaraÅŸ-Severin County Status County capital Mayor Liviu Spătaru, National Liberal Party , since 2004 Population (2002) 83,985 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ... Lugoj (-Romanian, Hungarian: Lugos, German: Lugosch) (postal code: 305500) is a city in TimiÅŸ county, Transylvania, Romania, situated on both banks of the TimiÅŸ River, which divides the town in two quarters, the Romanian on the right and the German on the left bank. ... CaransebeÅŸ (-Romanian, German: Karansebesch; Hungarian: Karánsebes) is a town in CaraÅŸ-Severin county in southwestern Romania. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Zrenjanin (Serbian: Зрењанин or Zrenjanin, Hungarian: Nagybecskerek, Romanian: Becicherecul Mare, Slovak: Zreňanin, Rusin: Зрењанин, Croatian: Zrenjanin) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro (in Serbian northern province of Vojvodina) at 45. ... Church of Assumption in Pančevo Pančevo Banatsko Novo Selo Kačarevo Jabuka Glogonj Dolovo Starčevo Omoljica Ivanovo Banatski Brestovac Municipality of Pančevo ● Pančevo (Панчево) is a city and municipality located in Serbia at 44. ... Kikinda (Кикинда) is a city located in Serbia, in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. ... Location in Serbia [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia highlighting the settlement or municipality location]] General Information Mayor Jovica Zarkula Land area 10 km² Population (2002 census) 36,623 (54,369 municipality) Population density (2002) 5,437/km² Coordinates 45. ...

Gallery

References

  • Miodrag Milin, Vekovima zajedno (Iz istorije srpsko-rumunskih odnosa), Temišvar, 1995.
  • Milan Tutorov, Mala Raška a u Banatu, istorika Zrenjanina i Banata, Zrenjanin, 1991.
  • Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, istorika Zrenjanina i Banata, Novi sad, 2001.
  • Dr. Branislav Bukurov, Bačka, Banat i Srem, Novi Sad, 1978.
  • Milojko Brusin, Naša razgraničenja sa susedima 1919-1920, Novi Sad, 1998.
  • Jovan M. Pejin, Iz prošlosti Kikinde, Kikinda, 2000.
  • Dušan Belča, Mala istorija Vršca, Vršac, 1997.

Notes

  1. ^ Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 2, Novi Sad, 1990.
  2. ^ Dr. Dušan J. Popović (see above)
  3. ^ Miodrag Milin, Vekovima zajedno (iz istorije srpsko-rumunskih odnosa), Temišvar, 1995.
  4. ^ http://www.talmamedia.com/php/district/district.php?county=Toront%E1l
  5. ^ http://www.talmamedia.com/php/district/district.php?county=Temes
  6. ^ http://www.talmamedia.com/php/district/district.php?county=Krass%F3-Sz%F6r%E9ny
  7. ^ http://www.hungarian-history.hu/lib/romsics/w25.htm
  8. ^ Dr. Branislav Bukurov, Bačka, Banat i Srem, Novi Sad, 1978.
  9. ^ Recensământ 2002, Census 2002: Timiş County
  10. ^ Recensământ 2002, Census 2002: Caraş-Severin County

External links

  • banatul.com (English)/(Romanian)
  • backabanat.com (Serbian)
  • [1] Development of Ethnic Structure in the Banat 1890 - 1992

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